Takada domain (高田藩 Takada han), was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Echigo Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Takada Castle, located in what is now part of the city of Jōetsu in Niigata Prefecture. It was also known as Fukushima Domain (福嶋藩 Fukushima han).
During the Sengoku period, the area around Takada was controlled by the Uesugi clan. After Toyotomi Hideyoshi relocated Uesugi Kagekatsu to Aizu, he assigned the area round Takada to his general Hori Hideharu, who had distinguished himself in various battles. During the Battle of Sekigahara, he sided with Tokugawa Ieyasu; however as Echigo Province had many supporters and former retainers of the Uesugi clan, he was ordered to remain in Echigo on guard duty. After the establishment of the Tokugawa Shogunate, his son Hori Tadatoshi faced any problems with restless peasants, religious disputes, and an internal family dispute which resulted in his dispossession and exile. He was replaced by Matsudaira Tadateru, the 6th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, who build Takada Castle. However, he was also dispossessed in 1616 after falling out of favour with Tokugawa Hidetada at the Siege of Osaka. A junior branch of the Sakai clan then briefly ruled Takada from 1616 to 1618, followed by Matsudaira Tadamasa from 1619-1623. Takada was then assigned to Matsudaira Mitsunaga, from another branch of the same Echizen-Matsudaira clan, from 1618 to 1681. This gave takada a period of much-needed stability; however, he was also dispossessed following an O-Ie Sōdō. Takada was then ruled as tenryo territory directly by the Tokugawa shogunate from 1681-1685.
The domain was revived in 1685 for Inaba Masamichi, who ruled until his transfer to Sakura Domain in 1707. He was followed by Toda Tadazane, formerly of Sakura Domain, who held the post to his transfer to Utsunomiya Domain in 1710. Takada was then assigned to a junior branch of the Hisamatsu-Matsudaira clan, who ruled uneventfully from 1710 until their transfer to Shirakawa Domain in 1741.
A junior branch of the Sakakibara clan was then installed from 1741; and continued through the Meiji Restoration in 1868. During the Boshin War, the domain sided with the imperial cause, and after the Aizu War, many of the former samurai from Aizu were exiled to Takada. The head of the Sakakibara was ennobled with the title of Viscount in the kazoku system of peerage.
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Takada Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
- Echigo Province
- 614 villages in Kubiki District
- 1 village in Kariwa District
- Mutsu Province (Iwaki)
- Mutsu Province (Iwashiro)
- 24 villages in Iwase District
List of daimyo
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Hori clan (tozama) 1598-1610|
|1||Hori Hideharu (堀秀治)||1598-1606||Saemon-no-sho (左衛門督); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||450,000 koku|
|2||Hori Tadatoshi (堀忠俊)||1606–1610||-unknown-||Lower 5th (従五位下)||450,000 koku||dispossessed|
|Matsudaira clan (shimpan) 1610-1616|
|1||Matsudaira Tadateru (松平忠輝)||1610-1616||Saemon-no-sho (左衛門督)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||750,000 koku||dispossessed|
|Sakai clan (fudai) 1616-1619|
|1||Sakai Ietsugu (酒井家次)||1616-1618||Saemon-no-sho (左衛門督)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||100,000 koku||transfer from Takasaki Domain|
|2||Sakai Tadakatsu (酒井忠勝)||1616-1619||Kunai-no-taiyu (宮内大輔)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||100,000 koku||transfer to Matsushiro Domain|
|Matsudaira clan (shimpan) 1618-1623|
|1||Matsudaira Tadamasa (松平忠昌)||1618-1623||Iyo-no-kami (伊予守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||259,000 koku||transfer to Fukui Domain|
|Matsudaira clan (shimpan) 1624-1681|
|1||Matsudaira Mitsunaga (松平光長)||1624-1681||Echigo-no-kami (越後守); Chunagon (権中将)||3rd (従三位)||260,000 koku||dispossessed|
|Inaba clan (fudai) 1686-1701|
|1||Inaba Masamichi (稲葉正往)||1686-1701||Tango-no-kami (丹後守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||103,000 koku||transfer to Sakura Domain|
|Toda clan (fudai) 1701-1710|
|1||Toda Tadazane (戸田忠真)||1701-1710||Yamashiro-no-kami (山城守); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||68,000 koku||transfer to Utsunomiya Domain|
|Hisamatsu-Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1710-1741|
|1||Matsudaira Sadashige (松平定重)||1710-1712||Etchu-no-kami (越中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下))||113,000 koku||transfer from Kuwana Domain|
|2||Matsudaira Sadamichi (松平定逵)||1712-1718||Inaba-no-kami (因幡守)||Lower 5th (従五位下))||113,000 koku|
|3||Matsudaira Sadateru (松平定輝)||1718-1725||'Etchu-no-kami (越中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下))||113,000 koku|
|4||Matsudaira Sadamori (松平定儀)||1725-1727||'Etchu-no-kami (越中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下))||113,000 koku|
|5||Matsudaira Sadayoshi (松平定賢)||1727-1741||'Etchu-no-kami (越中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下))||113,000 koku||transfer to Shirakawa Domain|
|Sakakibara clan (fudai) 1741-1871|
|1||Sakakibara Masazumi (榊原政純)||1741-1744||Etchu-no-kami (越中守)||Lower 5th (従五位下))||150,000 koku||transfer from Himeji Domain|
|2||Sakakibara Masanaga (榊原政永)||1744-1789||Shikibu-no-sho (式部大輔); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku|
|3||Sakakibara Masaatsu (榊原政敦)||1789-1810||Shikibu-no-sho (式部大輔); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku|
|4||Sakakibara Masanori (榊原政令)||1810-1827||Omi-no-kami (遠江守)||Lower 4th (従四位下)|
|5||Sakakibara Masakiyo (榊原政養)||1827-1839||Ukyo-daifu (右京大夫)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku|
|6||Sakakibara Masachika (榊原政愛)||1839-1861||Shikibu-no-sho (式部大輔); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku|
|7||Sakakibara Masataka (榊原政敬)||1861-1871||Shikibu-no-sho (式部大輔); Jijū (侍従)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||150,000 koku||Viscount|
- "Echigo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-7.
- Nussbaum, Louis Frédéric et al. (2005). "Takada" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 931., p. 931, at Google Books
- "Echigo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-8.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Sakakibara" at Noblaire du Japon, p. 51.
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- "Takada" at Edo 300 (in Japanese)