Takatō Domain (高遠藩 Takatō-han?) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. It is located in Shinano Province, Honshū. The domain was centered at Takatō Castle, located in what is now part of the city of Ina in Nagano Prefecture.
The territory around Takatō was ruled during the Sengoku period by Takatō Yoritsugu (d. 1552). After his castle fell to Takeda Shingen in the Siege of Takatō in 1545, it was given over to one of Shingen's sons, Nishina Morinobu. Takatō then came under the control of Hoshina Masatoshi, a retainer of Tokugawa Ieyasu, following the defeat and subsequent destruction of the Takeda clan following the second Siege of Takatō in 1582.
Following the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, and the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1603, Hoshina Masamitsu, the grandson of Masatoshi, became the first Edo period daimyō of Takatō, and the domain was officially ranked at a kokudaka of 25,000 koku. Masamitsu raised an illegitimate son of shogun Tokugawa Hidetada as his own, under the name Hoshina Masayuki, and was rewarded with a 5,000 koku increase for his domain in 1618. Following Hidetada's death in 1632, Masayuki was transferred to Yamagata Domain in Dewa Province in 1636, with an income of 200,000 koku.
Torii Tadaharu, the third son of Torii Tadamasa of Yamagata Domain, replaced him as lord of Takatō, with an income of 32,000 koku. The next lord, Torii Tadanori, however, died while under house arrest due to a scandal at Edo in 1689, leaving the clan's succession in the hands of the shogunate. Tadanori's successor in the family, Torii Tadahide, was demoted to a 10,000 koku holding, Shimomura Domain in Noto Province. As a result, Takatō briefly became tenryō administered directly by the shogunate until 1691, when Naitō Kiyokazu was reassigned from Tondabayashi Domain in Settsu Province to Takatō. The domain began to have financial troubles beginning under the following lord, Naitō Yorinori, who made efforts at reforms and innovations to solve the problems. The Ejima-Ikushima affair occurred around the same time, resulting in the shogunal consort named Ejima, banished from Edo, being left in the custody of Takatō.
The seventh Naitō lord of Takatō, Naitō Yoriyasu, oversaw numerous development projects, including a trading market, a mulberry plantation operated directly by the domain, educational institutions and land intensification projects. These changes, however, brought numerous peasant revolts, and instability to the realm.
Towards the Bakumatsu period, the final daimyo, Naitō Yorinao, established a han school and took part in the campaigns by the shogunate against Chōshū Domain. During the 1868 Boshin War, however, Takatō sided with the newly founded Meiji government army against the last supporters of the shogunate and sent forces to fight in the Battle of Hokuetsu and the Battle of Aizu
Naitō Yorinao remained governor of Takatō when the lands were formally handed over to the Emperor. In 1871, the domains were abolished, and Takatō became "Takatō Prefecture", only to be subsumed into Tsukama Prefecture and, eventually, into Nagano Prefecture, which remains today.
Bakumatsu period holdings
As with most domains in the han system, Takatō Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.
List of daimyo
|#||Name||Tenure||Courtesy title||Court Rank||kokudaka||Notes|
|Hoshina clan (fudai) 1600-1636 |
|1||Hoshina Masamitsu (保科正光?)||1600-1631||Bungo-no-kami (肥後守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||25,000->30,000 koku||transfer from Tako Domain|
|2||Hoshina Masayuki (保科正之?)||1631-1636||Ukon-no-ue-chujo (左近衛中将)||Lower 4th (従四位下)||30,000 koku||transfer to Yamagata Domain|
|Torii clan (fudai) 1636-1689 |
|1||Torii Tadaharu (鳥居忠春?)||1636-1663||Shuzen-no-kami (主膳正)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||32,000 koku||transfer from Yamagata Domain|
|2||Torii Tadaharu (鳥居忠則?)||1663-1689||Sakyo-no-suke (左京亮)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||32,000 koku||transfer to Shimomura Domain|
|Naitō clan (fudai) 1691-1871 |
|1||Naitō Kiyokazu (内藤清枚?)||1691-1714||Tango-no-kami (丹後守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku||transfer from Tondabayashi Domain|
|2||Naitō Kiyonori (内藤頼卿?)||1714-1735||Iga-no-kami (伊賀守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku|
|3||Naitō Yoriyuki (内藤頼由?)||1735-1776||Yamato-no-kami (大和守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku|
|4||Naitō Yoritaka (内藤頼尚?)||1776-1776||Iga-no-kami (伊賀守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku|
|5||Naitō Yoriyoshi (内藤長好?)||1776-1791||Yamato-no-kami (大和守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku|
|6||Naitō Yorimochi (内藤頼以?)||1791-1820||Yamato-no-kami (大和守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku|
|7||Naitō Yoriyasu (内藤頼寧?)||1820-1859||Yamato-no-kami (大和守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku|
|8||Naitō Yorinao (内藤頼直?)||1859-1871||Yamato-no-kami (大和守)||Lower 5th (従五位下)||33,000 koku|
- The content of this article was largely derived from that of the corresponding article on Japanese Wikipedia.
- Papinot, E (1910). Historical and Geographic Dictionary of Japan. Tuttle (reprint) 1972.
- (Japanese) Takatō Domain on "Edo 300 HTML"
- "Takashima Castle" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-4.
- Turnbull, Stephen (1998). 'The Samurai Sourcebook'. London: Cassell & Co.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003).
- Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
- Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Hoshina" at Nobiliare du Japon, pp. 11-12; retrieved 2013-7-4.
- Papinot, (2003). "Torii" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 65; retrieved 2013-7-4.
- Papinot, (2003). "Naitō" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 40; retrieved 2013-7-4.