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Taiwan general election, 2016

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Taiwan presidential election, 2016

← 2012 16 January 2016 (2016-01-16) 2020 →
Turnout 66.27%

  蔡英文官方元首肖像照 (cropped).png Eric Chu Chopped 2017.png 宋楚瑜主席2016.jpg
Nominee Tsai Ing-wen Eric Chu James Soong
Party Democratic Progressive Kuomintang People First
Alliance Pan-Green Coalition Pan-Blue Coalition None
Running mate Chen Chien-jen
(Independent)
Wang Ju-hsuan
(Independent)
Hsu Hsin-ying
(Minkuotang)
Popular vote 6,894,744 3,813,365 1,576,861
Percentage 56.1% 31.0% 12.8%

Taiwan Presidential Election 2016 townships English.svg
Leaders in third-level divisions:
  Tsai-Chen Ticket
  Chu-Wang Ticket
  Soong-Hsu Ticket

President before election

Ma Ying-jeou
Kuomintang

Elected President

Tsai Ing-wen
Democratic Progressive

Taiwan legislative election, 2016

← 2012 16 January 2016

All 113 seats to the Legislative Yuan
57 seats needed for a majority

  Majority party Minority party Third party
  PresidentTsaiCropped.png Eric Chu Chopped 2017.png Huang Kuo-chang (cropped).jpg
Leader Tsai Ing-wen Eric Chu Huang Kuo-chang
Party Democratic Progressive Kuomintang New Power
Alliance Pan-Green Pan-Blue Pan-green coalition/Third Force
Leader since 28 May 2014 19 January 2015 13 September 2015
Last election 40
District: 44.45%
Party-list PR: 34.62%
64
District: 48.12%
PR: 44.55%
New party
District: N/A
Party-list PR: N/A
Seats before 40 64 N/A
Seats won 68 35 5
Seat change Increase 28 Decrease 29 Increase 5
Percentage District: 45.08%
Party-list PR: 44.04%
District: 38.71%
Party-list PR: 26.90%
District: 2.94%
Party-list PR: 6.10%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  宋楚瑜主席2016.jpg
Leader James Soong Lin Pin-kuan
Party People First Non-Partisan Solidarity Union
Alliance None People First
Leader since 31 March 2000 15 June 2007
Last election 3
District: 1.12%
Party-list PR: 5.49%
2
District: 1.08%
Party-list PR: N/A
Seats before 3 1
Seats won 3 1
Seat change Steady 0 Decrease1
Percentage District: 1.26%
Party-list PR: 6.52%
District: N/A
Party-list PR: 0.64%

Taiwan Legislative Election 2016 constituencies.svg
Results[1]

President of the
Legislative Yuan before election

Wang Jin-pyng
Kuomintang

Elected President of the
Legislative Yuan

Su Jia-chyuan
Democratic Progressive

General elections were held in Taiwan, officially the Republic of China, on Saturday, 16 January 2016 to elect the 14th President and Vice President of the Republic of China, and all 113 members of the ninth Legislative Yuan.[2]

Tsai Ing-wen of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) was elected President, defeating her rival Eric Chu of the Kuomintang (KMT) with 56% of the vote, the second-largest vote share claimed by a presidential candidate since Ma Ying-jeou in 2008, and the largest winning margin (25.08%) since the first direct presidential election in 1996.

The Democratic Progressive Party, led by Tsai, also secured a majority in the Legislative Yuan, resulting in the first majority by a non-KMT party and the first majority won by the DPP.

The Central Election Commission reported that turnout for the presidential election was 66.27% of voters, the lowest turnout since the office was first directly elected in 1996.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

Presidential candidates and vice-presidential running mates are elected on the same ticket, using first-past-the-post. Due to constitutional two-term limits, incumbent president Ma Ying-jeou was ineligible to seek re-election. This was the sixth direct election of the president and vice president by the citizens of Taiwan, which was previously indirectly elected by the National Assembly prior to 1996.

The 113 members of the Legislative Yuan are elected by a supplementary member system, with 73 from geographical constituencies (General) via first-past-the-post, 6 from two 3-member aboriginal constituencies via single non-transferable vote, and 34 from closed list proportional representation (PR) via a national party vote.

All three presidential candidates announced their running mates in November 2015, and for the first time in Taiwanese electoral history, none of the vice presidential candidates shared the same party affiliation as their corresponding presidential candidates.[4] A record-breaking 556 candidates ran for legislative seats.[5][6]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Party primaries[edit]

According to Article 22 of the President and Vice President Election and Recall Act, any political party that garnered 5% of the national vote in the preceding presidential or legislative election may directly nominate presidential and vice presidential candidates. Parties fulfilling the criteria in the election included the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), Kuomintang (KMT), People First Party (PFP) and Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU).[7]

Democratic Progressive Party[edit]

According to internal party protocols, presidential primaries are conducted via nationwide opinion polling.[8] Registration was held between 2 and 16 February 2015. Tsai Ing-wen, party chair and former vice-premier, was the only candidate that registered, and thus nationwide opinion polling that were planned to be conducted between 16 and 18 March 2015 were suspended. Tsai was duly nominated by the DPP on 15 April 2015.[9] On 16 November 2015, Tsai Ing-wen announced former health minister Chen Chien-jen as her running mate, who consequently resigned from his post as deputy director of Academia Sinica.

Kuomintang[edit]

According to internal party protocols, presidential primaries are conducted via a combination of party member vote with 30% weighting, and nationwide opinion polling with 70% weighting.[10] Registration and petitions were conducted between 20 April to 18 May 2015. Two candidates, including Hung Hsiu-chu, deputy speaker of the Legislative Yuan;[11][12][13] and Yang Chih-liang, former health minister, registered.[14][15] Hung garnered 35,210 signatories in her petition, crossing the eligibility threshold of 15,000 signatories; while Yang garnered only 5,234 signatories, nullifying his candidacy.[16] The party member vote was suspended because Hung was the only eligible candidate. Nationwide opinion polling were conducted from 12 to 13 June 2015; with equal weighting between approval rating and general election polling. Hung garnered an average of 46.204% in the nationwide polling, crossing the eligibility threshold of 30%, and was nominated on 19 July 2015.[17][18]

However, her nomination was revoked by party chair Eric Chu during an extraordinary party convention on 17 October 2015.[19] Chu subsequently replaced Hung as the presidential candidate of the KMT, and announced former labor minister Wang Ju-hsuan as his running mate. Some have alleged that this process was undemocratic.

People First Party[edit]

James Soong, party chair of the PFP, announced his presidential bid on 6 August 2015.[20] He announced Minkuotang (MKT) chair and legislator Hsu Hsin-ying as his running mate in November 2015.[21] The PFP–MKT coalition became the first pair of candidates to register for the election on 23 November 2015.[22]

Taiwan Solidarity Union[edit]

Although the Taiwan Solidarity Union was eligible to nominate a presidential candidate, party chair Huang Kun-huei publicly announced on 29 June 2015 that the TSU would not do so, in favor of supporting Tsai Ing-wen's presidential bid.[23][24]

Presidential candidate petition[edit]

According to article 22 of the President and Vice President Election and Recall Act, presidential and vice presidential candidates not nominated by an eligible political party, may qualify via a petition signed by at least 1.5% of the number of eligible voters during the preceding legislative election: a threshold of 269,709 eligible voters.[7]

  • Nori Shih, former legislator and chair of the Democratic Progressive Party, declared his candidature on 21 May 2015.[25] However, due to the failure to collect sufficient signatories on his petition, he withdrew his candidacy on 16 September 2015.[26]
  • Hsu Jung-shu, chair of the People United Party, and former legislator of the Democratic Progressive Party, declared her candidature on 7 July 2015, and received support from the Taiwan Progressive Party, National Health Service Alliance, and Zhongshan Party.[27] However, despite initially registering at the central election commission, Hsu and her running mate, Hsia Han-ren did not submit their petition, thus nullifying their candidacy.[28]
  • Chang Dong-shan, chair of the Grand Union of National Happiness, and running mate, Lin Li-rong, chair of the Positive Party, initially registered at the central election commission, but collected only 72 signatures thus nullifying their candidacy.[28]
  • Independent candidates Lan Hsin-kei and Chu Hsu-fang, also registered at the central election commission, but did not submit their petition.[28]
  • Music professor Lin You-hsiang and running mate, Hung Mei-chen were endorsed by the Union of Taiwanese Party Chairs, and initially registered at the central election commission, but also failed to submit their petition.[28]

Legislative candidates[edit]

The two major parties, the Kuomintang and the Democratic Progressive Party, used different strategies when nominating candidates for the Legislative Yuan elections. The Kuomintang nominated a candidate in all but one of the constituency seats.[29] The sole exception was Taipei 2, where they instead supported the New Party candidate. The DPP, on the other hand, developed a cooperation strategy with several minor parties. The DPP agreed to support candidates from these parties in exchange for agreements not to stand in tight races where they might sap DPP votes. These included the New Power Party, the Taiwan Solidarity Union, and the Green-Social Democratic Coalition, as well as several independents.[30][31] This strategy did not work in Hsinchu, where the NPP and DPP backed separate candidates.[32] A total of 43 female candidates won election to the Legislative Yuan, the most ever to take office.[33]

2016 Taiwan legislative election candidates
Party General electorates Aboriginal electorates Party list Total
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 72 5 33 110
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party 60 2 34 96
Sunrise Island.svg Taiwan Solidarity Union 2 15 17
LogoPFP.svg People First Party 6 1 16 23
Pink spiral pattern.png Non-Partisan Solidarity Union 1 7 8
Emblem on orange cricle.png Minkuotang 13 1 10 24
Newpowerpartlogo New Power Party 12 6 18
Green-Social Democratic Coalition[34] 11 6 17
Blue spiral.png Chinese Unionist Party[35] 14 10 24
Constitutional Conventions of Taiwan 12 6 18
Taiwan red blue.png MCFAP 11 1 5 17
Free Taiwan Party paper crane red bg 20150529.png Free Taiwan Party[36] 11 6 17
Faith And Hope League 8 2 6 16
Trees Party 11 2 13
健保免費LOGO1000906-CMYK.jpg National Health Service Alliance 9 1 3 13
Peace Pigeon Union Party 10 3 13
LogoCNP.svg New Party 2 10 12
Taiwan Independence Party 9 1 1 11
Taiwan Labor Party 5 5
People's Democratic Front 2 2
Social Welfare Party 2 2
Pan-Pacific E.P. Union Party 2 2
The Motorists' Party of ROC 1 1
Taiwan Win Party 1 1
Labor Party 1 1
Zheng Party 1 1
Taiwan First Nations Party 1 1
China Production Party 1 1
Black-nill.png Independents 66 6 72
Total 354 23 179 556

Opinion polls[edit]

Presidential election[edit]

Nationwide polling for the Taiwan presidential election of 2016.
Nationwide
Polling organisation Date(s)
administered
Eric Chu
KMT
Tsai Ing-wen
DPP
James Soong
PFP
Undecided
Decision Making Research 24 Aug 2015 25.5% 41.2% 15.0% 18.3%
Kuomintang 14 Sep 2015 33% 43% 13% 11%
Apple Daily 6 Oct 2015 29.28% 40.92% 15.07% 14.73%
Television Broadcasts Satellite 7 Oct 2015 29% 48% 10% 13%
Decision Making Research 7 Oct 2015 19.0% 42.1% 14.1% 24.8%
Taiwan Indicators Survey Research 13 Oct 2015 21.0% 44.6% 12.0% 22.4%
Apple Daily 16 Oct 2015 26.23% 45.47% 12.63% 15.67%
Fades Survey Research 16 Oct 2015 17.17% 40.18% 22.39% 17.72%
Liberty Times 17 Oct 2015 18.91% 47.04% 7.86% 26.19%
Decision Making Research 17 Oct 2015 21.9% 45.2% 13.8% 19.1%
Trend Survey Research 17 Oct 2015 20.7% 41.6% 10.1% 27.6%
TVBS 19 Oct 2015 29% 46% 10% 15%
China Times 22 Oct 2015 21.8% 38.9% 8.8% 30.5%
People First Party 24 Oct 2015 17% 40% 23% 20%
Taiwan Indicators Survey Research 12 Nov 2015 20.4% 46.2% 10.4% 13%
Shih Hsin University Research 27 Nov 2015 18.4% 44.5% 6.8% 30.3%
SET News 6 Dec 2015 15.7% 44.9% 13.7% 25.7%
TVBS 13 Dec 2015 22% 45% 10% 23%
New Taipei City
Television Broadcasts Satellite 15 Oct 2015 31% 47% 14% 7%
New Taipei City 6th Constituency
Next Television 21 Oct 2015 20.9% 49.8% 8.1% 21.2%
Hsinchu City
Focus Survey Research 20 Oct 2015 21.0% 46.7% 12.9% 19.4%
Taichung City
Kuomintang 15 Oct 2015 12.8% 41.4% 8.4% 37.4%

Legislative election[edit]

Nationwide polling for the Taiwan legislator-at-large election (party vote) of 2016.

Single and multi member districts[edit]

Source Date Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg
KMT
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg
DPP
Sunrise Island.svg
TSU
LogoPFP.svg
PFP
Emblem on orange cricle.png
MKT
Newpowerpartlogo
NPP
Green–SD LogoCNP.svg
NP
Free Taiwan Party paper crane red bg 20150529.png
FTP
Black-nill.png
IND
Stemicoon neutraal.png
Other
Undecided-Square.png
Undecided
Lead
Trend 9 February 2015 18.5% 31.2% 14.5% 1.4% 34.4% 12.7%
Trend 19 May 2015 19.1% 25.2% 2.6% 3.8% 0.4% 3.3% 2.1%, SD:0.3% 0.9% 13.4% 3.6% 25.2% 6.1%
Trend1[1] 12 July 2015 15.5% 30.7% 1.2% 3.4% 0.7% 14.0% 29.6% 15.2%
Trend2[2] 16 July 2015 20.3% 27.8% 0.6% 4.3% 0.8% 12.9% 1.2% 26.9% 7.5%
Trend3[3] 6 August 2015 19.9% 25.9% 0.9% 4.9% 1.2% 2.2% 36.7% 6.0%
Taiwan index 12 September 2015 21.4% 30.9% 0.1% 2.5% 0.7% 0.4% 0.0% 1.5% 42.3% 9.5%
Apple Daily 14 September 2015 30.29% 38.17% 2.11% 8.12% 1.33% 4.53% 15.45% 7.88%
Trend 14 September 2015 15.9% 31.2% 0.4% 2.1% 0.8% 5.9% 1.4% 0.5% 11.4% 2.5% 27.9% 15.3%
Trend 17 September 2015 18.3% 29.9% 1.2% 2.4% 0.5% 5.9% 1.5% 0.1% 0.3% 3.7% 1.1% 35.2% 11.6%
Trend 24 September 2015 18.3% 32.6% 1.6% 5.2% 0.5% 5.6% 2.0% 0.6% 0.4% 2.7% 30.5% 14.3%
Daily 16 October 2015 31.28% 38.11% 1.93% 4.75% 1.33% 5.94% 1.04% 1.49% 13.68% 6.83%
TVBS 19 October 2015 30% 30% 1% 1% 2% 1% 35% Tied
Trend 24 October 2015 19.0% 35.0% 1.0% 2.4% 0.8% 4.0% 0.9% 0.1% 0.1% 2.0% 0.3% 34.4% 16.0%
NoticeGrey 3 strokes.png Third party (politics)14.5%, 25.2%, 38.1%.

Proportional representation[edit]

Opinion Poll
Source Date Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg
KMT
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg
DPP
Sunrise Island.svg
TSU
LogoPFP.svg
PFP
Emblem on orange cricle.png
MKT
Newpowerpartlogo
NPP
Green–Social Democrats coalition LogoCNP.svg
NP*
Free Taiwan Party paper crane red bg 20150529.png
FTP
Stemicoon neutraal.png
Other
Undecided-Square.png
Undecided
Lead
Trend 14 March 2015 19.9% 25.7% 4.0% 7.0% 43.4% 5.8%
Trend[4] 19 May 2015 26.7% 33.4% 4.4% 6.6% 0.4% 3.6% GP: 3.3%, SD: 0.9% 1.5% 4.6% 14.6% 6.7%
TVBS1[5] 1 June 2015 24% 29% 3% 4% 0.8% 0.4% GP: 1%, SD: 0.1% 0.8% 2% 34% 5.0%
New Realm[6] 9 July 2015 18.67% 31.67% 1.61% 5.14% 3.86% GP: 0.80%, SD: 0.32% 1.29% 1.08% 35.08% 13.00%
Trend2[7] 12 July 2015 20.5% 38.2% 3.7% 8.3% 0.9% 20.1% 13.7%
Trend3[8] 16 July 2015 24.6% 35.6% 4.1% 9.2% 2.1% 0.4% 16.5% 11.0%
Decision[9] 9 August 2015 24.3% 30.3% 1.8% 6.6% 5.6% 2.6% 1.4% 27.4% 6.0%
Freedom Journal 26 August 2015 17.38% 36.71% 1.39% 4.93% 0.28% 1.3% 0.46% 2.42% 35.13% 19.33%
Taiwan Index[10] 12 September 2015 22.1% 35.1% 1.9% 7.2% 0.0% 0.3% GP: 1.3%, SD: 0.1% 0.1% 2.1% 29.9% 13.0%
Trend 14 September 2015 21.5% 37.6% 4.1% 5.6% 0.8% 6.8% 1.8% 0.5% 0.9% 20.4% 16.0%
Trend 17 September 2015 22.7% 34.2% 3.7% 4.3% 0.7% 5.6% 2.3% 1.6% 0.5% 24.4% 11.5%
Freedom journal 23 September 2015 17.81% 34.26% 1.54% 3.56% 1.83% 0.19% 40.82% 16.45%
Trend 23 September 2015 19.7% 34.7% 3.4% 6.9% 0.5% 7.0% 1.7% 2.4% 23.7% 15.0%
Freedom Journal 16 October 2015 19.01% 33.17% 1.65% 3.2% 0.39% 1.75% 0.10% 40.71% 14.16%
TVBS 18 October 2015 33% 28% 3% 3% 2% 5% 2% 2% 22% 5.0%
Trend[11] 24 October 2015 21.3% 37.5% 3.0% 7.2% 0.6% 4.7% 2.4% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 22.3% 16.2%
Shih Hsin University4[12] 31 October 2015 23.3% 34% 2.3% 4.1% 0.5% 3.1% 0.7% 30.2% 11.7%
TVBS 13 December 2015 23% 27% 2% 5% 2% 6% 3% 3% 25% 4%
Notice:

Results[edit]

President[edit]

e • d Summary of the 16 January 2016 Taiwan presidential election results
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
President Vice president
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party Tsai Ing-wen Chen Chien-jen 6,894,744 56.12%
 
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang Eric Chu Wang Ju-hsuan 3,813,365 31.04%
 
LogoPFP.svg People First Party James Soong Hsu Hsin-ying 1,576,861 12.84%
 
Total 12,284,970 100%

County Level Breakdown[edit]

2016 Presidential Election Breakdown
County/ City Registered Voters Eric Chu (KMT) Tsai Ing-wen (DPP) James Soong (PFP) Invalid Votes Turnout Margin of
Top 2 Candidates
Votes Percentage Votes Percentage Votes Percentage
Taipei 2,175,986 546,491 37.4905% 757,383 51.9582% 153,804 10.5513% 22540 68.03% 210,892
New Taipei 3,204,367 709,374 33.3392% 1,165,888 54.7945% 252,486 11.8663% 26481 67.23% 456,514
Keelung 306,548 68,357 35.2876% 93,402 48.2164% 31,955 16.4960% 2432 63.99% 25,045
Yilan County 369,211 59,216 25.3817% 144,798 62.0646% 29,288 12.5537% 3188 64.05% 85,582
Taoyuan 1,627,598 369,013 34.3874% 547,573 51.0270% 156,518 14.5855% 11898 66.66% 178,560
Hsinchu County 412,731 94,603 35.2817% 114,023 42.5243% 59,510 22.1940% 3803 65.89% 19,420
Hsinchu 328,580 71,771 32.4235% 113,386 51.2236% 36,198 16.3529% 3138 68.32% 41,615
Miaoli County 448,520 107,779 37.5500% 130,461 45.4524% 48,788 16.9976% 3652 64.81% 22,682
Taichung 2,138,519 430,005 29.8181% 793,281 55.0089% 218,810 15.1731% 19800 68.36% 363,276
Changhua County 1,022,962 193,117 28.7951% 378,736 56.4721% 98,807 14.7328% 10921 66.63% 185,619
Nantou County 415,122 83,604 32.0843% 136,104 52.2320% 40,868 15.6837% 3649 63.65% 52,500
Yunlin County 566,207 86,047 24.9321% 218,842 63.4095% 40,236 11.6584% 4997 61.84% 132,795
Chiayi County 430,885 65,425 23.3822% 182,913 65.3711% 31,469 11.2467% 4295 65.93% 117,488
Chiayi 210,758 38,822 27.9514% 83,143 59.8621% 16,926 12.1865% 1492 66.61% 44,321
Tainan 1,528,246 219,196 22.0689% 670,608 67.5175% 103,432 10.4136% 12457 65.81% 451,412
Kaohsiung 2,254,324 391,823 26.0044% 955,168 63.3923% 159,765 10.6032% 18117 67.64% 563,345
Pingtung County 689,170 121,291 26.9922% 285,297 63.4902% 42,768 9.5176% 5595 66.01% 164,006
Taitung County 179,547 43,581 44.6239% 37,517 38.4148% 16,565 16.9614% 1208 55.07% 6,064
Hualien County 267,862 73,894 47.7219% 57,198 36.9394% 23,751 15.3388% 2342 58.68% 16,696
Penghu County 84,222 12,564 29.4770% 21,658 50.8129% 8,401 19.7100% 643 51.37% 9,094
Kinmen County 111,386 24,327 66.0970% 6,626 18.0030% 5,852 15.9000% 599 33.58% 17,701
Lienchiang County 10,240 3,065 68.5989% 739 16.5398% 664 14.8612% 85 44.46% 2,326
Source
  • Central Election Commission of Taiwan

Legislative Yuan[edit]

68 1 5 3 1 35
Democratic Progressive Party I NPP PFP N Kuomintang
Seat composition of the 9th Legislative Yuan
  Vacant
Party Constituency Proportional Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Green Taiwan in White Cross.svg Democratic Progressive Party 5,416,659 44.59 50 5,370,953 44.06 18 68 Increase28
Emblem of the Kuomintang.svg Kuomintang 4,724,366 38.89 24 3,280,949 26.91 11 35 Decrease29
LogoPFP.svg People First Party 156,212 1.29 0 794,838 6.52 3 3 Steady
Newpowerpartlogo.png New Power Party 351,244 2.89 3 744,315 6.11 2 5 Increase5
LogoCNP.svg New Party 75,372 0.62 0 510,074 4.18 0 0 Steady
Green–Social Democratic Coalition 203,658 1.68 0 308,106 2.53 0 0 Steady
Sunrise Island.svg Taiwan Solidarity Union 97,765 0.80 0 305,675 2.51 0 0 Decrease3
Faith And Hope League 71,101 0.59 0 206,629 1.70 0 0 Steady
Emblem on orange cricle.png Minkuotang 196,180 1.61 0 197,627 1.62 0 0 Decrease1
Taiwan red blue.png MCFAP 17,070 0.14 0 87,213 0.72 0 0 Steady
Pink spiral pattern.png Non-Partisan Solidarity Union 27,690 0.23 1 77,672 0.64 0 1 Decrease1
Trees Party 30,224 0.25 0 77,174 0.63 0 0 Steady
Blue spiral.png Chinese Unionist Party 18,812 0.15 0 56,347 0.46 0 0 Steady
健保免費LOGO1000906-CMYK.jpg National Health Service Alliance 12,036 0.10 0 51,024 0.42 0 0 Steady
Free Taiwan Party paper crane red bg 20150529.png Free Taiwan Party 18,495 0.15 0 47,988 0.39 0 0 Steady
Peace Dove Alliance Party 10,318 0.08 0 30,617 0.25 0 0 Steady
Taiwan Independence Party 7,809 0.06 0 27,496 0.23 0 0 Steady
Constitutional Conventions of Taiwan 13,518 0.11 0 15,442 0.13 0 0 Steady
Others 31,693 0.26 0 0 Steady
Black-nill.png Independent 668,441 5.50 1 1 Decrease1
Invalid/blank votes
Total 79 100 34 113 0
Registered voters/turnout  
Source: CEC[permanent dead link]

Reactions[edit]

Abroad[edit]

  •  Canada:
    •  Ontario - Ontario's MPP of Essex, Ernie Hardeman welcomed the result of this election. In this statement, "I congratulate the people of Taiwan for respecting the democratic process and welcome the election of Taiwan’s first female president, Dr. Tsai Ing-wen."[39]
  •  China: The People's Republic of China (PRC) had monitored the election closely and asks the DPP to abandon its “hallucinations” about pushing for independence, as any moves towards it would be a “poison”. Tsai had pledged to maintain peace with the PRC and the Taiwan Affairs Office opposed any move towards independence.[40]

Chou Tzu-yu flag incident[edit]

Chou Tzu-yu, a 16-year-old Taiwanese singer and a member of the South Korean K-pop girl group Twice, attracted attention with her appearance in a South Korean variety show called My Little Television, in which she introduced herself and waved the flag of the Republic of China alongside that of South Korea. Japan's flag was also shown as the other members of the group represented their nationality throughout the show. However, soon after the episode was broadcast it sparked controversy in China when Taiwanese-born China-based singer Huang An accused Chou of being a "pro-Taiwanese independence activist".[41] After the uproar over the issue, the group's record label, JYP Entertainment cancelled all activities of the group in China and released a video where Chou is shown reading an apology, all this the day before the election.[42] She mentioned in part:

"There is only one China. The two sides of the [Taiwan] Strait are one entity. I feel proud being a Chinese. I, as a Chinese, have hurt the company and netizens’ feelings due to my words and actions during overseas promotions. I feel very, very sorry and also very guilty."[43]

Nevertheless, many Taiwanese saw her apology as "humiliating and a sign of Taiwan's predicament that Chou had to apologize for expressing her Taiwanese identity and for showing her nation's flag." Tsai in her victory speech also mentioned how it had "angered many Taiwanese people, regardless of their political affiliation." And although it was believed by many that this incident affected the election, contributing to one or two percentage points of Tsai's winning margin,[44] it was thought that the issue probably had a very minor impact on the final outcome since most believed that people would have voted for Tsai anyway. However it is believed that the incident might potentially contribute to Taiwan's desire to become an independent state.[43][45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Non-aboriginal constituency seats only
  2. ^ "Presidential, legislative elections set for Jan. 16, 2016". focustaiwan.tw. The Central News Agency. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Tai, Ya-chen; Chen, Chun-hua; Huang, Frances (17 January 2016). "Turnout in presidential race lowest in history". Central News Agency. Archived from the original on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Wu, Lilian (18 November 2015). "Running mates of three presidential candidates not from same parties". Central News Agency. Retrieved 18 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "Number of candidates rises this year". Taipei Times. 6 January 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  6. ^ Tai, Ya-chen; Hsu, Elizabeth (12 January 2016). "Voter list for Taiwan's presidential election surpasses 18.78 million". Central News Agency. Retrieved 12 January 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Presidential and Vice Presidential Election. Central Election Commission, Taiwan
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