Talk:Russian traditional music

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THIS HAS TO BE ALL REDONE


and includes many varieties of folk, popular and classical traditions. Ethnic music is especially associated with classical styles of ballet and opera, of which composers like Mikhail Glinka, Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, Igor Stravinsky and the members of The Mighty Handful are among the most well-known. Late in the 19th century, elements of Russian folk music (such as the balalaika) began to be used in orchestras, beginning with a Russian folk instrument orchestra led by Vasily Andreyev.

In the 20th century, operatic singers like Fyodor Shalyapin were popular in the first few decades. During the Soviet era, music in the USSR was tightly restricted. Singing ethnomusicologists like Vyacheslav Shchurov gained some renown, as did bards like Vladimir Vysotsky and rock bands like Pojuschie Gitary.

Among the most popular singers of Russian folk music in the modern era are Nadezhda Kadysheva, Zhanna Bichevskaya and the rock-oriented Boris Grebenshchikov, leader of Aquarium (who went through a folk-music phase in the early 1990s).


Bandurist 16:52, 6 November 2007 (UTC)

With 'restricted' you may mean censored? We have lots of Melodia Records from the sixties in particular. It appeared to us, in the West, that they really honoured their folk heritage, but of course, there was only one recording company which meant restrictions. We have made Russian music for decades, in Europe and Australia and in music circles, 'Russian Music' means from all areas of the former Tsarist Empire, except Poland and the Baltic States perhaps, but comprising all peoples, Jews, Gypsies, Armenians etc. and Ukrainians, too, as long as you do not have to aquire or learn bandura. Very sorry, but it would take too long to learn and then be restrictive. The field of Ethnic Russian Music is a very large one, and finding a structure that would do justice to the topic and not tread on national sensitivities (particularly with Ukrainians), is a difficult task. 121.209.49.30 (talk) 08:37, 4 December 2008 (UTC)

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Early History[edit]

I'm a relative novice in this subject, but it's clear to me that there's been a lot of recent (and even not so recent) research into Russian folk music pre-dating the late-19th century which the first main sub-section, 'Ethnic styles', barely hints at. A lot more could be said about early collections of folk music and how they distorted the source by only presenting folksongs as single melodic lines (whereas folk singing was almost invariably by a group of singers singing in several parts, partly heterophonic and to some degree polyphonic); and the use of sound recording in the very late 19th and early 20th centuries to analyse and understand what music was actually being sung by peasant singers. I may try to start expanding this section accordingly, but hope more knowledgeable experts may follow. Alfietucker (talk) 21:46, 20 February 2010 (UTC)

I have a list of a number of academic articles about the subject that can be accessed through JSTOR. I'll try to help out soon. Esn (talk) 08:53, 2 January 2011 (UTC)

Balalaika in 17th century?[edit]

The instrumental section currently reads: "In 1648 Tsar Alexis I of Russia under the influence of then-prevalent views in the Russian Orthodox Church banned the use of all musical instruments. At that time it was stated that instruments were from the devil. Not easily verifyable today, but some historians also believe that travelling minstrels singing disrespectful songs about the Tsar to balalaika accompaniment, could have been the real reason."

According to the balalaika article, the instrument was only invented in the 18th-19th centuries, so this seems dubious. Who are these historians? Esn (talk) 08:53, 2 January 2011 (UTC)

"Fakelore"[edit]

I removed the following:

Fakeloric music includes music composed by city intelligentsia and professional composers in a folkloric manner. Some 60-80% of contemporary Russian folk music marketed to the West is not "authentic" and can be loosely labeled as Fakeloric.

Whatever happened to WP:CITE? Who came up with the "60-80%" figure? Whatever does this have to do with "marketing in the west"? The recording of "folk music" traditions is was started by the Romanticists in the 19th century. These conflated "authentic" and "fakeloric" stuff from day one. This happened all over Europe and the phenomenon is certainly not peculiar to Russia, let alone does it have anything to do with "marketing of Russian music in the west".

Take a thing like Stepan Razin's Dream. The lyrics was allegedly "collected" by "city intellectual" Alexandra Zheleznova-Armfelt in the 1890s. The woman was a composer and may or may not have either made up or "fixed" the melody herself. The lyrics as sung by Russian interprets today were written in the 1970s and are only loosely derived from the lyrics as printed by Armfelt. So what is this? "Fakelore"? "Authentic folklore"? "Folkloristic"? Who gets to make these categories and sort songs into them? I don't know, but the point here is WP:CITE.

I was going to link this article from Yuri Neledinski-Meletski because of Выйду-ль я на реченьку. Now this would be "fakelore", as it was composed by an imperial courtier, senator and cultured nobleman. But it also happens to predate Armfelt by a full century, and even as an imitation of 18th century Russian folklore, it is an early testimony of what such music would have sounded like at that time. This is more or less the best we have, as 18th-century Russian peasants didn't run around with mp3 recording devices. As for the pseudo-enlightened "marketing to the West", yeah right, I am sure all Russians can spot "fakelore" such as that by Neledinski-Meletski. That's why it is labelled "Русская народная песня" in practically every performance or edition you come across[1][2].

If you insist on reducing the notion of "authentic folklore" to ethnological field work with recording devices, you will lose close to 100% what is generally known as "folklore" because it will fall under "fakelore". But "folklore" isn't "ethnological field work recordings", "folklore" is exactly the interplay between folk tradition, Romanticist intellectuals, Romanticist composers and professional musical performers described above. --dab (𒁳) 09:03, 18 August 2013 (UTC)