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I've revised this article and tried to clear up some misunderstandings, fantasies, and conjecture, and bad ballistics understanding surrounding the 5.45 x 39 mm cartridge and bullet. It's arranged as more of a complement to the AK-47 page but differs in the necessary areas.
Bullet Yaw is against international law?
The only international law concerning rifle bullets used in war is rifle hollow points. They're not allowed. In one case where a US bullet has a tiny HP on top, there were some controversy, in which it was deem acceptable because the bullet, despite the tiny HP, did not perform like a regular rifle HP. However, I do not know of any law that concerns with bullet yaw, and said bullet yaw not only occurs when soft targets are struck, but covers such as wood. A comparison of the AK-47 and M16 by a show on Discovery Channel (I suspect it was in collaboration with BBC, it has mainly British experts and a British narrator) had a high-speed shot of the AK bullet tumbling end to end after passing through a wooden barrier.
The Hague Convention of 1899 & 1907, Declaration III, and international treaty, covers the prohibited use of expanding ammunition. 26 countries attended, Mexico and the United States were the only two countries in attendance from the Americas. Russia was a participant at the 1899 & 1907 conventions. No cite was found showing they signed either treaty. Link follows:Link to Hague Convention Declaration III
AKS-74U with a plastic handguard
Personally, I highly doubt that AKS-74U with a plastic handguard ever actually existed, and if really did, that can only be some modification of the already existing weapon - a very bad modification, to be more precise.
Firstly, such AKS-74U has never been seen at all, except some Airsoft replicas of course (like the one on the photo most probably), which somebody ignorant obviously confused with real ones, either deliberately or accidentally.
Secondly, there is actually a pure logical reason why such AKS-74U never existed and why such modification would be a terrible idea - it is the fact that with firing, not just that such handguard would became so hot that it could not be even touched, it would literally melt down sooner or later on automatic mode in longer bursts due to relatively high rate of fire combined with a short barrel and gas tube for such weapon and caliber which all results in relatively higher and easier overheating by default.
Maybe ever better proof for this is another fact that the carbines of later AK-100 series (AK-102, 104 and 105) all have to be made with a slightly longer barrel and gas tube (longer than AKS-74U but still shorter than AK-101, 103, and AK-74M, except gas tube which is of the same length) exactly because of using a plastic handguard. Otherwise exactly the same would happen - a relatively quick and high warming of the handugard resulting in its meltdown in the worst case, which is the reason why the AKS-74U was never produced with such, as mentioned before. And by the way, production of AKS-74U finished back in 1994, so all of those 'new' variants with plastic handguards (if they ever existed at all) cannot be nothing more than modifications, like stated before. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 23:54, 29 June 2016 (UTC)
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- Added archive https://web.archive.org/web/20150221062623/http://www.izhmash.ru/eng/product/ak74m.shtml to http://www.izhmash.ru/eng/product/ak74m.shtml
- Added archive https://web.archive.org/web/20140221145947/http://www.izhmash.ru/eng/arc/021205.shtml to http://www.izhmash.ru/eng/arc/021205.shtml
- Added archive https://web.archive.org/web/20141006092719/http://www.izhmash.ru/eng/product/akm.shtml to http://www.izhmash.ru/eng/product/akm.shtml
- Added archive https://web.archive.org/web/20120818080354/http://www.fnherstal.com:80/index.php?id=184&backPID=182&productID=7&pid_product=232&pidList=182&categorySelector=1&detail=&cHash=3a3be0ef69 to http://www.fnherstal.com/index.php?id=184&backPID=182&productID=7&pid_product=232&pidList=182&categorySelector=1&detail=&cHash=3a3be0ef69
- Added archive https://web.archive.org/web/20131206214529/http://swissarms.ch/index.php?id=31 to http://www.swissarms.ch/index.php?id=31&L=1
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