|Wikipedia Version 1.0 Editorial Team / v0.7|
|WikiProject Writing systems||(Rated B-class, Mid-importance)|
- 1 Phonetics
- 2 Irish
- 3 Polish
- 4 Dutch vóór (before) & voor (for)
- 5 Icelandic
- 6 Article split?
- 7 In Danish
- 8 Palatalization in Polish
- 9 Sounds like?
- 10 ó "used across England"
- 11 In Spanish
- 12 Acute Consonants
- 13 Ý
- 14 Ø
- 15 Portuguese
- 16 A more familiar example?
- 17 Acute accent for stressed "-ed"
- 18 "Ide" in Swedish
- 19 Windows accent shortcuts
- 20 pitch vs. tone
- 21 Basque
- 22 "-éd" in English metrical texts (poetry, hymns etc)
Are we supposed to give phonetics in SAMPA or IPA? IPA should work with all browsers correctly handling Unicode. The WikiPedia renderer could do on-the-fly translation to ASCII for the remaining browsers. David.Monniaux 23:36, 21 Sep 2003 (UTC)
Add Irish usage. In Irish is called "fada". hippietrail
Yes - I came to this page looking for information about the effect that the fada has on Irish pronunciation - but there is nothing available Simhedges 08:17, 12 August 2007 (UTC)
Remove Polish - there is no acute "a" there...
Dutch vóór (before) & voor (for)
17:44, 23 Feb 2005 (UTC) I have removed this example because it is incorrect. In this case the accents are only for emphasis. Dutch: "Ik ben vóór democratie, en was dat al vóór de dood van Pim Fortuyn." You can leave out the accents without a semantic change. -- Eric
- Thanks for the correction. I've put this example in as an example of using the acute for emphasis. — Hippietrail 03:24, 25 Feb 2005 (UTC)
I've now twice had to revert back to my own changes where I removed Icelandic from the Length section and moved it to Other Uses.
The acute accent does NOT mark length in Icelandic as I've explained both in my edit and in the actual text. And yet people keep adding it again.
- I vaguely remember Icelandic accents indicating length in Old Icelandic, rather than vowel quality they indicate in modern Icelandic. Is that correct? Ben 04:29, 12 Nov 2004 (UTC) (who has never edited the article about Icelandic)
- Yeah, I think that's correct. That all changed a long long time ago though :) You can still often see a correspondence to the old English length-marking as it were (mostly if not only with the 'o') in pairs like bók/book, tók/took, hrókur/rook and so on. Bjornkri 09:38, 12 Nov 2004 (UTC)
- Icelandic does not use acute accent to indicate length, for example, a is not the same letter as á, it simply isn't the same sound. Pési 22:12, 8 April 2006 (UTC)
This article is about two quite different terms. The most common one is of course the one about orthography. There is however the term for the tonal accents of Swedish and Norwegian. I think these terms might need a seperate article, since it's really about phonetics. Any thoughts? Peter Isotalo 20:38, May 5, 2005 (UTC)
In Danish the use of the accesnt acute is the same as in Swedish. So, the text in the article about the Danish use are wrong. I've only seen one author use it like this, Lene Kaaberbøl. rRatón
Palatalization in Polish
The function of the acute accent/kreska in Polish is completely different to that of the háček. Usually the equivalent of a consonant with a háček is a digraph with the base consonant followed by z, the exception being Ž, which is equivalent to rz and ż. Karol Szafranski 20:25, 21 April 2006 (UTC)
Since this is the English Wikipedia, could we get some examples of what vowels with acute accents sound like? For example, you could say ú sounds like the "u" in "flute." If that's even right...like I said, it's not clear which sound goes with which character. indil 08:06, 25 April 2006 (UTC)
ó "used across England"
In "Other uses", there is the following assertion:
- In Dutch, ó is often used to as an alternate to the British "oh." [...] Popularised by Bas Redeker and Jaroslaw Zaba, it is now used across England, particularly in Internet culture.
I find this very dubious, not least because Dutch isn't exactly widely used in England. Hairy Dude 16:24, 17 January 2007 (UTC)
- What's more, ó is not at all often used in this fashion in Dutch. In fact, I've never seen this. Dutch uses "oh" to show surprise or perhaps disappointment, just like English does. This line was originally added (Feb. 19, 2006, 23.43) by an anonymous user (184.108.40.206), who made some small edits to another article and vandalized a third. Not a reliable source, I'd say. I will remove this line. ··· rWd · Talk ··· 12:38, 5 February 2007 (UTC)
The acute accent is used in the following cases:
1) a) Words stressed in the last syllable take the accent when they finish with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), with -n or with -s:
mamá, camión, inglés
b) Words stressed in the last-but-one syllable take the accent when they do not finish with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u), with -n or with -s.
c) Word stressed in the last-but-two syllable always take the accent.
2) To differenciate between homographs:
té (noun) te (pronoun)
sí (adverb) si (pronoun)
sé (verb) se (pronoun)
3) To break a diphthong
4) In interrogative adverbs and pronouns, in direct and indirect questions and exclamative sentences.
¿Dónde vives? No sé dónde vives
¿Quién es esa muchacha? Me pregunto quién es esa muchacha
¡Qué hermosa pintura! Observó qué hermosa que era la pintura
220.127.116.11 00:22, 27 February 2007 (UTC)
In phonetics there seems to be a use of the terms 'grave' and 'acute' to distinguish certain kinds of consonants. So, labials are called grave and dentals acute. I find this terminology confusing and turned to Wikipedia for an explanation of it, but there is none. Could it be added here, or could this article link to an article that explained i? Tibetologist 23:58, 14 July 2007 (UTC)
- I just ran across a definition so have added a new article Acute (phonetic). Tibetologist 01:09, 15 July 2007 (UTC)
Ý just links back to the present article. Given that we have articles on most of the other individual letters, that seems like a liability: all it does is make the link misleadingly look like we have an article. - Jmabel | Talk 18:37, 17 July 2008 (UTC)
I'm not sure, but I think that acute accent in Portuguese is also used for disambiguation like Spanish in words like "pára" (he stops) and "para" (prep. "for"). —Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 20:04, 10 January 2009 (UTC)
A more familiar example?
I'm sure that this has been brought up a few times already, so I suspect that it's already been disagreed upon. But if not, then.... is there any possibility that the word "Pokémon" can be fit into the English use of "é" somewhere? It's not that I'm looking for a way to reference a video game, but I figure that maybe it would be appropriate to make a reference to it as it is an example of "é" that I'm sure more people have encountered the word and are more familiar with it than any other French loan-word. I mean, even I know of it, and I hate the game! (My kid plays it SO much!!... but I won't get into that right now. :P)
Acute accent for stressed "-ed"
This article suggests that the acute accent is an option for the adjective learnèd (ˈlɜrn.ɨd) to distinguish from the past tense of learn, learned (ˈlɜrnd). I would have thought that the grave accent was standard, with the acute just being an error or mis-print. I don't want to remove the suggestion from the article without research, so I've just tagged it for now. How does one research this? Dbfirs 08:16, 25 October 2009 (UTC)
"Ide" in Swedish
The Swedish word ide does not have stress on both syllables. A speaker of Standard Central Swedish may believe this to be the case, since ide has accent 2 (falling accent). In this variant of Swedish, bisyllabic accent 2 words have a "double peaked accent". Both syllables in ide are pronounced with a falling accent, but the stress is on the first syllable only. Compounds, on the other hand, have accent 2 and secondary stress, such as in the word förskärare ("carving knife"), where the main stress is on the first syllable and secondary stress on the second, since this is a compound of the prefix för and the noun skärare. David ekstrand (talk) 08:20, 16 July 2010 (UTC)
Windows accent shortcuts
Not even the Microsoft website will tell you the keystrokes for french accents , although "Microsoft at Home" has an article called, Save time with quick computer shortcuts with a nice-looking young woman blathering on about how she "learned the keystrokes for the French accents that were essential in all of my correspondence." However, they have no link, and a search within Microsoft came up with nothing. Apparently that was an advertising page, not a help page.
I spent the next 1/2 hour trying to find this information, and finally Wikipedia supplies an entire article on the acute accent, with a shortcut. I'd like to make a page or at least a chart, listing all French accented letters, and their Windows shortcuts.
pitch vs. tone
- Not a terrible lot of a difference, as far as I am aware. As far as I understand – but then I'm not an expert phonologist – the term "pitch accent" typically applies to languages where certain distinctive pitch contours are features only of a single, stressed syllable of a word; whereas the term "tone language" is typically applied to languages where distinctive pitch contours can be found on every syllable. The section about Greek and Croatian deals with the first type, the section on Vietnamese with the second. I'd have no problem with merging the sections, but there seems to be something like an historical progression in the design of the page, with older orthographic systems being treated first, and a merger would not fit in with that too well. Fut.Perf. ☼ 13:57, 5 June 2011 (UTC)
I noticed it was dropped that /r/ in word-initial & word-final position was always trilled in Basque. This is, however, not the case, as there are no word-initial /r/s in Basque. I removed the "word-initial" comment, but I left the other, as I'm not aware of its validity. --22.214.171.124 (talk) 15:32, 10 April 2012 (UTC)
"-éd" in English metrical texts (poetry, hymns etc)
"éd" is quite often used as a stress mark in English metrical texts to show a voice instead of silent E, e.g. "blesséd" two syllables. I am not sure how relevant this is to this article, so I don't want to add it. I was tempted to do so under "stress", but it is not really stress as it changes the pronunciation from silent to voiced E. Comments? Si Trew (talk) 07:31, 18 October 2014 (UTC)