Tajik Air

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Tajik Air
Tajik Air logo.jpg
IATA ICAO Callsign
7J TJK TAJIKAIR
Founded
  • 1923 as division of Aeroflot in Tajikistan
  • 1991 as an independent airline
Ceased operationsJanuary 2019[1]
Hubs
Fleet size14
Destinations19
Company sloganNational airline of Tajikistan
Parent companyGovernment of Tajikistan
HeadquartersDushanbe, Tajikistan
Key peopleKhamroev Firuz Khalilovich, Director General
Websitetajikairlines.com/

Tajik Air, legally State Unitary Aviation Enterprise, was[1] an airline in Tajikistan. It had its head office at Dushanbe International Airport in Dushanbe.[2] The airline had its main hub at Dushanbe International Airport, and it retained a secondary focus city at Khujand's Khudzhand Airport. It ceased operations in January 2019 as the then eighth-oldest airline worldwide.[1]

History[edit]

The first flight of the airline was from Bukhara to Dushanbe on 3 September 1924 by a Junkers F.13 aircraft, initiating development of civil aviation in Tajikistan. The first aircraft appeared in the capital two years earlier than the car and five years earlier than the train. The Stalinabad airfield complex was created and operation of new routes started over the Pamir mountain ranges. In 1930, a first class airport was built in Dushanbe. One year later airports were built in Kulyab, Garm, Panj and Dangara where regular flights were operated from Dushanbe. Aviation of Tajikistan developed rapidly as the air fleet expanded. Air transport became an essential branch of the country's national economy. Tajik aviation provided regular connections between the capital and the highland settlements in the hard-to-reach valleys of Vanch, Rushan, Shugnan, Bartang, Yagnob and others, reducing the travel time of passengers of the mountain regions of the Pamirs, Karategin, blooming valleys of Vakhsh, Hissar by tens or hundreds of times. In March 1937, the Tajik Territorial Department of Civil Air Fleet was formed.

In 1945, the Tajik Department of Civil Air Fleet (TU GVF) received new Lisunov Li-2 and Junkers Ju 52 aircraft. The first flight by the crew of the Li-2 aircraft was operated on the route Stalinabad – Moscow. In the 1950s and 1960s aviation in Tajikistan was one of the most developed sectors of the national economy of the Republic. From 1951, Antonov An-2s were utilized in the fleet of the Tajik Department of Civil Air Fleet and in 1954 Ilyushin Il-12s were introduced by which the first flight on the route Stalinabad – Sochi was operated. Between 1956 and 1964, Ilyushin Il-14, Ilyushin Il-18 and Antonov An-6 (high-altitude version of the An-2) aircraft joined the fleet, as well as Mil Mi-4 helicopters.

Aviators of Tajikistan were always in the front line of development of the socio-economic potential of the country. For the first time in 1959, B.M. Vorobiev landed an aircraft (an An-6) on the ice of the Sarez Lake. In 1960, the first flight on the route Stalinabad – Moscow was operated by an Ilyushin Il-18. The TU GVF's structure was expanded and developed. In 1959, the Leninabad aviation enterprise was founded and, in a year, the Kulyab airport was established. On March 3, 1960, the passenger terminal and runway were put into operation. The route Stalinabad – Frunze – Alma-Ata – Novosibirsk was opened. In the 1970s and '80s pilots and navigators of the Tajikistan Civil Aviation Authority mastered such aircraft as the Tupolev Tu-154, Yakovlev Yak-40, Antonov An-26 and Antonov An-28. In 1979 the first flight to Afghanistan was operated by an Il-18 aircraft on a humanitarian mission. In 1984 the automatic reservation system "Sirena" for booking seats on the domestic airlines was introduced. In 4 years the Tajik Civil Aviation Authority changed over to the new conditions of management and planning.

Judging by efficiency of the Yak-40 and An-28 aircraft utilization, the Tajik Civil Aviation Authority won first place in the USSR's Air Fleet. In the 1990 -1991 period the aircraft-helicopter fleet of the aviation enterprise was expanded with Ilyushin Il-76 and Tupolev Tu-154M aircraft; and Mil Mi-8 helicopters. Central Asia's first "Zardak" transponder was built and air service on the route Dushanbe-Ürümqi was opened.[3]

On 14 January 2019, Tajik Air ceased all operations after failing to cope with increasing competition from Somon Air.[1]

Destinations[edit]

Tajik Air Tupolev Tu-154
Tajik Air Boeing 737-300
Tajik Air Boeing 737-500

Tajik Air served the following destinations as of April 2018:[4]

India
Iran
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Russia
Tajikistan

Fleet[edit]

As of January 2019, the Fleet of Tajik Air consisted of the following aircraft:[6][7]

Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
Antonov An-28 2 18
Boeing 737-300 1 149
Boeing 737-400 1 168
Boeing 757-200 2 239
Boeing 767-300 1 290
Total 7

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d aerotelegraph.com - "Tajik Air: World's eight-oldest airline ceases operations" (German) 16 January 2019
  2. ^ "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. 30 March-5 April 2004. 78. "Titov Street 31/2, Dushanbe International Airport, Dushanbe, 734006, Tajikistan."
  3. ^ "TajikAir.TJ – Таджикские Авиалинии – ТАРИФЫ". web.archive.org. 2012-02-18. Archived from the original on February 18, 2012. Retrieved 2016-05-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  4. ^ "Tajik Air Booking Enine". tajikair.tj. 8 April 2018. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Авиакомпания «Таджик Эйр» запустила ежедневные рейсы из Душанбе в Худжанд - Avesta - информационное агентство". Avesta - информационное агентство (in Russian). 20 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  6. ^ planespotters.net - Tajik Air retrieved 16 January 2019
  7. ^ http://www.tajikair.tj/en/content/about-us/avia-park.php

External links[edit]

Media related to Tajik Air at Wikimedia Commons