Taitung County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Taitung County

臺東縣
Top:View of Orchid Island, from Ji-teiwan, Second left:Jiben Spa area, Second right:A view of downtown Taitung, Third left:View of White Sand Bay in Taimali Township, Third right:A memorial for Yami people's boat in Orchild Island, Bottom:A coast of Siaoyeliou
Top:View of Orchid Island, from Ji-teiwan, Second left:Jiben Spa area, Second right:A view of downtown Taitung, Third left:View of White Sand Bay in Taimali Township, Third right:A memorial for Yami people's boat in Orchild Island, Bottom:A coast of Siaoyeliou
Flag of Taitung County
Flag
Coat of arms of Taitung County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Taitung County.svg
Coordinates: 22°56′N 120°56′E / 22.933°N 120.933°E / 22.933; 120.933Coordinates: 22°56′N 120°56′E / 22.933°N 120.933°E / 22.933; 120.933
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionEastern Taiwan
SeatTaitung City
Largest cityTaitung City
Boroughs1 cities, 15 (2 urban, 13 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistrateRao Ching-ling (KMT)
Area
 • Total3,515.2526 km2 (1,357.2466 sq mi)
Area rank3 of 22
Population
(December 2014)
 • Total224,470
 • Rank22 of 22
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Websitewww.taitung.gov.tw
Symbols
FlowerMoth orchid (Phalaenopsis)
TreeCamphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)
Taitung County
Traditional Chinese臺東 or 台東
Simplified Chinese台东

Taitung County (Mandarin Pīnyīn: Táidōng Xiàn; Hokkien POJ: Tâi-tang-koān; Hakka PFS: Thòi-tûng-yen; Paiwan: Valangaw) is the third largest county in Taiwan, located primarily on the island's southeastern coast and also including Green Island, Orchid Island and Lesser Orchid Island.

Name[edit]

While its name means "Eastern Taiwan", it is also known as "Houshan" (Chinese: 後山; pinyin: hòushān; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: āu-soaⁿ) by many of the locals, meaning behind the mountains or the back mountains.

History[edit]

Taitō Prefecture government building

Qing Dynasty[edit]

In 1887, the new Fujian-Taiwan Province included Taitung Prefecture as one of four prefectures.[1]

Japanese rule[edit]

During the Japanese rule of Taiwan, Taitung County was administered as Taitō Prefecture.

Post-war[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Taitung was established as a county of Taiwan Province on 25 December the same year.

Geography[edit]

Taitung runs along the south east coast of Taiwan. Taitung county, controlling 3,515 km2 (1,357 sq mi) is the 3rd largest county in Taiwan after Hualien County and Nantou County. Mainland Taitung County's coastline is 166 km (103 mi) long. The Huatung Valley runs along the northern half of the county. Taitung currently has a population of 234,123.[2]

Due in part to its remote location and isolation by mountains from Taiwan's main population centers, Taitung was the last part of the island to be colonized by Han Chinese immigrants (late 19th century). Throughout the 20th century Taitung remained an economic backwater. Sparsely populated even today, this isolation may have been a blessing in disguise, as Taitung mostly escaped the urbanization and pollution that have come to plague much of the island's lowland areas.

In addition to the area on Taiwan proper, the county includes two major islands, Green Island or Isla Verde and Orchid Island. Green Island was home to an infamous penal colony used for political prisoners during the "White Terror" period of Chinese Nationalist (KMT) rule (from 1947 until the end of martial law in 1987). Orchid Island, home of the Tao people (Taiwanese aborigines closely related to the people of the northern Philippines), has become a major tourist attraction despite the government-operated Taiwan Power Company's controversial use of part of the island as a nuclear waste dump.

Government[edit]

Rao Ching-ling, the incumbent Magistrate of Taitung County.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Taitung County is divided into 1 city, 2 urban townships, 8 rural townships and 5 mountain indigenous townships.[3][4] Taitung County has the second highest number of mountain indigenous townships in Taiwan after Pingtung County. The seat of the county is located at Taitung City, where it houses the Taitung County Government and Taitung County Council. The current Magistrate of Taitung County is Rao Ching-ling of the Kuomintang.

Type Name Chinese Taiwanese Hakka Formosan Japanese and other
City Taitung City 臺東 Tâi-tang Thòi-tûng PusungAmis, Paiwan, Puyuma
Urban
townships
Chenggong 成功 Sêng-kong Sṳ̀n-kûng MadawdawAmis
Guanshan 關山 Koan-san Kûan-sân KinalaunganBunun
Rural
townships
Beinan 卑南 Pi-lâm Pî-nàm PuyumaAmis, Puyuma, PinangRukai
Changbin 長濱 Tn̂g-pin Tshòng-pîn KakacawanAmis Nagahama (長浜)
Chishang 池上 Tî-siōng Tshṳ̀-song Ikegami (池上)
Dawu 大武 Tāi-bú Thai-vú PalangoePaiwan
Donghe 東河 Tong-hô Tûng-hò FafukodAmis
Lyudao[3][4] 綠島 Le̍k-tó Liu̍k-tó SanasayAmis, JitanaseyYami Green Island
Luye 鹿野 Lo̍k-iá Lu̍k-yâ Shikano (鹿野)
Taimali 太麻里 Thài-mâ-lí Thai-mà-lî TjavualjiAmis, Paiwan
Mountain
indigenous
townships
Daren 達仁 Ta̍t-jîn Tha̍t-yìn TadrenPaiwan
Haiduan 海端 Hái-toaⁿ Hói-tôn HaitutuanBunun
Jinfeng 金峰 Kim-hong Kîm-fûng KinzangPaiwan
Lanyu 蘭嶼 Lân-sū Làn-yí Ponso no TaoYami Orchid Island
Yanping 延平 Iân-pêng Yèn-phìn InpiingBunun

Colors indicates the common languages status of Hakka and Formosan languages within each division.

Politics[edit]

Taitung County elected one Democratic Progressive Party legislator to the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1985 276,389—    
1990 256,803−7.1%
1995 254,375−0.9%
2000 245,312−3.6%
2005 235,957−3.8%
2010 230,673−2.2%
2015 222,452−3.6%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.

Taitung County is home to seven aboriginal ethnics, including Bunun, Paiwan, Rukai, Amis, Puyuma, Tao and Kavalan.[6] Taitung County has the largest aboriginal to overall population of a county or city in Taiwan, at 35.5%.[7]

Education[edit]

Education in Taitung County is administered under the Education Department of the Taitung County Government.[8]

Culture[edit]

Taitung County possesses a very diverse collection of aboriginal cultures.[9] Because Taitung is probably one of the least affected counties by the colonization of the Han Chinese, most of the aboriginal cultures are still very much a part of everyday society.

Energy[edit]

Taitung County houses the Lanyu Power Plant, a 6.5 MW fuel-fired power plant located in Orchid Island.

Tourist attractions[edit]

Buildings[edit]

Duoliang Station, Lyudao Lighthouse, Moving Castle and Taitung Chinese Association.

Historical sites[edit]

Beinan Cultural Park, Dulan Site and Green Island Human Rights Culture Park.

Museums[edit]

Lanyu Flying Fish Cultural Museum, National Museum of Prehistory, Taitung Art Museum, Taitung County Museum of Natural History, Taitung Story Museum, Wu Tao Chishang Lunch Box Cultural History Museum.

Natures[edit]

Bashian Caves, Chu Lu Ranch, Dapo Pond, Dulan Mountain, East Coast National Scenic Area, East Rift Valley National Scenic Area[permanent dead link], Green Island, Jhihben National Forest Recreation Area, Orchid Island, Sanxiantai, Taitung Forest Park and Zhaori Hot Spring.

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Taitung County houses the international Taitung Airport in the mainland Taitung County of Taitung City and another two airports at the outlying islands, which are Lyudao Airport in Green Island and Lanyu Airport in Orchid Island.

Rail[edit]

Taitung County is crossed by two Taiwan Railways Administration lines of South-Link Line and Hualien–Taitung Line. The stations consist of Chishang, Dawu, Guanshan, Guzhuang, Haiduan, Jinlun, Kangle, Longxi, Luye, Ruihe, Ruiyuan, Shanli, Taimali, Taitung and Zhiben Station.

Water[edit]

Chenggong Fish Harbor and Fugang Fishery Harbor.

Notable natives[edit]

Relative location[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davidson, James W. (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan & co. p. 244. OL 6931635M.
  2. ^ http://www.taitung.gov.tw/en/cp.aspx?n=79388C7B350E8CE9&themesite=BAA86C8F16BADDE6
  3. ^ a b "About Taitung". Taitung County Government English. Retrieved 14 April 2019. Population 234,123, Taitung has 16 townships, categorized as the following: County-Municipal City Taitung City Townships (Jheng) Chenggong Town Guanshan Town Townships (Siang) Beinan Township Luye Township Chishang Township Taimali Township Dawu Township Donghe Township Changbin Township Jinfeng Township Yanping Township Haiduan Township Daren Township Lanyu Township Lyudao Township{...}Lyudao (Green Island), {...}Lyudao (Green Island)
  4. ^ a b "Township (City) Offices". Taitung County Government English. Retrieved 14 April 2019. Lyudao Township Office
  5. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election".
  6. ^ "Taitung County Government English".
  7. ^ "Amis remains Taiwan's biggest aboriginal tribe at 37.1% of total".
  8. ^ 臺東縣政府教育處. www.boe.ttct.edu.tw.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 April 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2009.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]