|Course||Snack or Appetizer|
|Place of origin||Japan|
|Region or state||Osaka|
|Main ingredients||Batter, octopus, tempura scraps (tenkasu), pickled ginger, green onion, takoyaki sauce (with mayonnaise), green laver (aonori)|
Takoyaki (たこ焼き or 蛸焼) is a ball-shaped Japanese snack or appetizer made of a wheat flour-based batter and cooked in a special molded pan. It is typically filled with minced or diced octopus (tako), tempura scraps (tenkasu), pickled ginger (beni shoga), and green onion (negi). The balls are brushed with takoyaki sauce (similar to Worcestershire sauce) and mayonnaise, and then sprinkled with green laver (aonori) and shavings of dried bonito. There are many variations to the takoyaki recipe, for example, ponzu (soy sauce with dashi and citrus vinegar), goma-dare (sesame-and-vinegar sauce) or vinegared dashi.
Yaki comes from yaku (焼く), which is one of the cooking methods in Japanese cuisine, meaning 'to fry or grill', and can be found in the names of other dishes in Japanese cuisine such as okonomiyaki and ikayaki (other famous Osakan dishes).
Takoyaki was first popularized in Osaka, where a street vendor named Tomekichi Endo is credited with its invention in 1935. Takoyaki was inspired by akashiyaki, a small round dumpling from the city of Akashi in Hyōgo Prefecture made of an egg-rich batter and octopus. Takoyaki was initially popular in the Kansai region, and later spread to the Kantō region and other areas of Japan. Takoyaki is associated with yatai street food stalls, and there are many well-established takoyaki specialty restaurants, particularly in the Kansai region. Takoyaki is now sold at commercial outlets, such as supermarkets and 24-hour convenience stores.
The oldest known takoyaki store is Aizuya in Osaka. Founded by Tomakichi Endo it has been open since the 1930's. The first takoyaki included beef and konjac but later Endo changed to using the now traditional octopus and added flavor to the batter. The takoyaki are then with the brown sauce. The food known as ‘’Octopus balls’’, quickly became popular throughout Japan.
A takoyaki pan (たこ焼き器 takoyaki-ki) or—much more rarely—takoyaki-nabe (たこ焼き鍋) is typically a griddle made of cast iron with half-spherical molds. The heavy iron evenly heats the takoyaki, which are turned with a pick during the cooking process to pull the uncooked batter to the base of the rounded cavity. Commercial gas-fueled takoyaki cookers are used at Japanese festivals or by street vendors. For home use, electric versions resemble a hotplate; stovetop versions are also available.
Takoyaki served with Japanese "Worcester" sauce and mayonnaise
- Similar global dishes
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- Unniyappam & Neyyappam(both are sweet dishes) and Paddu(plain or spicy but vegan) in South India
- "蛸焼" [Takoyaki]. Dijitaru daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
- "Takoyaki". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
- Takiyaki, the great street snack
- "蛸焼" [Takoyaki]. Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Archived from the original on 2007-08-25. Retrieved 2012-06-17.
- Takoyaki - Icon of Osaka
- "In Taiwan, top chefs are building on a long history of culinary exchange with Japan", The Japan Times. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
- "【飲食籽】快閃大阪 嘆米芝蓮章魚燒". Apple Daily 蘋果日報. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
- "可愛章魚小丸子". 太陽報 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2019-03-07.
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