Take Me Home, Country Roads

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"Take Me Home, Country Roads"
One of earliest U.S. vinyl releases (A-side)
Single by John Denver
from the album Poems, Prayers & Promises
Released April 1971
Format 7" vinyl, 12" vinyl, maxi, CD, digital download, cassette single, DataPlay single
Recorded 1971
Genre Folk rock
Length 3:08
Label RCA
Writer(s) Bill Danoff, Taffy Nivert, John Denver
Producer(s) Milton Okun, Susan Ruskin
John Denver singles chronology
"Friends With You"
(1971)
"Take Me Home, Country Roads"
(1971)
"Everyday"
(1972)
Olivia Newton-John chronology
"What Is Life"
(1972)
"Take Me Home, Country Roads"
(1973)
"Let Me Be There"
(1973)
B-side
B-side of one of earliest U.S. vinyl singles
Audio sample
file info · help

"Take Me Home, Country Roads" is a song written by Bill Danoff, Taffy Nivert, and John Denver that was actually derived from a poem written in a letter to them by their friend, John Albert Fitzgerald who was residing in West Virginia at the time. It was initially recorded by John Denver. It was included on his 1971 breakout album Poems, Prayers & Promises.

The song was a success on its initial release and was certified Gold by the RIAA on August 18, 1971.[1] The song became one of John Denver's most popular and beloved songs, and is still very popular around the world. It has continued to sell, with over a million digital copies sold in the United States.[2] It is considered to be Denver's signature song.[3]

The song also has a prominent status as an iconic symbol of West Virginia, which it describes as "almost Heaven"; for example, it was played at the funeral memorial for U.S. Senator Robert Byrd in July 2010.[4] In March 2014, it became the official state anthem of West Virginia.

Background[edit]

Composition[edit]

Danoff and his then-wife, Mary ("Taffy") Nivert, wrote "I Guess He'd Rather Be in Colorado" and "Take Me Home, Country Roads," both of which were hits for John Denver. Danoff (from Springfield, Massachusetts) has stated he had never been to West Virginia before co-writing the song.[citation needed] Inspiration for the song had come while driving to a family reunion of Nivert's relatives in nearby Maryland. To pass the time en route, Danoff had made up a ballad about the little winding roads they were taking. Later, he changed the story to fit that of an artist friend (John Albert Firzgerald), who used to write to him about the splendors of the West Virginia countryside. He had even briefly considered using "Massachusetts" rather than "West Virginia", as both four-syllable state names would have fitted the song's meter.

Starting December 22, 1970, John Denver was heading the bill at The Cellar Door, a Washington, D.C. club. Danoff and Nivert opened for him as a duo named Fat City. After the Tuesday post-Christmas re-opening night (Cellar Door engagements ran from Tuesday to Sunday, and this booking was for two weeks), the three headed back to their place for an impromptu jam. On the way, Denver's left thumb was broken in an automobile accident. He was taken to the hospital, where a splint was applied. By the time they got back to the house, he was, in his own words, "wired, you know".

Danoff and Nivert then told him about the song that they had been working on for about a month. Originally, Danoff and Nivert had planned to sell the song to popular country singer Johnny Cash, but when Denver heard the song and decided he had to have it, the duo who wrote the original lyrics decided not to make the sale.

They sang the song for Denver and as he recalled, "I flipped." The three stayed up until 6:00 a.m., changing words and moving lines around. When they finished, John announced that the song had to go on his next album.[5]

The song was premiered December 30, 1970, during an encore of Denver's set, with the singers reading the words from a folded piece of paper. This resulted in a five-minute ovation, one of the longest in Cellar Door history.[6] They recorded it in New York City in January 1971.

Commercial performance[edit]

"Take Me Home, Country Roads" appeared on the LP Poems, Prayers & Promises and was released as a 45 in the spring of 1971. Original pressings credited the single to "John Denver with Fat City". It broke nationally in mid-April, but moved up the charts very slowly. After several weeks, RCA Records called John and told him that they were giving up on the single. His response: "No! Keep working on it!" They did, and the single went to number 1 on the Record World Pop Singles Chart and the Cash Box Top 100, and number 2 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, topped only by "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" by The Bee Gees.

On August 18, 1971, it was certified Gold by the RIAA for a million copies shipped.[7] The song continued to sell in the digital era. As of April 2016, the song has also sold an additional 1,203,000 downloads since it became available digitally.[2]

Reception in West Virginia[edit]

"Take Me Home, Country Roads" received an enthusiastic response from West Virginians. The song is the theme song of West Virginia University and has been performed at every home football pre-game show since 1972. In 1977 Denver played for Morgantown High School and even changed the wording to "Appalachian Mountains, Monongahela River".[citation needed] In 1980, Denver performed the song during pregame festivities to a sold-out crowd of Mountaineer fans. This performance marked the dedication of the current Mountaineer Field and the first game for then head coach Don Nehlen. The song is played for other athletic events and university functions, including after football games, for which the fans are encouraged to stay in the stands and sing the song along with the team.[8]

The popularity of the song has inspired resolutions in the West Virginia Legislature to change the state song of West Virginia to "Take Me Home, Country Roads". On March 7, 2014, the West Virginia Legislature approved a resolution to make "Take Me Home, Country Roads" an official state song of West Virginia, alongside three other pieces: "West Virginia Hills", "This is My West Virginia", and "West Virginia, My Home Sweet Home".[9] Governor Earl Ray Tomblin signed the resolution into law on March 8.[10]

The land features mentioned prominently in the song lyrics – the Shenandoah River and the Blue Ridge Mountains – have only marginal associations with the state of West Virginia, and would seem to be more appropriate to describe western Virginia. The river passes through only the very eastern tip of the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia in Jefferson County. Similarly, the vast majority of the Blue Ridge also lies outside the state, only crossing into West Virginia in Jefferson County. According to a radio interview with Nivert, the road is close to her native Washington, D.C., in nearby Montgomery County, Maryland, where Denver often visited. That road — Clopper Road — still exists today, but the landscape has changed drastically from the bucolic scenery that once surrounded it.[11]Hillary Clinton quoted the song in the opening line of her speech following her massive win in the 2008 West Virginia Democratic primary, stating: "You know, like the song says, 'It's almost heaven.'"

Thomas, West Virginia based brewery, Mountain State Brewing Company, produces an amber ale called 'Almost Heaven' "named after John Denver's ode to West Virginia, Country Roads."[12]

The song was played at the funeral memorial for Senator Robert Byrd at the state capitol in Charleston on July 2, 2010.[4]

2016 Republican Presidential nominee Donald Trump used the song as his entrance during a rally in Charleston, West Virginia.[13]

Personnel[edit]

  • John Denver – 6 & 12-string acoustic guitars, vocals
  • Eric Weissberg – banjo, steel guitars
  • Mike Taylor – acoustic guitar
  • Richard Kniss – double bass
  • Gary Chester – drums, percussion

Chart performance[edit]

Chart (1971) Peak
position
Canada Top Singles (RPM)[14] 3
Canada Adult Contemporary (RPM)[15] 5
Canada Country Tracks (RPM)[16] 17
US Billboard Hot 100[17] 2
US Adult Contemporary (Billboard)[18] 3
US Hot Country Singles (Billboard)[19] 50

Covers[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American single certifications – John Denver – Take Me Home, Country Road". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
  2. ^ a b Bjorke, Matt (April 4, 2016). "The Top 30 Digital Country Singles: April 4, 2016". Roughstock. 
  3. ^ "John Denver - UNPLUGGED COLLECTION [IMPORT] Music CDs" (list), Choose, 2007, webpage: JD-Collect.
  4. ^ a b Garcia, Jon (July 2, 2010). "Eulogizing Sen. Robert Byrd: The Hard Working, if Imperfect, Senator". ABC News. 
  5. ^ Collis, John (30 September 2011). John Denver: Mother Nature's Son. Mainstream Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-78057-330-4. 
  6. ^ "Bill's Music Heritage". Billdanoff.com. Retrieved 2011-01-29.  This may be a little self-serving recollection - I recall them performing it during the first set, Denver calling them up onstage and then promising to get them back up again once the song had been performed. There was likely a second set that night, the night before a big holiday, the only management decision to be made whether there was an additional cover charge imposed for those inclined to linger through both sets.
  7. ^ "American certifications – John Denver – Take Me Home, Country Road". Recording Industry Association of America. 
  8. ^ "Welcome To | WVU Traditions | West Virginia University". Welcometo.wvu.edu. 2009-11-03. Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  9. ^ http://www.wvgazette.com/News/201403070150
  10. ^ http://www.wchstv.com/newsroom/eyewitness/140307_23786.shtml
  11. ^ "Bill Danoff | Bill and John Denver". Retrieved November 26, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Brews". Retrieved February 13, 2012. 
  13. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fVkRR5uzDLg
  14. ^ "Top RPM Singles: Issue 7580." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. September 4, 1971.
  15. ^ "Top RPM Adult Contemporary: Issue 5331." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. August 14, 1971.
  16. ^ "Top RPM Country Tracks: Issue 5339." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. August 14, 1971.
  17. ^ "John Denver – Chart history" Billboard Hot 100 for John Denver. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  18. ^ "John Denver – Chart history" Billboard Adult Contemporary for John Denver. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  19. ^ "Hot Country Singles". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 83 (36): 32. September 4, 1971. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  20. ^ Almost Heaven (2005) - IMDb
  21. ^ Heike Makatsch - IMDb
  22. ^ Finan, Eileen (September 16, 2016). "The Story Behind Country Music's Epic Mash-Up! Plus: Hear Blake, Carrie, Miranda and 36 Other Stars Sing 'Forever Country'". People. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  23. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0954362/
  24. ^ http://fanchants.co.uk/football-songs/bradford-city-chants/take-me-home-midland-road/
  25. ^ http://membership.rabbitohs.com.au/info/rabbitohs-club-song/
  26. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MArdQjmyRGI

External links[edit]