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upper: Mount Iwate
, upper-middle: Iwate Prefectural University
lower-middle: Takisawa Station
Location of Takizawa in Iwate Prefecture
|• Total||182.46 km2 (70.45 sq mi)|
|Population (January 31, 2017)|
|• Density||303/km2 (780/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Mountain Lily|
|- Bird||Common cuckoo|
|Address||55, Nakaukai, Takizawa-shi, Iwate-ken 020-0692|
Takizawa (滝沢市 Takizawa-shi) is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 January 2017[update], the city had an estimated population of 279,483, and a population density of 303 persons per km². The total area of the city is 182.46 square kilometres (70.45 sq mi).
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 History
- 4 Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Local attractions
- 9 Noted people from Takizawa
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Takizawa has a cold humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Takizawa is 9.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1386 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.3 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Takizawa has grown rapidly over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Takizawa was part of ancient Mutsu Province. During the Heian period, it was ruled by the Abe clan. During the Sengoku period, the area came under the control of the Nambu clan during the Edo period, who ruled Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate.
In the Meiji period, the village of Takizawa was established within Iwate District on April 1, 1889, with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Takizawa was promoted directly from a village to a city on January 1, 2014.
Takizawa is a bedroom community for Morioka. Agriculture still plays an important role in the local economy, with Takizawa known for its summer watermelon and fall apples.
Universities and colleges
Primary and secondary education
Takizawa has nine public elementary schools, eight of which are operated by the city government, and one of which is operated by the Morioka city government, although physically located within Takizawa. There are likewise seven public middle schools, six of which are operated by the city government and one of which is operated by the Morioka city government. There are two public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education. There is also a special education school operated by the prefectural government.
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Tazawako Line
- Iwate Ginga Railway Line
- Tōhoku Expressway – Takizawa IC
- Japan National Route 4
- Japan National Route 46
- Japan National Route 282
- Chagu Chagu Umakko - Takizawa is famous for its Chagu-Chagu Horse Festival (チャグチャグ馬コ Chagu-Chagu Umakko) held every June. The festival is designated by the Japanese government to be an Important Cultural Asset. The festival celebrates the horses which once played an important role in the area’s agriculture. The festival gets its name from the bells the horses wear during the procession. The sound the bells make, in Japanese, is "chagu-chagu". The festival begins at Chagu-Chagu Shrine which is a large shrine in Takizawa dedicated to horses. After a brief ceremony a long line of colorfully dressed horses ridden mostly by children in traditional dress leave the shrine and go on a 15 km procession that takes them to Hachimangu Shrine in Morioka. In total the trip takes nearly five hours to complete.
Noted people from Takizawa
- Azusa Iwashimizu – professional soccer player
Media related to Takizawa, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Website (in Japanese)