Taitung County ( Chinese: 台東縣 or 臺東縣; pinyin: ) is the third largest Táidōng Xiàn county in Taiwan, located in the eastern coast.
While its name means "Eastern Taiwan", it is also known as "Houshan" (
Chinese: 後山; pinyin: ; hòushān Pe̍h-ōe-jī: ) by many of the locals, meaning behind the mountains or the back mountains. āu-soaⁿ
History [ edit ]
Qing Dynasty [ edit ]
In 1887, the new
Taiwan Province included Taitung Prefecture as one of four prefectures. [1 ]
Empire of Japan [ edit ]
Japanese rule of Taiwan, Taitung County was administered as Taitō Prefecture.
Republic of China [ edit ]
handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Taitung was established as a county of Taiwan Province on 25 December the same year.
Geography [ edit ]
Taitung runs along the south east coast of Taiwan. Taitung county, possessing 3,515 km
2 is the 3rd largest county in Taiwan after Hualien County and Nantou County. Taitung County's coastline is 231 km long. Taitung currently has a population of 231,863. [2 ]
Due in part to its remote location and isolation by mountains from Taiwan's main population centers, Taitung was the last part of the island to be colonized by
Han Chinese immigrants (late 19th century). Throughout the 20th century Taitung remained an economic backwater. Sparsely populated even today, this isolation may have been a blessing in disguise, as Taitung mostly escaped the urbanization and pollution that have come to plague much of the island's lowland areas.
In addition to the area on Taiwan proper, the county includes two major islands,
Green Island and Orchid Island. Green Island was home to an infamous penal colony used for political prisoners during the " White Terror" period of Chinese Nationalist (KMT) rule (from 1947 until the end of martial law in 1987). Orchid Island, home of the Tao people ( Taiwanese aborigines closely related to the people of the northern Philippines), has become a major tourist attraction despite the government-operated Taiwan Power Company's controversial use of part of the island as a nuclear waste dump.
Government [ edit ]
Administrative divisions [ edit ]
Taitung County is divided into 1
city, 2 urban townships, 8 rural townships and 5 mountain indigenous townships. The seat of the county is located at Taitung City, where it houses the Taitung County Government and Taitung County Council. The current Magistrate of Taitung County is Justin Huang of the Kuomintang.
Taitung City (臺東市)
Urban townships [ edit ]
Chenggong Township (成功鎮)
Guanshan Township (關山鎮)
Rural townships [ edit ]
Beinan Township (卑南鄉)
Changbin Township (長濱鄉)
Chishang Township (池上鄉)
Dawu Township (大武鄉)
Donghe Township (東河鄉)
Luye Township (鹿野鄉)
Lüdao Township (Green Island) (綠島鄉)
Taimali Township (太麻里鄉)
Mountain indigenous townships [ edit ]
Daren Township (達仁鄉)
Haiduan Township (海端鄉)
Jinfeng Township (金峰鄉)
Lanyu Township (Orchid Island) (蘭嶼鄉)
Yanping Township (延平鄉)
Politics [ edit ]
Taitung County voted one
Democratic Progressive Party legislator to be in the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election. [3 ]
Demographics [ edit ]
Taitung County is home to seven aboriginal ethnics, including
Bunun, Paiwan, Rukai, Amis, Puyuma, Tao and Kavalan. Taitung County is home to the largest aboriginal to overall population of a county or city in Taiwan, standing at 35.5%. [4 ] [5 ]
Education [ edit ]
Education in Taitung County is administered under the Education Department of the
Taitung County Government. [6 ]
Culture [ edit ]
Taitung County possesses a very diverse collection of aboriginal cultures.
Because Taitung is probably one of the least affected counties by the colonization of the Han Chinese, most of the aboriginal cultures are still very much a part of everyday society. [7 ]
Taitung County houses the
Lanyu Power Plant, a 6.5 MW fuel-fired power plant located in Orchid Island.
Tourist attractions [ edit ]
Transportation [ edit ]
Taitung County houses the international
Taitung Airport in the mainland Taitung County of Taitung City and another two airports at the outlying islands, which are Lyudao Airport in Green Island and Lanyu Airport in Orchid Island.
Taitung County is crossed by two
Taiwan Railways Administration lines of South-Link Line and Hualien–Taitung Line. The stations consist of Chishang, Dawu, Guanshan, Guzhuang, Haiduan, Jinlun, Kangle, Longxi, Luye, Ruihe, Ruiyuan, Shanli, Taimali, Taitung and Zhiben Station.
Notable natives [ edit ]
Relative location [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ Davidson, James W. (1903). . London and New York: Macmillan & co. p. 244. The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions OL 6931635M.
External links [ edit ]