Takamiyama Daigorō

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"Takamiyama" redirects here. For the first official championship winner, see Takamiyama Torinosuke.
Takamiyama Daigorō
高見山大五郎
Personal information
Born Jesse Kuhaulua
(1944-06-16) June 16, 1944 (age 73)
Territory of Hawaii
Height 1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)
Weight 204 kg (450 lb; 32.1 st)
Career
Stable Takasago
Record 812-845-22
Debut March, 1964
Highest rank Sekiwake (September, 1972)
Retired May, 1984
Championships 1 (Makuuchi)
1 (Jonidan)
1 (Jonokuchi)
Special Prizes Outstanding Performance (6)
Fighting Spirit (5)
Gold Stars 12
Wajima (7)
Sadanoyama
Kashiwado
Kitanofuji
Kotozakura
Kitanoumi
* Up to date as of August 2007.

Takamiyama Daigorō 高見山大五郎 (born 16 June 1944 as Jesse James Wailani Kuhaulua) is a former sumo wrestler, the first foreign born rikishi to win the top division championship (in 1972). His highest rank was sekiwake. His active career spanned twenty years from 1964 to 1984, and he set a number of longevity records, including most tournaments ranked in the top makuuchi division, and most consecutive top division appearances. He is also the first foreign born wrestler ever to take charge of a training stable, founding Azumazeki stable in 1986. His most successful wrestler was fellow Hawaiian Akebono who reached the highest rank of yokozuna in 1993. He retired as a coach in 2009.

Early life[edit]

Kuhaulua was born in Happy Valley, Maui to parents who were mostly of Hawaiian descent. Due to his impressive height of 6 foot 2 inches (189 cm) and 280 pounds (127 kg), he was recruited as a tackle for the Henry Perrine Baldwin High School football team. His football coach noticed that he had weak legs and hips, and recommended that he train his lower body through sumo, a sport popular among the local Japanese-American community. He joined a local amateur sumo club and it was there that he was spotted by visiting professional sumo wrestlers from Japan. He was eventually recruited by the head coach of Takasago stable, former yokozuna Maedayama.[1] After graduating from Baldwin High School in Wailuku in 1963 he left for Tokyo on February 22, 1964 to join Takasago stable as a new recruit.

Sumo career[edit]

Takamiyama made his professional debut in March 1964. He achieved sekitori status in March 1967 when he won promotion to the second highest jūryō division. He reached the top makuuchi division five tournaments later. He had an exceptionally long top division career that spanned from January 1968 to January 1984. For many years he held the record for having competed in the most tournaments as a top division wrestler, at 97 (these were also consecutive tournaments). In November 2009 this record was broken by the veteran ōzeki Kaiō, and Kaiō has also surpassed his long-standing record of 1430 top division bouts. However, Takamiyama still holds the record for the most consecutive bouts in the top division (1231), as he did not miss a match from his debut until he was forced to withdraw from the September 1981 tournament because of a training injury.[1]

He won a total of twelve kinboshi (gold stars awarded for maegashira wins against a yokozuna), a record which stood until Akinoshima surpassed it in the 1990s. His first kinboshi came in only his second top division tournament against Sadanoyama, who had won the previous two tournaments but suddenly retired just two days after losing to him. His final gold star came ten years later at the age of 35, against Kitanoumi in September 1978 - only the third time the yokozuna had been beaten that year. Takamiyama also won eleven special prizes, or sanshō for his performances in tournaments.

The highlight of his career came in July 1972 when he won the tournament championship with a 13-2 record - the first foreigner ever to do so. Ranked at maegashira 4, he lost only to Kotozakura and Takanohana and defeated Asahikuni on the final day to finish one win ahead of Takanohana. A congratulatory letter from US President Richard Nixon was read out by the US Ambassador to Japan at the presentation ceremony, marking the only time that English has been officially spoken on the dohyō.

Following this victory he was promoted to sumo's third highest rank of sekiwake. He was to hold this rank a further seven times, but he was ultimately unable to score ten wins or more in consecutive tournaments and so was never able to reach the rank of ōzeki. Nevertheless, he paved the way for other Hawaii wrestlers such as Konishiki and Akebono.[2] His final appearance in the san'yaku ranks was at komusubi in September 1982 at age 38, making him the second oldest postwar san'yaku wrestler after ex- ōzeki Nayoroiwa.

Due to his exceptionally large size - he weighed over 200 kg as his peak - and trademark sideburns and bright orange mawashi, Takamiyama was an instantly recognisable figure to the Japanese public, even amongst those who did not regularly follow sumo. He appeared in several television commercials before the practice was banned by the Sumo Association. His great fighting spirit, and his determination to never miss a bout no matter what injuries he might be carrying - a Japanese character trait known as gaman - were much admired.

Retirement from sumo[edit]

Takamiyama's goal had always been to fight until the age of forty,[1] but a serious elbow injury sustained in November 1983 caused him to fall to jūryō, and in May 1984, facing certain demotion to the third makushita division, he announced his retirement after twenty years in sumo. He was just a few weeks short of his fortieth birthday. He became a member of the Japan Sumo Association, with the name Azumazeki. To do so he had taken Japanese citizenship in 1980.

He subsequently opened his own training stable, Azumazeki-beya, in 1986, the first foreign born former wrestler to do so. Akebono became the stable's first sekitori in 1990, and became the first foreign born yokozuna in 1993. One of Azumazeki's stated goals after this was to coach a Japanese wrestler to the top division, and this was achieved in July 2000 when the popular Takamisakari made his makuuchi debut. He was later joined by Ushiomaru, who in 2009 took over the running of the stable when Azumazeki reached the Sumo Association's mandatory retirement age of sixty-five.[3]

His farewell party at a local hotel in Tokyo on 6 June 2009 attracted 1000 guests, including Akebono and Konishiki. A congratulatory letter from US President Barack Obama was read out.[4]

Fighting style[edit]

Takamiyama's technique was somewhat rudimentary (his eleven sanshō awards did not include a Technique Prize). He tended to rely on his strength and momentum rather than work on the opponent's mawashi with throwing moves.[5] His two most common winning techniques were yorikiri (force out) and oshidashi (push out).[6] Being exceptionally strong he regularly won by kimedashi (armlock force out) and tsuridashi (lift out). His balance was suspect, as his long legs meant he was rather top-heavy with his centre of gravity too high.[7] As a result, he was often prone to being thrown by lighter, more agile opponents. Two lightweights who he often had trouble with were Asahikuni and Washuyama.[7] He also spoke of his difficulties in facing lightweight ōzeki Takanohana, for whom he also appeared to have a grudging respect.[8]

Career record[edit]

Takamiyama Daigorō[9]
Year in sumo January
Hatsu basho, Tokyo
March
Haru basho, Osaka
May
Natsu basho, Tokyo
July
Nagoya basho, Nagoya
September
Aki basho, Tokyo
November
Kyūshū basho, Fukuoka
1964 x (Maezumo) West Jonokuchi #11
6–1–PP
Champion

 
East Jonidan #71
7–0–P
Champion

 
West Sandanme #22
5–2
 
West Makushita #92
5–2
 
1965 West Makushita #66
2–5
 
West Makushita #84
6–1
 
West Makushita #44
3–4
 
East Makushita #48
5–2
 
West Makushita #30
5–2
 
East Makushita #14
3–4
 
1966 East Makushita #17
1–6
 
East Makushita #41
3–4
 
West Makushita #46
5–2
 
West Makushita #29
5–2
 
East Makushita #16
5–2
 
West Makushita #9
5–2
 
1967 West Makushita #2
5–2
 
East Jūryō #18
10–5
 
East Jūryō #13
10–5
 
East Jūryō #6
9–6
 
East Jūryō #2
8–7
 
East Jūryō #1
10–5
 
1968 East Maegashira #9
9–6
F
East Maegashira #4
5–10
East Maegashira #6
8–7
 
West Maegashira #2
7–8
 
West Maegashira #3
8–7
F
West Maegashira #1
4–11
 
1969 West Maegashira #6
6–9
 
West Maegashira #8
9–6
 
West Maegashira #3
7–8
 
West Maegashira #3
6–9
 
East Maegashira #5
9–6
 
West Komusubi #1
8–7
 
1970 West Komusubi #1
8–7
 
East Komusubi #1
4–11
 
West Maegashira #5
11–4
 
East Komusubi #1
5–10
 
West Maegashira #3
6–9
 
East Maegashira #5
8–7
 
1971 West Komusubi #1
4–11
 
East Maegashira #3
6–9
 
West Maegashira #3
9–6
 
West Komusubi #1
8–7
 
East Komusubi #1
8–7
 
East Komusubi #1
8–7
 
1972 East Komusubi #2
6–9
 
East Maegashira #3
6–9
 
East Maegashira #7
8–7
 
West Maegashira #4
13–2
O
West Sekiwake #2
5–10
 
West Maegashira #1
9–6
O
1973 West Sekiwake #1
8–7
 
West Sekiwake #1
4–11
 
West Maegashira #4
8–7
 
West Komusubi #1
3–12
 
West Maegashira #4
9–6
 
East Maegashira #1
5–10
 
1974 West Maegashira #4
8–7
 
West Maegashira #1
10–5
O
West Sekiwake #1
8–7
 
West Sekiwake #1
11–4
OF
East Sekiwake #1
6–9
 
East Maegashira #1
7–8
1975 East Maegashira #2
6–9
East Maegashira #5
8–7
 
East Maegashira #3
10–5
 
West Komusubi #1
5–10
 
West Maegashira #4
11–4
East Komusubi #1
8–7
 
1976 East Komusubi #1
9–6
O
East Sekiwake #1
7–8
 
West Komusubi #2
8–7
 
East Komusubi #1
5–10
 
East Maegashira #4
8–7
East Maegashira #1
8–7
 
1977 East Komusubi #2
5–10
 
East Maegashira #3
6–9
East Maegashira #7
9–6
 
West Maegashira #2
9–6
 
East Komusubi #1
9–6
O
East Sekiwake #2
3–12
 
1978 East Maegashira #6
9–6
 
West Maegashira #1
6–9
 
West Maegashira #3
6–9
West Maegashira #6
10–5
 
East Maegashira #1
5–10
East Maegashira #6
9–6
 
1979 West Komusubi #1
2–13
 
East Maegashira #9
8–7
 
East Maegashira #5
8–7
 
East Maegashira #1
3–12
 
West Maegashira #10
10–5
 
West Maegashira #2
3–12
 
1980 West Maegashira #11
8–7
 
West Maegashira #6
8–7
 
East Maegashira #3
6–9
 
West Maegashira #4
7–8
 
West Maegashira #5
7–8
 
East Maegashira #6
6–9
 
1981 East Maegashira #11
8–7
 
East Maegashira #7
9–6
F
East Maegashira #3
6–9
 
West Maegashira #7
10–5
F
East Maegashira #1
0–2–13
 
East Maegashira #11
9–6
 
1982 East Maegashira #5
8–7
 
East Maegashira #2
5–10
 
East Maegashira #8
10–5
 
East Maegashira #1
8–7
 
East Komusubi #1
5–10
 
East Maegashira #4
4–11
 
1983 East Maegashira #9
9–6
 
East Maegashira #2
4–11
 
West Maegashira #7
8–7
 
East Maegashira #2
5–10
 
West Maegashira #7
6–9
 
East Maegashira #11
8–5–2
 
1984 East Maegashira #8
1–7–7
 
West Jūryō #3
4–11
 
West Jūryō #12
Retired
2–13
x x x
Record given as win-loss-absent    Top Division Champion Retired Lower Divisions

Sanshō key: F=Fighting spirit; O=Outstanding performance; T=Technique     Also shown: =Kinboshi(s); P=Playoff(s)
Divisions: MakuuchiJūryōMakushitaSandanmeJonidanJonokuchi

Makuuchi ranks: YokozunaŌzekiSekiwakeKomusubiMaegashira

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Adams, Andrew; Shilling, Mark (1985). Jesse: Sumo Superstar. Japan Times. ISBN 4-7890-0272-1. 
  2. ^ Atherton, Paul (2003-01-29). "Sumo in crisis?". BBC News. Retrieved 2007-06-28. 
  3. ^ Lewis, Ferd (2007-06-07). "Maui-born Kuhaulua able to bridge generation gap". The Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2007-06-28. 
  4. ^ "Jesse Takamiyama retires from sumo". AP. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2009. 
  5. ^ Schreiber, Mark (28 January 2017). "2017: a year for sumo nostalgia". Japan Times. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  6. ^ "Takamiyama bouts by kimarite". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 30 July 2009. 
  7. ^ a b Sharnoff, Lora (1993). Grand Sumo. Weatherhill. p. 159. ISBN 0-8348-0283-X. 
  8. ^ My First Date With Sumo Gould, Chris (2007), http://www.amazon.com/My-First-Date-Sumo-ebook/dp/B0061BMG0O
  9. ^ "Takamiyama Daigoro Rikishi Information". Sumo Reference. Retrieved 2012-08-10. 

External links[edit]