Talampaya National Park

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Talampaya National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Talampaya NP.jpg
Wall at the channel system
Map showing the location of Talampaya National Park
Map showing the location of Talampaya National Park
Location within Argentina
LocationLa Rioja Province, Argentina
Nearest cityVilla Unión
Coordinates29°48′S 67°50′W / 29.800°S 67.833°W / -29.800; -67.833Coordinates: 29°48′S 67°50′W / 29.800°S 67.833°W / -29.800; -67.833
Area2,150 km2 (830 sq mi)
Established1997
Governing bodyAdministración de Parques Nacionales
Official nameIschigualasto and Talampaya Natural Parks
TypeNatural
Criteriaviii
Designated2000 (24th session)
Reference no.966
State PartyArgentina
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean

Talampaya National Park is a national park located in the east/centre of La Rioja Province, Argentina. It was designated a provincial reserve in 1975, a national park in 1997, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.

Location[edit]

The park protects an area of the Argentine Monte ecoregion.[1] The park covers an area of 2,150 square kilometres (830 sq mi), at an altitude of 1,500 metres (4,921 ft) above mean sea level. Its purpose is to protect important archaeological and palaeontological sites found in the area. It has landscapes of great beauty, with flora and fauna typical of the mountain biome.

The park is in a basin between the Cerro Los Colorados to the west and the Sierra de Sañagasta to the east. The landscape is the result of erosion by water and wind in a desert climate, with large ranges in temperature - high heat by day and low temperature at night, with torrential rain in summer and strong wind in spring.

Features[edit]

The park includes:

  • The dry bed of the Talampaya River, where dinosaurs lived millions of years ago - fossils, whilst not as interesting as Ischigualasto, have been found here;
  • The Talampaya gorge and its rock formations with walls up to 143 metres (469 ft) high, narrowing to 80 metres (262 ft) at one point;
  • The remains of indigenous peoples' settlements, such as the petroglyphs of the Puerta del Cañón;
  • A botanical garden of the local flora at the narrow point of the canyon;
  • Regional fauna, including guanacos, hares, maras, foxes and condors.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dellafiore, Claudia, Southern South America: Southern Argentina, stretching northward (NT0802), WWF: World Wildlife Fund, retrieved 2017-04-12

External links[edit]