# Talk:Bernoulli's principle

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## Removed GF content in March

The equation v^2/2 +gz + p/row = constant
is in terms of energy per kgm, i.e. it has been divided-through by M - but the text refers to the term gz as quote "force potential". This has no meaning, and serves only to confuse. It is really the potential energy in earth's gravity - per kg.

The term p/row, is same as (N/m^2 /kg) x m^3, which cancels to N-m/kg, so it is in fact, energy/kgm.
Since we were considering only INcompressible flow, row is constant and so dissappears to join the constant on the other side, to give

V^2/2 + gh + p = K
where p= pressure (N/m^2), g= 9.8 m/s/s, h = relative height, V = velocity m/s

It is clearer to not divide by mass, so that the equation is directly in terms of energy, i.e.
0.5.M.V^2 + M.g.h + P.Volume = k
i.e. Volume = M/row

What Bernoulli did was yet another example of the Conservation of Energy Principle.
He added k.e. (M.V^2/2) to Potential enerergy, (m.g.h) to P.Volume and states that the total will remain constant - in an isentropic, or streamlined, flow.

However, what does not so far seem to have been pointed-out, is one hideously "obvious" fact, which is - disastrously - often over looked. i.e. that in a duct of varying csa, the speed at any plane, z, along the the duct, is entirely determined by the csa at that plane. (INcompressible fluid)
An example of this is the guy who went to great effort to try to make a litre of water fall onto a fan on a vertical axis, to turn an alternator. He directed the water - or attempted-to! - with a parallel pipe, and, as I explained to him, the water cannot accelerate AND keep the same diameter - that is mathematically impossible. But I had no reply.
What happened was that air was drawn into the lower end of the pipe to effectively - but randomly - decrease its csa. This caused a drenching drowning kind of splatter onto the fan, rather than a streamlined flow, "wasting" most of the energy in oxygenating the water!

Also, it is for this reason that a turbine which works very efficiently in its designed direction of flow, Cannot - In Principle - work efficiently with the flow reversed.
It will, however - in Principle - work as a compressor - or pump - if energy is supplied to the rotor, (reverse rotation), and a suitable exit nozzle fitted to slow the flow back to the inlet speed.
Bert Vaughan — Preceding unsigned comment added by Bert Vaughan (talkcontribs)

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## Condensation in Flight

The A340 wing image is misleading and poorly described. Aircraft wings cannot decrease the temperature of air flowing over one side simply by having slower-moving air on the other. The pressure would only decrease directly behind the part with the largest area, as that's the region the air is being deflected away from. Acceleration is just a by-product of the vaccuum it creates. 142.222.170.252 (talk) 15:14, 9 November 2016 (UTC)

## Application of Bernoulli Principle on airfoil

In the section of misconceptions of application of Bernoulli's principle, the author stated that Bernoulli's principle cannot be used to explain the "paper blowing experiment" because it is comprised of two airflows, which does not adhere to the single airflow that is within the constraints of the principle. If this is the case, then this principle does not apply to airfoil as well, because the airflow above and under the wing is split into two airflows.

--Beckham tan (talk) 00:53, 11 January 2017 (UTC)

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