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Onelook can refer one to several dictionaries with entries for the verb 'enlight'. I saw this when trying to determine whether 'enliven' might count as a circumfix; I'm not sure whether it would: several dictionaries have entries for 'liven' and entries for 'enlive'.

Interesting. I'll remove those ones, but i think "embolden" can stay. --Arashi 09:53, 6 Feb 2004 (UTC)

What about be- -ed as in "beloved". You can't "belove" someone, and "loved" (pronounced "love ed") is not the same as "loved" (pronounced "loved") Tjdw 22:52, 25 May 2005 (UTC)

How old is this method of english words? --Masssiveego 06:59, 6 March 2006 (UTC)


circumflection has to do with circumflexes, not circumfixes. i'm removing the reference. --djumbrosia 16:24, 13 June 2006


In Japanese the latter half of the honorific (ni naru) are considered separate words not an affix. I suggest removal of the reference to Japanese. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Hakeem.gadi (talkcontribs) 18:14, 15 September 2007 (UTC)

It depends on the definition of circumfix. See page 25 of the following slide: [1]. I have weakened the sentence of the article. - TAKASUGI Shinji (talk) 02:47, 19 November 2007 (UTC)

Merge proposal[edit]

Confix should be merged here. Both confix and circumfix discuss the same linguistic phenomenon, but circumfix is the most common term. --Taivo (talk) 13:10, 15 April 2011 (UTC)

  • Support. As proposer. --Taivo (talk) 13:10, 15 April 2011 (UTC)
  • Support, with confix as a redirect to circumfix. Same kind of morpheme, just a different (probably regional) name. Crisco 1492 (talk) 16:53, 15 April 2011 (UTC)
  • Done. -- Hoary (talk) 13:09, 26 October 2011 (UTC)


The Hebrew example appears to be a misinterpretation of a the root/template mechanism of word formation by ignoring the vowel or it is very poorly detailed. I recommend the contributer to supply a full dotted hebrew form of this analysis. OrenBochman (talk) 22:53, 22 June 2011 (UTC)

I agree, this a very poor example. In Semitic languages, words are generally made by putting the consonantal root inside a pattern; in this case מקטלת is an adjectival pattern, not an example of a circumfix. I'm surprised the author chose this particular word as virtually every noun or adjective can be seen that way. The Arabic example is correct, but negation works differently in Hebrew. I cannot think of any case in Hebrew where there is a true circumfix, so I remove this example. (talk) 06:08, 23 June 2015 (UTC)

Austronesian Languages[edit]

Are there really eight Malay circumfix forms, or should a number be listed as phonologically equivalent despite their orthographic differences? Hydronium Hydroxide (talk) 08:20, 17 August 2015 (UTC)