Talk:Air pollution

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Intro sentence[edit]

"Air pollution is a broad term applied to all chemical substances, physical and biological agents that modify the natural characteristics of the atmosphere."

I removed "substances, physical" above since there are no physical substances that modify something yet are inert. Koyaanis Qatsi

But energy can affect the atmosphere (ie.: radiation) user:ChaTo Thursday, July 18, 2002.
Particulates damage lungs through their physical presence, rather than chemistry, and are a significant element of air pollution.Will McW 23:05, 26 Oct 2004 (UTC)

ATTENTION: The only thing that I see when I view this page is the words "GOD WILL SAVE!!!!" I do not know how to fix this but figured that it was worth mentioning, seeing as probably no one can view this page.

Graphics[edit]

If anybody wants to figure out the licensing involved...

A request for sources[edit]

Hello,

I would like to ask for refernces and sources of information confirming this statement: "The World Health Organization thinks that 4.6 million people die each year from causes directly attributable to air pollution", and this one: "Published in 2005 suggests that 310,000 Europeans die from air pollution annually". If you can just insert the exact link where these facts were taken from, it'll be really good. thanks! —Preceding unsigned comment added by 80.178.62.119 (talk) 09:36, August 29, 2007 (UTC)

Life expectancy improved significantly in sites where air pollutants were controlled. PMID 21666054[edit]

"[L]ife expectancy improved significantly in sites where air pollutants were controlled."

Review article:

Franchini M, Mannucci PM.

Thrombogenicity and cardiovascular effects of ambient air pollution.

PMID 21666054

Free full text http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/content/118/9/2405.long

Blood. 2011 Sep 1;118(9):2405-12. doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-04-343111. Epub 2011 Jun 10.

"[A] strong epidemiologic association is observed between acute and chronic exposures to particulate matter and the occurrence of cardiovascular events, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease and venous thromboembolism, especially among older people and people with diabetes and previous cardiovascular conditions. ... Current knowledge on the biologic mechanisms and the clinical effect of short- and long-term exposure to particulate air pollutants is discussed, emphasizing that life expectancy improved significantly in sites where air pollutants were controlled.

Comment in

Linking air pollution exposure with thrombosis. [Blood. 2011]

http://bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org/content/118/9/2636.long

Coal power plant air pollution etc.[edit]

Partly compensating natural and anthropogenic share of temperature change effects showing also sulfate temperature decrease much from coal power plants

Modern coal power plants should have like most done already a flue-gas desulfurization and normally not made already a not too expensive centrifugal smoke filtering system inside chimney channel(maybe because new from Kay Uwe Böhm). A high speed centrifuge standing upwards inside the smoke streaming with blades formed for moving the solids and from high pressure condensing water to centrifuge side and down out with the smoke gas still going upwards. With additionally separation the valuable metals like Hg, Cd, Ni, Pb, As, Cr, U, Th etc. inside smoke could be taken also out for using and selling. Adding of cheap methanol inside spray tower flue-gas desulfurization instead or with chalk can produce much Dimethyl sulfate as a sulfate aerosol for cooling down the atmosphere with much more cooling effect (can cause an ice time with available masses of sulfur compounds and methanol) than the strongest greenhouse gas sulfur hexafluoride warming effect working more local but also global and regulatable watching the weather situation if much is streaming high up through the chimney. Existing coal power plants are releasing already significant amounts of cooling sulfate aerosols coming timely later in existence after chemical change in air. Also much air pollution decreasing is using high efficient turbines like new Kayturbines and supercharging with cBN cubic boron nitride tubes filled with molten liquid lithium (melting >180°C, boiling 1340°C, 3/4 specific heat capacity of water/kg)as excellent cheap coolant heated up also with cBN tubes at hotest point of flame. The carbon dioxide air pollution rise is limited at all by exploration maximums and that way not dangerous in future coming for coal from china with >50% world coal production but less than 30 years reserve and peak coal about 2020-2025, peak oil about 2012-2015, peak gas <2025, with fossil energy maximum about 2020-2025 reached and not near unlimited until 2100 like inside unrealistic IPCC SRES scenarios[1].

Carbon monoxide and other air pollution of the 9 greatest brown coal power plants in germany (PRTR 2010)[2]
Power plant CO2 (Tons) NOx/NO2 (Tons) SOx/SO2 (Tons) Fine Dust (Tons) Hg (kg) Cd (kg) Ni (kg) Pb (kg) As (kg) Cr (kg)
Niederaußem 28.100.000 17.900 6.870 386 499 <10 <50 <200 49,9 <100
Jänschwalde* 23.800.000 18.700 21.400 573 592 <10 308 <200 129 <100
Weisweiler 19.900.000 12.700 3.060 456 271 <10 103 <200 67 <100
Neurath 16.900.000 11.700 3.190 251 181 <10 <50 <200 42,2 <100
Boxberg 15.100.000 10.700 7.810 167 226 <10 152 236 <20 <100
Frimmersdorf 14.400.000 9.070 5.620 257 153 <10 <50 <200 35,7 <100
Lippendorf** 12.500.000 8.570 13.800 108 1.160 68 1.960 789 21 466
Schwarze Pumpe 11.200.000 4.610 7.060 <100 243 62,9 <50 369 35,8 224
Schkopau 5.120.000 3.320 4.770 74,6 227 129 <50 <200 <20 <100
Sum without "<" 147.020.000 97.270 73.580 2.273 3.552 260 2.523 1.394 381 690
DE All together 2010[3] 834.511.385 1.328.717 444.035 211.284 9.412 4.723 105.802 193.968 6.120 55.060
Share of all together 18 % 7,3 % 17 % 1,1 % 38 % 5,5 % 2,4 % 0,7 % 6,2 % 1,3 %
* with Fuel surrogate and Waste-to-energy ** with biosolids-Waste-to-energy
Carbon monoxide and other air pollution of the 14 greatest stone coal power plants in germany PRTR 2010[2]
Power plant CO2 (Tons) NOx/NO2 (Tons) SOx/SO2 (Tons) Fine dust (Tons) Hg (kg) Cd (kg) Ni (kg) Pb (kg) As (kg) Cr (kg)
Scholven 9.390.000 7.090 4.330 244 135 31 86 <200 51 <100
Mannheim 6.510.000 3.550 1.490 148 146 <10 <50 <200 68 <100
Voerde 6.240.000 4.700 2.840 <100 38,3 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Staudinger* 4.480.000 2.770 665 69,9 45,6 19,1 131 <200 113 192
Heyden 3.870.000 2.920 1.380 86,7 28,4 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Heilbronn 3.240.000 2.160 1.660 <100 34 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Werne* 3.140.000 1.900 1.170 <100 11,5 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Wilhelmshaven 3.100.000 2.040 1.390 136 29,9 11,7 <50 <200 <20 <100
Bergkamen 3.020.000 2.100 2.040 <100 18,1 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Herne 2.480.000 1.790 1.340 <100 30,3 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Altbach** 2.220.000 1.350 906 <100 30 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Karlsruhe* 2.170.000 1.140 1.080 <100 19 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Veltheim** 1.740.000 1.290 400 52,6 10,1 22,4 <50 <200 156 <100
Bexbach 1.300.000 910 746 <100 <10 <10 <50 <200 <20 <100
Sum without "<" 52.900.000 35.710 21.437 737 576 84 217 - 388 192
DE All together 2010[3] 834.511.385 1.328.717 444.035 211.284 9.412 4.723 105.802 193.968 6.120 55.060
Share of all together 6,3 % 2,7 % 4,8 % 0,3 % 6,1 % 1,8 % 0,2 % - 6,3 % 0,3 %
* with earth gas share, ** with oil- and earth gas share

References

  1. ^ http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/sres/emission/data/allscen.xls
  2. ^ a b PRTR - Europäisches Emissionsregister
  3. ^ a b Emissionsentwicklung 1990 - 2011, klassische Luftschadstoffe, Schwermetalle Nationale Trendtabellen für die deutsche Berichterstattung atmosphärischer Emissionen seit 1990, Umweltbundesamt (Excel-Tabelle), 2013

External links modified[edit]

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Including disproportional affects of pollution[edit]

      It has been found that there are large disparities in regards to race over the amount of pollutants one is exposed to. From the PLOS journals, it has been found that nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations on average are 4.6 parts per billion (ppb), 38% higher for nonwhites than whites. The disparity of race is ~4 times greater than the NO2 concentration amounts of lower income. It is directly aimed towards communities of color, regardless of income.

Although this is not quite ready to be proposed/included under Hot Spots, it is just a start to understanding how people of color are disproportionately affected by pollution.

Clark, Lara P., Dylan B. Millet, and Julian D. Marshall. "National Patterns in Environmental Injustice and Inequality: Outdoor NO2 Air Pollution in the United States." PLoS ONE 9, no. 4 (2014). Accessed April 17, 2017. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0094431.

O pal (talk) 04:40, 18 April 2017 (UTC)

Link to Low-emission zone article[edit]

Section "Governing urban air pollution" should link to Low-emission zone especially in the context of London's attempt but also actual and proposed LEZ in other cities. LeeColleton (talk) 19:38, 2 June 2017 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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AQI scale used by US EPA[edit]

  • www.airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=aqibasics.aqi
Air Quality Index (AQI) Basics
"The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. It tells you how clean or polluted your air is, and what associated health effects might be a concern for you. The AQI focuses on health effects you may experience within a few hours or days after breathing polluted air. EPA calculates the AQI for five major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground-level ozone, particle pollution (also known as particulate matter), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. For each of these pollutants, EPA has established national air quality standards to protect public health .Ground-level ozone and airborne particles are the two pollutants that pose the greatest threat to human health in this country."
  • www.airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=airnow.calculator
AQI Calculator - AQI to Concentration and Concentration to AQI for five pollutants

Please add info about the AQI scale used by the EPA in the US.-71.174.186.40 (talk) 14:30, 7 August 2017 (UTC)