Takeshi Mori (commander)
General Takeshi Mori
|Born||April 25, 1894
Kōchi Prefecture, Japan
|Died||August 15, 1945(aged 51)|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1916 - 1945|
|Commands held||First Imperial Guards Division|
|Battles/wars||Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Lieutenant General Takeshi Mori (森 赳 Mori Takeshi, 25 April 1894 – 15 August 1945) commanded the Japanese Empire's First Imperial Guards Division at the very end of World War II. He was killed by Major Kenji Hatanaka during the Kyūjō Incident.
A native of Kōchi Prefecture, Mori graduated from the 28th class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1916, specializing in cavalry. After serving in a number of administrative roles within the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff he returned to the Army Staff College, graduating from the 39th class in 1927. He subsequently served as commander of the 13th Cavalry Regiment before returning to desk duty within the General Staff.
Mori taught at the Army Staff College from 1935 to 1937 and from 1938 to 1941. He was promoted to major general in 1941. With the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in July 1937, Mori was assigned as a staff officer to the Japanese First Army in China from 1937-1938. He returned to the Asian mainland in 1941 as Vice Chief of Staff of the 6th Army in Manchukuo, and was promoted to Chief of Staff in 1942. From 1943 to 1944 he served as Deputy Commander of the Kempeitai, and from 1944 to 1945 as Chief of Staff of the 19th Army.
Mori was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general in 1945. On 7 April 1945, Mori became commander of the 1st Imperial Guards Division, the prestigious division assigned direct responsibility for protection of the Imperial Family of Japan.
After Japan's decision to surrender, Mori received a visit just after midnight on 15 August 1945 from Major Kenji Hatanaka and Lieutenant Colonels Masataka Ida and Jiro Shiizaki, who attempted to secure his aid in their plot to isolate the Imperial Palace and to prevent the announcement of Japan's surrender. At around 1:30, Ida and Shiizaki had left the room, and after repeated refusals on Mori's part, Hatanaka shot and killed Mori. His seal was then placed on a false set of orders, (Strategic Order No. 584).
- Colonel Kazuo Mizutani—Mori's Chief of Staff
- Lt. Col. Michinori Shiraishi–Mori's brother-in-law, who died trying to save Mori from the sword of Captain Shigetaro Uehara, just moments before Mori was killed by Major Hatanaka.
- Brooks, Lester (1968). Behind Japan's Surrender: The Secret Struggle That Ended an Empire. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
- Butow, Robert J. C. (1954). Japan's Decision to Surrender. Stanford University Press. ASIN: B000VFCC14.
- Frank, Richard B. (1999). Downfall: the End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. Penguin, non-classics. ISBN 0-14-100146-1.
- Fuller, Richard (1992). Shokan: Hirohito's Samurai. London: Arms and Armor. ISBN 1-85409-151-4.
- Ammenthorp, Steen. "Takeshi Mori". The Generals of World War II.
- Ammenthorp, the Generals of World War II
- Fuller, Shokan, Hirohito’s Samurai
- Brooks, Behind Japan’s Surrender