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Taji District has about 400,000 inhabitants.
Al-Taji airfield, in the volatile Sunni Triangle, was originally an Iraqi Republican Guard base during the Saddam era. It was once a center for the manufacture of chemical weapons. Taji was also the location of the largest tank maintenance facility in Iraq.
Its religious make-up is changing, due to persecution and forced displacement of Sunni Arab natives and arrival of Shia Arabs favored by the new government in Baghdad.