Taiwan People's Party

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Taiwan People's Party
台灣民眾黨

Táiwān Mínzhòng Dǎng (Mandarin)
Tâi-oân Bîn-chiòng Tóng (Hokkien)
Toi-Van Min Zung Dong (Hakka)
AbbreviationTPP
ChairmanKo Wen-je
FounderKo Wen-je
Founded6 August 2019; 3 months ago (2019-08-06)
IdeologyBig tent
Liberalism
Pluralism
Centrism
Political positionCentre
Coloursblue-green
Legislative Yuan
0 / 113
Municipal Mayoralties
1 / 6
City Mayoralties and County Magistracies
0 / 16
Local Councillors
1 / 912
Township Chiefs
0 / 204
Party flag
Emblem of Taiwan People's Party 2019.svg
Website
www.tpp.org.tw
Taiwan People's Party
Traditional Chinese台灣民眾
Simplified Chinese台湾民众
National Emblem of the Republic of China.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Republic of China
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The Taiwan People's Party (TPP; Chinese: 台灣民眾黨) is a political party in Taiwan, formally established on 6 August 2019 by Ko Wen-je, who serves as its first and current chairman.

Application process[edit]

The party was proposed in August 2019 by Mayor of Taipei Ko Wen-je, for the Ministry of the Interior's approval as one of Taiwan's legal political parties.[1] It is named after Japanese Taiwan era political activist Chiang Wei-shui's Taiwanese People's Party,[2] which was formed in 1927 as Taiwan's first political party. The newly formed Taiwan People's Party conducted its founding assembly on 6 August 2019, Ko 60th birthday, and Chiang's 129th birthday, as a requirement of the Interior Ministry.[3] According to Ko, the Taiwan People's Party seeks to "become an alternative" to both the Pan-Green Coalition headed by the Democratic Progressive Party, as well as the Kuomintang-influenced Pan-Blue Coalition.[4][5]

Chiang Li-jung, a descendant of Chiang Wei-shui's, stated that Ko was taking advantage of similarities between himself and Chiang Wei-shui. The Chiang Wei-shui Cultural Foundation panned the name of Ko's political party, stating that confusion may arise between it and Chiang's political activity.[6][7] In response, Ko stated that he preferred to retain the name, as establishing a political party was not an illegal act and therefore should not be hindered in any way.[8] On 2 August 2019, Tseng Hsu-cheng, a former deputy mayor of Tainan, began a petition against the registration of the TPP under that name, citing the historical impact of the earlier Taiwanese People's Party.[9]

Founding[edit]

At a preliminary meeting on 6 August 2019, Ko was elected chairman of the party.[10] The founding assembly of the Taiwan People's Party was held at the National Taiwan University Hospital International Convention Center later that day.[11] Of 111 founding party members, 72 attended its founding assembly.[11][12] The Taiwan People's Party charter permits party members to hold membership status in other political parties.[13][14] Many early party members worked for the Taipei City Government or for Ko, including his aide Chang Yi-san, a Democratic Progressive Party member, and former Kuomintang councillors Hsu Li-hsin, as well as a number of political independents.[14]

The party charter also states that the party's formal abbreviated name in Chinese is 民眾黨; Mínzhòngdǎng. Prior to the party's founding, Chinese-language media referred to the party as 台民黨; Táimíndǎng.[14][15] The party colors are turquoise and white. The first signifies an end to the longtime blue–green political divide in Taiwan. The color white represents the "white force" of Ko's allies, a group that supports open and transparent government.[16]

2020 elections[edit]

Ko stated that his Taiwan People's Party would contest the 2020 Taiwan legislative election,[3] but that he would not mount an independent bid in the 2020 Taiwan presidential election.[17] He later said that the TPP would nominate a full slate of 34 at-large legislative candidates.[18][13] Political scientist Liao Da-chi opined that Ko's Taiwan People's Party would take more votes from supporters of the Democratic Progressive Party during the 2020 elections.[19] The Taiwan People's Party nominated its first eight candidates for single-member constituencies on 22 September 2019.[20][21] During a second round of legislative nominations on 20 October 2019, Ko stated that the Taiwan People's Party sought to prevent a single political party from winning a legislative majority. The TPP described this tactic as "pushing the pan-blue and pan-green camps to the side to allow for the people to be in the center."[22] In November 2019, the Taiwan People's Party announced a party list of 29 at-large legislative candidates.[23][24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Strong, Matthew (31 July 2019). "Taipei City Mayor Ko Wen-je to launch new party". Taiwan News. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  2. ^ Liang, Pei-chi; Wang, Cheng-chung; Huang, Frances (31 July 2019). "Taipei mayor to establish political party". Central News Agency. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b Liang, Pei-chi; Kao, Evelyn (1 August 2019). "Taipei mayor says his party will give voters more choices". Central News Agency. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  4. ^ Chen, Ching-min; Hetherington, William (2 August 2019). "Ko launches 'Taiwan people's party'". Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  5. ^ Teng, Pei-ju (1 August 2019). "Taipei mayor to form political party, seek legislative power". Taiwan News. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  6. ^ Huang, Tzu-ti (1 August 2019). "Taipei Mayor's choice of party name irks family of late activist". Taiwan News. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  7. ^ Strong, Matthew (1 August 2019). "The Chiang Wei-shui Cultural Foundation's Statement about Taipei City Mayor Ko Wen-je forming the "Taiwanese People's Party"". Taiwan News. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  8. ^ Lee, I-chia (4 August 2019). "Ko says party name should only change if it is illegal". Taipei Times. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  9. ^ Hung, Jui-chin; Chin, Jonathan (7 August 2019). "Ko party petition clears legal step". Taipei Times. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  10. ^ Everington, Keoni (6 August 2019). "Taipei Mayor founds Taiwan People's Party, elected chairman". Taiwan News. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  11. ^ a b Lee, I-chia (7 August 2019). "Ko elected chairman at TPP founding". Taipei Times. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  12. ^ Liang, Pei-chi; Ku, Chuan; Chen, Yi-hsuan; Yeh, Joseph (6 August 2019). "Taiwan People's Party formed by Taipei mayor". Central News Agency. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  13. ^ a b Maxon, Ann (8 August 2019). "NPP to be most affected by Ko's new party: Huang". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  14. ^ a b c Hioe, Brian (6 August 2019). "What does the formation of the Taiwan People's Party mean for the 2020 elections?". New Bloom. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  15. ^ Fan, Shih-ping (15 August 2019). "TPP off to a disappointing start". Taipei Times. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  16. ^ Huang, Tzu-ti (16 September 2019). "Taiwan People's Party website hacked in cyberattack". Taiwan News. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  17. ^ Lee, I-chia (18 September 2019). "Ko also decides not to run for president". Taipei Times. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  18. ^ Lee, I-chia (8 August 2019). "Ko planning to nominate 34 for legislator-at-large". Taipei Times. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  19. ^ Ku, Chuan; Chung, Yu-chen (1 August 2019). "New party announced by Taipei mayor a setback to DPP: scholar". Central News Agency. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  20. ^ Liang, Pei-chi; Yeh, Joseph (22 September 2019). "Ko's TPP nominates 8 regional legislative candidates for 2020". Central News Agency. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  21. ^ Lee, I-chia (23 September 2019). "TPP names nominees for legislative elections". Taipei Times. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  22. ^ Lee, I-chia (21 October 2019). "New candidates join TPP as Ko unveils its goal". Taipei Times. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  23. ^ Liang, Pei-chi; Hsu, Elizabeth (19 November 2019). "2020 Elections: Taipei labor chief tops TPP legislator-at-large list". Central News Agency. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  24. ^ Lee, I-chia (20 November 2019). "JAN. 11 ELECTIONS: TPP unveils legislator-at-large list with 29 names". Taipei Times. Retrieved 20 November 2019.

External links[edit]