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Wikipedia discrepancy with Belmont Report itself
This Wikipedia article lists six fundamental ethical 'principles' for using any human subjects for research: (1) Autonomy: Respect for persons: protecting the autonomy of all people and treating them with courtesy and respect and allowing for informed consent; (2) Beneficence: maximizing benefits for the research project while minimizing risks to the research subjects; and (3) Justice: ensuring reasonable, non-exploitative, and well-considered procedures are administered fairly (the fair distribution of costs and benefits to potential research participants.) (4) Fidelity: fairness, and equality. Balance of Risks and Benefits (5) Non-maleficence: Do no harm. (6) Veracity: Be truthful, no deception.
However, the Belmont Report (1979) itself lists only THREE (3) ethical principles for HSR (human subjects research): • Autonomy obtain informed consent protect privacy maintain confidentiality • Beneficence assessment of risk/benefit • Justice equitable selection of subjects
Where are proportionality and the balance of risks and benefits? Fidelity or Non-Maleficence?
Well, the Belmont Report itself lists only the first three principles, and the six ethical principles Wikipedia cites for human subjects research break out beneficence into and non-maleficence (so there is one of the extra ‘principles’), fidelity (balancing risks and harms) is usually included in the principle of justice (so there is another one of the extra ‘principles’), and veracity is part of respect for persons (under autonomy) (so there is the final extra ‘principle’).
Hope this helps. The article should be rewritten. 188.8.131.52 (talk) 19:15, 26 July 2010 (UTC) MaynardClark (talk) 19:16, 26 July 2010 (UTC) [Sorry: forgot to log in] MaynardClark (talk) 19:16, 26 July 2010 (UTC)