Talk:Ford Windsor engine
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I believe the reason that the Ford 302 was called a 5.0 was to avoid confusion with the Ford pickup and truck 300 straight six that they called a 4.9. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Spyderdavee (talk • contribs) 18:36, 6 June 2016 (UTC)
- 1 Early connecting rod revision
- 2 Boss 351 shouldn't be here, should it?
- 3 Boss 302 claimed power potential?
- 4 Definitive cc size of 5.0?
- 5 Firing order
- 6 Cam and fuel delivery
- 7 Just a few notes worth mentioning...
- 8 "Windsor" incorrectly used
- 9 Dimensions?
- 10 CLEANUP TO DO LIST
- 11 Adding to the Confusion
- 12 Ford Motorsport parts.
- 13 Heads and pistons.
- 14 Change the page name to Small Block Ford?
- 15 289 K-Code in the Mercury Comet
- 16 Timeline of "fuel injection replacing carburetor for the 302 engine"
- 17 Australian "Windsor" V8
Early connecting rod revision
The early design engines showed a weakness in the big end of the rod so Ford quit machining the lubrication squirt hole and revised the bolt clamping to solve the problem? This was not just isolated to the 351 (no 351s were made with the weaker type rods? due to that problem being solved earlier on?), where the rod revision is mentioned, but should be discussed earlier in the article in the appropriate chronological order of the engine's history? —Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 12:27, 25 February 2011 (UTC)
Answer: No there was no weakness there due to the hole, just that it was found that there was enough oil inside the crankcase through what was coming out of the bearings etc to fully lubricate the pistons, rings and gudgeon pins etc. Any other changes would have been due to a developing fault history.
Boss 351 shouldn't be here, should it?
The Boss 351 has a very brief description saying it's a crate motor, and the link goes to an article about it that describes it as a Cleveland motor.
Boss 302 claimed power potential?
I know the Boss 302 was a pretty impressive engine, but I question the validity of this statement: "Removal of the limiter could allow nearly 400 hp (298 kW) at 6500 rpm or more, but voided the Ford warranty."
So, only (supposedly) 310 horsepower at 6000 RPM, but 400 horsepower at only 500 RPM more, from 302 cubic inches, naturally aspirated, with 1960s technology, delivered to the consumer? This seems incredibly unlikely, even in the pre-1972 horsepower measurements. Cleveland heads are good, but not that good. Does anyone have any information to back this? I'm otherwise tempted to remove that sentence.--King V 15:55, 26 May 2006 (UTC)
I would like to comment on this, even if it is 2+ years later! ;-) The Cleveland heads weren't really very good by modern standards, however they were very good for high rpm on the tiny 302. These little engines liked to scream even with the SBF heads, which are considered downright horrible by modern standards. Anyway, my point is that you talk down to the old technology, but fail to remember that fast cars are NOT a new occurence. Not too very long ago, at least to someone my age, there were no aftermarket heads, roller rockers were not common, and EFI was non-existent... Yet there were some VERY fast cars! Surprise! Wheelstands and 10 second street cars didn't just appear with the advent of AFR heads and popularly available speed parts. Now, to your gripe about the fine points: Ford underrated it's performance engines during that era. Just as GM did the LSx engines until recently. So, the rated SAE power means nothing to what the engine was really doing 500 rpms beyond rating. So that fine point is probably unproveable and inaccurate. However it is probably wrong in the opposite direction that you assume, and surely at a higher RPM than claimed. Dave 22.214.171.124 (talk) 03:19, 12 June 2008 (UTC)
- In which case you're doing a very bad job of comparing apples and oranges. If the 310 horsepower at 6000 RPM is official, but you're saying that 400 horsepower at 6500 RPM is probably real, but not officially stated, then the comparison is completely meaningless. I'm aware of what technology wasn't available at the time, but really, 10 second street cars? Not from an as-delivered-by-the-factory engine to a customer in a dealer showroom. This is an encyclopedia, and not really an appropriate place to speculate on what some engine or other might or might not have been doing. Further, where, ANYWHERE, can you show an engine of any design, naturally aspirated, that produces at 29% increase in horsepower by increasing the RPM by only 8.3%? What you appear to be suggesting is impossible.--King V (talk) 18:25, 14 November 2008 (UTC)
Definitive cc size of 5.0?
I see both 4949 and 4942 cc listed for the "5.0" engine. Anyone have a definitive source? --SFoskett 01:50, Jun 10, 2005 (UTC)
- The actually cc conversion of 302 cubic inches is equal to 4,948.89 cubic centimeters or 4949cc/4.95L rounded up.
- 302 X 16.387064 = 4948.893328
- A cubic centimeter = 1 milliliter = .001 Liter
- Since the rules for rounding state that if the digit to the right of the number you want to round to in a fraction is a 5 6 7 8 or 9 you round UP. Thus 4.95 gets rounded up to 5.0 and not 4.9 as contended in this article. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 17:16, 2006 June 27 (talk • contribs) SternLX
- There are two reasons your logic fails. Firstly, 4.948893328 would round down to 4.9. Without that added intermediate rounding step to 4.95, even your own logic would conclude that it's 4.9L instead of 5.0L. Why are you rounding 4.948893328 to 4.95 before applying the rounding rule you state in your last paragraph? The digit to the right of the number you want to round to is clearly 4, not 5.
- However, even that is irrelevant, because your basis for the math is incorrect. The 302 is not actually 302 cubic inches. Displacement is (pi × r2 × h × cylinders), which becomes (pi × 4 × 3 × 8), thus pi × 96, thus 301.59289 cubic inches.
- Using 16.387064 cc per cubic inch, we get 4942.222068 cc, which, if you were going to add that extra rounding step (going 3 places past the decimal to 2 past the decimal to 1, instead of doing a direct rounding), still comes to 4.9L.
- --King V 16:16, 29 June 2006 (UTC)
- Acutally King V they DID do the math for 302 cid did they not? And yes to round correctly you start at the furthest digit out and keep rounding in. It's more accurate. And if you apply the rounding rules to 301.59289 you get.. oh look... 302. Please stop removing Displacement that actually exsists. 4.9 is as incorrect as 5.0. By the way, 4.9L = 299.01634609 cid or 2.5 cid less than actual. It would be more proper to call the 302 Windsor a 4.95L. SternLX 14:19, 3 September 2006 (UTC)
- No, you don't start at the furthest digit out and round them inward one at a time. Please see the rules of rounding, particularly the section titled "Rounding to the Nearest..." on this page.
- Further, you don't round off cubic inches, then convert that rounded number to metric, then again round off the metric value. You take the original values, convert, then do your rounding at the very end.
- I'm not "removing displacement that actually exists", but rather, applying the correct mathematical rules to rounding. Let's keep accuracy here in Wikipedia and leave the marketing gimmicks to the car companies.
- --King V 18:22, 3 September 2006 (UTC)
Why are we worried about the whole 301 vs 302 arguement? The engine isn't even a "Windsor"! Also, they aren't really "marketing gimmicks"... All auto companies regularly twist engine measurements and stats slightly to meet common sense needs that have nothing to do with sales. The group of "351" engines introduced by Ford in 1969-1970 is the perfect example. All 3 engines 351w, 351c, and 351m round out to 352 cubic inches. HOWEVER, think about it!!! In 1969 Ford dealers were still regularly servicing 352 cubic inch FEs! There may have even still been some under warranty at that time. They attempted to avoid confusion in their dealerships by rounding the new 352 cubic inch engine down to 351. No sales gimmick here. Then we all know they shot themselves in the foot by introducing 2 more 352s as 351s immediately following. So, they only cut the confusion from 4 different 352s, down to 3 different 352s... labeled as "351" engines. Anyway... let's get the SBFs out of "Windsor", and stop arguing about half a cubic inch or the 8CCs needed to make an acceptable 5.0 rating. 126.96.36.199 (talk) 03:01, 12 June 2008 (UTC)
- You're about 2 years late to the party on this one. The argument was because the original poster was stating that the engine actually displaces 5.0 liters, where it doesn't. Again, this is an encyclopedia, the goal here is accuracy. Also, the Windsor vs. SBF issue is discussed further down on this page.--King V (talk) 18:27, 14 November 2008 (UTC)
Ford calls it a 5.0
This could go down below but it sort of goes along with this last posting above mine. About the 4.9L vs. 5.0L thing, why is it an argument as to what's technically correct when the company that made the engine typically referred to the engine as a 5.0L V8? Shouldn't that end the argument? Ford did put 5.0 badges on a number of Mustangs for a reason, right? I understand that 4.949 is not at least 5.000 but isn't it more important to refer to the engine as it is commonly known? Making a sidenote that the displacement is not technically 5.0 liters is fine, but when I see people on Wikipedia saying "Ford car X had the 4.9L V8" I think "what 4.9L V8?" When referring to the metric displacement of the Ford 302ci V8s, ANY of the car guys that I know call it "a 5.0" not "a 4.9". The engine may not technically be a 5.0 liter engine (as if 4.949 is so far off anyway), but that's how the engine was referred to historically and that's how it should continue to be referred to. I believe that referring to the engine as having a 5.0 liter displacement in articles should be standardized (or 302 cubic inches if the article prefers it, such as with older Fords before metric displacements were commonly used in marketing). Making a sidenote that the engine may technically have a 4.9 liter displacement is fine if it's relevant to say in the article. Otherwise, any inquiry to the true nature of the 5.0/302 V8 can be addressed by its main article here. Just my $0.02 (or £0.03 using another measurement ;P) --MN12Fan (talk) 08:49, 28 October 2008 (UTC)
- No, Ford's marketeering and advertising does not end the question. This is an encyclopædia. We report engine displacements as they actually, physically are, with appropriate mathematical expression. We do not substitute fibs from any particular company's promotions-and-PR department for actual, real displacement. We have very good uniform provisions for the expression of engine displacement in all automotive articles on Wikipedia. In cases like this one, the 4.9-litre actual, 5.0-advertised discrepancy is cleanly and clearly handled by those provisions: the actual displacement is expressed, and the advertised displacement is treated as part of the engine's name (designation): The 4.9 L (302 cu in) Ford Windsor 5.0 V8 engine. —Scheinwerfermann (talk) 18:10, 28 October 2008 (UTC)
- Very well. I understand that when writing or ammending an article it is appropriate to refer to an engine in full detail, as you did with "4.9 L (302 cu in) Ford Windsor 5.0 V8 engine", but what if you have to mention the engine multiple times in the same article. Is it fair to say "4.9 L (302 cu in) Ford Windsor 5.0 V8 engine" initially and then informally refer to it as "5.0 L Windsor", "5.0 L V8", "302 Windsor" et cetera with each additional instance in the article? My point in all of this is to emphasize how the engine is commonly known without compromising the accuracy of the engine's description.--MN12Fan (talk) 05:57, 31 October 2008 (UTC)
- That's a good and fair question. Probably best to pick one or the other: either refer only to the engine's actual displacement ("the 4.9 L V8") or, probably easier, refer only to the engine's numerical sales designation, without a litre unit abbreviation ("the 5.0 V8"). —Scheinwerfermann (talk) 19:21, 31 October 2008 (UTC)
- After the initial 5.0 Windsor 4.9 L (4942 cc, 302 cu in), it would be fair to say "the 5.0 V8" or some variation without the litre abbreviation for most of the article. One may want to repeat the 5.0 Windsor 4.9 L (4942 cc, 302 cu in) a second time in the article if the context is right. Oilpanhands (talk) 21:46, 2 November 2008 (UTC)
- Sounds reasonable. The initial argument, by the way, was because someone objected to the fact that the article states that the engine actually displaces 4.9 liters, and appears to have thought that 4.9L was a misrepresentation of the engine's actual displacement. Using 5.0 because that's the name of the engine is fine, but insisting that it actually displaces 5.0 Liters is problematic, for the reasons Scheinwerfermann stated above. —Preceding unsigned comment added by King V (talk • contribs) 18:39, 5 November 2008 (UTC)
Around 1985~1986, Ford changed the 302 to the 351W firing order, so it's important when changing camshafts to know the right firing order for the engine.
The FO for the 302 HO was actually changed a bit earlier. Around 1982 would be more accurate. Another thing you need to consider is that the firing order only changed on HO engines! Non-HO 302s/5.0s continued with the 'old' FO.
The 'new' FO relocated stresses on the crankshaft to spread the load out and effectively make the crank stronger. One could argueably put a 351w or HO cam in a 'regular' SBF and effectively make the engine stronger with only a cam swap.
Anyway, the 351w FO is only used on specific 302s built during the years in question. Not all.
A far more important tech item to know is that ALL SBFs changed flywheel/flexplate and dampner balance in 1982! The Windsor was NOT changed! Only the SBF balance. This tidbit will damage parts/engine if not addressed. The FO will only inconvienence on one occasion until a couple wires are swapped. Dave 188.8.131.52 (talk) 03:33, 12 June 2008 (UTC)
Answer: There are two issues here. The 351ciW used a different firing order to move the acceptable noise (knock) from the front of the engine to the rear, that's the two adjacent firing front cylinders. The problem was there on the 289ci but it wasn't all that pronounced, it was on the 351ciW. The firing order reduced the problem to an acceptable level - was nothing to do with crankshaft stress or strength. Secondly, for the 1981 car model year (October 1980), Ford changed the crankshaft of the 302ci/5.0L to a lighter weight version and altered the amounts of external balance from 29 ounce-inch to 34 at the front and 50 at the rear. The crankshaft was termed the 'Unequal Balance' crankshaft. This was all to do with an engine lightening programme. The crankshaft assemblies do not inter-change.
- AFAIK, when Ford changed to roller lifters in the 5.0, all 5.0 engines used the 351W firing order. Bizzybody (talk) 07:14, 23 August 2010 (UTC)
Cam and fuel delivery
The steel roller cam was introduced in 1985, not 1986. It came for certain on the 5.0 HO engine in the Mustang. Not relavent to this page, but the rear end was still the old 7.5" which wasn't upgraded to the 8.8 until 1986. I'm not certain about other Ford models, but sequential EFI didn't get introduced to the Mustang until 1987. I left that portion unchanged.
- I was under the impression that both the regular 5.0 and the HO version got sequential EFI, at least in the cars (not trucks), from 1986 onward, and that the only difference between the 1986 5.0 HO and 1987 was the switch to the E7 heads. Don't hold me to this, though.--King V 15:59, 26 May 2006 (UTC)
You're right. I was thinking of the prior year. It was sequential EFI in '86, but carbureted in 85 for manuals and CFI for the automatic. BTW the E7 heads you mentioned were the truck heads. 1986 was the attempt to used the "swirl" design that failed to acheive the power goals Ford wanted. They scrapped them and had to use the E7 since the '85 molds were gone.
Just a few notes worth mentioning...
This is very nicely written, but it has one major flaw; the 351W was the only one of the bunch that was actually a "Windsor", according to Ford. The others are, again, according to Ford, "Windsor style" engines.
Whether or not "all SBF blocks were superior in strength to most late model, lightweight castings" is debatable, but one thing that's not was one of Fords biggest weaknesses with their engines; not enough head bolts. Suggesting the Ford small block is stronger than other makes is misleading because they don't handle boost very well without modification. They blow head gaskets like no one else. Ford engines are not necessarily the best choice to modify, except of course for the 429/460, which can be bored and stroked to give more displacement than any other American production car engine (810ci).
As far as the displacement, the 5.0L is actually a 4.9L, when rounded properly, but Ford didn't want their V8 confused with their 4.9L inline six truck engine, so they called it a 5.0L.
Also worth mentioning is that as of 1988, the 5.0L block used in the trucks was the exact same one that was used in the Mustangs (it was a roller block), but it wasn't fitted with a roller cam until 1992. In other words, you aren't limited to Mustangs if you want a roller 5.0L engine.
PKRWUD 09:18, 12 December 2006 (UTC)
- Just a few points:
- 1 - Whether or not the head gaskets blow due to insufficient head bolts has nothing to do with the strength of the block itself. The block might well be capable of handling far more abuse than can ever be thrown at it in a practical sense because of the weakness of the head bolts (er, rather, insufficient numbers). In essence, an analogy to what you're saying is "his arms aren't that strong because his legs are weak."
- 2 - As to the 4.9L vs 5.0L designation, I hardly think anyone is going to confuse an inline six with a V8. I understood it to be a marketing issue more than anything else that made Ford decide to call it the 5.0. That label simply sells better. Don't hold me to that, though, because I can't for the life of me find the reference where that was mentioned.
- 3 - Since the 351 didn't exist until after some of the smaller displacement Windsors did, then what did Ford call them? Isn't the only difference between the 351W and the other blocks simply a matter of deck-height? Why would one be called a Windsor and not the other?
- --King V 00:33, 15 December 2006 (UTC)
Sorry I didn't reply sooner. Time flies, and all that.
According to “The Official Ford Mustang 5.0 Technical Reference and Performance Handbook”, by Al Kirschenbaum, Conventions can be confusing. Enthusiasts typically refer to Ford’s popular V-8s by names that describe the combustion chamber/valve arrangement in the engine’s cylinder heads. In enthusiast parlance, Ford Windsor engines are V-8s built with inline valves, while Cleveland powerplants have staggered, compound-angle (canted) valves. Ford understandably prefers to apply the Windsor and Cleveland nomenclature to engines produced by those particular plants. According to the factory way of thinking, the Fox Mustang’s 5-liter V-8 was manufactured only by Ford’s Cleveland Engine Plant, so therefore it can not be a “Windsor V-8.” Enthusiasts see inline valves and know it can not be called a “Cleveland.” For this reason, this guide refers to the 5-liter V-8 only as a member of Ford’s small block V-8 family and not by its popular (but formally inappropriate) “Windsor” designation. The Ford FRPP catalog refers to the 289 and 302 V-8s as “Windsor-style” engines. This series of small blocks has also been referred to as Ford’s ‘90°V” powerplant family.
The 302 cubic-inch engine was first referred to by Ford as a “5.0-liter” V-8 (using metric rather than U.S. customary notation) when it was part of the 1978 Mustang II King Cobra package. Mathematically, the engine’s displacement actually measures closer to 4.9 liters than 5.0, but Ford understandably wanted to avoid confusion with the Cleveland Engine Plant’s other 4.9-liter engine, the dependable 300 cid inline-six.
PKRWUD 23:25, 1 February 2007 (UTC)
- Now that's information I've been waiting to see for a long time. Thanks. Gzuckier 16:58, 2 February 2007 (UTC)
"Windsor" incorrectly used
Many people call almost all small block Ford engines, following the Y block series, "Windsor" engines. This is incorrect however. The one and only "Windsor" engine is the 351W engine. The reason for this is all of the other small block ford engines were built in the Cleveland pland, while the 351W was built in the Windsor plant. Hotrod2005 04:52, 16 May 2007 (UTC)
- Actually, that's not quite right, but you're on the right track. The 351W was the only "Windsor" engine, but it was not the only small block built at the Windsor Engine Plant Number Two. From 1980 through 1982, the 4.2L V8 was built there, and starting in 1994, the 5.0L truck engines were built there as well.
- PKRWUD 01:37, 23 May 2007 (UTC)
Can we correct this issue? Even the summary at the begining of this page says that the "Windsor" name "stuck" to all small block Fords. I am sorry, but I have been working on these things for several decades, and until the misinformation here, I have NEVER confused SBFs with any term like "Windsor". To Ford, serious hobbyists, and auto pros, the idea of a "Windsor family" of engines is grossly incorrect and ludicrous. How do we extracate the 221, 260, 289, and 302, aka (correctly I might add) as the "Small Block Ford" or "SBF" from this wiki page? —Preceding unsigned comment added by 184.108.40.206 (talk) 02:37, 12 June 2008 (UTC)
I will add to the coments that these are not Windsor engines. There is no windsor engine family within Ford. The engines were officaly called 90 Degree Small Blocks with in Ford Engineering and unoffically were called Ford Small Blocks. Calling the 302 and the other FSB's Windsors orginated with Hot Rod Magazine in the mid-late 1980's.
This artical is incorectly titled. The Term Windsor was applied to the small block 351 to differentiate it from the 351C (clevland) and the later the 351M (modified) a 400 with a 351W crank installed. Both the 351M and the 351C are 335 Series engines. The 351W belongs to the 90 degree Ford Small Block engine family.
This artical needs to have it's title corected. to 90 Degree Ford Small Blocks or Ford Small blocks. The Fairlane Series was a marketing lable and not the actual engines family name used internally — Preceding unsigned comment added by 220.127.116.11 (talk) 05:02, 15 October 2011 (UTC)
Please correct this Windsor family BS! The 221,260,289.302,Boss 302 and 351W are the 90 degree engine family with the Windsor being the largest.Small block and big block are GM terms just like "posi" is.The Windsor was the last of the series so how can a 302 be a "Windsor type block"? Good job Ford Racing!
Can someone come up with physical measurements of the blocks themselves? Height, weight, etc which would be especially useful to people looking to swap engines. Thanks. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 18.104.22.168 (talk) 04:55, 3 November 2007 (UTC)
CLEANUP TO DO LIST
- Article lacks any sort of sourcing. There are all sorts of technical specs with no sourcing as well as assertations of popularity and use that are not verified.
- Needs to be added to appropriate wikiprojects.
- Some sections need wikification.
- Tone is extremely techincal. Perhaps a better description needs to be added explaining what cars this engine was used in as well as the laymans view of pros and cons of the engine before rushing head on into the technical specs.
- Lendorien, your list is a good start. The article contains a great deal of specificity — part numbers, even — but as you say, there's little verifiability from reliable sources. Much use is made of terms like "HiPO", but without any reliable or verifiable support for their applicability and accuracy.
- In addition, the article does not comply with WP:NOT#MANUAL, in that it contains a lot of how-to and diagnostic type language (for example The tappets on the left bank are the farthest from the oil pump and are last to be pressurized by oil upon a dry start. This gives an impression that there is insufficient lubrication, but this is normal and the noise ceases after several seconds of operation and It is possible to machine the bolt holes to accept 11/32 inch rod bolts used in the pre-1968 Chevrolet small V8 engines (265, 283, 327)) and vague, unsupported, unencylopædic references to allegedly popular modifications such as During the 1990's, motor enthusiasts were modifying 351 Cleveland 2V cylinder heads (by re-routing cooland exit from the block surfaces to the intake manifold surfaces) for use in the 351W resulting in the Clevor (a portmanteau of Cleveland and Windsor). This modification requires the use of custom pistons. This sort of language might be at home on an enthusiast web page about the engine, but does not belong in an encyclopædia unless substantial, reliable, verifiable support can be provided.
- It also contains a lot of personal essay text (e.g., Something worth noting was the fact that the Ford Engineers designed the Cleveland heads with the same bore spacing and head bolt configuration making it possible (with some light machine work) to bolt Cleveland heads to the Windsor block and it was dropped after the 1982 model year, and is considered one of the worst modern Ford engines). The phrase It is worth noting that or Something worth noting... or It should be noted... almost always means the following text is unsupportable POV personal essay.
- Beyond that, there are more prosaic faults throughout the article, with text that is awkward and ambiguous due to poor grammar, syntax, and vocabulary, all of which fit within the cleanup rubric.
- I partially agree with your objection that the article is too technical, in that per WP:NOT#MANUAL, this is not the place to list connecting rod part numbers, cylinder head casting numbers, and suchlike. However, an appropriate balance could surely be struck between elucidating the technical features and evolution of this family of engines without writing a parts or service manual, and giving more general historical information without overly watering down the subject matter. —Scheinwerfermann (talk) 18:37, 15 March 2008 (UTC)
Just a couple of inaccuracies of note: 1) 255ci intake description completely inaccurate (carb studs are separate from mounting pad, otherwise looks much like any Windsor 2V manifold); and 2) 351W was used with VV carburetion through at least 1991 (in Crown Vics, anyway). Now, how to make these common-knowledge itmes "verifiable" .... Wst7902 (talk) 19:29, 17 July 2009 (UTC)
Adding to the Confusion
This whole article needs major repair for the following reasons.
I my opinion, Australia has a lot to do with the misinformation & confusion, associated with the terms Windsor V8 & the 4.9 moniker.
Firstly for our American friends, I’ll give a brief history of these engines in Australia.
The first Small Block Ford V8s to be seen in our country were in the ‘Compact’ Fairlanes from 1962 to 1964. These were cars assembled here from Canadian-sourced CKD packs & featured the 260 ci & 289 ci versions, I don’t think we got the 221 ci V8 in Australia, but somebody more knowledgeable than I, may be able to correct me on this. The next versions we received were fitted to our locally built Falcons & Fairlanes in the 1966 & 1967 model years. These were 289 ci engines in both 2-barrel & 4-barrel versions. The 289 V8 was also seen in a small run of CKD Mustangs assembled here in at that time. For the 1968 model year we got the 302 (in 2 & 4 barrel). For 1969 we got the 302 (2-barrel), but now the 351 Windsor (4-barrel) was fitted as the performance engine. For 1970 (& 1971) the new Cleveland 351 replaced the 351W, while the 302 soldiered on. For 1972, Ford Australian began casting blocks & building the Cleveland style motor here.
Note: Australia did get the 221ci engine. Ford Australia didn't start casting Cleveland engine blocks until 1976, made heads but not blocks in 1971. Ford Australia did get 260ci 289ci engines as said but the numbers were low over all compared to what the Americans were doing with these engines.
To avoid the costly & confusing procedure of building one motor here (the 351C) & importing another (the 302 Small Block), they built 2 different sized versions of the Cleveland, a 351 & de-stroked 302, which was unique to Australia. The 302 ‘Cleveland’ used all the components from the 351C with the exception of new crankshaft & pistons to suit. Unlike the USA, where I believe the 351 Cleveland ceased production around 1973, our two Cleveland engines remained in production up to 1983 & were stockpiled & still seen in production F Series trucks until 1985/86.
Now we get to the crux of the issue. Because we had two different 302 V8s in the same era, we had to name them. The Cleveland already had a name but what about the Small Block ? Australia already knew a Small Block as the Chev V8, so we couldn’t use that name, so they erroneously called it the 302 Windsor because it shared many design characteristics with the real Windsor V8, the 351. The earlier engines (221 & 289) were also retrospectively (& incorrectly) named Windsor V8s. Since that time, all non-Cleveland Small Block Ford V8s in Australia have been called Windsors.
The 4.9/5.0 thing is another Australian initiative. When the 302 V8 was first seen in the 1968 Falcon, Ford badged it as the 5.0 V8. Earlier that same year, GM-Holden was selling the 307 Small Block Chev V8, badged as the 5 Litre V8, so Ford just followed suit. The metric system was soon to be introduced in Australia, so the auto companies were just getting trendy. Strangely enough, a year or two later both automakers reverted to imperial measure & the 302 was again called the 302. In the mid-70s the Government made metric measure compulsory, so Ford (& Holden) again badged their engines in litres. At that time Holden’s ‘performance’ V8 was the 308 ci unit, now badged as their 5.0 Litre V8. Ford had the 302 & 351, with the 351 as the ‘performance’ option. Ford’s 302 was down on power when compared with the Holden 308, so they badged the 302 as the 4.9 Lire V8 so as direct comparison was avoided & this stayed until it ceased production in 1983. The 351 was badged the 5.8 Litre V8 & it had no equal from GM-Holden at that time. So there you have it. The whole 4.9/5.0 naming debacle was caused by two separate branches of Ford (USA & Australia), doing different things at different times. (Terrybebb (talk) 00:48, 14 April 2010 (UTC))
Actually, the 302C and 351 used the same block and pistons. The crank and RODS were different to compensate. The heads on the 302 were closed chamber vs the 351 open chamber. The 302 was only available as 2v, until the XC Falcon era when the thermoquad carb became standard. This was also used on the 351 and listed as a 4v 351. This created another problem in that the 351 4V of the late 60's/early 70's which was a hipo engine is mistaken with the smog dead 351s of the 80's. Great marketing if you want to sell one. Unfortunately it dilutes the reputation of the early engines. We had the 4 bolt main engines as well which have been found in many 'normal' cars and trucks. Ford didn't seem to care what the y put them into. (Including one XC wagon 302 that had the 4 bolt engine from factory. Odd!) —Preceding unsigned comment added by 22.214.171.124 (talk) 22:07, 10 July 2010 (UTC)
Ford Motorsport parts.
Among the many parts Ford offered through their Motorsport catalog were roller camshaft bearings. For the FE series, they were direct replacements for the standard plain bearings. For the Windsor engines the cam bore had to be enlarged. A hard steel camshaft was also required as the hard needle bearings would quickly wear an iron camshaft. Provision for getting pressurized oil past the splash lubricated roller cam bearings was left to the installer. Bizzybody (talk) 07:20, 23 August 2010 (UTC)
Heads and pistons.
In the 302 as used in the Mustang II, Ford used two different combustion chamber sizes and two different styles of piston. 1975 and 1976 used dish top pistons and a smaller combustion chamber size, but not as small as some earlier SBF heads. For 1977 and 1978 the pistons were switched to flat top (as used in some 1960's SBF engines) and the combustion chamber size was increased to keep the compression ratio down, but IIRC slightly higher than the prior two years. All the heads had Thermactor AIR passages and bumps in the exhaust ports, with the air supply being fed in via a pipe to ports in the back ends of the heads. To keep side to side interchangeability, the AIR ports were threaded and closed end threaded inserts were used for accessory mounting at the front ends. (Someone should get a side by side image comparing AIR heads to ones without that.) That's how it was in the Mustang II, dunno if Ford used the same heads and pistons on the 302 in other vehicles those four years. Makes for an easy power boost by swapping 1975-76 heads onto a 1977-78 302. Bizzybody (talk) 07:29, 23 August 2010 (UTC)
Change the page name to Small Block Ford?
I noticed that Wikipedia does not have a page on the Small Block Ford (SBF). Today I set the page up, as a simple redirect to this page (Ford Windsor engine). However, in my opinion, I would like to rename this page as "Small Block Ford", and set up individual pages for each motor considered a SBF, such as pages for "289 Hi-Po" (and I'm surprised that Wikipedia does not have a separate page for it) the iconic 5.0L motor (yes, it's different from a 302 in my book, but that's another discussion). Thus, this page would then be an "umbrella" or "top-level" page with links to each individual engine: Ford 289 engine , Ford 289 'Hi-Po' engine, Ford 302 'BOSS' engine, Ford 5.0L engine, Ford 351W engine, and so-on. Per WP:SIZE, if we don't do this, including every single SBF motor here with all details will make the article way too long.
Before any of that though, there are some problems with the current way the page is, in that:
- In the Ford Racing catalogs, the motors covered by the present article are listed as "Small Block V-8 Engines",
- Ford itself does not use the term "Windsor" except when referring to the 351W; in the catalog it explicitly states under the entry "351W (Windsor)" -but not any other motor- "The Windsor engine plant builds this engine; hence the name", and
- Ford includes the "351C, 351M, and 400" in the SBF category, but it does not use the term "Ford 335 engine family" anywhere I can see. However, other sources I've come across leave the "Cleveland" family out of the SBF by reasoning that it's "mid-sized", or just that it's a different design.
- Using the term "Windsor" to identify 289s, 302s, etc. started in the automotive magazine and aftermarket parts press as a way to "group" these motors together, as Ford does not have a common name for these motors with the same bore spacing, same block design, same cylinder head design, etc. with only bore diameter, rod length, and crankshaft diameter being the few differences among the motors themselves.
I want to edit the page to take all of this into consideration, and I want to make this article clear, concise, and encyclopedic (something which it currently needs lots of work on), but first we must decide whether to leave the page title as "Ford Windsor engine" and all the problems that brings, or to rename it as "Small block Ford" or "Small Block Ford" (my choice), "Ford 289-302-351W engine family" or whatever you suggest.
- As of March 2014, Ford Racing and Performance Parts refers to their 302 and 351 crate engines as "Windsor-style", so I think it's fair to say that regardless of how or when the term originated, Ford themselves have accepted it as common usage. See info text here:  Mr Wednesday (talk) 15:46, 21 March 2014 (UTC)
289 K-Code in the Mercury Comet
The section on the K-code HiPo engine claims that Mercury Comets with the K-code actually came with the lower-performance 4V version of the engine. However, the reference that I have for Comet VINs  shows both the D-code (lower-performance 4V) and the K-code. The suggestion that Ford would mix engine codes like that seems a little dubious; is there a reference for it? This is why I put a cite-needed tag on that statement. It seemed definite enough that I'm reticent to delete it, but it's not consistent with the limited info I've found. --Mr Wednesday (talk) 21:27, 27 March 2014 (UTC)
- Doing some of my own research, HowStuffWorks has an article claiming that the deviation on the Comet K-code was actually putting a 260 in the car!  I don't think that's substantiated anywhere else. I have forum posts claiming that Mercury originally intended to use the HiPo and got shot down by Ford, and, even more interestingly, that the very few that were made used the "D" engine code, while the "K" code was equivalent to a Mustang "D" code but with a different carburetor. I don't think either counts for a valid source, but it's interesting info nonetheless.   The latter thread had images of brochures at one point, but they're gone now. --Mr Wednesday (talk) 15:33, 28 March 2014 (UTC)
Timeline of "fuel injection replacing carburetor for the 302 engine"
In the 302 section it says that the first Ford product with the fuel-injected version of this engine was the 1980 Lincoln Continental and in 1983 it was offered for all other applications, except for the Ford Mustang and Mercury Capri. There are two key pieces of information missing from that section; 1) The Mercury Colony Park with this engine received fuel injection in 1981 (consistent with the "Mercury Colony Park" article) and 2) The Ford trucks with this engine didn't get fuel injection until 1985, and that information is consistent with Ford F-Series and Ford Bronco. Should there be any mentioning of all this in that section? Why or why not?--Kevjgav (talk) 02:38, 12 October 2014 (UTC)
Australian "Windsor" V8
Someone (more dedicated and knowledgeable than me :)) needs to account for the Australian versions by Tickford Vehicle Engineering especially, which were hand-built and the most powerful naturally-aspirated versions of this engine. In fact, it was even renamed "Synergy 5000" in 220kW tune. To assist, it was fitted on the Ford Falcon (Australia) up to 2002. CtrlXctrlV (talk) 13:08, 25 April 2015 (UTC)