Taitung County

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Taitung County
Top:View of Orchild Island, from Ji-teiwan, Second left:Jiben Spa area, Second right:A view of downtown Taitung, Third left:View of White Sand Bay in Taimali Township, Third right:A memorial for Yami people's boat in Orchild Island, Bottom:A coast of Siaoyeliou
Top:View of Orchild Island, from Ji-teiwan, Second left:Jiben Spa area, Second right:A view of downtown Taitung, Third left:View of White Sand Bay in Taimali Township, Third right:A memorial for Yami people's boat in Orchild Island, Bottom:A coast of Siaoyeliou
Flag of Taitung County
Coat of arms of Taitung County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Taitung County.svg
Coordinates: 22°56′N 120°56′E / 22.933°N 120.933°E / 22.933; 120.933Coordinates: 22°56′N 120°56′E / 22.933°N 120.933°E / 22.933; 120.933
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
Province Taiwan Province
Seat Taitung City
Largest city Taitung City
Boroughs 1 cities, 15 (2 urban, 13 rural) townships
 • County Magistrate Justin Huang (KMT)
 • Total 3,515.2526 km2 (1,357.2466 sq mi)
Area rank 3 of 22
Population (December 2014)
 • Total 224,470
 • Rank 22 of 22
 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Website www.taitung.gov.tw
Flower Moth orchid (Phalaenopsis)
Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Taitung County
Traditional Chinese 臺東縣 / 台東縣
Simplified Chinese 台东县

Taitung County is the third largest county in Taiwan, located on the island's eastern coast.


While its name means "Eastern Taiwan", it is also known as "Houshan" (Chinese: 後山; pinyin: hòushān; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: āu-soaⁿ) by many of the locals, meaning behind the mountains or the back mountains.


Taitō Prefecture government building

Qing Dynasty[edit]

In 1887, the new Fujian-Taiwan Province included Taitung Prefecture as one of four prefectures.[1]

Empire of Japan[edit]

During the Japanese rule of Taiwan, Taitung County was administered as Taitō Prefecture.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Taitung was established as a county of Taiwan Province on 25 December the same year.


Taitung runs along the south east coast of Taiwan. Taitung county, controlling 3,515 km2 (1,357 sq mi) is the 3rd largest county in Taiwan after Hualien County and Nantou County. Mainland Taitung County's coastline is 166 km (103 mi) long. The Huatung Valley runs along the northern half of the county. Taitung currently has a population of 234,123.[2]

Due in part to its remote location and isolation by mountains from Taiwan's main population centers, Taitung was the last part of the island to be colonized by Han Chinese immigrants (late 19th century). Throughout the 20th century Taitung remained an economic backwater. Sparsely populated even today, this isolation may have been a blessing in disguise, as Taitung mostly escaped the urbanization and pollution that have come to plague much of the island's lowland areas.

In addition to the area on Taiwan proper, the county includes two major islands, Green Island or Isla Verde and Orchid Island. Green Island was home to an infamous penal colony used for political prisoners during the "White Terror" period of Chinese Nationalist (KMT) rule (from 1947 until the end of martial law in 1987). Orchid Island, home of the Tao people (Taiwanese aborigines closely related to the people of the northern Philippines), has become a major tourist attraction despite the government-operated Taiwan Power Company's controversial use of part of the island as a nuclear waste dump.


Justin Huang, incumbent Magistrate of Taitung County.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Taitung County is divided into 1 city, 2 urban townships, 8 rural townships and 5 mountain indigenous townships. Taitung County has the second highest number of mountain indigenous townships in Taiwan after Pingtung County. The seat of the county is located at Taitung City, where it houses the Taitung County Government and Taitung County Council. The current Magistrate of Taitung County is Justin Huang of the Kuomintang.

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan Japanese and other
City Taitung City 臺東市 Tâi-tang Thòi-tûng PusungAmis&Paiwan&Puyuma
Chenggong 成功鎮 Sêng-kong Sṳ̀n-kûng MadawdawAmis
Guanshan 關山鎮 Koan-san Kûan-sân KinalaunganBunun
Beinan 卑南鄉 Pi-lâm Pî-nàm PuyumaAmis&Puyuma, PinangRukai
Changbin 長濱鄉 Tn̂g-pin Tshòng-pîn KakacawanAmis Nagahama (長浜)
Chishang 池上鄉 Tî-siōng Tshṳ̀-song Ikegami (池上)
Dawu 大武鄉 Tāi-bú Thai-vú PalangoePaiwan
Donghe 東河鄉 Tong-hô Tûng-hò FafukodAmis
Lüdao 綠島鄉 Le̍k-tó Liu̍k-tó SanasayAmis, JitanaseyYami Green Island
Luye 鹿野鄉 Lo̍k-iá Lu̍k-yâ Shikano (鹿野)
Taimali 太麻里鄉 Thài-mâ-lí Thai-mà-lî TjavualjiAmis&Paiwan
Daren 達仁鄉 Ta̍t-jîn Tha̍t-yìn TadrenPaiwan
Haiduan 海端鄉 Hái-toaⁿ Hói-tôn HaitutuanBunun
Jinfeng 金峰鄉 Kim-hong Kîm-fûng KinzangPaiwan
Lanyu 蘭嶼鄉 Lân-sū Làn-yí Ponso no TaoYami Orchid Island
Yanping 延平鄉 Iân-pêng Yèn-phìn InpiingBunun

Colors indicates the common languages status of Hakka and Formosan languages within each division.


Taitung County elected one Democratic Progressive Party legislator to the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election.[3]


Historical population
1985 276,389—    
1990 256,803−7.1%
1995 254,375−0.9%
2000 245,312−3.6%
2005 235,957−3.8%
2010 230,673−2.2%
2015 222,452−3.6%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census. 

Taitung County is home to seven aboriginal ethnics, including Bunun, Paiwan, Rukai, Amis, Puyuma, Tao and Kavalan.[4] Taitung County has the largest aboriginal to overall population of a county or city in Taiwan, at 35.5%.[5]


Education in Taitung County is administered under the Education Department of the Taitung County Government.[6]


Taitung County possesses a very diverse collection of aboriginal cultures.[7] Because Taitung is probably one of the least affected counties by the colonization of the Han Chinese, most of the aboriginal cultures are still very much a part of everyday society.


Taitung County houses the Lanyu Power Plant, a 6.5 MW fuel-fired power plant located in Orchid Island.

Tourist attractions[edit]


Duoliang Station, Lyudao Lighthouse, Moving Castle and Taitung Chinese Association.

Historical sites[edit]

Beinan Cultural Park, Dulan Site and Green Island Human Rights Culture Park.


Lanyu Flying Fish Cultural Museum, National Museum of Prehistory, Taitung Art Museum, Taitung County Museum of Natural History, Taitung Story Museum, Wu Tao Chishang Lunch Box Cultural History Museum.


Bashian Caves, Chu Lu Ranch, Dapo Pond, Dulan Mountain, East Coast National Scenic Area, East Rift Valley National Scenic Area[permanent dead link], Green Island, Jhihben National Forest Recreation Area, Orchid Island, Sanxiantai, Taitung Forest Park and Zhaori Hot Spring.



Taitung County houses the international Taitung Airport in the mainland Taitung County of Taitung City and another two airports at the outlying islands, which are Lyudao Airport in Green Island and Lanyu Airport in Orchid Island.


Taitung County is crossed by two Taiwan Railways Administration lines of South-Link Line and Hualien–Taitung Line. The stations consist of Chishang, Dawu, Guanshan, Guzhuang, Haiduan, Jinlun, Kangle, Longxi, Luye, Ruihe, Ruiyuan, Shanli, Taimali, Taitung and Zhiben Station.


Chenggong Fish Harbor and Fugang Fishery Harbor.

Notable natives[edit]

Relative location[edit]


External links[edit]