Talk:Hate speech: Difference between revisions
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My last post was deleted for being a personal opinion yet this talk page is full of personal opinions that are not deleted. Why?[[User:Beancrisp|Beancrisp]] ([[User talk:Beancrisp|talk]]) 21:44, 14 December 2010 (UTC)
My last post was deleted for being a personal opinion yet this talk page is full of personal opinions that are not deleted. Why?[[User:Beancrisp|Beancrisp]] ([[User talk:Beancrisp|talk]]) 21:44, 14 December 2010 (UTC)
:Because your last post wasn't expressed as a suggestion for improving the article. The above suggestion can be discussed. ~Here's my take on it: If you want that viewpoint to be included you need to find a reliable source that makes that argument.[[User:Sjö|Sjö]] ([[User talk:Sjö|talk]]) 11:28, 20 December 2010 (UTC)
:Because your last post wasn't expressed as a suggestion for improving the article. The above suggestion can be discussed. ~Here's my take on it: If you want that viewpoint to be included you need to find a reliable source that makes that argument.[[User:Sjö|Sjö]] ([[User talk:Sjö|talk]]) 11:28, 20 December 2010 (UTC)
::Who made you the Comment Sheriff?
Revision as of 23:41, 3 March 2011
|WikiProject LGBT studies||(Rated B-class)|
|WikiProject Philosophy||(Rated Start-class)|
- 1 Not covered aspects
- 2 Praise
- 3 Plagiarism
- 4 Marxist POV
- 5 Wanted: exposure of ADL
- 6 Examples, Please?
- 7 moving stuff
- 8 Rush Limbaugh and Ann Coulter?
- 9 Would these link be relevant material for External Links?
- 10 Criticisms
- 11 Comments
- 12 Politically-Correct Hate Speech
- 13 Hate speech codes and censorship in academia
- 14 Political Uses of Hate Speech
- 15 Foucault
- 16 Austin as an argument against speech codes?
- 17 Hate Speech Laws in Singapore
- 18 Hate Art
- 19 Missing Arguments Against: The Issues of Truth, and of Selective Prosecution
- 20 Original Research tags
- 21 Countering systemic bias
- 22 In Canada
- 23 First amendment as an example of laws against hate speech
- 24 A country has been excluded
- 25 Arguments for prohibiting hate speech
- 26 Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
- 27 Hate speech laws in the U.S.
- 28 Freedom of speech versus blasphemy
- 29 Irony
- 30 proposal for separation: new neutral article "Hate speech law" separated from this one
- 31 Merge proposal
- 32 Intro revised March 2010
- 33 Hate Speech in Media
- 34 A nonexistent right
Not covered aspects
I see that the introductory passage concentrates on the US legislation, which is not appropriate. It is said that American government is forbidden from regulating freedom of speech. The author of this passage is wrong. The Supreme Court of the US is allowed to interpret all the norms of Constitution including the First Amendment. Specific interpretations by the US Supreme Court of the First Amendment where used to silence communists in the US - McCarthyism, used to silence critics of Vietnam War, where used to silence Martin Luther King, where used to silence Afro-Americans movement for equal rights in the 60-ies. Vlad fedorov 11:20, 21 December 2006 (UTC) You should research more carefully the common law legal system, because laws in common law system are made not through the written statues, but through the court decisions. And it is not the Constitution that you should research, but the court decisions. Vlad fedorov 11:20, 21 December 2006 (UTC)
I just wanted to say that I really enjoyed this article. Keep it up =D
this whole page is bs...let me see...if you are a conservative you engage in hate speech...if a liberal then no...this is reason...please...what this is is an attempt to silence political debate...why a cross in urine not hate speech from liberals...a double standard in intellectual hypocrisy...welcome to the land of the ignorant...—The preceding unsigned comment was added by 220.127.116.11 (talk • contribs) .
- Er you wouldn't happen to be refering to the answers.com section that is taken from Wikipedia now would you? If so, of course it is copied word for word except you got the direction wrong. They copied it from us, fully legally... Nil Einne 15:04, 26 December 2005 (UTC)
The title and tone of this article is nothing but Marxist-PC propaganda, which is why the neutrality of this article is disputed.
We can play revert wars with these Marxist-POV's until the cows come home if you'd like?
This is the talk page and only a NPOV should be allowed on Wiki articles. --Paul Vogel
- I agree with you. There is a clear double standard when it comes to "hate speech," one that seems to be propagaded by those on the left. It is invariably biased against white, conservative males. Hate speech legislation in general seems to exist only to marginalize those with so-called "politically incorrect" views. angrywhiteman
Wow. Vogel, you really don't know what you're talking about. I don't agree with hate-speech legislation, either, but there isn't a whit of Marxism in this article. "The left" does not equal "Marxists."--WadeMcR 16:42, 1 March 2006 (UTC)
The issue of whether or not Karl Marx is identified with the Left aside, simply calling this article "Marxist" without engaging in constructive dialog is ad hominem and an example of the type of behavior on Wiki talk pages that brings the whole encyclopedia down. MoodyGroove 19:43, 3 February 2007 (UTC)MoodyGroove
Wanted: exposure of ADL
The Anti-Defamation League is primarily responsible for getting hate crime laws on the books in the USA. The Jews behind this anti-First Amendment bullshit should get the spotlight they deserve.
- A "hate crime" IS NOT the same thing as "hate speech". It's one thing to, let's say, call somebody a N-word and quite another to target and beat the crap out of a black person just because they are black. One is free speech (albeit disgusting free speech) while the other is a violent racially-motivated felony. If you would turn off Rush Limbaugh for a moment and actually THINK about what you are whining about you'd see the difference.18.104.22.168 (talk) 20:14, 24 July 2009 (UTC)
How is that relevant to this article? (Besides maybe as an example) --IceflamePhoenix 11:00, 28 June 2006 (UTC)
- Seriously, why is it that some idiots always have to mention Rush Limbaugh or Fox News etc. every time they discuss something even remotely political? If those on the left were made to go a week without bringing up Rush Limbaugh(or Sarah Palin or Fox News or Glenn Beck) in some form or other, they would be quite enough to make Marcel Marceau look like Gilbert Gottfried. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 23:31, 3 March 2011 (UTC)
What universities have such codes, and can we see an example? --Dmerrill
- Can't say off the top of my head, but my brain whirls with half-remembered anecdotes of students forced to choose between expulsion or attend a re-orientation class of sorts (diversity training?), after expressing a 'politically incorrect' opinion. Generally these anecdotes were in the context of debate over gay issues, afrocentrism, feminism... Vice President Cheney's wife wrote a book full of such ancecdotes, concerning professors who often lost tenure or jobs because they took their academic freedom farther than political correctness allowed. I'll need at least a day. --Ed Poor
- The University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Illinois-Chicago have such codes.126.96.36.199 (talk) 20:16, 24 July 2009 (UTC)
Hey, take two. :-) But it does need to be more specific. I tend to doubt any university's policy actually says flat out "you can't say foo", although I could be proven wrong. Universities have done some bone-headed things. More likely it is couched in other terms. Also we need to discuss the rationale behind the against-hate-speech people, i.e., the high level of hate crimes. But I'm leaving work now, so maybe later or tomorrow. --Dmerrill
Please stop. You are oversimplifying a serious topic because you don't agree with it.
- You misunderstand: it is not true that I don't agree with the topic. I disagree with the way hate speech rules and laws are used to stifle free speech.
After all, the ACLU supports the Nazi party's right to speak, and that speech is always hate-ridden. And yes, many institutions, public and private, have banned certain kinds of speech -- but it is seldom at the level of "you can't make such a comment in conversation" unless, of course, you happen to be in a position of authority.
- If it is "seldom", then it does occur. What is your position on such bans when they occur?
Plus, your article implies that Universities only push leftist, politically correct speech policies.
- I have heard only of cases of conservative, politically incorrect speech being punished. Please provide examples of leftist, poltically correct speech being punished, other than 9/1
. Racist speech should be banned FOREVER
That would, of course, explain why several university professors who (after 9/11) made comments as mild as, "the arab world has plenty of reasons to hate the US" or, "I think invading Afghanistan is a bad idea and here's why..." were threatened with job loss if they didn't retract their statements. In institutions where I've studied and taught, Hate speech includes anti-gay speech, but focuses much more on racist and misogynist speech.
- You are proving me point here. Are you aware of it? Anti-gay, racist, and misogynist speech is politically incorrect.
At one school, some white students were required to take down a confederate battle flag in their window, because many other students, white and black, found it an offensive reminder of a racist past (the students with the flag claimed they were Lynard Skynard fans).
I think that, if you find yourself typing the word 'homosexual', you should step back, remove the sentence, and take a deep breath. And maybe even step away from the article. :-) JHK
- Whence comes this desire to censor the word homosexual? Do you believe that my opinion of homosexuality is hate speech? If so, why? -- Ed Poor
No, Ed, I don't-- I think that it is a buzzword we all recognize from you and we know it means you are about to try to infuse an article with your moral viewpoint.
- What's a buzzword? Is that a term which has no actual meaning, as in Orwell's duckspeak?
- I am indeed infusing the article with my viewpoint. If my viewpoint needs labeling or attribution, please edit for completeness.
You might do the same. Private institutions have a right to censor some speech, generally to prevent tensions leading to violence.
- You seem to be saying that certain groups must be protected from criticism, lest they become violent. If so, it seems to me that members of such groups should be excluded from universities if they cannot control their propensity for violence. Or at least, people who tend to react violently to criticism should be taught to control themselves. I see no reason to restrict free speech, just because thin-skinned people might run riot.
If a stuident chooses to apply to such an institution, he has agreed implicitly to abide by those rules -- just as, if a student were to apply to and study at Bob jones, and was caught having sex, he could expect to be expelled. Not a big difference. I am not a proponant of PC -- I think it often keeps us from looking at the real underlying problems. Still, actions based on hatred of particular groups is illegal in the US.
- I hate people who think particular groups should get immunity from criticism. I'm taking "action" against one right now, by posting this comment. Am I guilty of a hate crime? --Ed
And more hate crimes are perpetrated against minorities (or at least reported) than against white males.
- I vigorously oppose discrimination based on race, religion, country of origin, and sex. But hate speech rules do nothing to stop this discrimination. -- Ed
And now, Ed, I have actual meaningful work to do. I know you're trying to pick fights, which is hardly Christian or charitable, and I regret being drawn in.
- I'm not trying to pick a fight. I am just explaining and defending my edits. If there is something un-NPOV in an article, feel free to edit it. But please don't delete text simply because it differs from YOUR POV. You can call me an axe-grinder if you want (even though according to your own definition that would be hate speech), but ad hominem arguments are useless here.
I have already resolved that I do not have the time to explain legitimate edits (based on NPOV grammar, and facts) to people with axes to grind. Your axe is way too big. You refuse to accept that you write most of your articles from a non-NPOV, and then pick fights when people point this out. You don't deserve the amount of time people put into dealing with you. JHK
- I concede that some of my first drafts contain sentences that are from a non-NPOV, but that doesn't mean that most of my articles are from a non-NPOV. Anyway, if there are errors, fix 'em. Be a cooperative citizen. --Ed Poor
Ed, if you can't say off the top of your head, shouldn't you take some time to research the topic before writing an encyclopedia article on it?
I think your idea to write an article on this topic is commendable, but this article seems vague and sloppy. Some suggestions
1) The first ammendment protects us from Congress, not from private individuals or corporations. Therefore, the only hate-speech rules that would threaten first-ammendment rights are those rules promolgated by Congress. (for example, if my father tells me that he will not tolerate certain kinds of speech at the dinner table he is NOT violating my first ammendment rights; indeed, many mericans would challenge Congress's right to prevent my father from making certain rules.
So any reasonable article must distinguish between Federal law and rules instituted by individuals or corporations
2) a useful article should be based on facts -- please provide summaries of various anti-hate-speech laws/codes/statuts, as well as summaries of any court rulings on the constitutionality of such codes.
Also, what is the theoretical/legal basis of this category? I would expect any encyclopedia article to provide a brief history (when was the concept first developed, when was the first piece of legislation) and also a review of the theoretical basis for the concept (Judith Butler, maybe?)
Someone else recently criticized you for submitting articles in which you had a bias. I do not agree with that -- we all have biases, and we can all struggle to bring some NPOV into our contributions, and I know you have tried to do that.
My only objection is when someone write an article about something they are ignorant of or have not sufficiently researched. SR
- Actually, you're not quite accurate there. The First Amendment protects us from government action in general. Government entities, including states and state universities, may not limit speech beyond the very narrow definitions of illegal harassment, incitement to riot, and the infamous fighting words doctrine. Many universities try to get around this by simply calling their speech codes "harassment policies," but calling it a harassment policy doesn't make it not a speech code, not if it goes beyond banning actions that fall under the strict legal definition of harassment. Rogue 9 02:54, 5 October 2005 (UTC)
SR, you raise some good points:
- To what extent are universities permitted to curtail First Amendment rights? I suppose a private university could require students to practice the university's religion (establishment of religion) rather than some other religion (freedom of religion) and avoid expressing certain ideas aloud or in print (freedom of speech and press). But what if they accept public funding?
- a fair point, a constitutional scholar would have to address this
- I had hoped my stub would encourage someone more knowledgeable than me to provide "summaries of various anti-hate-speech laws/codes/statutes."
However, I believe there is some value in submitting incompletely researched articles. I call them "stubs" and have often found that the mere act of submitting a stub often results in an expert taking a few moments to dash off an adequate article.
On the other hand, I have been often frustrated to find that people adhering to the politically correct orthodoxy would rather waste tame fruitlessly accusing me of bias than to fix incomplete articles. As one who frequently stumbles over the distinction between what I really know and what is merely my personal bias, I can sympathize with such people: they don't know any better.
So let's all stop the pissing match and start working together to fix the articles. --Ed Poor
- Ed, I have done little to fix the article because I am not an expert in constitutional law or hate-speech. When I see a Wikipedia article and turn to it it is in the hope of being educated. This is why I expect authors of articles to have researched their contributions. Perhaps like you I would indeed like to see a good article on hate speech. I just prefer to leave it to people who are qualified.
- My advice to you is this: if you would like to see an article in Wikipedia that you personally do not have time to research, propose it as a proposed article, and invite others to write it. SR
- For example, for a college professor to say, "Lesbians should not be schoolteachers", could be considered hate speech.
The professor could be denied tenure, even if he were expressing his religious belief
Have there been cases like this or is this just a hypothetical in an attempt to discredit hate speech codes? If no evidence is provided, I will remove this paragraph. AxelBoldt
- http://www.thefire.org/index.php/article/5671.html. There are also plenty of other examples on that site, in both public and private university institutions. In fact, I'd add that site to the external links if I wasn't so certain someone would remove it for not being specific enough to the article. --I am not good at running 17:47, 27 May 2005 (UTC)
I cut this:
- Thus, the accusation is hypocritical because it condemns a person for a thing he didn't do.
because it is not true. Actually, I question the value of the hypothetical example itself; I think an encyclopedia article would be much bette served by providing a few real examples. I may end up cutting the whole hypothetical. But in the meantime, this one sentence is patently falst, the hypothetical itself presents a professor as having soaid something, and he is being condemned precisely for having said it, in other words, for what he actually did do. SR
I just NPOV'd this article some more. It isn't only "conservatives" who object to these codes. I object and I am not a conservative. Please look at the diffs. In most cases, I damped the enthusiasm for hate-speech codes down slightly. In one case (the hypothetical example), I strengthened the argument. I added serious objections to the notion that the First Amendment prohibits only government censorship. Ortolan88 15:18 Aug 22, 2002 (PDT)
This article says nothing about Canada or Europe, which have laws, some very interesting about hate speech. However, as we say on the Straight Dope Message Board, IANAL (I am not a lawyer). - user:Montrealais
I rewrote the introduction in an attempt to describe positions for and against the use of the term "hate speech". Seeing as it is a controversial term (as the disagreement here demonstrates) I think it is reasonably NPOV to call it one, and to outline the POVs involved. The details on academic speech codes are still sorely needed. --FOo
This entry really should emphasize the legal context. Anyone know what the story behind the "water buffalo" being hate speech is? --The Cunctator
- Cunctator, a quick google search on "water buffalo" "hate speech" will provide you multiple references. Quick story - a white student called some female black students "water buffalo" - hate speech charges ensued.
- In fact, the "caller", Eden Jacobowitz, was Israeli, and (at least according to some articles) he came up with "water buffalo" as a translation for behemah, a piece of Israeli Hebrew slang for "fool". There seems to me little meat to the idea that this was racist; it was a foreign student being misunderstood and put through hell for it.
- A similar incident happened on a much smaller scale when I was in college; a white student working on a group project with two black students became frustrated with the lack of effort the two were putting into the project, and remarked, "You people are lazy." She meant "you (two particular students) are lazy", but the two took her statement as meaning "black people are lazy". This is a dialect difference: in some areas of the U.S., "you people" is used to refer to two or more individuals being addressed by the speaker, whereas in other areas, it only refers to a larger group such as a population. It almost became a campus "hate speech" incident, but thankfully, this was after Jacobowitz and the water buffalo, and people had better ways to respond to "racist" misunderstandings. --FOo
A new case is in the works that's just making the news -- two African American women are suing an airline because a stewardess, trying to get everyone to sit down so they could take off, said, "Eenie, meenie, minie, mo, grab a seat, we've got to go." -- Zoe
- I dont think thats hate speech though... perhaps racist speech, but not... -豎&30505
Hate speech in other countries: don't Germany and Canada, other countries, have actual laws on this? Ortolan88
- Australia has hate speech laws. Can't say about other countries, bu I thought most civilised countries did. Tannin
Not the US. Laws like that are against the law in the United States (see article) and most of us are fine with that. My point was that those laws ought to be in this article. Ortolan88
The article needs a major rewrite:
- How do proponents of hate speech codes define hate speech?
- What do they hope to gain by promulgating these speech codes?
- How do opponents of these codes feel about the issue?
- What sort of punishments or adverse actions have been taken, e.g., in academia, against those deemed to have violated these codes?
- What is the relationship of hate speech to hate crimes? That is, if someone stabs you and takes your wallet, is that worse or bettr than calling you a faggot and giving you a few bruises? (In the law's eyes, I mean)
--Uncle Ed 19:29 Mar 3, 2003 (UTC)
Ed, I like your rewrites, but this example has to go. It doesn't fit into the first para of the article, and it's pretty silly any way you cut it. Personally I think your definition is sufficient, though perhaps one could mention that determining what is and is not hate speech can be a complex issue.
- Calling Netanyahu a "war criminal" for his role in a massacre, for example, would not be hate speech. Referring to Michael Jackson as a "nigger chimpanzee", however, would be.
Hate speech is language held to express hatred or contempt towards a person or group of people for reasons other than their behavior. Can we safely exclude behavior? I don't think we can. Arguably, some people's hatred of homosexuals is based on homosexuals' (perceived) behavior, e.g. disgust for the idea of gay men having anal sex. There are certainly plenty of rude and hateful words for it based on that act.
Also, that the idea that a category of speech called "hate speech" exists or is useful in public discourse is still a controversial idea. I for one do not think there is a meaningful boundary between "hate speech" and "hateful speech" or "aggressive speech with which the speaker disagrees." Therefore it seems to me that the article should not be about what "hate speech" is, but rather what are those things which some people call "hate speech", and why do they call them that? In this regard, it bothers me that my explicit use of the word "controversial" in the introduction has been removed more than once in the editing of this article. --FOo
France has made hate speech laws restricting the open expression of Anti-Semitism, and ethnic bias in public, but it implies to guidelines in news journalism (i.e. newspapers and state-owned Television) in how to report (or be told not to discuss) those matters.
California, USA laws may declare hate speech is protected in public, but allows easy prosecution for alleged hate crimes, in verbal form as well in physical form. California law claims hate speech at the workplace does not constitute as "protected speech" and employers have the very right to terminate or discharge those who committed hate speech on workplace grounds. + 188.8.131.52 02:55, 11 June 2006 (UTC)
- The “California” paragraph above is included in the article. I think that the first sentence is wrong on several points. Prosecution for hate speech would violate the First Amendment, if I’m not very much mistaken. “Physical” hate crimes would have to be assault and battery etc. and therefore not relevant to this article. The word “alleged” seems (to me) to imply that there is no such thing as hate speech or hate crimes, but I don’t think that anyone questions that these concepts exist (you can quibble over the definitions, but that’s another thing). At the very least the claims in the sentence need to be verified. As for the second sentence, isn’t that true of all or most states in the US? And if it is, what’s the relevance of mentioning only California? Sjö 14:05, 29 March 2007 (UTC)
- Update: I removed the "California" paragraph. The paragraph about France was added by the same user, and it reads more like an opinion piece than an encyclopdic entry to me. Since I don’t know the French laws that well I’m leaving it in, hoping that someone will add some facts.Sjö 11:25, 2 April 2007 (UTC)In order to stop prejudice the best way is through education and counter acting hate speech with tolerance speech. This confuses and out smarts bigots. Patronizing and censoring doesn't stop bigotry. The goal is to stop prejudics and cure the bigot. By making him into a fool. This will lead into him or her having a fall in the future, Sticks and Stones will break my bones but names will never hurt me. Those who advocate censoring to stop hate are hideing a prejudice themselves both in the advocates as well as the vicitms of hate. There are exception but most people don't learn from the hate against them unfortunaltey. George Carlin stated don't be afraid of the words be afraid of the person who uses them/ mrthinky 4/21/10Mrthinky (talk) 01:30, 22 April 2010 (UTC)
- Good lord is someone actually questioning the presence of speech codes on University campuses? Where have you been living for the past twenty years, a fucking cave? You know, if you read the partabout such codes not "faring well in court" it should be obvious to you that various courts are not going to rule on something, multiple times, that don't exist.
I am moving a couple things in here. I find the "untenable" comment to be innaccurate, and POV. If somebody wants to reword these, so be it. Also, this page in general has some pretty hearty POV issues, and I think it needs some help. I am half tempted to dispute the neutrality, but I think I should complain in here for awhile 1st. :) Here are the things I cut:
Critics of this position hold that such a position is untenable, in that it depends on denying what they argue are historical truths, i.e. that hate speech in practice sometimes is used to incite murder and genocide.
Critics of this position hold that such a position is untenable, in that it depends on the presumed goodwill of those purveying hate speech, and it assumes without proof that one can avoid incitement to murder and genocide by discussion alone.
- Why? Hate speech codes, and speech codes in general, in any public institution are untenable; the 1989 Supreme Court case Doe v. University of Michigan saw to that. Rogue 9 03:12, 5 October 2005 (UTC)
Before "reverting" anything, ask here first! Thanks! :D
It is obvious to me and to some others that there is a LEFTIST cabal within the Wiki community that is ALWAYS enforcing Marxist-PC Dogmatism and REVERTING and editing and censoring, accordingly, and without any real regard to enforcing the WIKI NPOV. For example:
I have moved this snip I found in final list of articles related to Hate speech, that looks much more appropriate here:
All bands contained in the Wikipedia Category Neo-nazi music, which seems to have as only purpose to spam Wikipedia with hate contents. NPOV does not mean spam all your external links on the Nazi side, and then put anti-nazi content. No, anti-nazi form not only a majority, but a neutral point of view (devoided of revisionism), and should ask for deletion of such pages (Rock Against Communism is the only exception, as it is not a spam entry made for promotion of hate-bands, but an entry on the history of this nazi movement).
--Cyclopia 14:08, 16 December 2005 (UTC)
Rush Limbaugh and Ann Coulter?
I don't consider Rush Limbaugh "hate speech", but it keeps getting added to the See also section. Since it's a highly debatable point, and the Rush Limbaugh article itself only notes that his broadcasts are "compared by some to hate speech", I think we should pass judgment and leave he and Ann Coulter out of this section.
--Ultra Megatron 18:25, Apr 12, 2005 (UTC)
- This last statement is absolutely meaningless. If you take anything that Al Franken said about "Rush Limbaugh" and replace him with "Rosa Parks" it would be all-too-clear how similar to David Dukes Mr Franken is. Billyjoekoepsel 19:54, 12 January 2007 (UTC)
Well I think Ann Coulter qualifies for hate speech with this: "My only regret with Timothy McVeigh is he did not go to the New York Times Building." -- Ann Coulter to George Gurley, New York Observer, August 21, 2002
On [Fox News Channel's February 7th, 2002] Hannity and Colmes, Alan Colmes regarding a statement Ann made at the Conservative Political Action Committee conference, which was : "We need to execute people like John Walker in order to physically intimidate liberals, by making them realize that they can be killed too."
Colmes: "You hate liberals. You despise liberals. This is unbelievable.We should execute them to make liberals scared?"
Coulter: "Right. Right!"
Such statements qualify as hate speech since she concones the muderering of people in the press and intimidating with threat of death political opponents.
Hate speech by Rush Limbuagh:
Have you ever noticed how all composite pictures of wanted criminals resemble Jesse Jackson?” source: http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=2549
[To an African American female caller]: “Take that bone out of your nose and call me back.” source: http://www.fair.org/index.php?page=2549
Look, let me put it to you this way: the NFL all too often looks like a game between the Bloods and the Crips without any weapons. There, I said it.” source: http://www.cbssports.com/print/columns/story/9947327
If that's not enough for anyone, I can come back and fill this page with worse.
Would these links be relevant material for this article, or would they belong in a more specific article that covers speech codes?
http://washingtontimes.com/world/20050524-100551-2231r.htm Italian journalist under trial for "insulting" Islam
http://www.thefire.org The FIRE -- site + relevant news stories pertaining to university speech codes
--I am not good at running 17:51, 27 May 2005 (UTC)
I would like to point out that Sam's demands to cite my sources are rather superfluous, as the article itself states that hate speech encompasses more than simply incitement to violence. Pointing out that any attempt to say that letting hate speech be aired so that it can be exposed to reason is an attempt to reason with would-be murderers is completely disingenuous in light of this fact is simply stating the obvious; anyone reading the whole article can see it. Rogue 9 20:45, 5 October 2005 (UTC)
- thats a POV. Readers come here to read cited, verifiable POV's, not anonymous editorial POV's. If you cite it, it can be included. if not, (and even you don't seem to think it is needed) it can be left out. Sam Spade 21:12, 5 October 2005 (UTC)
- What can be left out is the illegitimate counter-criticism. Surely you can see that arguing for the refutation of racist speech, for example, is not simply saying that "one can avoid incitement to murder and genocide by discussion alone," since the vast majority of racists are not interested in genocide. It is a ridiculous strawman fallacy, and nothing but. Furthermore, I have my doubts as to whether the article can be considered evenhanded in the first place, since it goes well out of its way to make sure that every counter-argument to hate speech laws has some sort of refutation attached to it, even if that refutation simply doesn't follow. Rogue 9 21:26, 5 October 2005 (UTC)
I agree, and all such "refutations" should also be removed, unless they have acitation. Readers don't come here to find out what wikipedians think, but rather to read encyclopedic info. Please remove any such uncited commentary. Sam Spade 22:57, 5 October 2005 (UTC)
This is a good article, but it fails to address a critical issue, and that is that so-called hate speech restricts not only political but also scientific discourse
A good example is the science behind homosexuality. There is no scientific consensus regarding the origin or mechanism of homsexuality, and by supressing so-called hate-speech, one also inherently supresses legitimate scientific conjecture. For example, there is a theory that homosexuality is a choice, at least in some individuals, and that this choice may be influenced by environment. By dening statements like "lesbians should not be school teachers", these laws supress legitimate scientific inquiry rather than arguing for or against the question with real scientific evidence..and in doing so these laws are very dangerous for everyone involved
- (Actually, it's been scientifically proven that homosexuality isn't a choice, but something that you're born with. I know you weren't stating your views either way, and that this is besides the point, but I thought I'd point this out, as the choice idea can hardly be called a 'theory' anymore.) --DearPrudence 03:37, 20 April 2006 (UTC)
Politically-Correct Hate Speech
Need to say something about the fact that hate speech from the Left is usually not classified as such, although it often meets the criteria. For example, had it not come from the Left, much of what Andrea Dworkin said and wrote would be classified as hate speech. -- LKS 5/15/06
- It's dangerous to use the passive voice when discussing intentional actions such as classifying. When you say "x is usually not classified as y", you mask the issue of who is doing the classifying. Your grammatical construction gives the impression that some impersonal force is doing it, whereas I'm sure that what you have in mind is specific acts of classification done by specific people. --FOo 04:01, 16 May 2006 (UTC)
- I disagree. I don't think you need to have in mind specific acts made by specific people about this issue. I guess that LKS just talks about a general statistic. --Cyclopia 12:34, 16 May 2006 (UTC)
- Well, if it's a "general statistic" then there must be specific examples too. If there's a true general statement, like "Most Americans in May 2006 disapprove of George W. Bush," then there must also actually be a lot of specific instances of it, like individual Americans who have that belief. That's why pollsters ask individuals questions, rather than just making up numbers based on what they feel should be true.
- If LKS's claim is true, then there must exist a plethora of individual cases in which someone considered Andrea Dworkin's speech, contemplated whether it was "hate speech", and decided that it was not because she was a leftist. I am challenging LKS to actually present some concrete evidence of this claim. --FOo 16:31, 16 May 2006 (UTC)
- I'm sure LKS should substantiate his/her claim (that's quite POV-risky, btw, even if I can agree with it at a certain point, personally). However it is obvious that the chances of the existence of "concrete evidence" of someone positively asserting that speech X is not hate speech just because it comes from the left are slim to none -just because if this phenomenon exists, no one would openly admit it. On the other hand, individual examples would mean nothing to the generality of the claim. Short said, you're missing the point IMHO. What LKS should bring us is evidence of ongoing discussion on the subject, that would gain his hypothesis at least the status of current controversy. --Cyclopia 23:39, 16 May 2006 (UTC)
The concept of hate speech arose from the Left. Politically-Correct Hate Speech is just speech from the Left that is "hateful" but is not defined as such, since it is the Left that (currently) does the defining.-- LKS 5/19/06
- Hmm. I'm not so sure about that. Some groups that are quite active in labeling and opposing "hate speech", such as the Anti-Defamation League, are frequently critical of leftist speakers. --FOo 06:40, 20 May 2006 (UTC)
Are you implying that the concept of "Hate Speech" didn't arise from the Left? Shirley, you jest! -- LKS 6/1/06
The first mention of it that I can find was from a psychologist called Gordon Allport. He did have a university degree, so you probably see him as a Marxist. Nina184.108.40.206 (talk) 23:46, 21 January 2009 (UTC)
Hate speech codes and censorship in academia
This entire section is biased against speech codes in academia. While this may or may not be right or wrong, wikipedia is not the place to spout one's personal views. Furthermore the example of the teacher not wanting a lesbian to be tenured does not add anything of value to this article except to be inflammatory:
For example, for a college professor to say, "Lesbians should not be schoolteachers," could be considered hate speech. The professor could be denied tenure, even if he were expressing his religiously-based belief that homosexuals should not be put in positions where they can influence young people. Underlying such a claim is the belief that homosexuals in positions of influence over young people might influence their sexuality. Opponents would argue that the underlying theory behind the words suggests a false understanding of the nature of human sexuality with their usage designed to promote fear of homosexuals and their supposed influence on children among non-homosexuals, so leading to hatred of, and discrimination against, homosexuals.
I think that passage should just be removed. This sounds as if the writer is trying to justify a position without regard to the topic of censorship in academia. --VTEX 12:58, 1 June 2006 (UTC)
- The very concept of Hate Speech is anathema to the concept of Free Speech, especially on university campuses and in the press.--LKS 6/1/06
is often made to suppress points of view that are unfavorable to certain "protected groups", which represents a significant infringement of the tradition of academic freedom and gives members of these groups an unfair advantage in the so-called "marketplace of ideas"
This whole passage reads badly and stinks with NPOV using weasel words. What are these "protected groups", can we have examples? What do you mean by so-called "marketplace of ideas" - Should one expect to have freedom of ideas in academia or should ideas in academia be guided by science and reason? Despite the answer to this, it is inappropriate for this section to address this question.
I think all that is appropriate in this section is a statement describing what hate speech codes are and that they exist in academia.
--VTEX 17:32, 2 June 2006 (UTC)
- This actually is already described in the speech code section above, so we should probably just get rid of the academia speech code section altogether. --VTEX 18:12, 2 June 2006 (UTC)
- Not get rid of, but merge with Speech codes.Sjö 06:25, 23 April 2007 (UTC)
Political Uses of Hate Speech
This article needs to say something about the fact that labeling speech as hateful is usually an attempt to silence an opposing point of view. Also, this article needs to acknowledge that the concept of Hate Speech arose from the Left. --LKS 6/1/06
- That wouldn't be very NPOV. Powers 11:28, 2 June 2006 (UTC)
- I second that. Furthermore, Hate Speech is specifically speech that is demeaning to a person or group of people and has nothing to do with silencing opposing viewpoints. This type of speech is on the same level as yelling "Fire" in a crowded building with the intention to start a panic. It is meant to do one thing: hurt other people. --VTEX 18:00, 2 June 2006 (UTC)
- Arose from the left?!?! Don't know about that, though wouldn't be surprised. If you have sources then show us them and it could be included but could be tricky because it has been around for a long time. And yes, silencing critics can be one use of lableling something as "hate speech". VTEX got it mixed up the wrong way between those who label and those who are labelled. Mathmo Talk 10:49, 30 January 2007 (UTC)
What is this stuff about Michel Foucault doing here?
- Michel Foucault's statement according to which sexuality has not only been censored during the Victorian era: it was also put in discourse through a "sexuality dispositif", thus transforming "sex" into what the West names "sexuality". In this case, censorship of sexuality has made the discourse of sexuality proliferate, with the constitution of a huge amount of scientific or pseudo-scientific literature on "sexuality", conceived as the secret of our own personal identities.
I can see that it's used as an example of a previous argument. But as such, it just goes on. It's off-topic and it's riotously contentious. Which pseudo-scientific literature? Who has "conceived" this? And who is the "we" of "our own sexual identities"? And what on earth does "dispositif" mean? MacMurrough 00:24, 5 September 2006 (UTC)
Austin as an argument against speech codes?
In How To Do Things With Words, J. L. Austin concludes that the distinction between speech and action is not tenable, because all speech is action. This seems to me a reason that all speech is subject to regulation, since action can impinge upon another's rights... What's up here? —The preceding unsigned comment was added by Superabo (talk • contribs) 04:25, 10 January 2007 (UTC).
Hate Speech Laws in Singapore
It seems that Singapore was not mentioned as one of the countries which have hate speech laws, even though many have been convicted for hate speech in Singapore. For example, in December of 2005 three men were convicted for making racist comments. Is anyone here familar with Singapore law, and thier hate speech laws ?? —The preceding unsigned comment was added by Raindreamer (talk • contribs) 04:17, 14 January 2007.
Article could use a sub-category of Hate Art. Jaakobou 08:06, 14 February 2007 (UTC)
Missing Arguments Against: The Issues of Truth, and of Selective Prosecution
Two major objections to Hate Speech laws are currently missing from the "Arguments against legal restrictions" list:
- 1. Hate Speech laws suppress truth, because they prohibit (hate-inducing) true assertions as much as false ones, in that (unlike libel laws) truth is generally not a legal defence. For example, stating the true relative statistical incidence of petty frauds committed by Rom (Gypsies) compared with members of the general population is likely to increase public hatred of the former. In much of Europe, stating this statistical truth is punishable by imprisonment. Another example: Under the UK religious incitement statute, accurately characterising the sacrificial practices of the Aztec religion is punishable by imprisonment because it is reasonably calculated to induce hatred of that religion, even though it is the truth.
- 2. Biased Selective Enforcement In practice, as opposed to theory, these laws are used to defend certain ethnic groups and nationalities only, and not certain others. No-one has ever been prosecuted in Europe under Hate Speech laws for remarks calculated to induce hatred against Americans, Germans, the French, white people, the rich, or blondes, despite the frequency of published virulent hatred-inducing remarks against them. It is only certain favoured groups that can use these laws in practice, namely the groups whom political correctness was historically designed to benefit.
Others may want to refine or refute these two points. I'll add them as "Arguments Against" later if there is no feedback. Tilsit 13:47, 15 June 2007 (UTC)
- Since this is Wikipedia, you'll need to find some sort of reliable source that deals with these points, rather than just making them out of your own personal opinions or conclusions on the matter. That's what WP:OR is about. --FOo 16:11, 15 June 2007 (UTC)
Original research tags can be removed when sources are introduced into text referencing facts asserted. Benjiboi 20:02, 26 July 2007 (UTC)
Countering systemic bias
I think that this article is too American centric. For example the first sentence starts Hate speech is a controversial term for speech intended to degrade ... for whom is it controversial? Not for the British Government (just google ["hate speech" site:gov.uk]), or the vast majority of Kiwis according to the New Zealand Human Rights Commission, etc, etc.
Another example why is only the US and Germany mentioned in the section "Legal aspects"? In the section "Speech codes" the third paragraph on is about primarily US concerns and probably about half the first two paragraphs are US specific sentence.
The sections "Arguments against legal restrictions" and "Differing concepts of what is offensive" are not American centric, they are just WP:OR as they do carry citations for most of the points in the sections. That leaves "Laws against hate speech" which I think is OK. --Philip Baird Shearer 00:45, 27 October 2007 (UTC)
Hi! Law student in the good old land of Canadia here. Anyway, I have a great deal of information regarding recent case law about hate speech in Canada. Is there some specific reason Canadian laws aren't detailed in this article? Is there another article for them? If so, could someone point me to it? I don't want to edit this article until someone confirms I'm allowed to put in Canadian information. While WP:BOLD may be said to apply, I wanna make sure I'm being bold in the right place. I can also put in some info on Australia and Germany. I shall check back later for replies.
220.127.116.11 14:03, 3 December 2007 (UTC)
- Since the article should have a worldwide view, information about Canada that is well-sourced and relevant would be welcome. This article does briefly mention Canada under Laws against hate speech. If you have extensive information specific to Canada, a new article would be worth adding, with a summary in this article. I'm not sure what the best title would be; perhaps Hate speech laws in Canada; if there is material beyond legal considerations, possibly Hate speech in Canada? I'm not sure.
- I'm wondering if a country-by-country listing should be added to this article. While trends might be international, laws are mostly not. / edg ☺ ☭ 14:42, 3 December 2007 (UTC)
- To be honest, I was looking? And I didn't see a page on human rights laws in Canada. I might just be missing it, but I doubt it. This is kind of sad, since Canada has a rather unique approach to human rights re: the dichotomy with free speech. We're actually nigh-apposite to our neighbours to the south. I don't have the time to put in the info and source it yet, but I'll definitely put something in when time arises. Anyone who shares this knowledge and is willing to work with me finding sources, it'd be appreciated. ~~ (The same anon as above) 18.104.22.168 18:07, 3 December 2007 (UTC)
First amendment as an example of laws against hate speech
Someone added the first amendment to the US consitution to the section Laws against hate speech. A discussion of the right to free speech in relation to hate speech is IMO relevant, but the amendment in itself is not a law aginst hate speech. Instead, it restricts the use of hate speech legislation in the US. I will remove it from that section.Sjö (talk) 09:18, 27 December 2007 (UTC)
A country has been excluded
Arguments for prohibiting hate speech
I'm removing this entire chunk from the "arguments for prohibiting/controlling..." section. It isn't actually an argument.
According to Richard Delgado, it is possible to identify hate speech on the use of certain key-words, arguing that "Words such as 'nigger', 'spic', 'kike', 'chink' and 'wop' are badges of degradation even when used between friends: these words have no other connotation." Therefore, the act of calling someone a name should be censored if the name used belongs to a previously identified hate speech. However, Judith Butler (1997) claims that "this very statement, whether written in his text or cited here, has another connotation; he has just used the word in a significantly different way." (Butler considers that "mentioning" a word is an effective "use" of the word in another context) On this basis, Butler claims that words do not have an absolute meaning, but one that depends on the context. She thus underlines the difficulty of identifying a hate-speech.
- It goes overboard with Butler, but there is nothing fundamentally wrong here. forestPIG 08:14, 3 June 2008 (UTC)
Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress
The article as written seems to suggest that IIED torts are a way of getting around the 1st amendment prohibition on restricting speech content. This is not correct. Hustler Magazine, Inc. v. Falwell, 485 U.S. 46 (1988), held that IIED torts must conform to first amendment doctrine. It is true that tort law represents an alternative to criminal law, but both must still conform to the constitution. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 15:34, 27 October 2008 (UTC)
Hate speech laws in the U.S.
Much of this article's discussion of U.S. law was simply wrong. I've removed the inaccurate statements about IIED torts and fighting words, but the whole thing is a mess.
Generally, why is U.S. law discussed at the top under "Legal Aspects." Worldwide perspective dictates that this section should not exclusively focus on the U.S. Why isn't there a separate section for U.S. law, as there is for many other nations? I would be happy to write a section on First Amendment precedents as they apply to hate speech, but I think it belongs in a specialized section dealing with the United States.126.96.36.199 (talk) 19:00, 15 January 2009 (UTC)
Be bold and fix it yourself!
Freedom of speech versus blasphemy
I think some public intellectuals have argued that blasphemy laws are similar to modern hate speech laws because both may effectively result in the public protection of a religious group. There is a fine line between insulting Christians and Christianity or Jews and Judaism, because ultimately a religious group is the same thing as a religion. ADM (talk) 01:37, 29 July 2009 (UTC)
Metro in London has a front page article on a case of racially abusive threatening behaviour where the alleged victim claims to have been called a "white b*****d" while the defendant claims only to have called him a "f****** w*****". The complaint is over the use of the word "white" and an alleged agressive gesture, but it is ironic that the newspaper is willing to print that word but not the other three, which are merely abusive. --17:29, 3 November 2009 (UTC)
proposal for separation: new neutral article "Hate speech law" separated from this one
The problem in this article is the Speech coded part and the Differing concepts of what is offensive one, not the strictly legal part, describing without further comment the various legislations with due references. So why not just create a new Hate speech law article ? Anyway, the debate for or against such laws can't be objectively and universally described. In each country there has been a debate on this matter, so the Hate speech article shouldn't try to summarize a non-existent world debate. Even in neighbouring European countries like the Netherlands, Belgium and France the debate is totally different, also because historical differences partially due to the colonial history, the authorities and populations attitude towards the Jewish population during the Nazi occupation or the percentage of Armenian and Turkish electors (for the negation of the Armenian Genocide). The present national debates about the existence or not of islamophobia also differ from one country to another.--Pylambert (talk) 18:39, 12 November 2009 (UTC)
- On the contrary; this article should focus primarily on the law, because the existence and details of laws are objective whereas most of the rest of the material here is opinion. "Hate speech" is a legal category, used in laws and in political polemic advocating for same; it is not a natural or scientific category.
- The current "Differing concepts of what is offensive" section really belongs somewhere such as insult or pejorative, since it is about the personal perception of such terms, rather than the legal-political term "hate speech". --FOo (talk) 19:42, 15 November 2009 (UTC)
- I disagree on both counts. Hate speech isn't only a legal category, it is also studied in e.g. psychology. I agree that some of the text is original research or poorly sourced, but there should be reliable sources enough to replace any OR with information fom RS. The "Differing concepts of what is offensive" does discuss among other things what is considered hate speech in a legal setting. I think that discussion fits well in the article.Sjö (talk) 06:09, 16 November 2009 (UTC)
I say we either split the article or incorporate examples of/ histories of hate speech in the different countries listed into this one, like, for example, Julius Malema's singing of the "Kill the Boer" song in South Africa. -Invmog (talk) 00:00, 19 February 2011 (UTC)
Hate site should be merged into Hate speech, because hate sites are websites that express hate speech. Also, the hate site article is very short, and probably will not expand (with reliably referenced material) any time soon.Spylab (talk) 13:56, 19 December 2009 (UTC)
- Disagree. I do not know what the creator of Hate site intended. Was the article to be a list of hate sites? Was the article to list court cases about hate sites? Hate site looks like a good candidate for deletion. talk 04:51, 11 March 2010 (UTC)
Intro revised March 2010
In response to the comments above, I revised the article's first sentence to be more informative. I confined the subject matter to informal circumstances and to law to avoid problems with definitions. The courts do not discuss the meaning of "hate speech" because the idea is subsumed in offenses called harassment, discrimination, vilification, etc. I suggest that "hate speech" as a subject of psychological research be a separate article, e.g., Hate speech (psychology). I moved the aside about Allport to See also. Hate speech may be a criminal offense or a civil offense or both so the previous statement that hate speech concerns criminal offenses was inadequate. I removed the comment that hate speech laws are the subject of criticism per WP:NOTFORUM. talk 04:53, 11 March 2010 (UTC)
Hate Speech in Media
Added information on hate speech in media including the National Telecommunications and Information Administration 1993 report and public request to update this report, current and relevant filings at the Federal Communications Commission, and UCLA research study. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Zezinez (talk • contribs) 23:25, 27 October 2010 (UTC)
A nonexistent right
You should include in the article that hate speech laws are based on a right that does not exist. The right to not be offended does not exist. My last post was deleted for being a personal opinion yet this talk page is full of personal opinions that are not deleted. Why?Beancrisp (talk) 21:44, 14 December 2010 (UTC)
- Because your last post wasn't expressed as a suggestion for improving the article. The above suggestion can be discussed. ~Here's my take on it: If you want that viewpoint to be included you need to find a reliable source that makes that argument.Sjö (talk) 11:28, 20 December 2010 (UTC)
- Who made you the Comment Sheriff?