|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|Area code(s)||458 and 541|
Takilma is an unincorporated community in Josephine County, Oregon, United States, 10 miles (16 km) south of Cave Junction. It is located on the East Fork Illinois River, about a mile southeast of the ghost town of Waldo.
Takilma is considered an alternative community and an informal artist colony, which is home to several artists, such as Commedia dell'arte Masks and Kendall Art Glass. It may be best known as the site of a tree house resort, operated by Out'n'About.
According to Oregon Geographic Names, Takilma was originally called "Taklamah", probably by Col. T. W. Draper of the Waldo Copper Company for an Indian chief. The name was changed to "Takilma" in 1902, after the Takelma tribe, who lived on the Rogue River. Takilma post office operated from 1902 until 1967. After that time the building became a general store, but was burned to the ground in 1988 after a man was murdered by the store's owner.
In the winter of 1968, hippies began moving into the Illinois Valley as part of the back to the land movement, notably into Takilma. Signs stating "We do not solicit hippy patronage" soon appeared in the windows of Cave Junction businesses. Despite this, the hippies stayed and became a force in the community. They founded the Takilma People's Clinic and later the Siskiyou Community Health Center, the Dome School, the Illinois Valley Fire District's Takilma station, the Siskiyou Regional Education Project and the Jefferson Baroque Orchestra.
The Takilma People's Clinic was started in 1973, bringing the first new doctor to the Illinois Valley in years. The 1987 Longwood fire forced the clinic, now called the Siskiyou Community Health Center, to move into Cave Junction. It has since spawned sister clinics in Grants Pass and Roseburg. The Dome School opened in 1975 as an alternative to public education. It educates about 35 preschool through fifth-grade children each year, and runs a federally funded summer program for at risk children. The Illinois Valley Fire District's Takilma station was organized in the late 1970s and worked the firelines during the 1987 Longwood fire. The Jefferson Baroque Orchestra was formed in 1994 by Takilma resident Jim Rich, and is now in its 20th season, with performances in Grants Pass and Ashland.
Many of the hippies were activists from California universities. They created Takilma's environmental organization, The Siskiyou Regional Education Project, in 1982. It now has offices in Grants Pass and Portland. A 1996 proposal for a prison near Cave Junction and Takilma brought the two communities together, but environmental issues still create a divide between them.
- McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) . Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.
- Prudham, W. Scott (2004). Knock on Wood: Nature as Commodity in Douglas-Fir Country. UK: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-94401-4.
- Quinn, Beth (August 1997). "A funny thing happened on the way to the commune". Mail Tribune. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- Quinn, Beth (August 1997). "Takilma's hippies leave positive mark on the wider community". Mail Tribune. Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- "Jefferson Baroque Orchestra - Concerts". Retrieved 2007-10-01.
- Chase, Alston (2001). In a Dark Wood: The Fight Over Forests and the Myths of Nature. Edison, NJ: Transaction Publishers. pp. 64–65. ISBN 978-0-7658-0752-6.
- "Siskiyou Project home page". Retrieved 2007-10-01.