Talk:Balšić noble family

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The Balšić clearly come from a French dynasty, the Baux[edit]

I have a book from the author François Lenormant which is the biggest proof of this. Lenormant explains in it how a member of a French dynasty from the south of France came to Albania during the Middle Age, how his descendants became slavicized and came to power after the death of the Serbian ruler Stefan Dusan. The book is called 'Deux dynasties françaises chez les Slaves méridionaux aux quatorzième et douzième siècles', François Lenormant, 1861. A translation of this somewhat long title could be 'Two french dynasties within the Southern Slavs during the fourteenth and the fifteenth centuries' (I'm really sorry for my English). I could develop the article on the House of Balsic using the material provided by this book, unfortunately my English is too bad to do that. But I will eventually do it for the French article (which doesn't exist yet). So, Balša/Balsha is absolutely not of Balkan origin, neither Serbian nor Albanian. Oh, and Balša III built a coastal residence near Herceg-Novi during the fifteenth century. The place became known as Baošići and it's now a small Montenegrin village bearing the same old name. Knowing that the French surname "Baux" was pronounced "bao" and considering Lenormant's work, I think we don't need to look further. Knowledge can be lost, all the false theories surrounding the origin of the name Balšić/Balshaj considering that a French historian knew its real origin 150 years before is a clear evidence of that. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 82.229.60.25 (talk) 23:25, 2 December 2007 (UTC)

Ahm actually, no. We know that. There were countless theories on the Balsics' origin, found in the French, Provencal, Italian and other dynasties - all just guessings. However, we're certain that they're not of Serbian origin, nor Albanian. The modern most accepted school (and most logical) is that they're of Vlach origin, although this comes with reserve as well. --PaxEquilibrium 11:16, 4 December 2007 (UTC)
So you don't know anything about the Balšić's origin, particulary if you say they are of Vlach origin without any proof of that and especially because you are saying that there are countless theories about their French/Provencal/Italian origin. Why? Because the only source for these countless theories is Lenormant's work, which was used by many scholars after him, often without referring to him. The book I mentioned is clearly documented about the relations between the Balšić and the Baux. Lenormant used a lot, I mean A LOT of material to write his book. In fact, the Baux where a French family from Provence. They moved to the Italian territories dominated by the Anjou, who where also a French family. The Anjou had a Kingdom in Albania at that time (during the 13th century). Many French noblemen settled there too, and Bertrand de Baux was one of them. From him came all the Balšić, but some time later so the link between Bertrand de Baux and his descendants was lost. However the Balšić used primarily the same coat of arms as the Baux, which was a star before it became a wolf. There are so many other informations in this book... The problem is that it was never translated in English neither in Serbian nor Albanian. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 82.229.60.25 (talk) 22:59, 12 December 2007 (UTC)
Yes it was, in Serbo-Croat. I've read it and numerous other theories on the Balsics' origins. Their totally unknown origin made all kinds of historians to search at the Western nobility their origin, the one you mentioned isn't the only one. But this is all that which it is - guessing, because their origin is unknown. I don't understand why you mention Albanian so much?
Even according to a Montenegrin Novak Adzic (here) "Najnovija naučna istraživanja govore da porijeklo Balšića jeste od slaviziranih Vlaha (Iliro - Romana)" or in English: "Most recent scientific research tells that the origin of the Balsics is of slavicized Vlachs (Illyro - Romans)". The same thing is claimed by Serbian historian Andrija Veselinovic in his book on Serb dynasties. The "History of the Serb People" encyclopedia, they're most probably of Vlach origin. The Historical lexicon of Montenegro writes about one of the many (unproven) theories of the family's origin - precisely the one which you claim. From 1272 to 1280 is dated the alleged move of the Baux family from France, and then connecting it with the Mate Balsic from May of 1304. --PaxEquilibrium (talk) 23:31, 12 December 2007 (UTC)
If this particular book was translated in Serbo-Croatian, and if you read it as you said, please tell me what was his title in Serbo-Croatian. And as you read it, you can tell me which was the other family who was from a French origin according to Lenormant. Why I mention Albania so much? It is because the history of the Balšić is linked with Albania as well as Montenegro and Serbia. If you read this book, you should know that. All the authors you mention don't give any proof of the Vlach ascendance of the Balšić family. They juste say that "the Balšić are probably of Vlach origin". Probably, yes, probably, that's so scientific, and so balkanic. People in the Balkans are so centered on their small nations that they can't imagine that a "glorious noble family" could have an origin other than theirs. And if they can imagine that, it is often to say they are ...ized Vlach and that's all. The fact that pseudo-historians say that the Balšić were of a Vlach origin is first because most of the time they didn't read Lenormant, wich is understandable, and second because they don't want to say they were Albanian (which, in fact, they were not). Oh and what the "Historical lexicon to Montenegro" says about the Baux directly comes from Lenormant's book, written in 1861. Lenormant was indeed the first to find the link between the Baux and the Balšić. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 82.229.60.25 (talk) 00:35, 13 December 2007 (UTC)
I said that didn't I? ;)
You shouldn't insult these historians just because they claim something with which you do not agree. This would make most modern researchers "pseudo-historians".
All I'm saying is that there are numerous theories. If you refer to this article itself, you should notice that the theory on the French/Provencal origin already is in the article, just like the other theories I mentioned, e.g. Italian/Neapolitan origin ("del Balzo"). Finally a current argues Gothic origins. It's all very known to me, so I do not understand what is your point. All theories should be pointed out, as they are right now.
BTW I do not understand what you are trying to say "People in the Balkans are so centered on their small nations that they can't imagine that a "glorious noble family" could have an origin other than theirs. And if they can imagine that, it is often to say they are ...ized Vlach and that's all., since that is what they are doing exactly - acknowledging their most probably Vlach origin. --PaxEquilibrium (talk) 09:12, 13 December 2007 (UTC)
I agree with him, I read the French book he mentioned which is fortunately available on Google books in pdf format. Actually, the Italian/Neapolitan and the French/Provencal theories are the same. In fact, del Balzo is just the italianized de Baux name. From what I read in the book, a guy called Bertrand de Baux settled in Durazzo (modern Durrës) when the Kindgom of Albania was dominated by the French dynasty of the Angevins. It is clear for Lenormant that the Balsic were his descendants, for many reasons: they beared a coat of arms very similar to that of the Baux; at a moment the Pope sent a letter to one of the leader of the Balsic calling him del Balzo; the Balsic had strong links with Helena of Anjou. I think Lenormant is right, but as you said PaxEquilibrium, we should keep in mind that this is still a theory, for the simple reason that the link between Bertrand de Baux and the Balsic is still uncleared. For the Vlach theory however, there are no arguments. Moreover, the root Balsh doesn't mean anything in the Vlach language. So I really think this guy, or I should say Lenormant because in fact he's the one who discovered the supposed link between the Balsic and the Baux, is right. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 195.115.177.41 (talk) 12:44, 13 December 2007 (UTC)

Montenegrin or Serbian[edit]

Here, I'll start a topic for the discussion, then. Figure something out, you two, because this daily reverting is silly. And play nice. --CrnaGora 10:18, 23 April 2007 (UTC)

I'd gladly discuss over. Personally I thought that presented sources in the article themselves speak enough.
However I don't know to what extent is Critika1's good will. He called 5 times users so far "Chetniks" (racist ethnic slur), including me, ignores all warnings and you well alone know what he's doing at the Montenegrin language article. --PaxEquilibrium 14:48, 23 April 2007 (UTC)

Ballsha is an Albanian name, deriving from ball - forehead (as in Triballi, family name of Gjergj Kastrioti's mother)..in slavic languages it means nothing!! Ballsha were Albanian nobles, the fact that they were vassals of Serbia doesn't turn them into Slavs...same old Balkan dump logic!! 151.26.110.85 (talk) 11:49, 12 November 2014 (UTC)

Argument[edit]

First off, I want to say that I don't see what precisely makes the Balshics "Montenegrin". Sure, they are a part of Montenegrin history, but they most definitely do not historically belong to that part (perhaps the Crnojevics do, but he does not). I myself do not understand the division of Montenegrins on "real Montenegrins" and "Serbs" and think that the 200,000 Serbs should return themselves to what they were (Montenegrins) before they ticked "Serb" on the 2003 census, to end this troublesome rift amongst the Montenegrin people, but who am I to tell people who/what they are? It's just as so that I cannot see that sometimes, the Serbian identity that is cannot be separated from Montenegrin history is openly denied (nationalist arguments if Montenegrins are "really Serbs" do not speak in support of this - anyone is whatever he wants to be, and I'm convinced that most of us will have Illyrian blood, rather than Slavic!)

To point at the beginning - the Balsics were obviously of non-Slavic origins. The theory on the Vlach origin is perhaps the most true one - in which case the family was Slavicized due to the impressive culture of the Serbian Kingdom/Empire (Vlachs were easily subjected to assimilation).

In the times of dying-out Doclea and the age of Zeta, there were 4 peoples altogether in Montenegro, as testified by King Stefan Milutin, by Jelena Balsic, by Stefan Decanski, by Ivan Crnojevic, by Djuradj Balsic, by princess Milica and by Stefan Uros: Serbs, Albanians, Latins (sometimes called Romans) and Vlachs. Taking to granted the Balsics were Vlachs, then they probably assimilated into Serbs.

Next point: Đurađ I of Zeta was the one who convened the Council of the Serbian Orthodox Church in 1375, "disappointed in the lack of organization in the Serbian people".

Critika expressed how they cannot be Serbs because they separated from Serbia - I'll answer with a counter-question: Why did Kosovo under the Brankovics separate Serbia? Why did Moravia under the Lazarevics separate? Why did in the feudal anarchy all that remain remained Macedonia of the Mrnjavcevics?

I'll upload the coins that the Balsics forged (I think I have a photo of one somewhere) and it says "Serb Lords, the Balsics".

In the very end, the Balsics desired a reunification of Serbia and Balša III left Zeta in heritage of the Serbian Despot, whom he saw as the possible re-forger of the lost Serbian realm.

So if nothing, it makes at least insane to remove the categories from the article.

P.S. I do not now what is more weirder, this which is Critika1 doing in here - or User:Nikola Smolenski removing Montenegrin from Nicholas I of Montenegro. --PaxEquilibrium 15:15, 23 April 2007 (UTC)

Quoting Encyclopedia Britannica:

Although the Serbs have come to be identified closely with the Eastern Orthodox tradition of Christianity, it is an important indication of the continuing marginality of Zeta that Michael, the first of its rulers to claim the title king, had this honour bestowed on him by Pope Gregory VII in 1077. It was only under the later Nemanjic rulers that the ecclesiastical allegiance of the Serbs to Constantinople was finally confirmed. On the death of Stefan Dusan in 1355, the Nemanjic empire began to crumble, and its holdings were divided among the knez (prince) Lazar Hrebeljanovic, the short-lived Bosnian state of Tvrtko I (reigned 1353-91), and a semi-independent chiefdom of Zeta under the house of Balsa, with its capital at Skadar. Serb disunity coincided fatefully with the arrival in the Balkans of the Ottoman armies, and in 1389 Lazar fell to the forces of Sultan Murad I at the Battle of Kosovo.
After the Balsic dynasty died out in 1421, the focus of Serb resistance shifted northward to Zabljak (south of Podgorica). There a chieftain named Stefan Crnojevic set up his capital. Stefan was succeeded by Ivan the Black, who, in the unlikely setting of this barren and broken landscape and pressed by advancing Ottoman armies, created in his court a remarkable if fragile centre of civilization. Ivan's son Djuradj built a monastery at Cetinje, founding there the see of a bishopric, and imported from Venice a printing press that produced after 1493 some of the earliest books in the Cyrillic script. During the reign of Djuradj, Zeta came to be more widely known as Montenegro (this Venetian form of the Italian Monte Nero is a translation of the Serbian Crna Gora, "Black Mountain"). --PaxEquilibrium 15:37, 23 April 2007 (UTC)

Quoting information from "History of Montenegro" recorded by the Metropolitan of Cetinje:

Турски изасланици све казаше своме цару Аркану < Оркану > , који изненада по ноћи на Србље удари: кнеза Вука с породицом убише, и изгибе много српске војске, због чега син му Марко побјеже турском цару, а Србљи поставише кнеза Лазара себи за господара. На овом избору била је сва српска господа, осим зетског и црногорског херцега, који је у то вријеме био Баоша син Страцимиров, а војводство је примио послије Јована Првог херцега, који је пак потицао из породице кнеза Вукана, сина Симеона Немање, и звао се Јован Први Црнојевић.

In the very end (taking to granted the Serbian Church and all), it seems perfectly sane to put "Serbian" in the article, even if their ancestors were one day Croats like User:Red Croat claims. --PaxEquilibrium 16:07, 23 April 2007 (UTC)

Since User:Bbik criticized me (;), I'm gonna try to translate this:

The Turkish emissaries told everything to their tsar Arkan < Orkhan >, who surprisingly in the night stroke the Servians; knez Vuk with his family murdered, and great part of the serbian army killed, because of which son of him Marko fled to the Turkish czar, and the Servians put knez Lazar for their lord. On this election the entire serb lordship was present, except the zetan and montenegrin herzog, who in that time was Balsha, son of Stracimir, and the Dukedom he received after John the First herzog, who descended from the family of knez Vukan, son of Stefan Nemanja, and his name was John < Ivan > the First Crnojevic. --PaxEquilibrium 16:00, 24 April 2007 (UTC)


---There was no evidence to suggest they wanted to unite with raskia/serbia, they are not serbs, but zetans/dukljans/montenegrins whatever you want to call us, duklja and zeta as well as montenegro have always had independence for long periods of time, and this is because of the fact that montenegrins are not the same as serbs.

But please explain the arguments I exposed...
Do not simply revert on a non-regular basis. --PaxEquilibrium 15:08, 27 April 2007 (UTC)
4 ethnic groups in duklja, the Dukljans being the "latins" who were slavic-speaking catholics, who were converted by stefan nemanja when he annexed Duklja, i believe todays Montenegrins to be the descendents of these people
The balsici where either albanian or vlach origin, and promoted a independent zeta, you cannot deny this, there is nothing serbian about them, except the fact that they spoke a dialect of it, to me they are a symbol of the present day Montenegrin identity - which is heavily mixed with croatian and albanian cultures(mixing of tribes, croatian names/last names)
All this said I view the Balsici as Montenegrins although in those times they would be "Zetan" or "Dukljan"
First of all it was "Serbs"; or just "Slavs", if you refer to ancient Doclea. Second of all, they weren't all Catholics - a large part of them was Orthodox. Third, Stefan Nemanja did not annex Duklja (what's more he expanded its territories), and he did not convert the Doclean populace to Orthodoxy. And lastly and most importantly - what has this got to do with the Balshichs? BTW, only a small part of present-day Montenegrins descends from the Docleans.
Yes, they are most likely of Vlach origin. However they never created an independent realm - when the concept of a "Serbian Empire" died (in 1395), they very soon annexed their remains to a re-unified Serbian Despotate (in 1427).
However, historiography remembers them as a Serbian dynasty - because that's what they were - as I presented to the up. The Balsics are not a symbol of present-day Montenegrin identity at all; not at all. --PaxEquilibrium 20:06, 29 April 2007 (UTC)
Duklja was in effect "Red Croatia" not-serb whatsoever, so please get your facts straight, thats why today Montenegrins view themselves seperate from serbs, because in effect they are
Not vlach origin, but Albanian origin, "Balshaj" is a common albanian last name and has meaning in albanian, not to mention vlachs are not found much in Montenegro/Zeta, this theory is much more sound and makes sense considering Montenegro's history
History does not remember them as a serbian dynasty, You do, not history or true Montenegrins, They were Zetan/Dukljan rulers and were descended from Montenegrin-Albanians a.k.a Malsores(in albanian), note im not albanian but Montenegrin. —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 128.195.98.160 (talk) 22:08, 30 April 2007 (UTC).
AFAIK, mainstream historiography does as I presented you to the above. That includes the Encyclopedia Britannica (several versions of it), LaRousse Encyclopedia, the Catholic Encyclopedia and the Brockhaus Encyclopedia - including numerous records (a.k.a. all of them) of Montenegrin historiography from the 14th to the 20th century. This has nothing to do with me, because if I did that, I'd be violating WP:NOR, one of Wikipedia's most important rules. No, they're not from Malisoris - the Malisori were clans that have had absolutely nothing to do with medieval ruling dynasties of Montenegro (which were in the 14th century, you've missed for some centuries I'm afraid). On the side note, your edits (especially the unexplained removal of categories) look very much like vandalism, could you please stop it? Also saying that there's no reference - without referring to the sources I exposed to the up - is very naughty too. Thus, I am reverting your changes.
If you disagree with anything, bring up the discussion to here, and source it to back your words, lest they'll end up (like now) down to exactly that which you're accusing me right now - original research. Cheers, and cool off man. ;) --PaxEquilibrium 12:41, 1 May 2007 (UTC)
I am very interested what do you consider by "true Montenegrins"? Historical governments in Montenegro have used that expression for Montenegrins who are *true Serbian patriots*, but I'm not sure you mean that fallacious opinion... --PaxEquilibrium 12:45, 1 May 2007 (UTC)
Oh, and you're from Irvine, California - so I guess you're neither Albanian nor Montenegrin. :) --PaxEquilibrium 12:47, 1 May 2007 (UTC)
May I point out that you don't have to be born in Montenegro to be Montenegrin. To be Montenegrin, you have to have Montenegrin ancestry. May I remind you that many Montenegrins live in the USA and are also born there and yet, they still consider themselves to be either Montenegrin or Montenegrin-American. This is also the case in other countries like Germany, France, etc. --CrnaGora 18:53, 1 May 2007 (UTC)
Yeah, I know. I was only joking (no bad faith intended) on Critika1's account.
Look what he's saying. He's practically saying that medieval Montenegro was a "Croatian state, whose rulers were Albanians". --PaxEquilibrium 21:43, 1 May 2007 (UTC)
And that wouldn't be very strange at all. Besides at that time you had Italians ruled by the French, French ruled by the brits, Albanian ruled by greeks: why wouldn't you have an Albanian ruler on Montenegro. The relationship between Montenegro and Albanian principalities was extremely close at that time. The fact is that so far although lots of studies have been made on the Balshaj, very little has been left in writing. sulmues (sulmues)--Sulmues 18:04, 5 January 2010 (UTC)

Cyrillic[edit]

In Cyrillic it's written with an š, but most scholars use sh instead š and they don't use the form Balsic[1], but Balsa[2] or Balsha[3]. There is 1 result about "House of Balsic"[4], but 74 House of Balsa. It'd be better to move this to one of the Balsa/Balsha family titles.--— ZjarriRrethues — talk 18:07, 15 June 2011 (UTC)

http://www.houseofbalsa.com/ company is included in that. --WhiteWriter speaks 18:30, 15 June 2011 (UTC)
Those are 11-14 of the results i.e there are still about 60 House of Balsa results and only 1 House of Balsic. However, the most prevalent result is Balsha family.--— ZjarriRrethues — talk 19:08, 15 June 2011 (UTC)
"Page 3 of 30 results " And that's it... :) And you are welcome to bring relevant sources and references for this info, not just google hits test. --WhiteWriter speaks 19:27, 15 June 2011 (UTC)

This is supposed to be neutral enciclopedia?[edit]

The following discussion is closed. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section.

Please stop this greatSerbian nationalism and stop reverting ethnicity of various Montenegrin dynasties when you have not a single (real)proof for your claims.By the way,Balsics were Roman Catholic,and this by it self is pretty much a proof that THEY WERE NOT SERBIAN,so leave it blank. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Montenegro in my heart (talkcontribs) 23:49, 30 April 2012 (UTC)

Incorrect. Your conclusion is wp:or. Don't remove informations based on the referenced sources.--Antidiskriminator (talk) 07:21, 1 May 2012 (UTC)

20 century historian(s) writes somewhere that Balsics were Serbs and it is a proof?It doesnt matter that he does not have a single proof for his claim(nor did he looked for one because Balsic and Zeta were not focus of his writing).Than I guess that it is ok for me to cite Rotkovic or some other historian who says they were Montenegrins?Of course I will not do this becouse I am trying to be neutral.Balsic lived in late middle ages and we dont know what their ethnicity was(if ethnicity even existed in modern sense of the word).All we know for sure is that they were of Roman Catholic fate and everyone who knows anything about EX YU history knows that Serbs are of Ortodox fate and being Catholic almost certanly means you are not a Serb.It is common sense,deal with it! On personal note,you should be ashaimed of what you are doing.You are not Antidiscriminator,you are Disciminator and rasist of the first grade. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 46.33.211.95 (talk) 01:07, 2 May 2012 (UTC)

Enough already. They were Serbs, and if you have reliable sources refuting that, excluding Montenegrina.net, then please present them. Regarding their religious beliefs, or rather, church politics; they were originally Serbian Orthodox Christian, then converted to Roman Catholicism, then converted back to Orthodoxy. And why do you call Antidiskriminator racist?--Zoupan 01:21, 2 May 2012 (UTC)

Oh I see.Montenegrina,site that collects writings published by Montenegrin authors is not ok,while rastko and njegos.org are ok.Talk about rasism,or better fashism. Whatever,I am not claiming any ethnicity for Balsic family.I can do that of course by saying they were Montenegrins and citeing Rotkovic,Vujovic,Dasic or several other historians,members of CANU(Montenegrin academy of arts and sciences),but I wont do that,because I dont believe that their ethnicity can be proven with certanity.On the other hand you are insisting on their Serbian ethnicity without any proof.This must stop! "Antidiscriminator" is a rasist,not because of his work on this article,but because of his work as a whole on wikipedia.He is negating one entire nation and trying to steel its entire history(he is not alone).It is pitty that people like him has so much influence on Wikipedia. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 46.33.211.95 (talk) 02:41, 2 May 2012 (UTC)

As Montenegrin identity solidifies itself, historiography will follow as in the case of Bulgarian personalities in the region of Macedonia that are also identified with the nation of RoM. Of course in Yugoslav historiography you can find even views that label them as Croatians (Dominik Mandić), but doesn't south Slavic cover all modern identities that were definitively formed long after the Balsic family? --— ZjarriRrethues — talk 01:38, 5 May 2012 (UTC)
@ZjarriRrethues: I think that your edits are disruptive and could be seen by someone as tendentious. When you want to deny somebodies Serbian ethnicity you:
  1. claim that "all modern identities that were definitively formed long after the Balsic family".
  2. give WP:UNDUE weight to any existing theory (like Gustav Weigand here) which supports somebodies non-Serbian ethnicity.
  3. use Sufflay as source to support somebodies non-Serbian ethnicity, but delete him as source when he support somebodies non-Albanian ethnicity under excuse that he is "non-English, outdated, irrelevant or incomplete source". One admin already noticed that you "act opportunistically when it comes to asserting or dismissing the reliability of sources, depending on whether they can offer an opportunity for scoring points in their ethnic tug-of-war;".
In case of theories about non-Albanian ethnicity of people like Skanderbeg, Peter Spani etc... you use completely different perspective and rationale. You delete (like with this diff) any sourced addition which supports their non-Albanian ethnicity although they lived in the same period as members of the Balsic family.
Gustav Weigand was lingust who lived in the same period as Sufflay who was historian. If you want to prove that the above mentioned admin's statement is wrong add Sufflay's opinion about the Greek ethnicity of Kastrioti family to the article about Kastrioti family and Skanderbeg (Šufflay, Milan; Dubravko Jelčić (2000), Izabrani politički spisi (in Croatian), Matica hrvatska, p. 148, ISBN 9789531502573, OCLC 48538256, U Valoni, na dvoru despota Jovana Komnena-Asena (1350. - 1363.), šurjaka cara Dušana i brata bugarskog cara Jovana Aleksandra, stajala je kolijevka moći Kastriota. U jednoj srpskoj povelji "avlonskog i kaninskog gospodina" Aleksandra, valjada sina despota Jovana, spominje se (1366) "ćefalija Kaninski Kastriot". Kako mu to pokazuje ime, taj ćefalija bio je podrijetlom Grk. Od Balše II dobio je on u leno dva sela u srednjoj Albaniji na Matu. Njegov potomak Ivan...  ). --Antidiskriminator (talk) 09:03, 5 May 2012 (UTC)
I'm quoting Malcolm and you can find those views on modern reliable sources too(I'm quoting neither Sufflay nor Weigand directly). Malcolm himself considers that Weigand confirmed his theory. Various opinions have been expressed concerning the national origin of the Balsici family. They have been considered of Vlach, Albanian, Serbian, and even French origin.. Even Schmitt, whom you've been using as a source on many articles about the region and I still consider extremely POV and don't think that he should be used as a source admits that Im äußersten Westen, in der Metohija, trat ein weiteres Geschlecht auf, dessen Herkunft (serbisch, albanisch, vlachisch) unklar ist: die Balsici (albanisch: Balsha). (Kosovo: Kurze Geschichte einer zentralbalkanischen Landschaft). Also Die Balsici (alb. Balsha), deren ethnische Zugehörigkeit (Albaner, Serben oder Vlachen) unklar ist, kontrollierten kurzzeitig das Gebiet ... (Kosovo, 2006 by Bernhard Chiari and Agilolf Keßelring). If you want to remove the attribution, please feel free to do so as it doesn't matter since we're not dealing with any fringe view. It isn't prudent at all to misrepresent more than one-year-old statements, especially ones that come from FutureP, an admin who has opposed the views you've been trying to add on Skanderbeg etc. That being said I suggest you stick to Toddst's 3RR warning and not get involved in any other Montenegrins vs. Serbs edit wars.--— ZjarriRrethues — talk 10:18, 5 May 2012 (UTC)
"Even Schmitt, whom... I still consider extremely POV and don't think that he should be used as a source" Why did you promote Siege of Krujë (1466–1467) to GA level if you consider Schmitt extremely POV source which should not be used as source taking in consderation that he is used as source more than 20 times in this article? I think that you again proved that you "act opportunistically when it comes to asserting or dismissing the reliability of sources, depending on whether they can offer an opportunity for scoring points in their ethnic tug-of-war;".--Antidiskriminator (talk) 10:37, 5 May 2012 (UTC)
Just to clarify: I don't care what ethnicity Balšić family was. Like I already explained, the only reason why I reverted IP user and Montenegro in my heart was because they deleted cited informations. --Antidiskriminator (talk) 10:49, 5 May 2012 (UTC)
Since I added the Serbian view too the inclusion of the Montenegrin view is up to "Montenegro in my heart". The parts attributed to Schmitt aren't particularly disputable so if Gaius decides to nominate it on FA he can replace Schmitt.--— ZjarriRrethues — talk 10:54, 5 May 2012 (UTC)
Very opportunistic indeed. Do you intend to add Sufflay's opinion about the Greek ethnicity of Kastrioti family to the article about Kastrioti family and Skanderbeg?--Antidiskriminator (talk) 15:28, 5 May 2012 (UTC)

──────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────── This will stop, If you want to make specific suggestions on how to improve the article, this page is the right page. If you want to make general rants about your ethnic enemies, you will find yourselves blocked or with editing restrictions. Toddst1 (talk) 17:32, 5 May 2012 (UTC)


The above discussion is closed. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section.


Maps[edit]

Map of family possessions (DII, BIII)

--Zoupan 12:42, 21 May 2013 (UTC)

Reference or source missing[edit]

"The family is KNOWN to have seized control through trickery, such as against the Dukagjini family, and many people were deported or murdered." - this is a serious claim and without certified reference it should not be allowed to remain as such. 77.46.214.174 (talk) 15:14, 29 January 2014 (UTC)

Surname[edit]

Their original surname is Balsha or Balshaj,even in British Encyclopedia is written "Balsha" here you got a ton of reference about it.--AlbertBikaj (talk) 01:35, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

No doubt you know that your move to Albanian language version of the name is controversial and that you should initiate WP:RM process in case of controversial moves. --Antidiskriminator (talk) 07:51, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

I used Encyclopaedia Britannica as reference,an 200 years old book,and there are more than 100 references from old books in french,english,albanian,etc. The Balsha/Balsic article is wroten according books which were published in our age,meanwhile the books like Encyclopaedia Britannica and other world-wide known books are ignored because these books say that they were Albanians. AlbertBikaj (talk) 09:46, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Also,I suggest to create a special article about their ethnicity or origin,because there are so many sources which claim that they are Albanians,Vlach,Serbians and French. AlbertBikaj (talk) 09:51, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

But we should use modern sources. We are living in modern time, so sources should be modern too. If you want, you can add old sources too, that should be interesting to see. --Ąnαșταη (ταlκ) 09:53, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

AlbertBikaj, your move is contested. Please follow WP:RM#CM.--Antidiskriminator (talk) 09:59, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Even better then,because there are more than 30 books which approve their Albanian ethnicity. For example book of Anna Di Lellio,Pëllumb Xhufi, Noel Malcolm, Henry Smith Williams, Fan Stilian Noli,Starvo Skëndi,Piro Tase, Kristo Frasheri, Miranda Vickers, Count Cedomilj Mijatovic,Monique O'Connell,Tony Jaques,Bashkim Iseni,Aleks Buda,Elisavet A. Zachariadou,etc etc. AlbertBikaj (talk) 10:12, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Comment There is already a section, "origin", which shows the views of various scholars. There are no primary sources which show that they were identified as Albanian or even spoke or ever used Albanian; the fact that parts of the family ruled northern Albania is not the same as being ethnic Albanian. Also, the fact remains that they signed themselves in Old Serbian (Cyrillic), and used Serbian titles. The family members also used the terms "Srbljem" and "Srpskoj zemlji" for their people/lands after the fall of the Serbian Empire.--Zoupan 11:36, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Antidiskriminator can you make the request for me,because I still don't know how to use some wikipedia options. Thank you! AlbertBikaj (talk) 10:20, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Of course AlbertBikaj. Please write here
  • "your rationale for the proposed page name change, ideally referring to applicable naming convention policies and guidelines, and providing evidence in support where appropriate. If your reasoning includes search engine results, please present Google Books or Google News Archive results before providing other web results."
and I will initiate RM on your behalf.--Antidiskriminator (talk) 10:25, 8 June 2015 (UTC)
There is no point in moving the article to a name that is against historiography.--Zoupan 11:37, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Antidiskriminator Balsha/Balshaj family is mentioned in "The Siege of Shkodër"(De obsidione Scodrensi) written by Marin Barleti (published in 1504-1505) which makes it one of the oldest references. Anyway,the term Balsha/Balshaj is officially used in Universities of Albania,Kosovo and other international Universities like Columbia University ,Indiana and Michigan. The oldest reference about term "Balšić" is written in 1891 by Bork Brđanin. In British Encyclopedia's is written "Balsha" here. Term Balšić is mostly used by Serbian scholars,meanwhile term Balsha is used even by the notable British historian Noel Malcolm and Oliver Jens Schmitt. AlbertBikaj (talk) 11:39, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Zoupan In historiography of Serbia and Montenegro is used Balšić,but the oldest historiography's shows that the original name is "Balsha" or "Balshaj". AlbertBikaj (talk) 11:42, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

"Original name" is not the proper wording. The fact remains that the family is part of the Serbian nobility, and claimed and was identified as such in contemporary times. Your claim of 1891 as the oldest reference about "Balšić" is terribly wrong.--Zoupan 11:53, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

I couldn't find any older reference.AlbertBikaj (talk) 11:59, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

In the modern spelling: Bosanski prijatelj: časopis saderžavajući potriebite koristne i zabavne stvari. Gaj. 1861. pp. 16–. Stražimir Balšić , Danica. Matica. 1860. pp. 421–. зетски војвода Балшић  but the most important, from 1372: Konstantin Jireček (1892). Spomenici srpski. U Državnoj štampariji Kraljevine Srbije. p. 11. Г. 1372 јављају се први пут Балшићи као господари ове приморске државице у средњој Албанији , на име „magnificus dominus Balsa Balsich, Gente. Canine et Aualone dominus.“) , and the later ones also use that same spelling. The fact is that the "original surname" was spelled in Latin as "Balsich", which is not the same as "Balsha" or "Balshaj". Please do not use Original research.--Zoupan 12:13, 8 June 2015 (UTC)
No answer then.--Zoupan 12:54, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

You don't have right to delete references,because they are not just simple books,but world wide known books (Encyclopaedia Britannica citations cannot be false) The name Balsha is founded in official historical books in Albania,Kosovo,USA,UK etc. If you delete once again references I'll report you. There are Ottoman documents which provide that their original surname was Balsha,I'm going to find them and I'll post them here ;) AlbertBikaj (talk) 17:15, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Once again, you are using WP:OR. None of those presented state that "Balsha" was the Albanian name of the family. There are no (none) sources that they used the Albanian language, or no contemporary Albanian sources using another name. Seriously, how could Ottoman documents prove that the family name was indeed something else than Balšić? Your POV is getting tiresome, you started with claiming that the family was Albanian, then that their surname is not their "original" one; your edits are disruptive and judging by your comments here you have nothing factual that would change the lead section.--Zoupan 17:31, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Balsha is written in Albanian historical books,Encyclopaedia Britannica,University of Michigan,University of Indiana,University of Palermo. There are tons of documents which prove usage of "Balsha" surname too. I'm not claiming that they were Albanians,because their ethnicity is still mysterious. official Montenegrin history books claim that they had French origin,meanwhile Ango-American and Italian scholars claim that they were Albanians,other claim that they were Vlachs,so It's not clear yet. Since when I've puted correct references you don't have right to delete it. You are using only serbian version and deleting every argument which approves Albanian version of name or origin. Wikipedia is a neutral source,so as it you should keep it neutral. This is not WikiSerbia or WikiAlbania,but Wikipedia! Please undo your delete's! AlbertBikaj (talk) 17:40, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

By the way,according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica (which I used as references) claim that they were Albanians or Vlachs.AlbertBikaj (talk) 17:43, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

You are inconsistent. Read your previous comments: "Even better then,because there are more than 30 books which approve their Albanian ethnicity". I was the one who added the origin section so I am perfectly aware of the theories. You have presented no studies. Regarding "Balsha" – it needs to be pointed out that it is incorrect, as it is a given name (Balša/Балша), and not an actual family name, and in no way is this variant "the Albanian variant". Contemporary sources use the correct "Balšić". The variant "Balshaj" is evidently an Albanianized modern invention, and should never be used. Please do not enumerate universities, as that is confusing and misinforming. Also, the two notable authors you mentioned both use "Balšići ... Balsha".--Zoupan 18:28, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Refrain from original research. Please continue the discussion in a non-bludgeoning manner.--Zoupan 18:28, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

I used just like you book references from different historians (University books like :University of Michigan,Indiana,Colorado etc,but for you they aint trustful. But there are much more book's who approve "Balsha" surname,but not Albanian ethnicity. I think Malcolm is the most reliable (the dual ethnicity Albanian and Serbian). Anyway here you can find more than 200 book references. And if you like modern one,you have books of Anna Di Lellio,Pellumb Xhufi,Miranda Vickers,Paulo Petta,Lucia Nadin etc. Albanian name of Balsic(Balsha) should be there. AlbertBikaj (talk) 19:48, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Once again a false conclusion, the books include both given name and in your case, surname, as well as entirely unrelated. Again, you are including university names. None of your examples are scholarly weighting regarding the surname or ethnicity (or scholarly weighting period). Malcolm is biased, and pro-Albanian can be said with the non-Albanians you mention by name (I don't know who Paulo Petta is). Again, Malcolm uses both Balšić and Balsha (the latter in brackets). --Zoupan 20:12, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

Well I suggested to use both, Balsic and Basha. There are many other authors who use Basha,and It would be fair to use it in the article. AlbertBikaj (talk) 21:24, 8 June 2015 (UTC)

AlbertBikaj do you still want to rename this article or not? If you still want it, please ping me when you write the above mentioned rationale.--Antidiskriminator (talk) 08:33, 9 June 2015 (UTC)

Antidiskriminator I had written it and I just tagged you. And please can you revert again the edits which I made (Not the tittle but the surname part in description which are written in Serbian and in Latin,I dont know why Zoupan deleted it. AlbertBikaj (talk) 10:47, 9 June 2015 (UTC)

AlbertBikaj there are several contradictory edits and comments of yours. You first wanted to rename this article and now you want to use both names. Please clarify what is your position and if you still want to rename this article. To avoid confusion, please send me a message at my talkpage and clarify what is your exactly your proposal and your rationale which I can use in WP:RM process according to above mentioned instructions. Regrding your request to revert your edits, I think you probably meant to restore them. That would be violation of multiple wikipedia policies and even your invitation to me is also violation of multiple wikipedia policies. I don't want to participate in violation of wikipedia policies. Your bold edits are reverted by multiple editors. With good arguments. Instead to edit war please reach consensus trough discussion or wp:dr.--Antidiskriminator (talk) 14:31, 9 June 2015 (UTC)

Since the beginning I suggested bilingual version "Balsha noble family (Balsic)". Anyway what I meant up there was to keep the Albanian version too,because it's used in a lot of historical books as I said before. Another argument is that there are many sources that uses Albanian version "Balsha" like Oliver Schmitt ("Arbëria Venedikase"), Paulo Petta (Despoti d'Epirio e principi di Macedonia), Calabrian Archives,etc etc..AlbertBikaj (talk) 13:35, 10 June 2015 (UTC)

Good. Please be so kind to send me a message at my talkpage and clarify what is your exactly your proposal and also write your rationale at my talkpage so I could use it in WP:RM process according to above mentioned instructions. All the best.--Antidiskriminator (talk) 14:47, 10 June 2015 (UTC)

Edgar Hösch[edit]

Edgar Hösch's quote: "Under Turkish pressure, the Albanian families of the Balsici and the Thopia...". Does this necessarily refer to ethnic rather than territorial identification? The quote relates to the Balšići active in Albania.--Zoupan 20:23, 21 June 2015 (UTC)

Good point. Many people who lived in Albania as territorial identification which included almost all Montenegro (part of Albania Veneta at the end of medieval period) were referred to as Albanians although they were not ethnic Albanians. --Antidiskriminator (talk) 06:22, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

Balsic family ethnicity[edit]

The provided references make it clear that balsic family might have been Albanian,Vlach,French or serb so... why infobox says only serb?maybe because Zoupan wants them to be serb Rolandi+ (talk) 09:00, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

Read Ethnic group. Understand the definition of theory. The provided references make it clear that there are theories. Undue weight should not be added to the infobox.--Zoupan 10:17, 22 June 2015 (UTC)


About the Balsic family ethnicity  :There are discussions among scholars about the ethnicity so it's not important to put it in the infobox.It' might be albanian,vlach,serb or french so the best thing to do is to delete ethnicity from the infobox.Readers can find the serb ethnicity theory at the theories section.(because the serb option is a theory, also albanian+vlach+french options are theories,the only problem here is that you don't know what is a theory.Rolandi+ (talk) 11:47, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

Ethnic group: "An ethnic group or ethnicity is a socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural or national experience." Give me one example where Albanian, or any of the other theories, would be plausible in the case of ethnicity (and notability) of this family, please. --Zoupan 19:46, 22 June 2015 (UTC)


Due to sources having nothing reliable to say about their ANCESTORS, there has been speculation on their origin, which some deem unknown.(source wikipedia) The fact that they were a noble family under the Serb despotate/kindom doesn't mean that they were ethnically serb.For example: for ethnic groups in census ( kosovo) we use "serb" and not "albanian" or "kosovan" for the people with serb ancestors. Rolandi+ (talk) 20:01, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

Speculations. Again, you fail to answer my questions. Present-day demographics do not relate to this matter.--Zoupan 20:04, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

Off cource as you don't want Present-day demographics to relate to this matter.Rolandi+ (talk) 20:07, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

What do you mean?--Zoupan 20:20, 22 June 2015 (UTC)


I mean that the only thing you want is Balsic family to be serb , not to use facts or reliable sourses.The sources say that Balsic family might have been alb/serb/french or vlach ,but you don't like this idea.Rolandi+ (talk) 20:38, 22 June 2015 (UTC)

According to historical facts and reliable sources, the family was indeed Serbian (primary notability being medieval Serbian history; identified as Serbian; Serbian language, Nemanjić legacy, etc). I would say that your behaviour is clearly anti-Serbian. No historical facts actually point that the family was Albanian (Albanian language, Angevin Albanian legacy, etc) rather than Serbian. Why would I "don't like it", when it was I who added all the theories in the first place?--Zoupan 20:56, 22 June 2015 (UTC)


"No historical facts actually point that the family was Albanian (Albanian language, Angevin Albanian legacy, etc) rather than Serbian" (your own words)-now it makes sense.....the only problem for you is that references says that Balsic family might have been albanian. The fact that that family might have been alb/vlach/french doesn't mean that I am anti-serbian.This is your problem ---you are afraid of anti-serbians....I would like to be your friend as you make me laugh so much. The fact that that family was nobility under Serbian kingdom (so it's part of serbain history) , doesn't mean that they were serbs (serb national heroes weren't turks only because Serbia was under Turkish occupation ).serbian language-if you are under the Serbian kingdom and you are part of the nobility of Serbian kingdom you have to speak serbian ,this doesn't mean that you are serb. "No historical facts actually point that the family was Albanian"(your words),so why scholars say that balsic might have been albanian(vlach,french)?just for their fun?You are so ridiculous!!!!!!!!!! Rolandi+ (talk) 07:38, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

You just refuted your own position. Members of the Balšić family were not "nobility under Serbian kingdom". They became nobility during and after the fall of the Serbian Empire (in post-1355 period). So your hipothesis that they were referred to as Serbs and "had to speak Serbian" as part of the nobility of the Serbian Kingdom is incorrect. Efen the territory where they were nobility was not Serbia, but Southern Montenegro and Albania - so called Albania Veneta. That means that when sources refer to them as Serbs it is because they were Serbs. Not because of the language they spoke, their citizenship of the Kingdom of Serbia or because they lived on the territory of Serbia. Next time be careful before you start ridiculing and laughing at somebody.--Antidiskriminator (talk) 08:07, 23 June 2015 (UTC)


MAYBE YOU NEED TO GO AND READ THE ARTICLE.IT SAYS: The Balšić (Serbian Cyrillic: Балшић, pl. Балшићи/Balšići; Latin: Balsich) was a noble family that ruled "Zeta and the coastlands" (southern Montenegro and northern Albania), from 1362 to 1421, DURING AND AFTER the fall of the Serbian Empire(after that they were under gospodins and serb despots-See wikipedia). Balša, the founder, was a petty nobleman who held only one village during the rule of Emperor Dušan the Mighty (r. 1331-1355), and only after the death of the emperor, his three sons gained power in Lower Zeta after acquiring the lands of gospodin Žarko (fl. 1336-1360) under unclear circumstances, and they then expanded into Upper Zeta by murdering voivode and čelnik Đuraš Ilijić (r. 1326-1362†). Nevertheless, they were acknowledged as oblastni gospodari of Zeta IN EDICTS OF Emperor Uroš the Weak (r. 1355-1371)Rolandi+ (talk) 08:28, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

I wrote. "during and after the fall of the Serbian Empire " The point is on fall. They ruled southern Montenegro and northern Albania (not Kingdom of Serbia) during the fall (1362-1371) and after the fall (1372-1421) of Serbian Empire. In period 1362-1371 the ruler of Empire was Uroš the Weak. Do you know why he is referred as weak? Because he was unable to control his empire and force his nobility to respect his rule. Your hipothesis that he forced Balšić family to learn and speak Serbian language during his reign and 50 years after it is absurd. If your hipothesis would be correct, in period 1371-1421 Balšić family would (be forced to) speak Turkish langauge. --Antidiskriminator (talk) 09:45, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

References makes it clear that they might have been alb/serb/vlach/french.Why do scholars think so?Because they hate serbs or because balsic family might have been french/alb /serb or vlach? Rolandi+ (talk) 10:08, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

I replied to your comments about Balšić family being referred to as Serbs not because they were ethnic Serbs but because they were nobility of Serbian Kingdom, forced to speak Serbian as such. Actually, I do agree they were Albanian nobility also. Nevertheless, the territory where they were nobility is not the topic of this discussion. --Antidiskriminator (talk) 11:04, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

I don't disagree that they were part of serb medieval history,I disagree with the fact that the infobox says that they were ethnically serb.The references make it clear that they might have been alb/serb/vlach/french .I think that the best thing to do is to delete ethnicity from the infobox. Rolandi+ (talk) 12:59, 23 June 2015 (UTC)