Takachiho Railway (高千穂鉄道 Takachiho Tetsudō) was a Japanese railway company. The company in Miyazaki Prefecture suspended operation of the railway after a typhoon disaster in 2005 and was liquidated in 2009.
The company operated the Takachiho Line connecting Nobeoka Station in Nobeoka, Miyazaki and Takachiho Station in Takachiho, Miyazaki. The government authorization of the railway business was abolished for a half of the line in 2007 and for the remaining half in 2008.
- Distance 50.0 km (31 mi)
- Nobeoka — Makinine 29.1 km (18.1 mi) officially closed on 2007-09-06
- Makimine — Takachiho 20.9 kilometres (13.0 mi) officially closed on 2008-12-28
- Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Stations: 19
- Double-track line: None
- Electrification: None
- Signalling: Simplified automatic
The Takachiho Line, originally named the Hinokage Line (日ノ影線 Hinokage sen) of Japanese Government Railways, opened on February 20, 1935, in the section between Nobeoka and Hyūga-Okamoto stations.
Following some extensions, the line reached Takachiho Station on July 22, 1972 and was renamed the Takachiho Line same day.
Freight service ceased in 1974. In 1982 all service was suspended for four months due to typhoon damage.
When the national railway was privatized in 1987, the line belonged to JR Kyushu, which withdrew from the operation of the Takachiho Line and transferred it to Takachiho Railway, a new company established by local funds, on April 28, 1989.
On September 6, 2005, flooding triggered by Typhoon Nabi washed away two bridges on the line, halting all operations. By December, it was clear that no government funding for rebuilding was available. Attempts by local communities to rebuild the railway went for nothing. A shareholders' resolution made on January 6, 2009 started the company's liquidation procedures which ended in March 2009 with no distribution to shareholders.
After the line opened in 1972, construction of the 23 km section from Takachiho to the Takamori line continued until 1975, when flooding in the 6500m Takamori tunnel (16 km south of Takachiho) resulted in work being suspended. Construction was formally abandoned in 1980.
|Nobeoka||延岡||0.0||1922-05-01||JR Kyushu: Nippo Main Line||Nobeoka||Miyazaki
- TR100 (101, 102, 203, 104, 105)
- TR200 (201, 202)
- TR400 (401, 402)
Following the closure of the line, two truck-style sightseeing cars, TR401 and TR402, were purchased by JR Kyushu upon an offer from Takachiho Railway. They will be refurbished and used on the new Umisachi Yamasachi limited express service on the Nichinan Line from October 2009.
Among ordinary railcars, TR201 was given to Asa Kaigan Railway without compensation. It will go into service in autumn 2009. Other ordinary cars were disused. TR104 and TR105 were given to the town of Hinokage and are preserved at Hinokage-Onsen Station. TR101 and TR202 were given to the town of Takachiho and are preserved at Takachiho Station. Others were scrapped.
- Ishino, Tetsu et al. (eds.) (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). I. Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 232. ISBN 4533029809.
- 高千穂鉄道、清算終了 (Yukan Daily, March 29, 2008). Retrieved on July 19, 2009.
- 高千穂鉄道（株）からの車両購入について, JR Kyushu Press Release. November 25, 2008
- 日南線観光特急「海幸山幸」運行概要決定, JR Kyushu Press Release. June 23, 2009
- Saitō, Mikio. 高千穂鉄道 車両搬出作業実施 [Takachiho Railway: Cars Carried Out]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). No. 577, May 2009. Tokyo: Kōyūsha. p. 149.