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Painted clay and alabaster head, Takhti-Sangin, Tajikistan, 3rd-2nd century BC.

The ancient town of Takht-i Sangin is located near the confluence of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers, the source of the Amu Darya, in southern Tajikistan.

Part of a series on the
History of Afghanistan
"Interior of the palace of Shauh Shujah Ool Moolk, Late King of Cabul"
Associated Historical Names for the Region

Site description[edit]

The Greco-Bactrian temple site of Takht-i Sangin is believed by many to be the source of the Oxus Treasure[1] that now resides in the Victoria and Albert Museum and British Museum. Part of greater Transoxiana and built in the 3rd Century BC, the site consists of a well-fortified citadel containing the so-called "Temple of Oxus".[2]

World Heritage Status[edit]

This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on November 9, 1999 in the Cultural category.[2]



  • The Site of Ancient Town of Takhti-Sangin - UNESCO World Heritage Centre Retrieved 2009-03-04.
  • Holt, F.L. (1989), Alexander the Great and Bactria: The Formation of a Greek Frontier in Central Asia: 2nd Edition, Brill Archive. ISBN 90-04-08612-9

Coordinates: 37°5′56″N 68°17′6″E / 37.09889°N 68.28500°E / 37.09889; 68.28500