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It is my understanding, to the degree that I've been privileged to the case's information through my close contact with a party to the related actions, that in fact the United States District California Central District in several rulings both in the Nafal v. Carter (2005) case number CV05-2480 SVW (PJW)x, as well as its related pending cases Fahmy v. Jay-Z et al case number CV07-05715 CAS (PJW)x, and Nafal v. Jay-Z (2011) CV11-06238 SVW (PJW)x (currently pending US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals decision, CV12-55615), in all four related cases, both honoborable United States District Court Judge Wilson of the pending Nafal v. Jay-Z action, as well as honorable Judge Snyder of the pending Fahmy v. Jay-Z action, have both independently found in several rulings that although Nafal might have lacked standing based on a technicality, nevertheless Nafal in fact holds the only worldwide exclusive grant of rights license to the musical composition of the song, "Khosara, Khosara". Nafal's rights stem from a 2001 exclusive assignment of the rights assigned by the composer's nephew and heir, Osama Fahmy Fathalla, who is also the legally appointed designee for general power of attorney by and for all the Hamdi heirs of the song's author Baligh Hamdi (sometimes spelled 'Hamdy'). — Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 05:19, 18 January 2013 (UTC)