Top:View of Orchild Island, from Ji-teiwan, Second left:Jiben Spa area, Second right:A view of downtown Taitung, Third left:View of White Sand Bay in Taimali Township, Third right:A memorial for Yami people's boat in Orchild Island, Bottom:A coast of Siaoyeliou
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Largest city||Taitung City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 15 (2 urban, 13 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Justin Huang (KMT)|
|• Total||3,515.2526 km2 (1,357.2466 sq mi)|
|Area rank||3 of 22|
|Population (December 2014)|
|• Rank||22 of 22|
|• Density||64/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|Time zone||National Standard Time (UTC+8)|
|Flower||Moth orchid (Phalaenopsis)|
|Tree||Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)|
|Traditional Chinese||臺東縣 / 台東縣|
- 1 Name
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Education
- 7 Culture
- 8 Energy
- 9 Tourist attractions
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Notable natives
- 12 Relative location
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Empire of Japan
Republic of China
Taitung runs along the south east coast of Taiwan. Taitung county, possessing 3,515 km2 is the 3rd largest county in Taiwan after Hualien County and Nantou County. Mainland Taitung County's coastline is 166 km long. The Huatung Valley runs along the northern half of the county. Taitung currently has a population of 234,123.
Due in part to its remote location and isolation by mountains from Taiwan's main population centers, Taitung was the last part of the island to be colonized by Han Chinese immigrants (late 19th century). Throughout the 20th century Taitung remained an economic backwater. Sparsely populated even today, this isolation may have been a blessing in disguise, as Taitung mostly escaped the urbanization and pollution that have come to plague much of the island's lowland areas.
In addition to the area on Taiwan proper, the county includes two major islands, Green Island or Isla Verde and Orchid Island. Green Island was home to an infamous penal colony used for political prisoners during the "White Terror" period of Chinese Nationalist (KMT) rule (from 1947 until the end of martial law in 1987). Orchid Island, home of the Tao people (Taiwanese aborigines closely related to the people of the northern Philippines), has become a major tourist attraction despite the government-operated Taiwan Power Company's controversial use of part of the island as a nuclear waste dump.
Taitung County is divided into 1 city, 2 urban townships, 8 rural townships and 5 mountain indigenous townships. Taitung County has the second highest number of mountain indigenous townships in Taiwan after Pingtung County. The seat of the county is located at Taitung City, where it houses the Taitung County Government and Taitung County Council. The current Magistrate of Taitung County is Justin Huang of the Kuomintang.
- Taitung City (臺東市)
- Beinan Township (卑南鄉)
- Changbin Township (長濱鄉)
- Chishang Township (池上鄉)
- Dawu Township (大武鄉)
- Donghe Township (東河鄉)
- Luye Township (鹿野鄉)
- Lüdao Township (Green Island) (綠島鄉)
- Taimali Township (太麻里鄉)
Mountain indigenous townships
- Daren Township (達仁鄉)
- Haiduan Township (海端鄉)
- Jinfeng Township (金峰鄉)
- Lanyu Township (Orchid Island) (蘭嶼鄉)
- Yanping Township (延平鄉)
|Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.|
Taitung County is home to seven aboriginal ethnics, including Bunun, Paiwan, Rukai, Amis, Puyuma, Tao and Kavalan. Taitung County has the largest aboriginal to overall population of a county or city in Taiwan, at 35.5%.
Taitung County possesses a very diverse collection of aboriginal cultures. Because Taitung is probably one of the least affected counties by the colonization of the Han Chinese, most of the aboriginal cultures are still very much a part of everyday society.
Lanyu Flying Fish Cultural Museum, National Museum of Prehistory, Taitung Art Museum, Taitung County Museum of Natural History, Taitung Story Museum, Wu Tao Chishang Lunch Box Cultural History Museum.
Bashian Caves, Chu Lu Ranch, Dapo Pond, Dulan Mountain, East Coast National Scenic Area, East Rift Valley National Scenic Area, Green Island, Jhihben National Forest Recreation Area, Orchid Island, Sanxiantai, Taitung Forest Park.
Taitung County houses the international Taitung Airport in the mainland Taitung County of Taitung City and another two airports at the outlying islands, which are Lyudao Airport in Green Island and Lanyu Airport in Orchid Island.
Taitung County is crossed by two Taiwan Railways Administration lines of South-Link Line and Hualien–Taitung Line. The stations consist of Chishang, Dawu, Guanshan, Guzhuang, Haiduan, Jinlun, Kangle, Longxi, Luye, Ruihe, Ruiyuan, Shanli, Taimali, Taitung and Zhiben Station.
- Yang Chuan-kwang, 1960 Summer Olympics decathlon medalist
- Tank, singer
- A-mei, singer
- David Freeman, missionary (費大衛)
- Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan & co. p. 244. OL 6931635M.
- "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".
- "Taitung County Government English".
- "Amis remains Taiwan's biggest aboriginal tribe at 37.1% of total".
- Taitung County Government Website (in Chinese)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Taitung County.|