Talhah

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Talha
تخطيط اسم طلحة بن عبيد الله.png
Blessed Companion, Jawad - the Generous
Born c. 594 C.E.
Mecca
Died c. 656 C.E.
Venerated in Islam
Influences Muhammad

Talhah ibn Ubaydullah (Arabic: طلحة بن عبيدالله‎‎) (594-656) was a companion of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Best known for his roles in the Battle of Uhud and the Battle of the Camel, in which he died, he was given the title "The Generous" by Muhammad.[citation needed].

Early life[edit]

Talhah was born c.594,[1]:171 the son of Ubaydallah ibn Uthman of the Taym clan of the Quraysh tribe in Mecca. His mother, al-Saaba bint Abdullah, was from the Hadram tribe.[1]:163

He is described as a dark-skinned man with a lot of wavy hair, a handsome face and a narrow nose. He liked to wear saffron-dyed clothes and musk. He walked swiftly and, when nervous, he would toy with his ring, which was of gold and set with a ruby.[1]:167–168

Talhah was a successful cloth-merchant who eventually left an estate estimated at 30 million dirhams.[1]:153,169-1670

Conversion to Islam[edit]

In 610 or 611 his kinsman Abu Bakr took him to visit Muhammad, and Talhah became a Muslim.[1]:164 He was said to have been one of the first eight converts.[2]:115

During the persecution of the Muslims in 614-616, Nawfal ibn Khuwaylid tied Talhah to Abu Bakr and left them roped together. Nobody from the Taym clan came to help.[1]:164 Thereafter they were known as "the Two Tied Together".[2]:127–128,337

Emigration to Medina[edit]

In September 622 Talhah was bringing a caravan home from Syria when he met Muhammad and Abu Bakr at al-Kharrar. They had escaped from Mecca and were emigrating to Medina. Talhah gave them some Syrian garments and mentioned that the Muslim community in Medina had said that their Prophet was slow to arrive. As Muhammad and Abu Bakr continued to Medina, Talhah returned to Mecca to put his affairs in order. Soon afterwards, he accompanied Abu Bakr's family to Medina, where he settled.[1]:164

At first he lodged with As'ad ibn Zurarah, but later Muhammad gave him a block of land on which he built his own house. He was made the brother in Islam of Sa'id ibn Zayd.[1]:165 Talhah and Sa'id missed fighting at the Battle of Badr because Muhammad sent them as scouts to locate Abu Sufyan's caravan. However, both were awarded shares of the plunder, as if they had been present.[1]:165

Talhah distinguished himself at the Battle of Uhud by keeping close to Muhammad while most of the Muslim army fled. He protected Muhammad's face from an arrow by taking the shot in his own hand, as a result of which two of his fingers were paralysed. He was also hit twice in the head, and it was said that he suffered a total of 75 wounds in the battle.[1]:165–166

Talhah also fought at the Battle of the Ditch "and all the battles with Allah's Messenger".[1]:166

Ridda Wars[edit]

In the third week of July 632, Medina faced an imminent invasion by the apostate forces of Tulayha, a self-proclaimed prophet. Abu Bakr scraped together an army mainly from the Hashim clan (Muhammad's), appointing Talhah, Ali ibn Abi Talib and Zubayr ibn al-Awam as Commanders of one-third of the newly organised force each. However, they did not face any combat scenaria during the Ridda Wars.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

Talhah had at least fifteen children by at least eight different women.[1]:163–164[3]:298

  1. Hamna bint Jahsh of the Asad tribe, whom he married in 625.
    1. Muhammad al-Sajjad, who was also killed at the Battle of the Camel.
    2. Imran.
  2. Khawla bint al-Qaaqaa of the Tamim tribe.
    1. Musa.
  3. Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr.
    1. Zakariya.
    2. Yusuf, who died in childhood.
    3. Aisha.
  4. Suda bint Aqf of the Murra clan.
    1. Isa.
    2. Yahya.
  5. al-Jarba bint Qasama (Umm al-Harith) of the Tayy tribe.
    1. Umm Ishaq, married first to Hasan ibn Ali and later to his brother Husayn.
  6. A Concubine.
    1. al-Saaba.
  7. Another Concubine.
    1. Maryam.
  8. al-Faraa bint Ali, a war-captive from the Taghlib tribe.
    1. Salih.

Other Children

  1. Yaaqub "the Generous", who was killed at the Battle of al-Harrah.
  2. Ismail.
  3. Ishaq.

Battle of the Camel and Death[edit]

The Battle of the Camel was fought between Ali on one side and Aisha, Talhah and Zubayr on the other on 10 December 656. During the battle, Marwan ibn al-Hakam, who was fighting on the same side, accidentally shot Talhah in the thigh. Marwan commented, "After this I will never again seek a killer of Uthman." Talhah hugged his horse and galloped off the battle-field. He lay down using a stone as a pillow, while the auxiliaries tried to staunch the blood-flow. Whenever they stopped pressing, the bleeding resumed. In the end Talhah said, "Stop it. This is an arrow sent by God. I am a lost old man felled by God." He died of this injury, aged about 62.[1]:170–171

Muhammad, in a hadith accepted only by Sunni Muslims, named Talhah among the Ten Promised Paradise (Arabic: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة; al-`Ashara al-Mubasharūn bi-l-Janna).[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013. The Companions of Badr. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  2. ^ a b Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. ^ Abu Dawud 41:4632.

External links[edit]