Talesh County

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Talesh County
شهرستان تالش
Nature of Asalem county/Talesh mountain
Nature of Asalem county/Talesh mountain
Country  Iran
Province Gilan
Capital Hashtpar
Bakhsh (Districts) Central District, Asalem District, Haviq District, Kargan Rud District
Population (2014)
 • Total 300,000
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Gisoum forest road in Asalem, Gilan

Talesh, also called Tavalesh (Persian: شهرستان تالش‎‎) is a county in Gilan Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Hashtpar. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 200,000, in 50,000 families.[1] The county is subdivided into four districts: the Central District, Asalem District, Haviq District, and Kargan Rud District. The county has five cities: Hashtpar, Lisar, Asalem, Chubar, and Haviq.

Talesh has mountainous wonderful areas, and its virgin and intact nature is a charming place for those eager of nature. Talesh is situated 140 km north-west of Rasht, on the south-west coast of the Caspian Sea. Talesh township, covering an area of 2373 square kilometers, ¼ of surface area of Gilan.

Knitting of socks and stockings, weaving of coarse wool blankets (jajim) are famous among different handicrafts of this township.

Sites and historical monuments[edit]

  • Salsal village which goes back to Ismaeilieh era near Ghalehbin village located 15 km. from Talesh..
  • White Mosque which dates from Seljukian era that situated at Hashtpar (Talesh) city .
  • Agh-ev-lar region at a distance of 32 km of this city which is considered among the first grade tourist sites of the Iran.
  • Asalem - Khalkhal road, and Laezeh countryside on the way to khalkhal .
  • Beautiful coasts of Kissom
  • Loomer waterfall
  • Nasrollah Khan Sardar Amjad (Amidossaltaneh) Winter Quarters Castle - dates back to Qajar Era. It has eight sides.
  • Nasrolah Khan Sardar Amjad (Amidossaltaneh) Summer Quarters Castle - in Aq Evlar Village.
  • Three - Floor Tombs Around the Lighthouse (Atashkadeh) and Remnants of Mard Ali Bil.
  • Aq Evlar Old Bath - located in a garden of Merian Village - built in Safavid Era ( 500 years ago).
  • Talesh Natural Park - covering an area of 80 acres (320,000 m2).
  • Soobatan Countryside.


Taleshan are, as archaeological studies show and archeologists say, one of the oldest inhabitants of Caspian Sea, have lived in Talesh land in old Persia and present Iran, even before Aryans migration. According to some researchers, Taleshan have been in this area 3000 years before the Aryan. Because of their light skin and blue eyes, good indications that they may be the Aryans aran Iran. There is a strong believes from scholars (of course the present Taleshian people have faith it) that the Kadousian are the ancestor of the today’s Taleshian. In the triumph of Babel by Datam with 20,000 dogfaces and 4000 cavalry men helped Kourosh's army.

The land of Talesh was much bigger than what it is now. In old time the geographical areas of Taleshian people was more than 10,000 km²[citation needed] and at present Taleshan live in Gilan province, some cities in Ardabil province, some cities in Azarbaijan Republic.


Generally speaking, the land of Talesh has been divided in three regions: Gaskarat (Masalli, Taskoh, Shanderman, Rezvashar, Hashtpar, Asalem, Astara ); Foumanat (Fouman, Masoleh, and Shaft); and Azerbaijan Taloshian ( Lankaran and Tahjikestan). In Gaskarat, the majority of people speak Taleshi and/or Azeri, Farsi. In Foumanat, most speak Taleshi. Lastly, Azerbaijan Taleshian is bilingual, consisting of Taleshi and Azeri speakers.

Gilaki and Taleshi are rapidly losing ground in many cities of Tavalesh due to heavy immigration of people from Azerbaijan.[2]


Many believe that the Taleshan are the same Aryans, who later migrated to all over the Iran and India and Europe...Sir Arnold wilson wrote:

"Iran's primary inhabitants generations still in Gilan in the forest areas near a sea (Caspian sea) could be found, these people by Aryan desert settled people expelled from their fatherland and this started 2000 years before Christ and lasted for centuries) Sir Arnold Wilson was talking about Taleshian. Land of old Aran which from past till now was the house of Taleshan, was in fact the place that Aryans migration started from many researchers know Kadousian or the ancestors of Taleshian as the old natives of present Iran before the Aryan immigration. Present Taleshian beside other Iranians have a sense of proud of being Iranian and Aryan and are one of the little Iranian communities that kept their pure and Aryan culture."


Taleshian people at present are Sunni and Shia Muslims. Most of the southern and central Taleshian are Shia, and northern Taleshian are composed of both Shia and Sunni.


Rice has being cultivated in this region for many years, where some indigenous cultivars (landrace) were conventionally bred by farmers.[3]


  1. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  2. ^ Gilan. — X. Languages (author Donald Stilo), pp. 660. // Encyclopaedia Iranica. Volume X: Fisheries — Gindaros. Fascicle 6. Edited by Ehsan Yarshater. New York: Bibliotheca Persica Press, 2001, 672 pages. ISBN 0-933273-56-8
  3. ^ Pazuki, Arman & Sohani, Mehdi (2013). "Phenotypic evaluation of scutellum-derived calluses in ‘Indica’ rice cultivars" (PDF). Acta Agriculturae Slovenica 101 (2): 239–247. doi:10.2478/acas-2013-0020. Retrieved February 2, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°48′05″N 48°54′24″E / 37.801424°N 48.906695°E / 37.801424; 48.906695