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Talakaveri - Source of Kaveri
|Elevation||1,276 m (4,186 ft)|
|• Official||Kannada, Kodava and Tulu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Talakaveri is the place that is generally considered to be the source of the river Kaveri. It is located on Brahmagiri hills near Bhagamandala in Coorg district, Karnataka. It is located close to the border with Kasaragod district of Kerala State. Talakaveri stands at a height of 1,276 m. above sea level. However, there is not a permanent visible flow from this place to the main rivercourse except during the Monsoon.
A tank or kundike has been erected on a hillside by kodavas, at the place that is said to be the origin. It is also marked by a small temple, and the area is frequented by pilgrims mainly it is the worship place of kodavas. The river originates as a spring feeding this tank, which is considered to be a holy place to bathe on special days. The waters are then said to flow underground to emerge as the Kaveri river some distance away. The temple has been renovated extensively by the state government recently .
On Cauvery changrandi day (the first day of Tula Masa month , according to the Hindu calendar, which normally falls in mid October) thousands of pilgrims from neighboring flock to the river's birthplace to witness the rise of the fountainhead, when water gushes up from the spring at a predetermined moment. The cauvery changrandi (Sacred bath in the Tula month) is observed across pilgrim towns in Kaveri's banks.
History of the temple priests of Talakaveri
It is believed that Mayura Varma, and Narasimman the Kadamba King who ruled vast areas of southern and central India in the 4th Century A.D. brought Brahmins from Ahi Kshetra (or Ahichatra) and put them in-charge of various temples in Tulu Nadu. Ahi Kshetra is mentioned in the Mahabharata as lying north of the Ganges, and as being the capital of Northern Panchala. It is apparently the Adisadra of Ptolemy, and its remains are visible near Ramnagar in Tahsil Aonla in Bareilly district.
The Brahmins who first landed in Shivalli in Tulunadu and then spread across 31 villages came to be known as Shivalli Brahmins or Tulu Brahmins. It is from Shivalli and Tulu Brahmins, that the priests of Talakaveri temple have come from.
Achar Family of Talakaveri
The beginning of the Achar family in Talakaveri starts ten generations or about 220 to 230 years age before which it was worshiped only by kodavas and the priests being amma kodavas A Brahmin named Venkappayya and his two brothers, along with their families came to Talakaveri on a pilgrimage. Lingaraja the First was the ruler of Kodagu. One night God appeared in Lingaraja's dream and indicated that there was a Brahmin family currently visiting Talakaveri. God commanded Lingaraja to appoint this Brahmin to be the priest at the temple. After the king arose from his dream, he sent for this Brahmin family. The king's messengers found Venkappayya in Talakaveri and informed him about the king's desire. Venkappayya accompanied the king's messengers from Talakaveri to Madikeri, a distance of about 24 miles to meet the king.
Lingaraja received Venkappayya and requested him to start daily puja at the temple. The king set up an endowment to pay Venkappayya for his services at the temple. This was the beginning of the Achar family of Talacauvery. The priesthood bestowed by Lingaraja upon Venkappayya has passed on through many generations to his heirs. It is hereditary as most priesthoods are, and all male members of the family have the birthright to become priests at the temple. The current Achars are the ninth generation from Venkappayya.
Venkappayya came from Shivalli Halli (village) of South Canara district. The Brahmins here were called Putturayas, probably meaning priests from Puttur. This Puttur is near Udupi. Venkappayya Putturaya's descendants are the Achars. It is not known why the descendants of Venkappayya took on the surname of Achar. Although Venkappayya came to Talakaveri with his two brothers, only Venkappayya's descendants are documented.
The Brahmagiri hill is situated right beside the temple. There are a series of steps leading to the top of the hill.
From there, one can have a 360 degree view of the surrounding hills. The nearest International Airport is in Mangalore at a distance of 142 kilometres (90 mi),The nearest Railway station is in Kanhangad kerala at a distance of 72 kilometres (40 mi).
It is situated in the dense forests of the Western Ghats and gets very heavy annual rainfall of close to 7000 mm and is among the wettest place in the state of Karnataka.
The table below compares rainfall between Agumbe in Thirthahalli taluk in Shimoga district, Hulikal in Hosanagara taluk in Shimoga district, Amagaon in Khanapur Taluk in Belgaum district and Talacauvery in Madikeri taluk in Kodagu district, Kokalli of Sirsi Taluk ,Nilkund of Siddapur Taluk, Castle Rock of Supa(Joida) Taluk in Uttara Kannada District to show which one can be called the "Cherrapunji of South India".
|Year||Hulikal Rainfall (mm)||Agumbe Rainfall (mm)||Amagaon Rainfall (mm)||Talacauvery Rainfall (mm) ||Kokalli Rainfall (mm)||Nilkund Rainfall (mm)||Castle Rock Rainfall (mm)|
- "Talakaveri". Retrieved 24 September 2006.[dead link]
- "The Rishi Agasthya And Vinayaka". Archived from the original on 2 April 2007. Retrieved 16 June 2007.
- Allchin, Frank Raymond; George Erdosy (1995). The archaeology of early historic South Asia: the emergence of cities and states. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press. p. 297. ISBN 0-521-37547-9.
- Hulikal in Shimoga district is wettest in State from TheHindu.com accessed 23 March 2013
- Amagaon has got over 10,000 mm annual rainfall twice in the five years (2006-2010). The exact amount of rainfall is not available. See Amagaon is now Cherrapunji of South from DeccanHerald.com accessed 23 March 2013
- "Govt of Karnataka Rainfall Statistics (Kokalli)" (PDF). DES.
- "Rainfall Statistics of Karnataka". DES Karanataka.
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