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- 1 Untitled
- 2 Older comments
- 3 is this consider a hindu temple or buddhist temple?
- 4 Featured article
- 5 Cuts
- 6 Question
- 7 How tall?
- 8 Angkor, Cambodia
- 9 Oriented/Orientated
- 10 Mouhot quote
- 11 Unusually....
- 12 Audio Guide
- 13 Disambiguation?
- 14 Gallery
- 15 Oriented - again
- 16 Hacked page
- 17 External photos
- 18 To: Editor named Spiesr
- 19 The never ending 7 wonders debate and related spam
- 20 Picture size, placement, etc...
- 21 New Find
- 22 Picture crowding
- 23 Infobox
- 24 Problem with ref
- 25 Lost City?
- 26 Krishna featured items
- 27 Factual inaccuracy regarding Etymology
- 28 Angkor Wat privetely owned
- 29 New edits and comments
- 30 Nothing mentioned about is rediscovery by Westerners
- 31 Book by Eleanor Mannika / corrected: Eleanor MANNIKKA
- 32 Intro
- 33 Creating the Infobox World Heritage Site
- 34 Decay
- 35 "City" or "High Place"?
- 36 Images from Redwind Productions
- 37 New Sources Online for Angkor Articles
- 38 Angkor Wat was not Suryavarman II's capital city
- 39 Leading is confusing
- 40 Legends of construction
Anyone got a photo of Angkor Wat handy? Graft
Will visit soon and make a lot of photos Michael
I cut the bit about the Thai name for the temple- it seems completely irrelevant to an English article about a Khmer temple. Also, I took out the statement that it's "considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World"; because it's piffle. (Not that I mean to be rude :) ). Markalexander100 09:31, 5 Mar 2004 (UTC)
- The Thai name actually has a lot of history, because this part of the country is heavily contested between the Thais and Cambodians. There was a flareup last year about a (mistaken) comment about Thai and Khmer control of the Angkor area. So I'm putting back in unless you can bring up another point about this. Also, it is being considered as some of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, so I'm going to put back in but with softer language. Fuzheado 09:48, 5 Mar 2004 (UTC)
- We could certainly do with a section on the Thai/Khmer history of the site (maybe in the main Angkor article rather than here?), but I don't see that mentioning the Thai name for AW here addresses the point. On the seven wonders... considered by whom? Wikipedia:Avoid_weasel_terms It's not even what I would call modern. Markalexander100 09:54, 5 Mar 2004 (UTC)
- It's not modern. And if you look at the previous edit I made, I never said modern. But if you look at the Seven Wonders of the World page, it is listed there with the Pyramids of Egypt and Taj Mahal. A paragraph that talks more about the Thai controversy would be good, but until then, we should at least keep the Thai mention in there. Fuzheado 10:23, 5 Mar 2004 (UTC)
- "Modern" was the original statement, before my first edit. I did a Google search for "Angkor seven wonders", and all that I could find were personal homepages saying "I went somewhere really kool". I think we can do better that that in an encyclopedia. :)
- I still don't see the relevance of the Thai name- I presume it's called wat because it's the Khmer word for temple, not because it also happens to be the That word. It's also the Lao word, but so what (or wat)? Tell you what- I'll do something on the Khmer/Thai thing first thing tomorrow morning. Markalexander100 10:33, 5 Mar 2004 (UTC)
- Fair enough, I think something about the traditional (and recent) controversy over Angkor Wat between the Cambodians and Thai would be relevant. Since you're Thailand-based, you would be a better candidate than I would. However, I do remember being in Bangkok at the time the whole brouhaha came about, and it was quite a heated issue. It was also a big media issue because the press was responsible for much of the misquoting of Suvanant Kongying.
- As for the Wonders issue, it seems to be one bigger than this article. There's the Wonders of the Ancient, Medieval, and Modern world. Some just have a variable length list of "Wonders" some stick with seven. But there's no doubt Angkor is referred to by many, not just personal web sites, of being a "Wonder of the World."  Fuzheado 10:51, 5 Mar 2004 (UTC)
I'm new to editing wikipedia, and there's something I don't understand. At the end of the 2nd paragraph in the Angkor Wat entry, somebody put "A man of stone guards the entrancy thingy". This may well be true, however isn't very good english, so I thought it should be changed / removed. However on the edit page the line doesn't show up. What gives? Mike S. Hmm, I clicked on edit, clicked on save without changing anything, and the line went away... weird.
is this consider a hindu temple or buddhist temple?
- Both, first hindu to honour vishnu, now adopted by buddhists due to its cultural significance. 188.8.131.52 11:15, 31 March 2006 (UTC)
The pictures on the walls depict various myths of Hinduism. Janviermichelle 09:39, 17 May 2006 (UTC)
- It (along with the rest of the religious monuments at Angkor) was built as a Hindu temple most of the religious stories portrayed on the reliefs are those of Hindu mythology, especially the creation stories Oliyoung 00:38, 20 May 2006 (UTC)
- Citations should be easy enough- I've got everything I used to hand. I found a great old French pic for the History section, and I'm working on a plan of the temple which should see the light of day fairly soon. Mark1 08:47, 25 Jun 2005 (UTC)
The second level enclosure would originally have been flooded, to represent the ocean around Mount Meru; the very steep stairways representing the difficulty of ascending to the kingdom of the gods. I haven't found a source for either of these (although they do look plausible), so I've removed them for now. Mark1 30 June 2005 08:30 (UTC)
- Both these statements are from my Lonely Planet guide to Cambodia, 4th Edition, 2002, ISBN 1-74059-111-9, pp 195 & 199. They imply that their main source is David Chandler's History of Cambodia (2000, ISBN 0813335116). --Heron 19:38, 26 July 2005 (UTC)
- I have a photo showing this area in a way the above would make sense, but this article already has many images. Would yet another be the straw...L-Bit 10:11, 14 August 2006 (UTC)
Can someone fix the sentence "Other work involves the repair or prevention of collapsed sections of the structure" in the CURRENT section? I'm not sure whether this means to imply some sections have collapsed and are being repaired, or if they are being repaired to prevent them collapsing. Christopher Parham (talk) 17:48, 2005 July 26 (UTC)
- Done. --Heron 19:41, 26 July 2005 (UTC)
Anyone know how tall it is to the central tower?
Far be it for me to be so bold as to edit the opening paragraph of a featured article, but I think (and admittedly I can't find a reference right here) that Angkor Wat is located in Angkor Archaeological Park (or some such nonsense) near Siem Reap town, Siem Reap province, in northwestern Cambodia. Again, I'll have to look it up in my references at the house, but I don't think that there is actually a place named "Angkor, Cambodia." Actually, just googled it (should have thought have that in the first place) the UNESCO site refers to "Angkor Archaeological Park" in its success stories page. Angkor at UNESCO --Easter Monkey 04:26, 26 August 2005 (UTC)
- Actually, just now looked through some of the other temple pages, they all say they are in (or is it at?) Angkor, Cambodia. Anyway, that was something that struck me as odd as soon as I clicked on the article on the main page. --Easter Monkey 04:32, 26 August 2005 (UTC)
- Angkor is definitely a place, albeit a somewhat vaguely defined one. It's the area around various former capitals of the Khmer empire where various temples are found. Angkor Archaeological Park is better defined, but not synonymous (e.g. it doesn't include Beng Mealea, which is further east than the main group). Siem Reap town and province are defined, but aren't as informative - what's important about the location of the temples is that they are at Angkor, not that they come under the authority of a particular government body. Mark1 04:54, 26 August 2005 (UTC)
- Fair enough. Figures that someone had thought that through already...--Easter Monkey 05:01, 26 August 2005 (UTC)
- Angkor Wat situated in an ancient city officially called Yashodharapura, or nick-named 'Angkor Luang' (The Grand City), established by King Yashovarman I. The centre of this Angkor Luang city was the prasat (castle or palace) on the Phanom Bakheng Hill. Later, when Angkor Thom (-translated as 'the Big City'), or Sriyashodharapura, was created nearby, the old Angkor Luang were neglected and only some trace of the old city walls remains to be seen today. Passerby2012 (talk) 09:18, 9 July 2012 (UTC)
- Having gone back to read some of the materials I could find, it seems to me that Angkor refers to an era (A.D.802-1220), which includes many rises and falls of kings and capital cities. These cities were established one next to another and when plotted together could be identified as a region, although a certain boundary of this group of township cannot be clearly identified. Yashodharapura, or Angkor Luang where Angkor Wat is a part of, and Sriyasodharapura,or Angkor Thom, as well as other towns existed during this Angkor Era. Both Angkor Luang and Angkor Thom were once the capital city in the Angkor Region in different times under different reigns of kings. Search 'Angkorian Period' or Angkorian Era and you should find more information on where it was. Passerby2012 (talk) 09:18, 9 July 2012 (UTC)
I've always felt the verb "orientate" is wrong, and should be "orient" - as per . I changed it accordinglly in the article, but Markalexander100 has reverted (giving no real explanation). Anyone else have an opinion? --Finbarr Saunders 08:41, 26 August 2005 (UTC)
- I also feel the same way, somehow it just doesn't sound right. Whenever anyone says "orientate" I always cringe, thinking that there's an extra syllable, a useless "ate" in there when "orient" will do just fine. Dictionary.com and the wiktionary both have entries, although your link (and the link from that page) both give convincing enough arguments to me for the improperness of "orientate" (although I really didn't need any convincing...) Though I must say that I'm not prepared to get into an edit war over something small like this...I'm sure they've been started over less... :P --Easter Monkey 09:09, 26 August 2005 (UTC)
- I've just realised what that "BrE" in Markalexander100's edit summary is: it's short for British English. Actually, I'm a Brit myself and it still grates on my ear (but maybe that's because I did too much English grammar and Latin at school). :) --Finbarr Saunders 10:04, 26 August 2005 (UTC)
- With both these words the shorter (orient, oblige) is more widely used, and acceptable on both sides of the Atlantic. The extra syllable makes one (orientate) grate on American ears, the other (obligate) on British. It seems sensible to use the shorter version, but <meh>, if anyone wants to change my edits back, I'm not likely to be bothered. Rich Farmbrough 12:11, 29 August 2005 (UTC)
- Note that google counts also support the shorter word, even when restricted to UK sites. Rich Farmbrough 12:43, 29 August 2005 (UTC)
"One of these temples—a rival to that of Solomon, and erected by some ancient Michael Angelo—might take an honourable place beside our most beautiful buildings. It is grander than anything left to us by Greece or Rome, and presents a sad contrast to the state of barbarism in which the nation is now plunged." - This doesn't have quotation marks, although it really should as it is unashamedly POV (although to illustrate the point I reckon it's fair-play" - but I don'tknow who said it... User: Wee_Jimmy 10:28, 26 Aug 2005 (UTC)
- It comes after "However, the temple was popularised in the west only in the mid-19th century on the publication of Henri Mouhot's travel notes. The French explorer wrote of it:", so I think it's reasonably clear that the quote is from Mouhot. I don't know if we have a policy on quotation marks around block quotes, though I tend to leave them out as unnecessary. Mark1 04:45, 29 August 2005 (UTC)
- IMHO, a quotation worth quoting after a century has a definate place. It gives perspective along the timeline to a point of history, i.e. not now. Such opinions become historical points unto themselves. (How else would I ever have heard of Mouhot?). It needs to stand aside from current ways and means of writing knowledge, hence, all for the quote, but please use quotation marks.L-Bit 10:11, 14 August 2006 (UTC)
The sentence sounds strange to me the way Markalexander100 wants it. But, unusually among editors (it would seem) I understand the intended meaning, and sure, the grammar is technically correct, etc., I've nonetheless edited it for readability while still preserving the "unusualness" of it. --Easter Monkey 03:08, 23 December 2005 (UTC)
The Angkor Wat link I suggested is a freely available mp3 file based on the very same Wikipedia article. I thought it would be useful for readers to be able to download an audio copy to their iPod or MP3player when they go to visit Angkor Wat. Here is the link for your consideration. --Tatoeba 21:53, 12 August 2006 (UTC)
- The fact that the guide is plagiarised from Wikipedia is hardly a recommendation. HenryFlower 09:28, 13 August 2006 (UTC)
IMHO, you see things in a negative way. This link provided a free audio version of a great Wikipedia article. Also it is not plagiarised, it is copied. I would appreciate if you could elaborate more on what is not correct in my linking. --Tatoeba 15:53, 14 August 2006 (UTC)
- See plagiarism (and, for bonus points, copyright infringement). HenryFlower 18:26, 14 August 2006 (UTC)
I will look into that. Thank you for your help. --Tatoeba 23:24, 14 August 2006 (UTC)
Should we add a disambiguation link at the top, for people coming to this article, when they were looking for the entire angkor complex? Often I have found people say Angkor Wat without realizing it is one of many temples in the immediate area. Also, if any more pictures are needed for this article, or any of the other Angkor ones, let me know, I have tons.--Gregorof 01:50, 9 September 2006 (UTC)
- Support Although, I have to say, there's a lot of "stuff" at the top of the page alreadyL-Bit 07:52, 9 September 2006 (UTC)
I think there are enough images to add a gallery to this site but I MUST admit that I don't know how L-Bit 07:59, 9 September 2006 (UTC)
Oriented - again
Just a footnote to the 'oriented' discussion above. The term derives from classical antiquity when temples were 'oriented' were mainly oriented in one direction - east (as the name implies). Thus technically and etymologically a building can not be 'oriented' west. I understand that in common usage, oriented can imply any directin, but since this article has such a nice scholarly tone, I thought it would be more accurate to try to avoid westernized concepts he (especially ones deriving from a different religious 'orientation" (excuse the pun). 'The building faces west' or 'due west' or something to that effect would do it for me. Just a thought...Brosi 14:08, 8 January 2007 (UTC)
- Etymology is not the same as meaning. ;) Any chance of a reference for Vrah Vuschulok, by the way? Google has nothing. HenryFlower 14:19, 8 January 2007 (UTC)
- Yes, I know,but I am still an old fashion believer in 'nomen ets omen'-- but no particular quibble here.. As to Vrah Vischnulok. NOTE: that it got somehow misspelled as 'Vrah Vuschulok.' (the i became a u) That may be the problem. I got that info from an archaeologist in Angor that I met last year who was working there. I didnlt ask him though about sources though and I didn't get his name. If there are no sources as the article suggest, I believe it, (seeing that the article seems well researched). But I also thought I read about it somewhere. will try to recall.Brosi 23:12, 8 January 2007 (UTC)
- I've found it under the less Germanic spelling of 'Vrah Vishnulok' in the Wiley History of Architecture (which I haven't read, but it's in the table of contents). HenryFlower 09:28, 9 January 2007 (UTC)
- Pisnulok or Vishnulok translates to the abode of Vishnu where ``lok really means ``his own heaven. I am unclear as to the word ``Preah or ``Vrah. There seems to be some confusion in romanizing it. I think this translation should be part of the article. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 04:53, 5 September 2010 (UTC)
This page seems to be suffering from a hack. Upon viewing the editable text there is nothing wrong, but a quick find for the word 'poop' on the main page and you'll see what I mean.
I have been unable to figure out how to fix this.
- Old vandalism, now reverted. Try clearing your browser cache: Ctrl+F5 in
WindowsInternet Explorer, sorry. CaptainVindaloo t c e 22:07, 26 January 2007 (UTC)
Hi, I think that the link to the photo website should be left in the article. It is kind of hard to find a decent site that has more than the usual 10 main perspectives of the temple. On this website there are more photos of details and they were all taken quite recently.
The deleted link was: http://www.socher.org/gallery2/v/Cambodia2006/SiemReapandAngkorArea/1AngkorWat/
If there are no objections I'll put it back on.
To: Editor named Spiesr
I would like to ask why it is that you removed the external links for CyArk on various Wikipedia pages, including Deadwood, Salvador De Bahia, Angkor Wat, and more. Cyark is a nonprofit hi-definition heritage network employing 3D laser scanning at UNESCO sites worldwide for educational purposes, and has partnerships with prominent University and national institutions worldwide including UC Berkeley in California, University of Ferrara in Italy, ITABC, American Museum of Natural History, etc. (please see http://archive.cyark.org/partners.php for a complete list). It is a legitimate, noncommercial, archival site with a tremendous amount of information that could benefit those seeking further information on endangered sites. As a UC Berkeley graduate and a CyArk intern, I have taken it upon myself to provide wikipedia links because I believe the organization's mission is appropriate to an encyclopedic setting, and not simply an advertisement - there is nothing to sell, and the images are under creative commons licenses.
I would very much like an explanation for your cursory edits, particularly as you left links such as this one: http://www.marcioguide.com/ (under the heading "Salvador Bahia") which is an advertising page for a taxi operator. Did you even look at the CyArk site? I feel that hasty actions such as yours in this matter continue to endanger the legitimacy of Wikipedia as a site that is taken seriously by the academic community. Thanks, I look forward to your explanation. Please note that this (and similar) responses were written by me as an individual on my own computer on my own time, and do not reflect official policy of CyArk or its affiliates.
I've just remove some self serving spam from a new paragraph that has been added today - see diff here . However, I'm not a fan of the entire new paragraph. The account that added the text has been almost a single purpose account dedicated to adding links to a Khmer music blog to various Cambodian articles, , , , , , . Considering AGF and all that, I've been trying to explain that spamming blog links is not ok on their talk page User talk:Khmermusic - but apparently to no avail.
With all the obvious beauty, fame and historical significance that Angkor already has - do we need a paragraph on some commercial stunt that will be forgotten in 10 years? Your comments please for my proposal to revert the rest of the paragraph. Cheers, Paxse 13:46, 11 July 2007 (UTC)
- Revert with extreme prejudice. HenryFlower 09:43, 14 July 2007 (UTC)
- Seems you beat me to it :)Paxse 18:06, 14 July 2007 (UTC)
Picture size, placement, etc...
Regarding my *explained* changes to the article, they were blanket reverted without explanation. So now I have re-reverted, and explained at length...
- Per the MOS , there is no apparent reason to set picture size. Picture size should be set by individual users in their preferences (top right of your screen). Every screen displays pics differently. Just because 280px looks good on your screen doesn't mean it will suit others. The best way is to leave them unspecfied.
- The 'upright' parameter works well to solve the problem of over proportioned portrait pics. Ie, by standardising horizontal one make all portrait pics inappropriately bigger. The 'upright' parameter solves this.
- Two pics at the top is too many. I suspect it this is aesthetically motivated, but to be honest it looks crowded and is not effective. Just keep one iconic photo that is instantly striking. The aerial shot is not that and clouds the effect.
- The reverter cites FA. yet FAC was ages ago, and hardly rigourous. FA standards have come a long way since then.
- I'm not sure of the intent of citing FA, but i suspect the implication is I can't touch it. Not so, the is much room for improvement and such revert run counter to the even more crucial principal of being bold. I took the time to adjust the pictures and provided explanation - such blatant reverts do not encourage people to continue to improve. It could also open up the reverter to accusations of WP:OWN - Further, I have been involved with FA - see Indonesia - and proper image sizing (ie, no pixel count) was required.
kind regards --Merbabu 02:01, 15 July 2007 (UTC)
- The picture on the section about the central site is incorrect and appears to have been Photoshopped! The two highly-colored buildings at the extreme left and right of the image are not Angkor Wat at all, but instead are buildings in Wat Pho in Bangkok, Thailand. This image should be replaced with one that just shows the relevant part of Angkor Wat. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 21:41, 6 March 2009 (UTC)
The article is not looking so good due to crowding of pictures in small space, leaving a void space in the text in one instance. Remove some pictures. 14 pics is too much.--Redtigerxyz 12:38, 1 December 2007 (UTC)
- This article was obviously created on a screen that was not very wide in proportion to its height. The proportions are particularly poor on a wide screen as the opening pics push the text out of place, detaching it from its heading. I will fiddle with it to make it work on different screens, and try to place some of the pics so they relate better to the adjacent text. Amandajm (talk) 01:02, 11 January 2008 (UTC)
- I've recently been overseas, and each computer I used was not up to the standard I'm used to here in Australia. On a number of articles I viewed there, the larger sizes of pics (where pixel size is specified) exagerrated picture sizes and in many cases they took up half the width of screens. I'm am now more convinced that we should stick to the WP:MOS#Images guidelines about not specifying pixel sizes. Wikipedia should not only be set up to include people with high-res, high-spec machines that we are used to in the west. Shame, though that I didn't think to take a few screen shots to illustrate this.
- Perhaps we can then consider at least shrinking, if not removing altogether, the pixel count. --Merbabu (talk) 01:25, 11 January 2008 (UTC)
- Angkor Wat is only a part of the WHS Angkor. Same thing goes with the Great Pyramid of Giza that is only a part of he whs Giza pyramid complex. --Santac (talk) 07:38, 17 October 2008 (UTC)
Problem with ref
I have been trying to tidy up the weblinks for the FA review and have encountered a problem. This link is repeatedly attributed to Eleanor Mannikka—problem is, the page doesn't refer to her nor does the mainpage of the website. It's attributed John C. Huntington and/or Susan L. Huntington, and hosted by Ohio State. Anyone know what's up? Marskell (talk) 17:16, 27 April 2008 (UTC)
Krishna featured items
Please note the following reliefs that feature Krishna in the temple.
SOUTH WEST CORNER PAVILION: 1.north branch, east wall. - Krishna, accompanied by Balarama, raising mount Govardhana 2.above the west dooṝ - The child Krishna dragging the large stone mortar to which he had been tied by his adoptive mother, Yasoda, felling two arjuna trees in passing. 3.above the south door- The murder of Vipralamba and the extinction of a fire by Krishna. WEST GALLERY, SOUTHERN PART The battle of Kuruksetra between the Kauravas (advancing from the left) and the Pandavas (from the right), depicting four divisions of the Mahabharata, one of the major Hindu epics to the right is Arjuna, whose four armed driver is none other than Krishna
Factual inaccuracy regarding Etymology
[Angkor is a vernacular form of the word nokor which comes from the Sanskrit word nagara (capital),]
the above info presented on the intro is factually inaccurate. it has been now proven that nagara is actually a Dravidian loanword in Sanskrit. therefor i believe that the article should be changed to reflect that.
- Firstly if you can provide an credible, verifiable academic source for the etymology of "nagara", then we can discuss changing. However, the info as currently presented, is not inaccurate. The Khmer word "angkor" is a corruption of the Khmer word "nokor" which was indeed borrowed/adapted into Khmer from the Sanskrit "nagara", as the sentence you quoted states. The sentence makes no claim as to how the word made its way into Sanskrit, and in fact, I believe that would be irrelevant to this particular article.--William Thweatt Talk | Contribs 19:56, 29 October 2008 (UTC)
Angkor Wat privetely owned
I was wondering if it might be worth mentioning that Angkor Wat actually is owned or controlled by a private company who reveives all profit by the tourists, which I find really disturbing since Cambodia is a poor country and the ppl there need all the money they can get.
I don't know much about the facts, except what i can find for example here: http://khmernz.blogspot.com/2008/01/income-from-angkor-wat-is-more-than-60.html
But this is a blog and I don't know how accurate it is. Also I don't have any experience at writing articles on Wikipedia. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 11:52, 5 January 2009 (UTC)
- Not very reliable. It's a fairly well known anti-government rabble rousing blog, similar to the more entertaining KI media. Angkor remains owned by the state. The concession to manage the park (though not the monuments themselves) was awarded to the Sokha group in an typically non-transparent fashion some years ago. Previously, a French company had the concession briefly and before that the government Apsara authority operated it (very poorly). Ticket revenues are shared and (unusually) the details have been made public several times, due to opposition pressure in the National Assembly and significant media attention. The government gets an annual share (in tax), the Apsara authority gets a larger share to maintain and restore the monuments, the rest goes to the Sokha group. So at least part of your ticket price goes toward looking after the temples. There's much more to the story, but this is Wikipedia, not Wikinews, so I'll leave it there. hope that helps a little. Cheers, Paxse (talk) 12:31, 5 January 2009 (UTC)
New edits and comments
I just added some new edits mainly about construction techniques and looked over the article. Comments from Eleanor Mannikka that indicate a "new era of peace under king Suryavarman II" seem misguided. There were 19 years of war out of about 37 and his reign was followed by decline and war with the Chams. It is true that the kings were worshiped as gods and they probably promised peace but it doesn't appear to be what they delivered. The comments about distancing herself from Graham Hancock seem out of place too since he isn't mentioned except to say she is distancing herself from him. If there are no objection I may remove or rewrite this perhaps with the same sources I have just added.
The comment about the Bayon sacrificing quality for quantity also is not what I have read elsewhere. The Bayon isn't as big as Angkor Wat and the quality seems to be equal just a different style. King Jayavarman VII may have done other construction projects including the outer walls of Angkor Thom but the majority of the temples within weren't built in his time.
While I was at it I looked for references to Archaeoastronomy the only thing I found was a claim that astronomy was studied there in "The Seventy Wonders" and another claim for a different temple in the Time life lost civilization book. If Eleanor Mannikka and Graham Hancock are the only references to Archaeoastronomy available I'm not sure it qualifies but if there is something else it would be good to add it. If it qualifies for for the List of archaeoastronomical sites by country or the List of megalithic sites I've been putting return links on the See also section. If there is no objection I'll put one for them. If they don't qualify they probably shouldn't be on the lists or in the catagory. Good day Zacherystaylor (talk) 16:17, 6 March 2009 (UTC)
I have deleted the following reference since there was nothing in the article about it except to say that She was distanceing herself from it and the page doesn't seem to have any relevent content. http://www.grahamhancock.com/horizon/horizon_script_2.htm Atlantis Reborn I didn't address the claim that King Jayavarman VII sacrificed quality for quantity since he may have been involved in other buiding projects but I'm skeptical of it. If I come across anything that adresses this at a later date I may get back to it. Regards Zacherystaylor (talk) 17:20, 10 March 2009 (UTC)
I added a comment about the care needed to transport megaliths on the river and added the megalith list to the see also section but not the araeoastronomy list since I'm not sure whether that is a ligitimate claim. I think something about the workforce required could be helpful. I think there is ample evidence to imply a well organized system of training aprentice sculptures etc. that probably come from throughout the empire. If they were trained from a young age and they focused solely on the task at hand they would have been more adept than Alex Evans who had other training in other fields. I think something like this is supported with current sources but it would be better if academics more directly addressed it so I'm not going to rush to put this in unless I find a better source. Zacherystaylor (talk) 17:18, 12 March 2009 (UTC)
Nothing mentioned about is rediscovery by Westerners
Nothing said about the re-discoverey of Angkor Wat to the West in 1860, nor about the 1931 exhibition in Paris. From the PDF here http://www.springerlink.com/content/rwup1g0gmfjqpvda/ "The temple ruins of Angkor Watt, a Siamese possession attached by the French to Cambodia, became one of the most popular attractions for French artists and tourists alike. A mammoth replica of Angkor Watt was the centerpiece of the 1931 Colonial Exhibition in Paris, an event that drew several million visitors." The 1860 resdiscovery by a French botanist was responsible for the overgrown site being cleared. The article gives no sense that the temple had been lost in the jungle. The temple was apparantly a sensation in Western culture after its discovery, and the 1931 exhibition. I am trying to avoid the trap of the Colonialism mind-set - the temple was known to locals (or perhaps not as it was very overgrown in the jungle) and did not just pop into existance only when a Westener saw it. 22.214.171.124 (talk) 11:03, 31 May 2009 (UTC)
Somebody should read up on this. I spent about 6 months living there and studying, and it's possible it had been forgotten (by the capitol of Cambodia), but also possible otherwise. Angkor Wat is huge. It's possible monks lived near it and used it from J7's time onwards. What happened is that they moved the capital and so the population of the Angkor area dwindled to neighboring farmers (which it remains today, plus the small tourism industry the village supports). Again, there were probably monks attached to at least Angkor Vat, but otherwise the farmers would have known of it and the pyramids - the jungles of Angkor are criss-crossed with very narrow walking paths, which the farmers today use to gather fire-wood. These walking paths have probably been there as long as the farmers have. The farmers probably abandoned the ruins because they couldn't be farmed, then used them as a wood source. The stone ruins at least would have become dangerous once no one was around with enough money to keep them up, let alone all the wood ruins which are now long, long gone, depicted in the ruins. From what I've seen, though, the West really did discover all these places - before it shows up, no one can read the inscriptions, and often locals and rulers have off-based ideas about who built them and why. Science is part of the Western culture, other peoples approach the past and foreigners in different ways. Also, other cultures would not feel ashamed to trumpet how they discovered or conquered this or that, whereas in the West, most are ashamed of the "colonial heritage", partially because we've retracted from the world and so aren't aware of the realities out there.
There are notations about Angkor Wat in 1570 by Frat Gabriel de San Antonio, a spanish monk. See Roberto Ferrando "Relaciones de la Camboya y el Japón" 1604
Book by Eleanor Mannika / corrected: Eleanor MANNIKKA
I hope some who are working on this article may be sufficiently familiar with this topic to be able to answer this question.
Yesterday I listened to a very interesting lecture by one John Synday "OBE", a British architect and Programs Director Asia and Pacific, The Global Heritage Fund (vide www.johnsanday.com and ), on restauration of a lesser known temple in Cambodia (in a lecture hall in continental Europe).
Towards the end of the questions-and-discussions session, he mentioned a "fascinating" book, and asked again in private he dictated to me the author name, by which I could find out the bibliographical details today:
Mannika, Eleanor: / corrected Mannikka, Eleanor:
Angkor Wat: Time, Space and Kingship.
Description e.g. on www.asiafinebooks.com .
It seems to be a detailed work on a theory she has developed on the A.W. temple complex being a mirror of astronomocal observations and the religious and kingship ideology in turn also tied to those. Said to be a very "dense" reading.
Mr Sanday mentioned also, upon my question, that it was a "non-mainstream" point of view, as she did not come from "inside academia", but - if I remember this correctly (we were unfortunately in great haste to talk about this) - that it became accepted as time went by.
Now, being not acquainted with American publishers (I live in continental Europe) and knowing very little about South East Asian cultural history, I cannot judge the value of this book. To my surprise a catalogue search today revealed that it seems to be not held by either the Library of Congress of the USA nor by any larger or academic library in Brtitain or Continental Europe.
Searches on the Internet and on "Google Scholar" search machine give just a few hits. She does not seem to have any internet site of her own, nor to be attached to any larger organization or institution.
If what she writes is sound and well researched and argued, I do not understand all this silence. If it is all nonsense, I wonder why a "University Press" would publish it (are they not risking to soil their reputation?) and why the said Gentleman (apparently with vast experience on the field, albeit no formal training in the Humanities) was so enthusiastic about it.
Also she is not mentioned in the Literature section of the Angkor Wat articles on either English or German Wikipedia.
Could someone who is knowledgeable enough or enclined to research this issue a little bit shed some light on this? (But please no guessing or any other W.P. nonsense, this is a serious question and a serious interest, and I expect serious answers that do not waste anyone's time.)
- It is not only for my personal interest, of course, but if valuable it would improve the article considerably, I assume.
Regards to all experts and earnest contributers,
- Correction: I was told the name with slightly incorrect spelling, searched for that version and found some bits of information, but today found the name in correct spelling:
- So it is Eleanor Mannikka with twice a double consonant (Finnish origin, I assume)! - Surprisingly even booksellers write her name incorrectly, but when you click on "enlarge" to see the photograph of the book itself, you can solve the mystery (vide http://www.asiafinebooks.com).
- So the book is held at a number of large libraries, including the LibCong and others.
- Even W.P. has a stub of an article on her: Eleanor Mannikka.
- Still the question remains: is it a work worth reading, and if so, why was it not included in the literature section here?
Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត), is a temple complex at Angkor, Cambodia, built for the king Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city.
This line should be followed by: It was part of the historic city of Ankor, which was responsible for filling the surrounding basin and provided supplies and protection for the temple. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 126.96.36.199 (talk) 18:05, 31 July 2009 (UTC)
The amount of Angkor Wat stone is equivalent to the pyramid of KHUFU(GIZA) NOT Khafre! Kufu is bigger than Khafre It says it on the HISTORY CHANNEL DIGGING FOR THE TRUTH! —Preceding unsigned comment added by 188.8.131.52 (talk) 22:15, 9 September 2009 (UTC)
Also, studies shows that if you were wo add up all of the stones in just the Angkor historical park and compare to the stones used in building the Egyptian pyramids it is actually more stones used in Angkor than all of the pyramids of Egypt! Thats only the temples in Angkor and were not even talking about temples outside of Angkor like Beng melea, preah vihear etc..IT SAYS IT IN NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC: LOST CITY OF ANGKOR and also on WALKING THE ROYAL ROAD: THE ANCIENT KINGOM OF ANGKOR
Creating the Infobox World Heritage Site
How can we create the Infobox World Heritage Site for Angkor Wat and other Angkor temples? It is also a UNESCO World Heritage. We can follow something like Giza Necropolis. --Albeiror24 - English - Español - Italiano 13:23, 9 January 2010 (UTC)
So I was interested in the images of Angkor Wat and the black residue that seems to be all over the structure and the general appearance that the whole thing is slowly melting. I came to this article to see if I could find out more about that and found nothing. I have heard this is due to acid rain and other polutents damaging the soft sandstone, but the important thing is, is it decaying? and shouldn't that be mentioned? There is nothing of this written in the article. Isn't it important because of the images most people see of the temple give this impression? Akuvar (talk) 17:43, 5 April 2010 (UTC)
- Are there any sources for what you state? It seems plausible, but without sources this is just speculation and doesn't merit inclusion in WP. A quick search reveals that the book The Effects of Air Pollution on Cultural Heritage has some relevant info (discusses black biofilm), but seems to mention Angkor Wat tangentially (pg 136). Mindmatrix 18:51, 5 April 2010 (UTC)
== I believe I was the one that added the part about it being called Preah Pisnulok during the 16th century. That was a few years ago. And I've never figured out all of the various other names for it. Was the name Yasodharapura also applied to it too? What was Angkor Thom called? Are there any inscriptions at Angkor Wat that refers to the temple name? What other names were used in the post-Angkor period besides Preah Pisnulok? If you mention "Nokor Wat", many of the older Cambodians recognize this as a synonym for Angkor Wat. There should be an etymology section in my opinion. --Dara (talk) 04:00, 22 March 2011 (UTC)
- An etymology section would be nice if we knew anything! We don't know the original name, because we don't have the foundation stele; Yasodharapura and Angkor Thom are both centred quite a bit further north, so I'm fairly sure their names would not have been applied to it (noting in passing that Angkor Thom was referred to as Yasodharapura too, as stated in the AT article (I think I added that bit)). Nokor and Angkor are the same word, so as far as I know Angkor Wat and Phreah Pisnulok are the only names it has. HenryFlower 09:23, 23 April 2011 (UTC)
Angkor Wat's Original Name? == In Chinese Text , dating back to some 800 years before , it was known as Fou Nan , and appears to be an important trading hub ; Thus the canals for merchant shipping , but as we can see what happens when the Ruling class take the liberty of endulging themselves , as of then as it is of now days ; The deterioration of the social fabric. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 22:32, 21 May 2011 (UTC)
- Angkor Wat was certainly not called Funan. Funan was (roughly) a state, not a temple or city; it was concentrated further towards the Mekong delta; and it collapsed 600 years before AW was built. HenryFlower 00:42, 5 November 2011 (UTC)
- The relief on the western section of the southern gallery has a brief inscription engraved next to the image of Suryavarman II which reads "Paramavishnuloka", and the temple were called in its early days as "Prasat Paramavishnuloka", "Preah Pisnulok", "Vrah Vishnulok" (Preah and Vrah are the same word as Phra in my language (Thai) that is a prefix of a holy place or person), "Preah Mohanokor Indrabrat Preah Vishnuloka" (16th century inscription), and "Indrabratnokor Sreisodhara Vishuloka" (17th century inscription). The name was simplified to "Angkor Wat" later on when the place was used as a Buddhist temple. It was located in Yasodharapura, one of the capital cities in the Angkor Era. So, Yasodharapura was not one of its names. Angkor Thom was another capital city established after Yasodharapura in the same era, but Angkor Wat was located outside of this new city, although it was nearby.--Passerby2012 (talk) 10:25, 9 July 2012 (UTC)
"City" or "High Place"?
I remember hearing somewhere that the word "Angkor" means "High Place". I saw on the page for the branch of the Khmer Rouge, The Angkar, that the word means "High Organization". Is there some connection? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 08:09, 20 November 2011 (UTC)
- In my language (Thai), which inherited a great deal of word roots from Khmer, Pali and Sanskrit, 'ankor' is 'nakhon', which means 'city' and is believed to have the same root from the word 'nokor' (Pali) or 'naga' (Sanskrit) as stated in the article. However, I doubt it if the word 'wat' is from 'vatthu' as acclaimed in the article. Vatthu is a Pali word that means 'a thing or property of something'. In Thai, 'wat' generally means Buddhist temple and is believed to have come from the Buddhist Pali word 'vatva' which means a place to discuss Dhamma, or 'vatta', which means duty of monks, i.e. meditation.Passerby2012 (talk) 22:22, 8 July 2012 (UTC)
- Indeed you are correct about the etymology of "wat". I broke out my dusty old Khmer dictionary and my Pali dictionaries just to provide a reference for the changes (that I just made to the article).
- Well, Pali is very flexible in nature and the interpretation can vary a lot according to context and prefixes and suffixes. I am not an expert in this ancient language. I'm only familiar with their uses in the Thai language. I don't know about their uses in Khmer or other contexts. Thank you for your efforts in clarifying this. -- Passerby2012 (talk) 09:00, 9 July 2012 (UTC)
- Upon further reflection, "wat" could indeed be derived from Pali vattu as used in vatthu-ārāma meaning property of a temple (ārāma also has cognates in Thai, อาราม, and Khmer, អារាម), which actually makes more sense, but my Khmer dictionary gives vatta as the etymology. By the way, Wikipedia is a project that anyone can edit, I encourage you to be WP:BOLD and contribute!--William Thweatt TalkContribs 04:12, 10 July 2012 (UTC)
Images from Redwind Productions
I have obtained permission from the copyright holder of the images at http://www.kashensjourney.com/photo_gallery.htm to upload them under CC-BY-SA 3.0. Part of the documentary To Whom It May Concern: Ka Shen's Journey was filmed at Angkor Wat. The images are http://www.kashensjourney.com/Site/gallery/galleries/album2/images/image7.jpg, http://www.kashensjourney.com/Site/gallery/galleries/album2/images/image7.jpg, http://www.kashensjourney.com/Site/gallery/galleries/album2/images/image9.jpg, http://www.kashensjourney.com/Site/gallery/galleries/album2/images/image10.jpg, and http://www.kashensjourney.com/Site/gallery/galleries/album2/images/image11.jpg.
I've looked at commons:Category:Angkor Wat, which is very well populated with very good images. I understand that the images in this article are superior to these ones, but if the primary author of the article, Henry, believes the images will be good additions to the Commons category, I will upload them there. I haven't watchlisted this page, so please contact me on my talk page if you reply. Cunard (talk) 05:29, 5 December 2011 (UTC)
- I had a look at the photos, and they may be interesting as an artist's work, but they're of no encyclopedic value regarding Angkor Wat. uspn (talk) 20:32, 12 December 2011 (UTC)
New Sources Online for Angkor Articles
I have put online for free the transliterations and French translations of many of the Angkor area inscriptions. The sources are EFEO publications, mostly. There's also many photos by me of the inscriptions, all of which are public domain. Work it into the article, it's good proof it wasn't made by aliens or Atlanteans. They say so in the inscriptions. (The inscriptions are from all over Angkor, not just Angkor Vat.
Search Scribd for "Sumerian Coprus" then go to my collection-file "Angkor Area Inscriptions in Sanskrit and Old Khmer". I have also put online Coedes' Inscriptions du Cambodge in pdf form. Go to PhotoBucket and search for the account "bildern747", it's in the Angkor file.
Angkor Wat was not Suryavarman II's capital city
I refer to the line "...built by King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city." in the first paragraph of the article.
In fact, Angkor Wat was not a city, although it replicates a layout of a city with a canal surrounding it. It was built by King Suryavarman II for his funeral. It was a common practice in those days when each king was believed to be an incarnation of a god (god's avatar)and will return to the residence of the gods in Mount Meru when he dies, so his funeral will take place in a thewalai (devalaya in Pali)-- a place of god (direct translation), or a place for religious ceremonies (interpretation from its function)-- dedicated only to him for the return journey. Suryavarman II was believed to be an avatar of a Hindu god called Vishnu. It was one of every god-king's duties in the Khmer empire to start building one funeral place for himself at the beginning of his succession to the throne and the construction work will be continuous until he dies, leaving all the thewalai of such kind unfinished and is one supporting fact that Angkor Wat was built as one of those. This also explains why "There were no ordinary dwellings or houses or other signs of settlement including cooking utensils, weapons, or items of clothing usually found at ancient sites."
This similar practice can also be seen today in the Thai's royal funeral ceremonies, where a temporary construction replicating Mount Meru is built in front of the Grand Palace and outside of the Royal temple to hold the cremation ceremony for each one of them exclusively.
The fact that Angkor Wat is facing West, which was unlikely for a temple, and together with inscriptions on its walls, also confirm that it was dedicated to the funeral service of Suryavarman II. In Southeast Asian cultures, the West is the direction of death as the Sun sets in that direction. In Suryavarman II's time, Angkor Wat was known as 'Preah Pisnulok' (the word 'Preah' is a prefix of holy figures or places, and 'Pisnulok' means God Vishnu's land), and was later called Angkor Wat when its function had been changed to serve as a Buddhist temple.
Angkor Wat situated in a city officially called Yashodharapura, or nick-named 'Angkor Luang' (The Grand City), established by King Yashovarman I. The centre of this Angkor Luang city was the prasat (castle or palace) on the Phanom Bakheng Hill. Later, when Angkor Thom (-translated as 'the Big City'), or Sriyashodharapura, was created nearby, the old Angkor Luang were neglected and only some trace of the old city walls remains to be seen today. Therefore, Angkor Thom was a city, whereas Angkor Wat was not.
I am not a historian myself. Being a Thai person, I know the information above from various books and other sources as I was growing up. There are a lot of academic writings and researches that support this, but they are not written in English and are not available online. Passerby2012 (talk) 20:50, 8 July 2012 (UTC)
- All the information was there, it was just organized badly, I have tried to fix it. Oddly enough, the page on Angkor itself has a better description of the temple's history than does this page.--William Thweatt TalkContribs 00:18, 9 July 2012 (UTC)
Thank you very much for the fix. Having read through it again, I just saw that in the second paragraph of the 'History' section of the article, the statement that the temple was built as the king's capital city still remains, which may cause confusion.
I don't know about Suryavarman II's'state temple'. Although I have never read anywhere that Angkor Wat has been appointed by him or any other kings as such, I also do not have evidence that it was not functioning so in his time. Therefore I did not touch upon that claim, even though I am also quite skeptical. To my knowledge, it was not a tradition that a king in the Khmer empire had to have or appointed any thewalai (devalaya) as a 'state temple', but they have a tradition of building many thewalai. I think the idea of 'state temple' has its root in monotheisms and Buddhism, which is quite different from the standpoint of polytheisms such as Hinduism. There is evidence that Suryavorman II held a Kalpanā (Monastic Endowment) ceremony upon establishing the temple, but this is not to be confused with making it a 'state temple'.
Therefore, I think to say that Suryavarman II built Angkor Wat as his 'personal temple mausoleum', as does in the wikipedia's article on Angkor, is the most appropriate way to put it, as this fact seems to be universally accepted supported by many traces in the architecture itself.
Having gone back to read some of the materials I could find, it seems to me that Angkor refers to an era (A.D.802-1220), which includes many rises and falls of kings and capital cities. These cities were established one next to another and when plotted together could be identified as a region, although a certain boundary of this group of township cannot be clearly identified. Yashodharapura, or Angkor Luang where Angkor Wat is a part of, and Sriyasodharapura,or Angkor Thom, as well as other towns existed during this Angkor Era. Angkor Luang can be translated as 'The great city' or 'the capital city', but the word 'angkor' itself means a township or a city. Both Angkor Luang and Angkor Thom were once the capital city in the Angkor Region in different times under different reigns of kings. Passerby2012 (talk) 08:52, 9 July 2012 (UTC)
Leading is confusing
Hello. I'm a bit confused by the leading (as I'm trying to translate the article into Catalan). First it says:
- Angkor Wat is the largest Hindu temple complex and the largest religious monument in the world. -> it's a complex
Then it says
- As the best-preserved temple at the site,... -> it's a temple
- The temple is at the top of the high classical style ... -> it's a temple
Legends of construction
While Suryavarman II is historical figure; who dedicated Angkhor Wat to Vishnu, another source relates a legend that states is was built on the orders of Indra for his son Precha Ket Mealea. Paramavishnuloka, Precha Ket Mealea. and Preah Pisnouka are all very sounding similar names, which makes it more confusing to determine if they are different people or the same. It's like how mary magdaline is equated with the sister of lazarus in some traditions but not others, they could be separate though similar people. However that the temple would be dedicated to two clearly different gods is more notable. The source I provided supports including the older construction legend as well.