October 27, 1926|
Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
|Died||January 16, 2010
Ōiso, Kanagawa, Japan
|Residence||Ninomiya, Kanagawa, Japan|
|Other names||Rei Kozumi|
|Alma mater||Tokyo Institute of Technology|
|Occupation||Science fiction translator, author|
|Known for||Science fiction aficionado; Founder of fanzine Uchūjin|
Takumi Shibano (柴野 拓美? Shibano Takumi, October 27, 1926 – January 16, 2010) was a Japanese science-fiction translator and author. He was a major figure in fandom in Japan and contributed to establishing the Japanese science fiction genre.
A native of Kanazawa, Ishikawa, in 1957 Takumi started Japan's first successful science fiction fanzine Uchūjin (宇宙塵?), "Cosmic Dust," initially published monthly; many contributors to the fanzine later became pro, including Shin'ichi Hoshi, Sakyo Komatsu, Ryu Mitsuse and Yasutaka Tsutsui, and formed the first generation of modern Japanese science fiction authors. Shibano was the chair of Japan's first science fiction convention in 1962, as well as the second (1963), fourth (1965) and sixth (1967). He worked on the formation of the Federation of SF Fan Groups of Japan, founded in 1965, and served as its chair from 1966 through 1970.
After leaving his job as a high-school mathematics teacher in 1977, he became a full-time writer and translator. Under the pen-name Rei Kozumi (小隅 黎? Kozumi Rei), a play on "cosmic ray," he translated as many as sixty science fiction novels from English into Japanese, including E. E. Smith's Lensman series and Larry Niven's Known Space series.
Also as Rei Kozumi, he wrote three children's books, Superhuman ‘Plus X’ (1969), Operation Moonjet (1969), and Revolt in North Pole City (1977), and was also principal author of The World of Popular Literature (1978).
In 1968 a fan fund paid for him to attend Worldcon for the first time, and after 1979 he attended most of the Worldcons and served as the presenter of the Seiun Award. He received the E. E. Evans Big Heart Award in 1986 and a Worldcon Special Award at the 51st World Science Fiction Convention in 1993. He was the Fan Guest of Honor of the 54th World Science Fiction Convention in 1996 and the 65th World Science Fiction Convention in 2007.
- Tatsumi, Takayuki (March 2000). "Generations and Controversies: An Overview of Japanese Science Fiction, 1957-1997". Science Fiction Studies. 27 (1).
- "Japan National SF Convention History". Japanese Association for Science Fiction International Communication. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- "Takumi Shibano (1927-2010)". File 770: News of Science Fiction Fandom. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- "Sci-Fi Author/Anime Staffer Takumi Shibano Passes Away," AnimeNewsNetwork, January 17, 2010, accessed January 31, 2010.
- John and Bjo Trimble. "Takumi Shibano Comes to America". Nippon2007. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- John Hertz (December 2008). "About the Big Heart Award". Science Fiction Awards Watch. Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- "The Hugo Awards By Category". Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- ＳＦ作家・翻訳家 柴野拓美（筆名＝小隅黎）先生逝去 (in Japanese). Tokyo Sogensha. January 17, 2010. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- Tatsumi, Takayuki (November 2002). "Introduction for "Collective Reason": A Proposal (1971, rev. 2000)". Science Fiction Studies. 29 (3). Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- "柴野 拓美 (SHIBANO TAKUMI)". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of Japan. Retrieved January 18, 2010.
- Entry in the SF Encyclopedia