Talk:Economy of Ethiopia

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What does "billion" mean?

British billion= 1 000 000 000 000 OR saxon american billion=1 000 000 000 000

What a shit of a language, isn't it?

Isnt that the same?

Ethiopia took a hit in 1990 and 1991. It was about 10% in growth rate and I cannot find what this hit was from?

Ethiopian agriculture[edit]

The article says that agriculture is troubled by high population density. Can somebody qualify this. Doesn't Ethiopia have lower levels of population density than many nations in Western Europe? And even if it is higher how is this a problem for agriculture? Terjepetersen 12:39, 30 April 2006 (UTC)

The population density may be lower than in Western Europe, but the vast majority of Ethiopians live in the countryside. If you take a peak at Mi'irabawi Zone -- it's just the first of many articles I am working on to cover all of the Zones of Ethiopia -- you'll see that the average size of land each farmer tills is about 1 hectare for that Zone, 1.01 for Ethiopia as a whole, & 0.51 for Tigray. (These figures are taken from a World Bank study: one may disagree with their economic planning, but their analyses are very credible.) Note that this is the average: it factors in the extensive landholdings that the aristocracy & other large landowners have, so for many Ethiopian famers, they have to raise a family on far less.
Further, for most Ethiopians, what they grow is what they live on: there are few jobs available that pay in cash or kind. This massive underemployment is a strain on both Ethiopian economy & society, & is one of the causes for unrest following the recent general elections -- well, that & a wide-spread perception that the ruling party stole the elections. -- llywrch 19:44, 30 April 2006 (UTC)
Thanks for the reply. Isn't the issue then more about structural issues such as the size of land parcels and the subsistence nature of agriculture (which may in turn be driven by other factors that impede a more business oriented structure)? How can we flesh out the article to reflect this nuance? Terjepetersen 01:17, 1 May 2006 (UTC)


The information in the article is outdated and someone should take time to update it. I don't know how to do it myself. (talk) 18:34, 30 November 2008 (UTC)


The article currently reads, "Telecommunications remain a state monopoly, stifling the development of mobile phones that have become ubiquitous elsewhere in Africa." The first part of this sentence is true, but based on my own observations, mobile phone service could hardly be described as "stifled." But the statement is unattributed in any case. See also: Talk:Telecommunications in Ethiopia. -- Gyrofrog (talk) 14:30, 12 May 2010 (UTC)

Virtually No Private Sector?[edit]

I have difficulty buying this point. However small, there is a growing prviate sector in Ethiopia. Someone with the right figures should edit this remark.

The whole article is surely written by someone with a slanted perspective on the issue, perhaps by one who despises the current government. It would much be appreciated if someone could re-write it more objectively. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talkcontribs) 12:37, 10 June 2010

I'm sorry you feel that way, but if you look at that section, it is based on an article published in The Economist, which is a respected source on economic subjects. And it is not an unreasonable conclusion, considering that the largest companies in Ethiopia -- Ethiopian Airlines, & the Djibouti-Addis Ababa Railway -- are both government owned, as are many of the utilities. (And then there are the several companies of EFFORT, which is controlled by the TPLF, the leading member party of the EPRDF. The government & the EPRDF have become so intertwined that one can be considered to be identical to the other.) So what is the largest, independent private business in Ethiopia? How many people does it employ & how much income does it make a year? -- llywrch (talk) 18:43, 10 June 2010 (UTC)

ITC external link on trade data[edit]

Hello everyone, I am working for the International Trade Centre(ITC). I would like to propose the addition of an external link that could lead directly to the database of the (ITC). As an example: *Ethiopia latest trade data on ITC Trade Map. I would like you to consider this link under the WP:ELYES#3 prescriptions. Moreover, the reliability and the pertinence of this link could be supported by the following facts 1) ITC is part of the United Nations 2) No registration is required 3) Trade data (imports/exports) are regularly updated 4) The link gives direct access to the trade database of the specific country 5) The addition of reliable trade data to the Economy section of the country could provide an appropriate contribution to the information therein contained. Thanks for your attention.Divoc (talk) 12:05, 18 April 2011 (UTC)

Dr. Kebede's comment on this article[edit]

Dr. Kebede has reviewed this Wikipedia page, and provided us with the following comments to improve its quality:

"high levels of taxation" - not clear with which bench mark. Also note, in rural areas most of the tax remains uncollected.

"41 percent of GDP" - this contradicts with the 46.3% mentioned above.

"Forest products are mainly logs used in construction" - need to mention that forest products are important sources of fuel.

"the result has been deforestation of much of the highlands during the last three decades" - this assertion that forest areas of the highlands were devastated only in the recent past is contested by some economic historians. For example, look at McCann, J. (1995). People of the plough: An agricultural history of Ethiopia, 1800-1990. Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.

"tourism declined greatly during the later 1970s and the 1980s under the military government" - it is good mention that the country was engulfed in a civil war during this period (hence the main reason for decline in tourism).

It is better to give the GDP figures in the Table in USD.

"In the beginning of 2014, oilseeds exports have been more important" - check this; coffee most likely is still the most important export.

We hope Wikipedians on this talk page can take advantage of these comments and improve the quality of the article accordingly.

Dr. Kebede has published scholarly research which seems to be relevant to this Wikipedia article:

  • Reference : Kebede, Bereket & Tarazona, Marcela & Munro, Alistair & Verschoor, Arjan, 2013. "Intra-household efficiency: An experimental study from Ethiopia," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 09:15, 16 June 2016 (UTC)

Dr. Bezu's comment on this article[edit]

Dr. Bezu has reviewed this Wikipedia page, and provided us with the following comments to improve its quality:

Inaccuracies 1.1The economy of Ethiopia is based on agriculture, which accounts for 46.3% of gross domestic product (GDP), 60% of exports, and 80% of total employment.

1.2 Agriculture accounts for almost 41 percent of GDP, 80 percent of exports, and 80 percent of the labour force. These two entries conflict each other and the statistics is also old on contribution of agriculture to the economy. Correction: Agriculture account for 39% of GDP (Ethiopia: Macroeconomic and social indicators (2016). National Bank of Ethiopia); approximately 40% of export (World Bank. 2014. Ethiopia - Third economic update : strengthening export performance through improved competitiveness. Washington, DC: World Bank Group) and 73% to employment (Statistical report on the 2013 national labour force survey Addis Ababa. Centeral Statistical Agency (2014).

2. Exports are almost entirely agricultural commodities, with coffee as the largest foreign exchange earner, and its flower industry becoming a new source of revenue: for 2005/2006 (the latest year available) Comment: This is not true anymore as agriculture account for less than 50% export. Also, now transportation account for 37% while coffee account for 13%. But it can be stated that Coffee is the largest exchange earner among agricultural exports.

3. Insert at the beginning of section 3 (under Agriculture) or somewhere appropriate the following on agricultural land

land is owned by the state but rural residents have a constitutional right to obtain agricultural land. This right has been reaffirmed in the recent rural land proclamation, which also sets out rules for land registration. Their land use right is indefinite but farmers can not sell or mortgage the land and there are also restrictions on renting out the land (FDRE. (2005). Federal rural land administration and utilization proclamation.Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.) It has been argued that although rural residents have been granted a right to obtain farm land free of charge, in reality there is little unoccupied land to allocate in most of the highlands where most farmers are settled and cultivate very small farms. Thus, youth from rural areas see little opportunity for a viable agricultural livelihood (3. Bezu, S., & Holden, S. (2014). “Are Rural Youth in Ethiopia Abandoning Agriculture?” World Development, 64(0), 259-272)

Poverty This is also a bit old data . Suggestion: At the beginning of the 21st century Ethiopia had one of the highest poverty levels in the world with 44% of the population under poverty. There has been a significant decline in poverty in the past decade and half. In 2000 -2011 period poverty decline from 44% to 30% ( The country has experienced a high and sustained economic growth in the past decade and the government aspires to make Ethiopia a middle income country by 2020-2023 (Growth and Transformation Plan 2010/11-2014/15. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. 2010). However, the current growth in the economy is mainly associated with “big push” of public investment while the private sector has been squeezed out. many argue that high growth can not be sustained without the involvement of the private sector (Geiger, Michael; Moller, Lars Christian. 2013. Ethiopia - Second economic update : laying the foundation for achieving middle income status. Washington DC ; World Bank Group. )

We hope Wikipedians on this talk page can take advantage of these comments and improve the quality of the article accordingly.

We believe Dr. Bezu has expertise on the topic of this article, since he has published relevant scholarly research:

  • Reference : Holden, Stein & Bezu, Sosina, 2014. "Joint Land Certification, Gendered Preferences, and Land-related Decisions: Are Wives Getting More Involved?," CLTS Working Papers 6/14, Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences.

ExpertIdeasBot (talk) 16:23, 11 July 2016 (UTC)

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