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End of article is wanting[edit]

This article is in need of a "summary and legacy" section at the end. This article ends very abruptly and I think its inappropriate for a period of history that had so many reaching effects. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 20:56, 18 December 2009 (UTC)

A lot of work to do here[edit]

Wow, there is a lot of work to do here. The treatment of Trent is very poor. It should be outlined briefly by sessions without such sweeping statements with a POV tone. Since Trent had numerous sessions over the course of several decades, it should be a recurring subheading. There is so much material here that it should be first decided whether to organize it chronologically or thematically. Previously, the structure was a real mess with Trent as a heading following be Reforms as a heading with the "Reforms section being a continuation of the Trent discussion. It is even confusing to describe it! this is gay how you can change this all you want.

Anyway, am chipping away at this, if anyone out there is interested, give me a holler!--Vaquero100 00:36, 4 May 2006 (UTC)

== I've deleted the signed comment suggesting this page be moved. If the move is uncontroversial, just do it. If you expect the move to be controversial, follow the procedure described at Wikipedia:Requested moves. --Stebulus 03:28, 12 June 2006 (UTC)

Requested move to Catholic Reformation[edit]

The following discussion is an archived debate of the proposal. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on the talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

The result of the debate was no consensus for the move --Philip Baird Shearer 22:06, 22 June 2006 (UTC)

I would like to propose that this article be moved to "Catholic Reformation." There are several good reasons for this. First, it was a reform in the Church. "Counter Reformation" makes it sound like it was anti-reform, which is clearly not true. Second, "Counter Reformation" also makes it sound like it was only a response to the "Protestant Reformation." This is only partially true. Many of the reforms of the Catholic Reformation are not particularly related to Luther or his successors. These aspects include: the profound spiritual movements of the spanish mystics and the French school of spirituality as well as the development of the seminary syste --Vaquero100 07:51, 24 May 2006 (UTC)

Counter-ReformationCatholic Reformation — The term "Counter-Reformation" implies that the movement was anti-reform. "Catholic Reformation" is the more accurate term as it describes a reform within the Catholic Church. This has become the academically accepted term. --Vaquero100 05:48, 12 June 2006 (UTC)


  • I support such a move, for the reason that Catholic Reformation is the preferred term among many scholars today. Maestlin 14:52, 24 May 2006 (UTC)
  • Oppose strongly: The term Counter Reformation is by far the most commonly used term in English for this historic movement. Even the Catholic Encylcopedia uses the term Counter Reformation as an article title. Even if there is a growing movement among some scholars as some above suggest to use Catholic Reformation the term has not established itself in common usage. This is an encyclopedia and it seems more fitting of an encyclopedia to use the commonly used term for an event. I think using the title Counter Reformation with a mention of the term Catholic Reformation in the first paragraph is sufficient - this is also what Encyclopedia Britannica does. I certainly see no reason to abandon the more commonly used term as the article title for one that is far less used. --Westee 13:24, 31 May 2006 (UTC)
  • Oppose Counter Reformation is the common name. --Philip Baird Shearer 16:41, 13 June 2006 (UTC)
  • Strongly Support Catholic Reformation is the term currently favored by academics and Counter-Reformation is a misnomer at best. As a reform movement within Catholicism, Catholic Reformation is the only term that makes sense. Those searching for Counter-Reformation will find the article without difficulty by redirect. --Vaquero100 19:17, 13 June 2006 (UTC)
  • Oppose per Westee. Duja 10:27, 14 June 2006 (UTC)
  • Support The renaming does make sense, and is used. Popular culture uses Counter reformation, but popular culture also uses AD/BC dates, and at wikipedia many editors have pushed that issue as well. Catholic Reformation is the NPoV term, IMHO. Dominick (TALK) 14:03, 14 June 2006 (UTC)
  • Strongly support per Vaquero100. Grumpy Troll (talk) 16:59, 14 June 2006 (UTC).
  • oppose abstain When we encourage editors to use veifiable referenced material, it is suggested that we use an unrefferenced title! (or at least far less referenced) ClemMcGann 17:16, 14 June 2006 (UTC)
  • Very strong oppose I had never even heard the term "Catholic Reformation" before coming to this talk page. It is quite commonly referred to as the Counter-Reformation even by Catholic scholars. [1]Mira 01:05, 15 June 2006 (UTC)
    Comments moved to discussion section below. —Mira 01:57, 15 June 2006 (UTC)
  • Oppose Counter-Reformation is the most common in both popular usage and scholarship.--Aldux 18:04, 16 June 2006 (UTC)
  • weak support The name "Counter-Reformation" is generic and must go.[2][3][4][5][6]. Where the article should go is less clear. The term most familiar to me is actually "Catholic Counter-Reformation." "Catholic Reformation of the 16th Century" might work too. Gimmetrow 23:58, 18 June 2006 (UTC)
  • Weak oppose - I personally feel that Catholic Reformation is more accurate and seems to be gaining usage among (admittedly, most catholic) scholars. However, it has not yet even come close to overtaking Counter-Reformation in common usage. Perhaps once the next generation of text books comes out with the new name, then we should change it. A redirect and a bold in the intro (as exist now), I strongly support. Perhaps a more thourough discussion of the name within the article would be appropriate, as a side note. savidan(talk) (e@) 03:27, 19 June 2006 (UTC)


Comment Would anyone object if the circular redirect and signed comment were removed from the front page? Maestlin 16:16, 31 May 2006 (UTC)

I just removed the signed comment without reading your comments here. -- 17:13, 31 May 2006 (UTC)

A singular voice of opposition is not enough to justify ceasing the question. --Vaquero100 00:31, 10 June 2006 (UTC)

Vaquero100, suggesting a move is a legitimate action and there are procedures for doing so. There are templates for signalling all sorts of problems with articles. But editorial comments about the article, like yours, do not belong in the article itself. They belong on the talk page. Part of Wikipedia's policy is to avoid or at least minimize self-reference in the text of articles. Removing your comment does not mean anyone is putting an end to the question, because the question is properly inquired here, on the talk page. Maestlin 16:00, 12 June 2006 (UTC)

Excuse me if this has already been addressed, but what do recent undergraduate history texts call it? Tom Harrison Talk 20:10, 13 June 2006 (UTC)

Moved from survey section I had never even heard the term "Catholic Reformation" before coming to this talk page. It is quite commonly referred to as the Counter-Reformation even by Catholic scholars. [7]Mira 01:05, 15 June 2006 (UTC)

Additional note: A Google search gives 631,000 results for "Counter-Reformation" and 99,000 for "Catholic Reformation." —Mira 01:05, 15 June 2006 (UTC)
Sorry, I don't see the relevance of this page. Maestlin 19:45, 14 June 2006 (UTC)
Regarding the google hits, the term "counter-reformation" is very generic. Searching for "counter-reformation" + "catholic" (so that it at least has some relation to catholicism) drops the hits to 338,000 results. Note The Arts of the Anglican Counter-Reformation. Gimmetrow 16:27, 22 June 2006 (UTC)

Maestin, you have cited the most controversial and least repected of "Catholic theologians." Read again more closely Richard McBrien's article and you will see he is listed as a dissident and his principal work is banned for use with college students. --Vaquero100 20:11, 14 June 2006 (UTC)

I didn't cite it, someone who didn't sign their comments did. Please review the history of the talk page. The only thing I wrote is "Sorry, I don't see the relevance of this page," referring to the link to some review. Maestlin 20:32, 14 June 2006 (UTC)
What is the source for the claim that his principle work is banned? (PS the "Additional note" below is not by me either.) Maestlin 23:30, 14 June 2006 (UTC)
Sorry about that, that was me who forgot to sign. And this is perhaps a better link [8]. The book I linked to uses "Counter-Reformation" in one of its section titles, and actually throughout the whole thing (I own a copy). And, as his article says, McBrien is a professor of theology at Notre Dame, he can't be as horrible as you seem to think he is. —Mira 01:05, 15 June 2006 (UTC)
More links The Catholic Encyclopedia uses "Counter-Reformation." The official Vatican site uses both.[9][10]Mira 02:14, 15 June 2006 (UTC)

Count at least one other supporter for this proposal. Know that he is not a Catholic, but a firm believer that this movement was a response to Humanism before it was a response to Protestantism (a response to Humanism which counted among its tennets a rejection of intercessors, and therefore the Catholic Church). Another thing: why is there no mention of catechism in an article about the Catholic Reformation?

I don't think whether or not this was a reaction to the Reformation is at issue here. We're determining what this event is most usually called, not whether or not we think the name fits. From the Wikipedia naming conventions: (emphasis mine)
  • "article naming should give priority to what the majority of English speakers would most easily recognize"
  • "Names of Wikipedia articles should be optimized for readers over editors; and for a general audience over specialists."
  • "Use the most common name of a person or thing that does not conflict with the names of other people or things."
Mira 05:50, 18 June 2006 (UTC)

I know this is late but I support the change. Arthurian Legend (talk) 00:52, 13 December 2007 (UTC)

Counter Reformation vs. Catholic Reformation[edit]

Counter Reformation:
to take back what the Catholic Church lost to Protestantism.
Protestants didn't come back to the Catholic Church
One main church


Catholic Reformation:
to reform Catholic Church (hence the name "Catholic reformation")
Popes aren't calling meetings because they are scared their authority will be lowered,
Finally decide that they will call Council of Trent because Protestantism is spreading fast!
Reform in Catholic Church 03:01, 11 October 2006 (UTC)AP STUDENT in HS


The widely-used term "Counter-Reformation" usually means not only the spiritual reformation of the Catholic Church, but also the violent trials to destroy the protestant movement. E.g. the Hugenots Wars and the Thirty Years War are usually seen as a part of the Counter-Reformation.

In this article, the war violence of the catholic powers is not mentioned at all. The protestants are named "sects", and their eventual return to catholicism is described as fully peaceful. (In the reality, there were hundreds of thousands of victims.)

The article should be completed in this direction, or marked as non-NPOV. (I myself cannot do it because of my poor English.)

--M.m.h 13:07, 5 January 2007 (UTC)

Hmmm... this comment has been sitting here without a response for four months. I think M.m.h makes a valid point. Unfortunately, this is not an area of expertise for me. M.m.h, if you will attempt to write some text that addresses these issues, I will be glad to copyedit for you and insert it into the article.
--Richard 00:03, 9 May 2007 (UTC)
I will try it to change the first information, so that both the main definitions of the term would be mentioned. --M.m.h 13:48, 27 May 2007 (UTC)

Sadly, I think that linking the term "Counter-Reformation" to the violence due to religious intolerance between both Protestants and Catholics (who were equally guilty of such violence as were royalty who wished to excuse mass-murder under religious justifications) is a distraction. Some actually believe that the Jesuits are sworn enemies of Protestantism willing to do whatever it takes to demolish the Protestant sects. I know about this because someone from my church tried to excuse his admittedly anti-papist prejudice using such "reasoning."

Protestants right after the Reformation were just as guilty of murdering Catholics as Catholics were of murdering Protestants. Back then, folks in Europe were not as educated as they are today. The Gutenberg Press was recently invented, and Martin Luther's protest was just starting to get attention. To slur present-day Catholics by using the past is akin to blaming German babies most recently born for the Holocaust. In other words, it is wholly inaccurate.

--Kulturvultur 04:46, 21 May 2007 (UTC)

Numbers game, dude. Picture two groups, one that is relatively small (think less than 1/10 the size of the other at first) and one that is, comparatively, quite large. The big one is bent on imposing the options of destruction or assimilation on the smaller group; the smaller group is more focused on survival. And if that's not working so well, escape to America. (And yes, they go on to commit genocide there...but this is about Catholics and Protestants and what they did to each other). As far as that goes, it's not right for you to say Protestants and Catholics were doing the same exact things to each other. It's not accurate. That's a lie. You'll go back to talking about size disparity as soon as you feel like it does good things for you, but when you're on this topic you want to avoid it all of a sudden. How nice for you.

You are not right. It is not the question to blame somebody, but to describe the term as exactly as possible. At present, only one point of view, or one of several definitions is described. We should at least discern between (1) the counter-reformation as a movement within the catholic church and (2) the counter-reformation as a historical period. --M.m.h 13:48, 27 May 2007 (UTC)

The Counter-reformation and the religious wars were not as linked as you think. The Huegnot war and the Thirty years war were initiated for purely political resons. This is seen by the fact that Henry of Navre, the Protestant King of France converted to Catholicism and that a century later Catholic France fought against Catholic HRE in favor of the protestant powers. Cite your references before making absurd suggestions that the religious wars were linked. I can't see any POV issues here. The counter-reformation was the peaceful way to bring Protestants back to Rome; the religious wars were politically motivated wars with a secondary objective of changing the religion of the vanquished. Tourskin (talk) 07:02, 13 December 2007 (UTC)
You are mixing the concepts. I do not speak about religious wars only, but about the violent recatholization of some parts of Europe, not only during, but also after the Thirty Years War in Bohemian lands, or a lot of local processes earlier. There was mostly no peaceful return of Protestants back to Rome. And there is a lot of sources about it, almost every book on history of that period, read e.g. (it cannot be linked here): "From around 1600, they launched a campaign called the counterreformation, which consisted of violent prosecutions and the expulsion of protestants (Salzburg expelled protestants in two waves, too)..." (this was the first one in Google, you can find a lot of others).
As I have written above, the concept "counter-reformation" is widely used not for the "peaceful way etc.", but for the whole historical period of (mostly violent) recatholization in Europe. --Mmh (talk) 09:47, 11 May 2009 (UTC)

Unsourced statement removed[edit]

I have removed the following statement, as it was tagged "citation needed" for several months.

  • This examination of the Copernican theory was a factor in starting the scientific revolution outside the Catholic Church, which banned the study of Galileo's works until the mid-eighteenth century.

If anyone can find a source to back up this statement, feel free to re-add it. —Angr If you've written a quality article... 18:32, 25 December 2007 (UTC)


Can we expand Counter-Reformation#Spiritual Movements. I believe it's necessary for that's short it provides very little information. You only said about that Spirituali, but that there are so many other movements have sprung up, including those seen on the introduction part of the article. -Pika ten10 (talk) 06:38, 5 January 2008 (UTC) Well, I expanded. The Spirituali had according to the Wikipedia article here, Zero influence, so why include them? I could name 100 persons equally unimportant at that time --Ambrosius007 (talk) 14:09, 8 July 2008 (UTC)


I'm surprised that there's nothing in the article about Counter-Reformation painting or other art forms except music, or the wider cultural project of the Counter-Reformation. There is a separate entry on The Reformation and art which discusses both Protestant and Catholic art, but perhaps there should be a brief summary in this article. I added a reference to the "See also" at the bottom, but that's not a substitute for a proper mention of visual arts, literature, etc, in the article body. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 17:41, 6 February 2008 (UTC)

I don't know if that was an explicit part of the Counter-reformation. Tourskin (talk) 19:03, 8 April 2008 (UTC)

There should be something more here. -- Secisek (talk) 19:07, 8 April 2008 (UTC)

Certainly there should; the Council of Trent made a number of specific pronouncements on both painting and music, which were both seen as part of the CR effort, and these had considerable influence on the development of these arts. Johnbod (talk) 15:53, 16 June 2008 (UTC)

Oddity: counter-reformation reformation[edit]

Being a "protestant", I cannot avoid criticise the idiotic term "counter-reformation". OK, a reformation to counter reformations? The best way to counter-reform is to refuse to do anything... Isn't it instead a reformation in parallel, inspired by (the bad sides, mostly) of protestant reformation? This is my criticism, but shouldn't the name of the article be "Roman-Catholic Revival"? Counter-reformation seems to be a bad term, since it gives the false reactionary impression about a constructive and progressive spiritual work. (??) Said: Rursus 09:33, 15 May 2008 (UTC)

I agree that the term is - as you say - "idiotic"; It should be Catholic Reformation, there are plenty of references here: [11] ClemMcGann (talk) 09:55, 15 May 2008 (UTC)

Well, Johnbod, it might or might not be idiotic, but since you seem to have serious difficulties expressing yourself in English, you hardly seem the right person to pass judgement on a question of terminology. I also notice that most European languages use a similar term: Controriforma in Italian, Contrarreforma in Spanish, Gegenreformation in German, Contre-Réforme in French. It seems both firmly and widely established.Campolongo (talk) 15:00, 1 April 2017 (UTC)

Requested move[edit]

The following discussion is an archived discussion of the proposal. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on the talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

The result of the proposal was no move. JPG-GR (talk) 02:57, 23 June 2008 (UTC)

Counter-ReformationCatholic Reformation — I see that this has been discussed here before, but it has been a while. In my experience, Catholic Reformation is the scholarly norm; rejecting the earlier understanding (mostly originating among 19th protestant scholastic historians) that the reforms of Trent and the Jesuits were entirely reactionary. I realize that this scholarly consensus is not necessarily reflected in online usage (i.e., g-hits), but most online sources are based on the 19th/early 20th cent. scholarship that has passed into the public domain. Pastordavid (talk) 18:28, 15 June 2008 (UTC) —Pastordavid (talk) 18:28, 15 June 2008 (UTC)


Feel free to state your position on the renaming proposal by beginning a new line in this section with *'''Support''' or *'''Oppose''', then sign your comment with ~~~~. Since polling is not a substitute for discussion, please explain your reasons, taking into account Wikipedia's naming conventions.
  • Support. See rationale above. Pastordavid (talk) 18:28, 15 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Oppose PD may well be right when it comes to church history, but "Counter-Reformation" still is much the commoner term among general historians and eg art historians in my experience, so should be used by us under WP:COMMON. Johnbod (talk) 15:47, 16 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Support - I agree with Pastordavid's argument. The redirect will still take people to the article from Counter-Reformation. -- BPMullins | Talk 17:21, 16 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Oppose Counter-Reformation is the historic and more common term and there is no reason to use another term. I agree it was "Catholic" and was a "reform" -- but so were many others reforms in church history before and since (such as Vatican II). To name it "the Catholic Reformation" as if that is the common or the clear term fails on both counts. --Carlaude (talk) 19:02, 16 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Support. See WP:BIAS. The term "counter-reformation" was coined by Protestants who perceived their reformation as "first." And Catholics as "second." This tends to be an English language bias for the same reason. The term "counter-" was not used by Catholics who were mostly non-English speakers until the 20th century. We have generally used terms acceptable to the group we are talking about. i.e. We no longer term countries as "backwards" but "developing." Student7 (talk) 21:30, 16 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Oppose Counter-Reformation is the more common term used and as per the policy Wikipedia:Naming conventions we should use what the greatest number of English speakers should recognise and that names should 'be optimized for readers over editors, and for a general audience over specialists'. Counter-Reformation is the name that a general audience will most recognise so should be used. Davewild (talk) 21:54, 16 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Oppose Google Books has 10,180 results for "counter reformation", but only 1191 results for "catholic reformation". Noel S McFerran (talk) 03:06, 17 June 2008 (UTC)
  • Oppose Per Mcferran and Carlaude. Guliolopez (talk) 11:38, 17 June 2008 (UTC)


Any additional comments:

"In my experience, Catholic Reformation is the scholarly norm." Sources please? Also, while the scholarly norm may have changed, an encyclopedia should reflect more general usage for a wider audience. — AjaxSmack 03:21, 16 June 2008 (UTC)

Certainly. Below is what I could quickly pull off my shelf. I would argue that where a NPOV title is used in contrast to an additional widely used title, that is the purpose of redirects. Pastordavid (talk) 15:38, 16 June 2008 (UTC)
Some sources, collapsed for readability
  • Bruce Shelly, Church History in Plain Language 2nd ed.(Word Pub, 1995) 272: "Some historians have intrepreted the Catholic Reformation as a counter-attack against Protestantism; others have described it as a genuine revival of Catholic piety with few thoughts of Protestantism. The truth is the movement was both a Counter Reformation, as Protestants insist, and a Catholic Reformation, as Catholics argue."
  • Alister McGrath, Christian Theology 1st ed (Blackwell, 1994) 62: "Catholic Reformation. The term is often used to refer to the revival within Roman Catholicism ... It is, however, becoming increasingly clear that the Roman Catholic church countered the Reformation partly by reforming itself from within, in order to remove the grounds of criticism. In this sense, the movement was a reformation within the Roman Catholic church as much as it was a reaction against the Protestant Reformation."
  • G. Gassman & S. Hendrix, Fortress Introduction to the Lutheran Confessions (Fortress, 1999) 205: from the glossary; "Counter-Reformation. A term formerly used for sixteenth century Roman Catholic reform as a whole, but now applied to Catholic reform only insofar as it rejected and reacted to the Protestant Reformation."
  • Peter Marshall, "Counter-Reformation" in Encyclopedia of Christianity" ed. John Bowden (Oxford, 2005) 290: "By convention, this process is known as the Counter-Reformation, though some scholars prefer Catholic Reformation, in order to make the point that it was more than just a negative reaction to the threat of Protestantism, and that early shoots of renewal could be detected before anyone had heard of Martin Luther."
The google searches linked in the survey above go to my point. Where as the dates in the googles search for counter reformation are predominently prior to, say, 1980, the dates in the search for Catholic Reformation are all current scholarship. The shift has occured in the scholarly community, leaving a minority using Coutner-Reformation, because it is seen to be an inherently biased and POV term. Pastordavid (talk) 13:25, 17 June 2008 (UTC)
It is irresponsible to make such claims without some evidence. Google Books would suggest the contrary. When one limits to works published between 1990 and 2008 one finds 1364 results for "counter reformation" and 642 results for "catholic reformation". I am convinced that "Catholic Reformation" will at some point in the future be the dominant term - but it isn't yet. Noel S McFerran (talk) 17:02, 17 June 2008 (UTC)
I'm sorry to appear to be irresponsible. I certainly thought that what I provided above was a portion of evidence. The scholars - all published by extremely reputible publishing houses, all speak of Counter Reformation as a term that is increasingly passing out of use, precisely because of the concerns I have outlined. Google books is in many ways helpful, in many ways represents a self-selected portion of what is out there. As I said, what I found of interest in the google book searches is the spread of the dates: in a very unscientific glance at usage, in the first 50 results of each search, 58% of the uses of "Catholic Reformation" come from sources published 1995 or later; 68% of the uses of "Counter Reformation" come from before 1995. I am not arguing (and don't think I have argued) that you will find more sources that use "Catholic Reformation." My argument is, and has been, that "Counter Reformation" is inherently POV, which is reflected in the consistingtly increasing number of scholars abandoning this usage; and that a neutral article title is paramount. Thus, from WP:NPOV: Sometimes the article title itself may be a source of contention and polarization. This is especially true for descriptive titles that suggest a viewpoint either "for" or "against" any given issue. A neutral article title is very important because it ensures that the article topic is placed in the proper context. Therefore, encyclopedic article titles are expected to exhibit the highest degree of neutrality. The article might cover the same material but with less emotive words, or might cover broader material which helps ensure a neutral view (for example, renaming "Criticisms of drugs" to "Societal views on drugs"). Neutral titles encourage multiple viewpoints and responsible article writing. Pastordavid (talk) 20:35, 17 June 2008 (UTC)
"Counter-Reformation" is not "an inherently POV term". It means "against the Reformation", which it was, when we understand "Reformation" to refer to the Protestant Reformation, which in common English usage it does. There's nothing POV about that either: "re-formation" is a perfectly descriptive word. The Counter-Reformation may have been a Catholic Reformation, but there is no reason to regard the former term as "POV" and no reason for scholars to cease using it. Srnec (talk) 04:23, 18 June 2008 (UTC)

That one of your cited sources reads: "Counter-Reformation...By convention, this process is known as the Counter-Reformation, though some scholars prefer Catholic Reformation" seems to support the current title for the article. Cf. some scholars prefer the War for Southern Independence for the less accurate and POV American Civil War but Wikipedia opts for the common name. — AjaxSmack 04:39, 18 June 2008 (UTC)

It certainly does - which one is that? Johnbod (talk) 13:45, 18 June 2008 (UTC)
Peter Marshall, "Counter-Reformation" in Encyclopedia of Christianity quoted in the collpased box above. — AjaxSmack 07:59, 20 June 2008 (UTC)
The above discussion is preserved as an archive of the proposal. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on this talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

Revision as of 17:55, 26 February 2009 (edit) (undo) (talk)

Removing the unsourced text: "In the end of the Reformation Martian Luther announced, at his death bed, that they were better off under the church."

As it has nothing to do with the article, and a reasonably sourced blog entry denies it:

FlowRate (talk) 03:20, 11 April 2009 (UTC)

Title change definitely needed[edit]

Leaving the title "Counter Reformation" on the pretext that it is "commonly used" is equivalent to naming an article "America" instead of "The United States of America", "Flu" instead of "Influenza", or "Aryan" instead of "Indo-European"...

To start with, the Protestant Reformation is itself a misnomer. A "reform" in any community, society, or organization is something initiated by existing leadership, using existing channels, in accordance with existing rules - e.g. Catholic Reformation this article deals with, Gorbachev's reforms in the USSR, Deng Xiaoping's reforms in China, healthcare reforms made by governments, education reforms etc. But when some lower-ranking members of any organization claim authority and take things into their own hands locally, capture buildings, expulse their superiors etc - this is should be called a mutiny, rebelion, etc. What if someone today enters, say, a City Hall, throws out all the officials and starts issuing "reforms"? Will we consider that guy a "reformer"??? Thus, correct names would be "Protestant Revolt" and "Catholic Reformation". But even though Protestants incorrectly (as discussed above) called their movement a "Reformation", it should not prevent us from accurately describing the events of this article as a "Catholic Reformation", for the second wrong will not make things right.

Wikipedia should be primarily concerned with its titles be as accurate and as descriptive as possible, and not use titles generated by old-days political propaganda, just because they are "popular", especially as it is possible for everyone searching for "Counter Reformation" to be directed to "Catholic Reformation". —Preceding unsigned comment added by Vox Veritatae (talkcontribs) 10:53, 30 April 2009 (UTC)

There should be two articles: Catholic reformation with the contents of this article, and Counter-Reformation about the time-period called so generally by the historians (see the discussion above and under). The term "reformation" is a generally accepted term of history science (not as only colloquial "flu" etc.). --Mmh (talk) 06:30, 24 October 2009 (UTC)


The Wikopedia article on the counter-reformation must include a major section on the attacks by Catholics on Protestants. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary defines "counter-reformation" as "... the movement in the Church of Rome which followed on the Prostetant Reformation." This sense of the term is wider than and not synonymous with The Catholic Revival or the Catholic Reform as the first line of the article suggests. The Oxford definition certainly reflects the approach taken in my university course on European history. I fear that the authors in the WikiProject Catholicism are slanting the article towards the views of the Roman Catholic Church. This is a disservice to the entire Wikopedia undertaking. (talk) 19:31, 18 August 2009 (UTC)

Were you able to write such a section? I have already written the same argument above, but my English is not good enough to write it. --Mmh (talk) 10:27, 29 August 2009 (UTC)
during the reformation, everyone attacked everyone, except some radicals. It was only after the Wars of Religion, where the idea of tolerance came about. the counter/catholic-reformation article should focus on the changes in the Catholic Church. one thing I hate about wikipedia, is every time someone sees a bias, they accuse some obvious group, really that is unnecessary. Heretics were executed long before the council of trent, so, yes it occurred during the time period of the counter-reformation. If you view the counter-reformation as the Roman Catholic Church's response to and attempt to stop the Protestant Reformation, then yes it should be all about prosecution of protestants. however, and this is the reason that scholar's call it the Catholic Reformation, it is the Catholic version of the Protestant Reformation. The Catholic-Reformation should be seen as Catholic's saying to themselves, the protestants raise some good points. (talk) 05:56, 31 March 2010 (UTC)

In Council of Trent Section, it says: "as epistle of st. James states...", is St. james stands for Authorized King James Version for Bible? if so why it is not linked to the specified page? also where is the citation?, which epistle?, the number of chapter and sentence?? thx Wafaashohdy (talk) 11:24, 20 March 2011 (UTC)

Devotional, Observantine, and Legalist traditions[edit]

There are references in the article to devotional, observantine, and legalist traditions, but these are not defined. The links are to either to dictionary definitions of devotion and legalism, or to Franciscans in the case of observantine (an article in which the word "observantine" does not occur). What are these words referring to in the context of this article? If observantine is a synonym for Fransiscan, I don't understand what is the specifically Fransiscan influence on the development of the Jesuits. Underalms (talk) 16:40, 15 August 2011 (UTC)

Spain and the Catholic Reformation[edit]

While I realize that this article has decided to limit itself greatly with the consensus holding that the counter-reformation title should be retained, it nonetheless is true that part of the reason catholic reformation is currently favoured is that the movement to change the church didn't merely start at trent but began even before the council of trent. this is no less evident than the changes in piety in spain, where the reformation itself ended up having little effect. To that end I question why the inquisition isn't even mentioned in this article when it is an integral part of the catholic reformation. indeed it wasn't just a political activity but also combined spiritual movements and an increase in popular piety which fought against many of the abuses the reformation reacted against.

Aquahelper (talk) 14:43, 23 February 2013 (UTC)

Early calendrical work[edit]

If work on the calendar causes a scientific revolution, then the calendrical work of the Babylonians and Egyptians must have done so in 3,000 B.C. The Maya of Central America did some work on the calendar without starting a scientific revolution. There is a feeble attempt at sarcasm in the article, from James Burke and Kchishol1970. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 13:01, 20 November 2013 (UTC)

LeRoy Froom reliable?[edit]

It seems to me that LeRoy Froom may not be a reliable source for this article. He is quoted as writing that preterism and futurism were used as ruses by Jesuits to argue with Protestants during this time period. However, Wikipedia lists preterism as developed in the 3rd century, and futurism not developed until the 20th century. The latter (article) does not seem related to theology.

Froom is a Seventh Day Adventist. That religion is listed as believing (among other things) that: "(a) the Catholic Church is the Whore of Babylon; (b) the pope is the Antichrist; (c) in the last days, Sunday worship will be "the mark of the beast.."

Perhaps a less-biased and more reliable source can be found to replace him? Student7 (talk) 23:21, 7 March 2014 (UTC)

Froom is reliable. His WP page quotes several book reviews which state that despite his SDA views, his books are invaluable resources for religious and church historians. Froom documents, with quotes and photos of documents, Jesuit sources that show that Preterism and Futurism were developed for the Counter-Reformation. Preterism does have its seeds in the 3rd century, but it was not fully developed and named Preterism until the 16 century specifically to counter the protestant reformation. The wikilink to Futurism should be changed to Futurism (Christianity). Those who read Froom know that his works are exhaustive and largely unbiased. --RoyBurtonson (talk) 05:23, 9 March 2014 (UTC)

Needs indepth section on why counter-reformation was a flop in England and Sweden[edit]

I'm being flattering to Rome in calling it a flop, the counter-reformation didn't even get to leave a scratch (: — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 07:05, 19 September 2015 (UTC)

See Cuthbert Mayne. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 11:13, 10 September 2016 (UTC)
See Sweden#Religion. — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 11:42, 10 September 2016 (UTC)

"Roman Catholic" is standard term among Catholic scholars[edit]

I looked at the reliable sources and find "Roman Catholic" is used without any problems as a standard term. I browsed the titles in some self-identified Catholic scholarly journals to demonstrate this: 1) "Faith and Leadership: The Papacy and the Roman Catholic Church" in Catholic Historical Review. (Autumn 2015); 2) "The Feast Of Corpus Christi In Mikulov, Moravia: Strategies Of Roman Catholic Counter-Reform (1579-86)" in Catholic Historical Review (Oct 2010); 3) "Divided Friends: Portraits of the Roman Catholic Modernist Crisis in the United States." in U.S. Catholic Historian (Fall 2013); 4) "The church and the seer: Veronica Lueken, the Bayside movement, and the Roman Catholic hierarchy" in American Catholic Studies (Fall 2012); 5) "Incompatible with God's Design: A History of the Women's Ordination Movement in the U.S. Roman Catholic Church." Catholic Historical Review (Oct 2013); 6) "The Rise and Fall of Triumph: The History of a Radical Roman Catholic Magazine, 1966-1976." Catholic Historical Review (Spring 2015); 7) "Mary, star of hope: Devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the United States from 1854 to 2010, as seen through the lens of Roman Catholic Marian congregational song." American Catholic Studies (Spring 2013); 8) "Roman Catholic Ecclesiastics In English North America, 1610-58: A Comparative Assessment" CCHA Study Sessions (Canadian Catholic Historical Association). 1999; 9) "Gender, Catholicism, and Spirituality: Women and the Roman Catholic Church in Britain and Europe, 1200-1900." American Catholic Studies (Fall 2012); 10) "Master'S Theses And Doctoral Dissertations On Roman Catholic History In The United States: A Selected Bibliography" U.S. Catholic Historian (Jan 1987). Rjensen (talk) 10:01, 3 May 2016 (UTC)

Orphaned references in Counter-Reformation[edit]

I check pages listed in Category:Pages with incorrect ref formatting to try to fix reference errors. One of the things I do is look for content for orphaned references in wikilinked articles. I have found content for some of Counter-Reformation's orphans, the problem is that I found more than one version. I can't determine which (if any) is correct for this article, so I am asking for a sentient editor to look it over and copy the correct ref content into this article.

Reference named "":

I apologize if any of the above are effectively identical; I am just a simple computer program, so I can't determine whether minor differences are significant or not. AnomieBOT 20:41, 7 September 2016 (UTC)