Talk:Battle of Poitiers

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Add external link section?[edit]

I found this article that examines primary sources to determine more exactly the role of the Duke of Orleans at the Battle of Poitiers:

What does everyone think about adding it as an external link to this page? 204.126.127.253 17:21, 13 September 2005 (UTC)

Sure no need to ask, if theres an objection someone would say somthing after its added and discuss it then. Looks like a fine link. Stbalbach 15:10, 16 September 2005 (UTC)
That looks like a superb external link. It is well-balanced, well-argued, and well-sourced. No arguments. Bastin8 22:24, 16 September 2005 (UTC)

Discussion of the link that was replaced is ongoing at this page. TheJabberwock 22:23, 3 March 2006 (UTC)

Contents Box[edit]

Why is the contents box at the very bottom of the page, with very little to actually sort? --Stretch 09:59, 8 May 2006 (UTC)

I believe it was there previously because there were no sections above it. I have added sections (Preparation, The Battle, and so on) and now the Contents box is where you would ordinarily expect it. Mmccalpin 14:16, 26 August 2006 (UTC)


? ==

It is a popular misconception that English Longbowmen were predominantly Welsh, and thus innaccurate to continually refer to them as such here. Although Wales armed a high than normal proportion of their warriors with the long bows, their population was never particularly high, and therefor never made up even the majority of longbow archers on the feild for England.

I would also question calling the French King John II... I'm it normally historically accurate to anglicise his name? Shouldn't it be Jean II?Easter rising 16:29, 19 September 2006 (UTC)

I have found sources that refer to the longbowmen as English, others as Welsh, and still others as both English and Welsh. I have not found a source that breaks out the proprtion of each, so in the absence of a definitive source, I am going to include "Welsh and English" where the archers nationality is called out. It is almost certainly true that some ratio of both were present. Mmccalpin 03:08, 20 September 2006 (UTC)
The Welsh were often employed as longbowmen mercenaries. Reasons vary - for one, if you were captured in battle you were likely killed and not ransomed, knights generally did not like longbowmen very much. Same with crossbows. -- Stbalbach 15:52, 20 September 2006 (UTC)

Even Contest?[edit]

One of my favourite historians, Arthur Bryant states in his book, "The Age of Chivalry" (1963) the English/Gascons were outnumbered by about five to one. How does this stack up against this article which puts the numbers on each side as being about even? —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 165.12.252.11 (talk) 00:57, 4 May 2007 (UTC).

The previous figures in the article seem to have been wrong. Every source I've found gives very different figures, which is why I just changed them on the article. Rpeh 09:43, 18 May 2007 (UTC)
Well, now there are figures for the English (with a reference), but what's with the French estimate? It just seems like it was arbitrarily thought up. I mean, "up to 35,000"? The lack of a reference doesn't help either. At least we could have a range of the various estimates, with references pointing to them (See: Fall of Constantinople). I would do it, I have neither the time nor the skill to sufficiently deal with this problem. Sorry for griping, but things like this don't make Wikipedia any more verifiable. 74.32.229.23 (talk) 19:51, 29 November 2007 (UTC)
Yeah - my original, referenced, figures had been changed with no explanation. I just changed them back. --RpehTCE 23:04, 24 March 2008 (UTC)

WikiProject class rating[edit]

This article was automatically assessed because at least one article was rated and this bot brought all the other ratings up to at least that level. BetacommandBot 02:29, 27 August 2007 (UTC)

Numbers of men[edit]

After leaving 20.000 men behind the french would still outnumber the english 2:1 how can the army's then be "supprisingly simmilair in size" ? just wondering —Preceding unsigned comment added by Burds (talkcontribs) 10:55, 18 March 2008 (UTC)

The various accounts differ, but I believe that most accounts have the French outnumbering the English significantly. That seems to be what makes the battle, tactics, use of Welsh archers and their Longbows, terrain, etc., so interesting. Just my opinion Mugginsx (talk) 17:35, 9 July 2011 (UTC)
Jonathon Sumption in "Trial by Fire" reckons that King John had 8000 men-at-arms and 3000 infantry, the Black Prince had 2000 archers, 1000 Gascon infantry and 3000 men-at-arms. He sources his numbers to letters from the Black Prince to the city of london, and a letter from Burghersh to John Beauchamp. John lilburne (talk) 19:49, 9 July 2011 (UTC)
That is very interesting. It may be correct. I think most medieval scholars believe that participants and chroniclers tended to exaggerate the numbers of their forces. I think we will probably never be able to settle that particular question. One thing is certain, the French lost virtually all of their nobility in this particular battle. Mugginsx (talk) 09:56, 10 July 2011 (UTC)
"One thing is certain, the French lost virtually all of their nobility in this particular battle." Years ago, most medieval scholars thought the same about battles of Crécy and the one of Agincourt. French nobility was very numerous, even its upper part.92.150.206.89 (talk) 10:03, 10 July 2011 (UTC)
There was also the hawthorn hedge which according to Sumption played a major part in the battle. This hedge was in front of the English lines and the French had to make their way through gaps in it in order to reach the English. Most were killed trying to get through it as the widest gap only allowing five abreast. The Sumption's source for this is Geoffrey Baker's chronicles particularly pages 146-150. The hedge ran in front of the entire English lines, the initial cavalry attack by Audrehem and Douglas had to go around it which exposed the flanks of the horses to the archers. John lilburne (talk) 10:38, 10 July 2011 (UTC)
Yes, I do remember reading this. I think it would be excellent in the article. Such a fascinating battle but so far there is really not much detail in the article. The terrain is most important in battles and was the decisive factor in many battles not just in medieval times but up to and including WW1, WWII, Korea and Vietnam War. I think that it is also notable that, according to Froissart, despite the terrible terrain and the devasting effect of the Welsh Longbow, only two men were noted to have run from the battle. It was not uncommon during medieval times for large amounts of knights of both kingdoms to retreat at the first sign of trouble. There can be no doubt that the French fought with great bravery.Mugginsx (talk) 12:07, 10 July 2011 (UTC)
I am also reading Geoffrey Baker's chronicles online here: http://www.archive.org/details/chronicongalfrid00bakeuoft , thanks for the mention John. I am going very slowly and I do not mind suggestions. Mugginsx (talk) 11:52, 20 July 2011 (UTC)

Knights to men-at-arms[edit]

In almost all my reading of the period, mounted or dismounted heavy cavalry are generally referred to as "men-at-arms," there being among them many who were unknighted. Perhaps this would be more appropriate than using the blanket term "knight?"

99.50.119.143 (talk) 00:13, 11 July 2011 (UTC)

Good point. Froissart uses both terms, so when I quote him I use whatever term he chooses. Mugginsx (talk) 13:00, 11 July 2011 (UTC)

A civil conversation - how shocking. I understand the need to stay true to the chronicles; I simply worry that the term might confuse people who are not up on the happenings of the mid-13th century fighting classes.

99.50.119.143 (talk) 18:35, 12 July 2011 (UTC)

14th century, rather.

99.50.119.143 (talk) 00:06, 13 July 2011 (UTC)

See what you think, but I see no reason why you could not add your words in parenthesis next to Froissart term. You sound like you have a better knowledge of intricate medieval military terminology than I do. Incidentally, I translated the French article and they state that just prior to the battle the French King split their troops. Read it and see if you think it noteworthy. http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataille_de_Poitiers_(1356) I think both sides should be represented for a good article and the French article seems to be well-sourced although I cannot say for sure since, as you know, the online translator is not a perfect way to read an article. Mugginsx (talk) 18:27, 14 July 2011 (UTC)
I also see that in the paragraphs I edited about the capture of the king, they seems to be a specificity as to who was there. The other paragraph I edited also does not seem to required the insert by way of its wording but could be put in there. The other paragraphs, there is one that specifically mentions knights - were all men at arms Knights - were all Knights nobles? What about the mercenaries mentioned? I do not know but I welcome discussion and enlightenment for purposes of a fuller and better article. Mugginsx (talk) 20:19, 14 July 2011 (UTC)

Mugginsx,

Thanks for the compliments, however undeserved. I've read a bit on the subject, but I'm no expert. That said, here goes.

The term men-at-arms, as I understand it, consists of all men who fought in the manner of a knight, ie, mounted, armored soldiers, and includes both nobles, knights, and esquires. Now, what are these? In England, a knight has been traditionally described as a "commoner of rank," ie, a member of the landed gentry, but not a member of the nobility; I am unsure of their status in France. By the time of the HYW, in both France and England knighthood was conferred directly by the monarch, and so was comparatively rare. So you have a situation where knights tended to be senior or wealthy men-at-arms, frequently in leadership roles - a knight might report for service with several esquires (or ecuyers, in French) under his banner. An esquire, by the by, is a professional soldier of the same social class as a knight - a gentleman, merely one who has not been knighted. Now, bear in mind this is all from memory. My library is in a bit of disarray since the move, but I will try and go through it for sources, if you so desire - I'm thinking I've got a book by Stephen Turnbull that specifically covers knighthood during this period. 99.50.119.143 (talk) 06:45, 18 July 2011 (UTC)

In 1356 it was not clear whether an armoured fighter was a knight or not. That is why John II refused to surrender until he was assured that he was surrendering to someone with at least some pedigree and that they weren't some peasant oik. John lilburne (talk) 12:48, 18 July 2011 (UTC)

John,

I concur with the thrust of your argument, but methinks "peasant" is a bit of an overstatement. Even the lowliest combatants on the field at Poitiers (archers or crossbowmen) were of the yeoman/sergeant class. Commonors, certainly, but not quite peasant scum.

99.50.119.143 (talk) 00:04, 19 July 2011 (UTC)

99.50.119.143: I hope I inserted men-at-arms where you suggested. Nice of you to offer me this and more information and the title to your book. I will memorialize on my talk page which I use for storing important facts as well as the usual "stuff". Yes, reading what both you and John have said, it seems to be a complicated subject. Is the book you mentioned: The book of the medieval knight / Stephen Turnbull? I noticed it is available at my library. If it is the same book, I will order it tomorrow. Sorry so late getting back to you. I was reading Poitiers 1356: The Capture of a King - online at http://books.google.com/books?id=nXOh2PWlYcQC&printsec=frontcover&dq=battle+of+poitiers&hl=en&ei=EFIkTt3vHITs0gGcxfCVAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20poitiers&f=false - and then went to doctor's appt., and then was trying to repair damage on an article that an editor did without any discussion, consensus or, for that matter, knowledge of what she was doing. Doesn't happen very often but when it does I hate it. So rude. I will definitely read the book you suggested. Found a French Chronicler of the right time period but do not know if it will be pertinent to this Battle. I have ordered it today: The chronicle of Jean de Venette / translated by Jean Birdsall ; edited, with an introduction and notes, by Richard A. Newhall. Mugginsx (talk) 23:12, 19 July 2011 (UTC)

There might be a copyright problem with this source?[edit]

On The Hundred Years War, a primary source written by Jean Froissart It links to http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/froissart1.html Can anyone shed light? Mugginsx (talk) 13:58, 11 July 2011 (UTC)

From G. C. Macauly, ed., The Chronicles of Froissart, Lord Berners, trans. (London: Macmillan and Co., 1904) - The original will be 100s of years out of copyright the translation is by John Bourchier, Baron Berners (d1474 or 1533). I'd say OOC. John lilburne (talk) 14:16, 11 July 2011 (UTC)
I thought the translation used here was more recent. Thanks for the info. Mugginsx (talk) 14:52, 11 July 2011 (UTC)
John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners they may have modernized the spelling in 1904, but here is the original translation. — Preceding unsigned comment added by John lilburne (talkcontribs) 15:52, 11 July 2011 (UTC)
Thank you. Mugginsx (talk) 16:04, 11 July 2011 (UTC)

Froissart[edit]

The thing to remember about Froissart is that he was Edward III wife Philippa of Hainault official historian. He was attached to the English Army, and went on campaigns with the Black Prince. So his knowledge of what the French did or said was always 3rd hand and often told to him many years afterwards. John lilburne (talk) 21:05, 13 July 2011 (UTC)

He is still the most accurate of historians (including contemporary historians) to quote in my opinion. Where I see error or possible error, I make a notation such as in the mention of John of Ghistelles. I look to verify all that I can as to the French by whatever means available to me. It is also noteworthy, I think, that he personally knew many of the knights on both sides as well as the royalty and he was not always complimentary in his remarks. As for French chroniclers, this article could certainly use some if you care to add them. As to modern historians I would pick and chose carefully. Some modern historians think they know better than any sources. It is arrogant and ludicrous in my opinion. I know for a fact that sometimes egos run large in academia. For a great book on this general topic I would recommend Norman F. Cantor's book, "Inventing the Middle Ages". Perhaps you have already read it. Mugginsx (talk) 13:49, 14 July 2011 (UTC)
John, I do know the shortcomings of Froissart but I am wondering how many French hostages of this Battle did he know? Maybe none, but I will promise that I go over all of his material that I use and where there are ambiguities I will try to note them. Have found a French Chronicler named in the above discussion I am also going to read - and more modern books as well. I am reading online: Poiters 1356: The Capture of a King online or, more specifically, what there is of it online. Here is the website if you have not already read it and you are interested: http://books.google.com/books?id=nXOh2PWlYcQC&printsec=frontcover&dq=battle+of+poitiers&hl=en&ei=EFIkTt3vHITs0gGcxfCVAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20poitiers&f=false - Thank you for the above information as well on discussion of men-at-arms. Mugginsx (talk) 23:40, 19 July 2011 (UTC)

Why were the Infantry dismissed at Chartres[edit]

The Duke of Lancaster set up base in Montebourg (near Cherbourg) on 1st June 1356. They joined forces with the Philip of Navarre and on 22nd of June set off with 2400 men ostensibly to relieve the garrison at Evreux. However, in early June, Evreux had been stormed and burned by the Dauphin, the remaining Navarrrese defenders had been allowed to leave under safe conduct and ended up with the garrison at Breteuil. Lancaster's mission was to reinforce the remaining garrisons and burn and loot along the way. The main action took place at Verneuil which was looted and the citadel demolished. John II confronted Lancaster on July 8th at l'Aigle but was unable to stop Lancaster's retreat through the Saint-Evroult forest.

John II then laid siege to Breteuil which was well stocked and had been reinforced. He was still at Breteuil until 20th August, when he paid the Navarrese garrison a large amount of money to abandon it, and allowed them to rejoin the forces of Philip of Navarre and Lancaster back in Montebourg. When he got back to Chartres he paid off the infantry that had been with him at Breteuil because a) the French treasury was almost exhausted, and b) he was confronting the mobile mounted army of the Black Prince. John lilburne (talk) 21:01, 17 July 2011 (UTC)

which richard of pembroke?[edit]

Cannot find anywhere. Does anyone know which Richard he is? Perhaps an illegitimate son of the Earl John Hastings? Earl John seems to have had no legtimate son by that name - also his legitimate son would have been too young to be a soldier if the Wiki article is correct . Richard is called Lord. Mugginsx (talk) 11:47, 19 July 2011 (UTC)

Best guess is that this Richard would have either been in the employ of, or was a relation of, Marie de St Pol the dowager countess of Pembroke. She owned lands in the Le Marche which is where on the 4th August the Black Prince had started his attack up from La Peruse, Lesterps, Bellac, Le Dorat ... burning and sacking the towns, abbeys, and villages. The Countess's lands were spared by order of King Edward. John lilburne (talk) 20:22, 22 July 2011 (UTC)
Thankyou, well that settles that. John, I was wondering why you did not put the estimate of the forces at Poitiers in the article since you had such a good reference. I am restrained by a basic ignorance of the subject and try to insert information based on my limited and only incrementally increasing knowledge and understanding, but it seems that it would be very good for you to insert this into the article since the reference originates with a letter by the Black Prince, even if you chose to qualify it in some way. Mugginsx (talk) 13:33, 23 July 2011 (UTC)

Decisive?[edit]

More of a general question about something I've noticed in other battle articles, how come this battle is described as a decisive English victory? I always thought decisive meant that, while it might not immediately end a conflict, a decisive battle determined the outcome of a war. While Poitiers was a massive blow to France, ultimately France won the war. Shouldn't battles like this and Cannae be described as 'major victories' or something since ultimately they didn't really decide anything? 123.243.214.202 (talk) 23:47, 19 September 2011 (UTC)

I think this is considered a major and decisive victory for many reasons, it is in the description of the battle, the comparison of the forces, the difficult terrain, and of course, the capture of the king and his son. The capture of the French King and his son and the killing of much of the nobility and the greatest knights of France in one battle could certainly be described as decisive by any definition.
It is still discussed in detail in major universities today. Mugginsx (talk) 16:13, 20 September 2011 (UTC)
For several afterwards the French government was powerless and attempts to regain some control over France resulted in the Jacquerie uprising. John lilburne (talk) 18:22, 26 September 2011 (UTC)
In my opinion, infoboxes should list unqualified factual information and should avoid debatable (and ill-defined) terms like "decisive" and "Pyrrhic." Save that stuff to be explained (and sourced) in the Results and Aftermaths sections of an article and let the readers decide how "decisive" a battle was.
In this article, I think it would suffice to simply say the following:
- English victory
- John II captured Milhisfan (talk) 06:04, 13 June 2012 (UTC)

As to more source of numbers of forces[edit]

http://openlibrary.org/books/OL7172318M/Chronicon_Galfridi_le_Baker_de_Swynebroke 300 Notes and Illustrations (error states 3CO instead of 300)

' The prince therfore committed the vaward of the armie to the earles of Warwicke and Oxford, the middle ward was guided by the prince, and the rereward was led by the earles of Salisburie and Suffolke. In all the whole armie of the prince there was not above foure thousand men of armes, one thousand armed souldiours, and two thousand archers.

' The pompous nobility of the Frenchmen drew nigh, greatly disdaining the small company of the Englishmen, for they had in numbers eight thousand fighting souldiours, they had also seven antients.

Seems to come "close" to numbers given by Jonathon Sumption in "Trial by Fire". We will probably never know the exact truth, nevertheless it is interesting to note. Mugginsx (talk) 20:03, 20 September 2011 (UTC)

Discussion moved from talk pages to article discussion page for more experienced editors to help[edit]

Hi, and Help[edit]

Hello! My name is Grovyle4life, and I'm a new Wikipedia user. I was the one who was editing the Battle of Poitiers page. Did I do something wrong? Anyway, Please correct me so I don't keep making mistakes! -Grovyle4life (talk) 13:32, 27 September 2011 (UTC)

Hi! Welcome to Wikipedia! The sections that you entered about who survived, etc., are usually indicated in the substance of the article and not as individual sections. Unless it was a complete list, which would be impossible to compile, I do not know how you could reconstruct who did and did not survive, with the exception of the most notable persons, so it is deceptive to put in a few notable names in a separate section. If there are a few names you can reference as to their death at this battle and it is not already in the text, why don't you put it in there? As you can see, even Froissart had trouble with who did and did not survive - and that was a short time after the actual battle. That is why I have to make a special notation in the section entitled: Nobles and Men-at-Arms who fought with the Black Prince at the bottom of the paragraph regarding John of Ghistelles. I took out POW and inserted captured because I thought the term more appropriate in a medieval article since I have never heard the term POW used in any medieval book or article I have ever read.
Also, I think you are suggesting that Ellis Hicks was in the Battle on another page. That may very well be true, and I do not doubt you, unfortunately it appears that you are using an ancestral website which are not considered adequate Wiki references. I had a Thomas Fenton website which indicated that his ancestor was in the battle and was a cousin to the Black Price and would loved to have put it in the article, unfortunately, I had the same problem as you so far. I am still looking however for a better reference. See: Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources for help in that area.
I did not know what you were doing with the categories, so I took it out since it did not seem correct Wikipedia procedure.

You are welcome to ask an administrator and perhaps they can help give you a better explanation as to what you want to put into the article. Unfortunately, I am unqualified for the "where to find" as to prove your assertion as to the man you put into the article. If I see it anywhere along the way, I will give it to you with a proper reference that wiki will accept. If you are truly worried about making mistakes, join the club. That is how most of us learn. OK?

Ok, I understand the survivor problem, but could we at least try to make a list of participants? If it's too big, could we create another page with the participants of the battle? I really want to help out, but I'm kinda new to this. -Grovyle4life (talk) 13:23, 28 September 2011 (UTC) (Thanks for still putting up with my stubborness. <==I think I spelled that wrong.)
Some of these names are mentioned in the two sections: Nobles and Men-at-Arms who fought with the Black Prince and Nobles and Men-at-Arms who fought with King Jean II at, or just prior to the Battle, but mention few that did not survive. Look at the Reference Section at the bottom and link on and see what you can find. I know Geoffroi de Charny (carrier of the Oriflamme), did not survive. We can look for some others such as the Scottish contingent and, I believe there were some German mercenaries. Mugginsx (talk) 15:37, 28 September 2011 (UTC)
Grovyle4life, Perhaps you could personally contact some of the people on the list of the ancestral site. They may have actual documentation somewhere. If he was a member of the Knights of the Garter, I think there are some documents which show the names of many of the knights. He is not mentioned here under ellis or hicks http://www.heraldica.org/topics/orders/garterlist.htm#list but it is probably not a complete list. Keep looking and contact some of these people. Mugginsx (talk) 12:10, 29 September 2011 (UTC)
Possible source for you claim as to Ellis Hicks Grovyle4life: http://www.e-familytree.net/F51/F51957.htm - mentions his source as: Note Source: Broderbund WFT Vol. 21 Tree 139. If you can find that source, you will probably have an excellent reference. Try to locate it through the person who put it into the source. You might get lucky. Good luck! Mugginsx (talk) 21:13, 27 September 2011 (UTC)
Well, I see that it is just another ancestral source. Perhaps you could personally contact some of the people on the list. They may have actual documentation somewhere. If he was a member of the Knights of the Garter, I think there are some documents which show the names of many of the knights. He is not mentioned here under ellis or hicks http://www.heraldica.org/topics/orders/garterlist.htm#list but it is probably not a complete list. Keep looking. Mugginsx (talk) 12:00, 29 September 2011 (UTC)
Persistence Hello again, I know I am being a little persistent now. So yes or no, would the list of participants work? (I am saying, all known participants, not just 'Nobles and Men-at-Arms'). -Grovyle4life (talk) 23:20, 29 September 2011 (UTC)
Battle of Poiters or Ponthieu also as to Men at Arms. OK, now you have lost me completely. Men at Arms should cover archers, mercenaries and other men who were fighting with arms on or off a horse. Who exactly is left other than these groups? Also, I see you mention Ponthieu at User:Grovyle4life/Ellis Hicks under the Section: Poem About His Knighthood as the place where Hicks was knighted. It is a completely different location than Poitiers where you also have him being knighted at Poitiers at the same page in your section entitled: Timeline on the same page. Mugginsx (talk) 10:02, 30 September 2011 (UTC) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User_talk:Mugginsx"
Now I'm sorry I was such an idiot. I though men-at-arms where nobles too. Oops. So, to finalize it, could I add some "English Soldiers" under "Nobles and Men-at-Arms Who fought with the Black Prince?" (And about the poem, it is talking about "long ago" when he was knighted. He was currently in Ponthieu, but was remembering the days in Potiers. We done yet?)

-Grovyle4life (talk) 13:43, 30 September 2011 (UTC)

Your poem states: ...We are to believe that when the battle was over Ellis Hicks was knighted there and then, kneeling on the ground in the shade of the windmill sails. Since Pontheiu changed hands many times during The Hundred Years' War, it would seem to have meant Ponthieu. I am not disputing your information, only your interpretation of it. The poem is quite actually quite beautiful.
I don't know any reason why you could not add names into either section with a reference.Mugginsx (talk) 15:19, 30 September 2011 (UTC)
Also, please do not berate yourself. Wiki is supposed to be fun and educational. Here is a reference to a Hicks but a later one. It is at http://www.archive.org/stream/dictionarynatio06stepgoog#page/n428/mode/2up Unfortunately, the updated Dictionary of National Biography is a subcription based Dictionary through Oxford. You seem to have a very wonderful family history. Keep searching and I will help if you want but I think your best bet is with the England-based family members. Mugginsx (talk) 09:58, 1 October 2011 (UTC)

POV Tag Removal[edit]

The POV tag stated there would be an explanation on the talk page here. Since the editor did not do so the tag was removed because it violates the wiki guidelines with regard to the application of the tag. It was also removed because the sources used in the section tagged: i.e., Battle are all legitimate sources used for centuries by scholars and a modern scholarly source thus adhering to Wiki guidelines for referencing. There is another source which is an educational website which uses as their sources further scholarly sources. These sources had additionally been used in many Wiki articles and there is no reason for them to be challenged here when they have not to my knowledge been challenged on any other articles of this time period anywhere else on Wiki.

If the editor who placed the tag wishes to have a proper discussion on why he or she believes this section is biased then they are invited here to provide references which provide an alternate point of view of the battle and challenge through a discussion on this page which is designed for that specific purpose. I think that has always been the standard and I see no reason for one editor to decide to arbitrarily change it against Wiki guidelines. Mugginsx (talk) 01:04, 2 December 2011 (UTC)

Essay Tag Removal[edit]

I have made some edits and the section no longer contains individual or unreferenced viewpoints so that tag was also removed since it is no longer applicable. Mugginsx (talk) 01:13, 2 December 2011 (UTC)

Gaius Cornelius Re: Battle of Poitiers[edit]

Hi. Would you please explain to me what changes you did to Battle of Poitiers article and why you used AWB? As I look at the diffs I see no significant changes. In fact I see no changes at all. Why do you not make changes the conventional way? Repeated on your talk page. Thanks in advance for you for your explaination. Mugginsx (talk) 12:56, 7 December 2011 (UTC)

Well, the problem is, I and other editors cannot readily see the changes to either agree or disagree with. Could you please make you changes in the conventional way. My understanding is that AWB is primarily to be used for spelling, punctuation, and other such changes. Content changes should be made in way that other editors can see and acknowledge. That is all I am saying. Edit summarys are important for viewing and possible discussion and they are also educational to new or newish editors.I have looked and still cannot tell what you changed because the previous edits look the same as the red linked changes you show. Perhaps I am doing something wrong?Mugginsx (talk) 16:02, 7 December 2011 (UTC)
Wikipedia:AutoWikiBrowser AutoWikiBrowser (often abbreviated AWB), is a semi-automated MediaWiki editor for Microsoft Windows 2000/XP/Vista/7 designed to make tedious repetitive tasks quicker and easier. (AWB also functions reasonably well under Wine on GNU/Linux but this is not officially supported.) It is essentially a browser that automatically opens up a new page when the last is saved. When set to do so, it suggests some changes (typically formatting) that are generally meant to be incidental to the main change. (taken from Gaius Cornelius page where he answered).
Thanks for explanation. Mugginsx (talk) 13:15, 11 December 2011 (UTC)

Requested move[edit]

The following discussion is an archived discussion of a requested move. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on the talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

The result of the move request was: moved to Battle of Poitiers. Favonian (talk) 21:45, 18 May 2012 (UTC)


Battle of Poitiers (1356)Battle of Poitiers – This is the only battle normally known by this name, the other battle sometimes known by this name is normally known as the Battle of Tours, it should be dealt with by a hatnote. PatGallacher (talk) 22:04, 11 May 2012 (UTC)

  • Support. Both Britannica and A Dictionary of World History give this subject as "Battle of Poitiers", the 732 battle as "Battle of Tours". They don't seem to worry that anyone will confuse the two. Kauffner (talk) 07:20, 13 May 2012 (UTC)
  • Support. Just looking at WorldCat and even Library of France and there are many hundreds of books about or entitled Battle of Poitiers or have the name of the (1356) battle somewhere in the title. The 1356 Battle of Poitiers title is well-known throughout English speaking countries by this title. Tours is used for 732 battle as stated above. Mugginsx (talk) 10:59, 13 May 2012 (UTC)
  • Support. Agree with all those above – this can be handled by a hatnote. Jenks24 (talk) 10:32, 18 May 2012 (UTC)
The above discussion is preserved as an archive of a requested move. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on this talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

Removal of approximations[edit]

Moved from Mugginsx Talk page

Please don't perform outright removals of figures regarding forces in historical battles, as you did in Battle of Crécy. You not only removed unsourced (through basically sound) figures in the infobox, but actually blasted approximate figures that were well-referenced. The nature of historical research of this kind is not exact, but that doesn't mean it's "UNKNOWABLE"[1], as you have suggested. You can't simply blast away useful information because you personally don't agree with it.

Peter Isotalo 20:08, 13 July 2012 (UTC)

Basically sound? What is that. A new Wikipedia guideline? I have read many books on the battles of the Hundred Years War and no one knows the amount of forces or casulaties, including Froissart and it is preposterous to say that 11 Noblemen killed, 1,542 knights killed, 2,300 Genoese Crossbowmen killed Several thousand infantry killed and then put "citation needed". That is unacceptable in Wikipedia. Same with Forces and Casulaties. I have changed it to say "an approximation". The rest is pure conjecture. Mugginsx (talk) 21:36, 13 July 2012 (UTC)
By basically sound I mean it seems to correspond with what I've seen academic historians write about Crécy, but I don't have a specific citation right now. You're technically right that unsourced information should be removed, but in this case you're basing your removals on a sweeping generalization that these kind of facts are utterly "unknowable". That's not a reasonable interpretation of the current state of medieval historical research.
You are right in that casualties and the size of armies in medieval battles are difficult to ascertain in the exact numbers we're used to from early modern or modern battles. The size of these forces are by necessity approximations. However, that certainly does not equate to an "anything is possible"-attitude in describing pre-modern military history. I have just been reading a very interesting work (Rogers 2007) that uses Crécy as an example to discuss the often highly lopsided nature of casualty figures in medieval battles, and why very figures concerning killed knights are perfectly believable. The uneven casualties is because most kills occured when the losing side lost cohesion and routed. The very exact number of killed knights is because these people were of the nobility or at least high-standing retainers of nobility. The death of these individuals left clear traces in records and any dispatch with reports on battle casualties about high-ranking individuals would have to be quite exact since those on the receiving end would eventually find out about those killed anyway. The very simple reason is because they would have known these fallen men personally.
So if anything, I would say that the casualty figures should be considered quite believable, though naturally less exact when it comes to the common men among archers, crossbowmen and the infantry. If there are different approximations of the total size of the armies among historians, there should be some sort of discussion of what the most common approximations are. The infobox can easily summarize this with a "c." or "2,000-3,000" and such. And I would like to stress quite adamantly that the sources that should be used in these case should only be works by professional historians. Anything else would amount to original research.
Peter Isotalo 09:00, 14 July 2012 (UTC)
Only Peer-reviewed historians. Still they are estimates and should be stated as such. No one liviing today was there. No one living then counted them in the heat of battle and there are no records to suggest the casualties were from anything but memory. True many of the nobles were well-know, certainly, Charny, Earl of Warwick, etc. but not ALL were known. An examples is that John of Ghistelles is said to have perished at the Battle of Crecy AND the Battle of Poitiers. Mistakes are made even in modern warfare but fortunately we have DNA and computer files to give certainty to the facts, when dna is available. Even so, soldiers, including POWs names are still unaccounted for from Korean and Vietnam and names, especially common names have caused glaring mistakes in modern records.
At any rate, you must follow Wikipedia guidelines. When they are estimates you MUST state them as estimates.Mugginsx (talk) 14:34, 15 July 2012 (UTC)
Wikipedia:Verifiability states "It must be possible to attribute all information in Wikipedia to reliable, published sources that are appropriate for the content in question. However, in practice it is only necessary to provide inline citations for quotations and for any information that has been challenged or that is likely to be challenged." I will read the source, if it is a credible one, then I will not challenge. Since it is clear that Sumpton is estimating, it still must say "estimated or approximate" Mugginsx (talk) 14:14, 15 July 2012 (UTC)
WP:CITE adds to this statement ."...However, editors are advised to provide citations for all material added to Wikipedia; any detail risks being unexpectedly challenged or even eventually removed."
WP:BURDEN WP:UNSOURCED The burden of evidence lies with the editor who adds or restores material. You may remove any material lacking an inline citation to a reliable source.
There's nothing in any of those guidelines that says we have to put "estimates" before everything, nor in any guidelines I've ever seen. Not even in for infoboxes. So that appears to be your interpretation of them, and it doesn't at all agree with how FAs and GAs on pre-modern battles are written. And why would you insist on inserting that particular word before figures that are in of themselves approximate like "fewer than 100 killed" and "c.11,000-13,000 infantry"?
If you're concerned about presenting a nuanced account of pre-modern battles, I really recommend that you help out by looking up what various historians have to say about the credibility of the size of forces and casualty figures. It'll be a lot more useful to readers than removal of information and putting "estimated at" before every imaginable figure.
You were the original editor. You should never have inserted the figures without reference (which you have now fixed) and without adding they are approximate or estimated figures. Does someone really have to tell you that the figures in a medieval battle need to be estimated? The burden is on the original editor. Mugginsx (talk) 16:11, 15 July 2012 (UTC)
As to the "minimal" that you added - that is allowing an assumption that there were not fewer than that figure. You cannot make that assumption either for the same reasons given previously. Mugginsx (talk) 16:17, 15 July 2012 (UTC)

Please note that this discussion is currently being conducted at talk:Battle of Crécy since it's about the exact same issue (formatting of information in the battle infobox). The posts signed by me that predate this posts have been pasted in here by Mugginsx, not me. I do not wish to duplicate discussions and anyone who is interested in chiming in is welcome to do so at talk:Battle of Crécy#Removal of approximations. I will not engage in discussion in a thread on a talkpage where posts signed by me are inserted against my expressed will.

Peter Isotalo 16:35, 15 July 2012 (UTC)

Peter, had you not engaged me on my talk page, I would not have been forced to move it to the article talk pages where it should be. The issues are identical on both articles. Really. Mugginsx (talk) 16:48, 15 July 2012 (UTC)
Continued on the Talk:Battle of Crécy as Peter has stated. Mugginsx (talk) 17:54, 15 July 2012 (UTC)
Peter, I have been reading more closely your statistics and find that I owe you an apology for your statistical estimations. It seems that I jumped to the wrong conclusion without doing proper research Mugginsx (talk) 17:59, 1 August 2012 (UTC)

King Jean[edit]

King Jean II was NOT a POW. He and his son were Hostages who were well treated in the medieval tradition. They were always meant to be returned after the Ransom was paid. Someone keeps inserting POW into this battle here and in other articles that mention him, his son and other hostages. Thanks. Mugginsx (talk) 22:14, 21 August 2012 (UTC)

Actually, Jean II was captured in the battle, which does make him a prisoner of war. The fact that during the middle ages noble prisoners of war were given the "opportunity" to ransom themselves, doesn't change that fact and still makes him a POW. One of his sons however was a hostage for the good behaviour of the King during the time he was allowed to return to France to raise the enormous ransom. Those are (POW and hostage) thus are two different things. -- fdewaele, 22 August 2012, 14:40.
You and I both know the term POW was not used in medieval times and is inappropriate to use here. Mugginsx (talk) 13:03, 26 August 2012 (UTC)
You're splitting hairs. You could make that analogy for other things/terms/situations as well but he still was a prisoner of war: the exact wording "Prisoner of War" may first date from 1660 but they existed in all times, the only thing that has changed in the hundreds of years since the battle is the way those prisoners are treated and the rules applying to them. The term POW conveys better the reality of the situation and makes a clearer understanding of the difference of being made prisoner in battle as John was, or being a hostage for good behavior as his younger son was. -- fdewaele, 26 August 2012, 16:05

Froissart/ penetration of armour[edit]

I believe most of the comments attributed to Froissart in this section are actually those of Geoffrey le Baker.

Froissart says on this topic at Poitiers the archers were 'piercing everything with their long barbed arrows,' 'the English archers were a huge asset to their side and a terror to the French, their shooting was so heavy and accurate that the French did not know where to turn to avoid their arrows.' - Froissart in Bereton's 1968 translation, pp 136 - 7.

Le baker says at one point 'arrows aimed at them either shattered or glanced off' - Life and campaigns of the black prince, p. 77. This though is in reference to one particular group of heavy cavalry, armed with additional leather shields designated to attack the archers. Generally the archers were effective at close range against French armour. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Tobiov (talkcontribs) 05:53, 25 August 2012 (UTC)

The comments I attributed to Froissart are referenced and are his. Geoffrey is also used and referenced as such. If you have other information that you wish to insert, that would be good for the article. Mugginsx (talk)

Froissart's "Hainowes"[edit]

Is that an older spelling for Hainault? Varlaam (talk) 10:28, 27 November 2012 (UTC)

It is also in this translation of Froissart, in a different narrative, spelled the same way. Mugginsx (talk) 21:27, 3 May 2013 (UTC) [1]
  1. ^ Ohio State University Dept. of History Online site. Chronicles of Froissart, Chapter XLV, p. 57 at line 6 but the heading also mentions Hainault spelled in this manner as well. [1]

Mercenaries[edit]

The Flemish mercenaries who fought with the English at the time of the Battle of Poitiers were well organized under their leader, identified as Jacques. This can be found in The Chronicles of Jean de Venette, Jean Birdsall edited by Richard A. Newhall. (N.Y. Columbia University Press, 1953), p. 33. Mugginsx (talk) 14:58, 29 September 2013 (UTC)

Apparent duplicate article The Battle of Poitiers[edit]

The Battle of Poitiers appears to cover the same topic as this article. Is there any material in it that can usefully be merged into this article, before The Battle of Poitiers is turned into a redirect to here? -- The Anome (talk) 11:25, 10 February 2014 (UTC)

This article is a shortened version of the full article Battle of Poitiers written years ago. Delete or merge material from there (if there is any new material there to merge) into older article Battle of Poitiers. Mugginsx (talk) 12:28, 10 February 2014 (UTC)
On review, I couldn't find anything significantly mergeworthy in it, so I've just turned it into a redirect to this article. -- The Anome (talk) 11:53, 12 February 2014 (UTC)
Thanks. Mugginsx (talk) 12:44, 12 February 2014 (UTC)