Tala Hydroelectric Power Station
Location of Tala Dam in Bhutan
|Official name||Tala Hydroelectric Power Station|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Gravity|
|Height||92 m (302 ft)|
|Length||128.7 m (422 ft)|
|Elevation at crest||1,366 m (4,482 ft)|
|Dam volume||3,520,000 m3 (4,600,000 cu yd)|
|Total capacity||9,800,000 m3 (7,900 acre·ft)|
|Active capacity||3,200,000 m3 (2,594 acre·ft)|
|Catchment area||4,028 km2 (1,555 sq mi)|
|Surface area||360 m2 (0.089 acres; 0.036 ha)|
|Normal elevation||1,363 m (4,472 ft)|
|Hydraulic head||860 m (2,820 ft)|
|Turbines||6 x 170 MW (230,000 hp) Pelton-type|
|Installed capacity||1,020 MW (1,370,000 hp)|
Tala Hydroelectric Power Station is a run-of-the-river type hydroelectric power station on the Wangchu River in Chukha District, Bhutan. The station consists of a 92-metre (302 ft) tall gravity dam which diverts water through a 22 km (14 mi) long headrace tunnel to the power station ( ) which contains six 170 megawatts (230,000 hp) Pelton turbine-generators. The difference in elevation between the dam and the power station affords the project a hydraulic head of 860 m (2,822 ft). Preliminary construction on the project began in 1997 and major works were underway by 1999. The first generator was commissioned on 31 July 2006 and the final on 30 March 2007. The project cost was about 900 million US dollars and was financed by India through grants and loan at a 9% interest rate. All of the electricity generated is exported to India through three 440kV transmission lines. The power station is the country's fourth and biggest hydropower project after the 336 MW Chuka project commissioned in 1988, followed by Kurichhu (60MW) in 2001 and Basochho (40MW) in 2005. Electricity revenue was expected to provide no less than 60% of the government's entire revenue in 2009. Yet, barely 66% of Bhutanese households and 39% of its villages are electrified.
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