Tales from Shakespeare

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Tales from Shakespeare
Tales from Shakspeare (1831) title page.jpg
Fifth edition title page (1831)
AuthorCharles and Mary Lamb
CountryGreat Britain
LanguageEnglish
GenreFiction
Children's literature
Publication date
1807 (first printing)

Tales from Shakespeare is an English children's book written by the siblings Charles and Mary Lamb in 1807, intended "for the use of young persons"[1] while retaining as much Shakespearean language as possible.[2] Mary Lamb was responsible for retelling the comedies and Charles the tragedies.[3] They omitted the more complex historical tales, including all Roman plays, and modified those they chose to retell in a manner sensitive to the needs of young children, but without resorting to actual censoring. However, subplots and sexual references were removed.[3] They wrote the preface together.

Marina Warner, in her introduction to the 2007 Penguin Classics edition, claims that Mary did not get her name on the title page till the seventh edition in 1838.[4]

Despite its original target audience, "very young" children from the early twenty-first century might find this book a challenging read, and alternatives are available. Nevertheless, the retelling of Lamb siblings remains uniquely faithful to the original[3] and as such can be useful to children when they read or learn the plays as Shakespeare wrote them.[5]

Publication history[edit]

Tales from Shakespeare has been republished many times and has never been out of print.[3][5] Charles and Mary Lamb appeared to have anticipated the enormous growth in the popularity of Shakespeare in the nineteenth century, when the book was one of the best-selling titles.[6] It was first published by the Juvenile Library of William Godwin (under the alias Thomas Hodgkins) and his second wife, Mary Jane Clairmont, who chose the illustrations, probably by William Mulready.[7][8][9] Later illustrators included Sir John Gilbert in 1866, Arthur Rackham in 1899 and 1909,[10] Louis Monziès in 1908,[11] Walter Paget in 1910,[12] and D. C. Eyles in 1934.[10]

In 1893-4, the book was supplemented with some additional tales by Harrison S. Morris, and was re-published in the USA as a multi-volume set with colour plate illustrations.[13] As noted in the authors' preface, "[Shakespeare's] words are used whenever it seemed possible to bring them in; and in whatever has been added to give them the regular form of a connected story, diligent care has been taken to select such words as might least interrupt the effect of the beautiful English tongue in which he wrote: therefore, words introduced into our language since his time have been as far as possible avoided."

Contents[edit]

1909 Illustration for Romeo and Juliet by Arthur Rackham

The book contains the following tales:

  1. The Tempest (Mary Lamb)
  2. A Midsummer Night's Dream (Mary Lamb)
  3. The Winter's Tale (Mary Lamb)
  4. Much Ado About Nothing (Mary Lamb)
  5. As You Like It (Mary Lamb)
  6. Two Gentlemen of Verona (Mary Lamb)
  7. The Merchant of Venice (Mary Lamb)
  8. Cymbeline (Mary Lamb)
  9. King Lear (Charles Lamb)
  10. Macbeth (Charles Lamb)
  11. All's Well That Ends Well (Mary Lamb)
  12. The Taming of the Shrew (Mary Lamb)
  13. The Comedy of Errors (Mary Lamb)
  14. Measure for Measure (Mary Lamb)
  15. Twelfth Night (Mary Lamb)
  16. Timon of Athens (Charles Lamb)
  17. Romeo and Juliet (Charles Lamb)
  18. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark (Charles Lamb)
  19. Othello (Charles Lamb)
  20. Pericles, Prince of Tyre (Mary Lamb)

In fiction[edit]

The book is given as a gift in Morley's "Parnassus on Wheels".

Graham Greene uses Tales from Shakespeare for a book code in Our Man In Havana.[14]

Tales From Shakespeare is referenced in the 2018 film The Guernsey Literary And Potato Peel Pie Society.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Drabble, Margaret (1985). Oxford Companion to English Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 545. ISBN 0 19 866130 4.
  2. ^ Bose, Sudip (5 October 2015). "Charles and Mary Lamb's Tales from Shakespeare". The American Scholar. Retrieved 27 October 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d Warner, Marina (5 May 2007). "Evangelists for the bard". Books. The Guardian. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  4. ^ Lamb, Charles; Lamb, Mary (2007). "Introduction by Marina Warner". Tales from Shakespeare. Great Britain: Penguin Classics. pp. xvi. ISBN 978-0-141-44162-7.
  5. ^ a b "A Double Life: A biography of Charles and Mary Lamb, by Sarah Burton". The Independent. 17 August 2003. Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  6. ^ McCrum, Robert (26 June 2017). "Tales from Shakespeare by Charles and Mary Lamb (1807)". Books. The Guardian. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  7. ^ Williams, Marcia (15 October 2013). Miller, Naomi (ed.). Reimagining Shakespeare for Children and Young Adults. Routledge.
  8. ^ William Mulready, from The Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 39.
  9. ^ Richmond, Velma Bourgeois. Shakespeare as Children's Literature: Edwardian Retellings in Words and Pictures. p. 17.
  10. ^ a b Norman Wright and David Ashford, Masters of Fun and Thrills: The British Comic Artists Vol. 1, Norman Wright (pub.), 2008, p. 65
  11. ^ Published by Boston : D. C. Heath & Co., 1908
  12. ^ "Full Citation". University of Florida Digital Collections. University of Florida. Retrieved 27 July 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ Lamb, Charles; Lamb, Mary; Morris, Harrison S (1893). Tales from Shakespeare including those by Charles and Mary Lamb with a continuation by Harrison S. Morris. J.B. Lippincott Company (Philadelphia).
  14. ^ "Our Man In Havana by Graham Greene". Penguin Random House. Retrieved 14 August 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]