|Opened||25 March 1926|
|Owner||Taiwan Railways Administration|
|Operator(s)||Taiwan Railways Administration|
|Line length||150.9 km (93.8 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)|
|Electrification||25 kV/60 Hz Catenary|
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
The Taitung Line (Chinese: 臺東線; pinyin: Táidōng Xiàn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tâi-tang Soàⁿ), also known as the Hua-Tung line (Chinese: 花東線; pinyin: Huādōng Xiàn; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hoa-tang Soàⁿ), is the southern section of the Eastern Line of the Taiwan Railways Administration. The line starts in Hualien and ends in Taitung. It is 161.5 km long, including the main segment of 155.7 km between Hualien and Taitung.
The coastal branch lines of Hualien and Taitung were discarded after the broadening plan in 1982. The broadcasts of the station names on Taitung line are made in five languages: Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien, Hakka, English, and Amis. Broadcasts in Amis language only exists in Taitung line.
The north segment from Karenkō (花蓮港, now Hualien City) to Poshiko (璞石閣 ポシコ, then Tamazato, now Yuli) was built in 1909 and completed in 1917. The south segment form Hinan (卑南, then Taitō, now Taitung City) to Rirō (里巄, now Guanshan) was opened in 1919 by the Taitō Development Company (臺東開拓株式會社).
In 1922, the Taitō Development Company bought the railroad from Karenkō to Tamazato and called it the "Taitō North Line", while the south segment of Taitō to Rirō was called the "Taitō South Line."
In 1966, the Kuang-Hua Express (光華號), utilizing diesel multiple units, started service in this line and greatly shortened the traveling time from Hualien to Taitung from 6–7 hours to 3–4 hours.
Its gauge was changed from 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge to 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge in 1982 and connected with North-link line, after which the old Hualien Station was discarded and replaced by the Hualien railway station that is used now.
In 2007, the Environmental Protection Administration gave the line a conditional pass for an electrification project, which will boost the operating speed from 110 km/hr to 130 km/hr. In 2009, construction began on electrification work, with NT$15.5 billion set aside for the project. Electrification work was completed in late 2013 with the inauguration of electric services in late June 2014.
Electrification of the Hualien-Taitung Line
Together with the electrification of the Hualien-Taitung Line, the stations got upgraded.
- General Reconstruction - (Completed) Zhixue, Pinghe, Fengtian, Nanping, Fenglin, Wanrong, Guangfu, Dafu, Fuyuan, Ruisui, Sanmin, Yuli, Dongli, Dongzhu, Fuli, Chishang, Haiduan, Guanshan, Ruihe, Ruiyuan, Luye, Shanli, Taitung
- Elevated Station - (Under Construction) Hualien | (Under Planning) Ji’an | (Completed) Shoufeng
- Underground Station - (Completed) Linrong Shinkong
|Transfers and Notes||Location|
|Hualien||花蓮||Hoa-liân||Fâ-lièn||Kalingko||0.0||→ North-link line||Hualien||Hualien|
|Linrong Shin Kong||林榮新光||Lîm-êng Sin-kong||Lìm-yùng Sîn-kông||26.1||Fenglin|
|Taitung||臺東||Tâi-tang||Thòi-tûng||Falangaw||150.9||→ South-link line||Taitung|
- "Touring Taiwan by Rail". Tourism Bureau, MOTC. 2005-01-13. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- "Across an Unspoilt Land--Riding the Hualien-Taitung Line". Taiwan Panorama. December 1996. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- Taiwan Railways Administration
- Shelley Shan (2007-10-02). "Hualien-Taitung electrification gets conditional pass". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
- Shelley Shan (2009-11-14). "Hualien-Taitung railway to be electrified by 2013". Taipei Times. Retrieved 2010-12-21.
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