Takht (alternatively spelled Takhat) (Persian: تخت) is the representative musical ensemble, the orchestra, of Middle Eastern music. In Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, and Jordan, the ensemble consists of the oud, the qanun, the kamanjah (or now alternatively violin), the ney, the riq, and the darabukkah . The word takht means "bed", "seat", or "podium" in Persian.
The melody instruments may play heterophonically in octaves or perform solos. Instrumental forms include bashraf, sama'i, tahmilah, and dulab. The ensemble may be joined by a male or female vocalist and a group of four to six singers who provide the refrain sections. Vocal genres performed include dawr, muwashshah, layali, ma'luf, qasidah, and mawwal.
- Touma, Habib Hassan (1996). The Music of the Arabs, trans. Laurie Schwartz, p.140. Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN 0-931340-88-8.
- Danielson, Virginia (1997). "The voice of Egypt: Umm Kulthūm, Arabic song, and Egyptian society in the twentieth century", p.203, Books.Google.com. ISBN 978-0-226-13612-7.
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