Talk:Free Aceh Movement

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GAM Split[edit]

Can someone explain the split in GAM in more detail? -- 69.23.220.138 06:48, 19 January 2005

Aceh separatist alliance with Libya under Gaddafi and the Free Papua Movement[edit]

Colonel Gaddafi supported the Free Papua Movement and the Aceh separatists.

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Libyan+terrorism:+the+case+against+Gaddafi.-a014151801

the time, the Libyan government was reportedly providing military or other support to the East Timor Liberation Movement, the Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front (New Caledonia), and the Free Papua Movement (Irian Jaya) as well as to Muslim guerrillas in the Philippines.

http://books.google.com/books?id=i4h0AAAAMAAJ&q=Hassan+di+Tiro+himself+makes+the+crucial+decisions,+and+runs+a+personal+network+of+contacts+with+the+liberation+movement+leaders+Libya+supports,+among+them+Jacob+Prai+of+the+OPM+(Free+Papua+Movement)+of+West+Papua+and+Yann+Ce-+tene&dq=Hassan+di+Tiro+himself+makes+the+crucial+decisions,+and+runs+a+personal+network+of+contacts+with+the+liberation+movement+leaders+Libya+supports,+among+them+Jacob+Prai+of+the+OPM+(Free+Papua+Movement)+of+West+Papua+and+Yann+Ce-+tene&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eUUKUvjwA8HCywH26IG4Dg&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAA

Page 18

COLONEL GADDAFI'S shadowy international revolutionary organisation Mathaba, established in the Libyan capital of ...Hassan di Tiro himself makes the crucial decisions, and runs a personal network of contacts with the liberation movement leaders Libya supports, among them Jacob Prai of the OPM (Free Papua Movement) of West Papua and Yann Ce- tene Uregei of New Caledonia's Kanak radical faction,

http://books.google.com/books?id=aDgnAQAAIAAJ&q=In+the+past+year+Gaddafi's+agents+have+offered+arms+and+cash+to+rebels+in+Papua+New+Guinea,+encouraged+an+aboriginal+separatist+movement+in+Australia,+shipped+weapons+to+dissidents+in+New+Caledonia+and+tried+to+open+an+office+in+the&dq=In+the+past+year+Gaddafi's+agents+have+offered+arms+and+cash+to+rebels+in+Papua+New+Guinea,+encouraged+an+aboriginal+separatist+movement+in+Australia,+shipped+weapons+to+dissidents+in+New+Caledonia+and+tried+to+open+an+office+in+the&hl=en&sa=X&ei=okUKUvzFJsSEyAGW2YCQDA&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Page 120

In the past year Gaddafi's agents have offered arms and cash to rebels in Papua New Guinea, encouraged an aboriginal separatist movement in Australia, shipped weapons to dissidents in New Caledonia and tried to open an office in the

More sources[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=ArvtbBOPwGIC&pg=PT177&dq=mathaba+libya&hl=en&sa=X&ei=swcNU6CtMK_JsQTug4CwCA&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=mathaba%20libya&f=false

http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Libyan+terrorism:+the+case+against+Gaddafi.-a014151801

the time, the Libyan government was reportedly providing military or other support to the East Timor Liberation Movement, the Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front (New Caledonia), and the Free Papua Movement (Irian Jaya) as well as to Muslim guerrillas in the Philippines.

http://books.google.com/books?id=i4h0AAAAMAAJ&q=Hassan+di+Tiro+himself+makes+the+crucial+decisions,+and+runs+a+personal+network+of+contacts+with+the+liberation+movement+leaders+Libya+supports,+among+them+Jacob+Prai+of+the+OPM+(Free+Papua+Movement)+of+West+Papua+and+Yann+Ce-+tene&dq=Hassan+di+Tiro+himself+makes+the+crucial+decisions,+and+runs+a+personal+network+of+contacts+with+the+liberation+movement+leaders+Libya+supports,+among+them+Jacob+Prai+of+the+OPM+(Free+Papua+Movement)+of+West+Papua+and+Yann+Ce-+tene&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eUUKUvjwA8HCywH26IG4Dg&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=i4h0AAAAMAAJ&q=COLONEL+GADDAFI'S+shadowy+international+revolutionary+organisation+Mathaba,+established+in+the+Libyan+capital+of+Tripoli+and+dispensing+funds+to+liberation+movements+around+the+world,+is+run+by+a+most+unlikely+radical.+Tunku+Mohammed+Hassan+di+Tiro,+a+Sumatran+prince,+fervent+Muslim+and+bitter+opponent+of+Indonesia,+is+the+chairman+of+Mathaba's+political+committee&dq=COLONEL+GADDAFI'S+shadowy+international+revolutionary+organisation+Mathaba,+established+in+the+Libyan+capital+of+Tripoli+and+dispensing+funds+to+liberation+movements+around+the+world,+is+run+by+a+most+unlikely+radical.+Tunku+Mohammed+Hassan+di+Tiro,+a+Sumatran+prince,+fervent+Muslim+and+bitter+opponent+of+Indonesia,+is+the+chairman+of+Mathaba's+political+committee&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BVQhU4y3K-PD0QG0g4GwDg&ved=0CCoQ6AEwAA

Title Pacific Islands Monthly, Volume 59 Publisher Pacific Publications., 1988 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized Sep 15, 2008

http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=COLONEL+GADDAFI'S+shadowy+international+revolutionary+organisation+Mathaba,+established+in+the+Libyan+capital+of+Tripoli+and+dispensing+funds+to+liberation+movements+around+the+world,+is+run+by+a+most+unlikely+radical.+Tunku+Mohammed+Hassan+di+Tiro,+a+Sumatran+prince,+fervent+Muslim+and+bitter+opponent+of+Indonesia,+is+the+chairman+of+Mathaba's+political+committee.+In+an+exclusive+interview+with&dq=COLONEL+GADDAFI'S+shadowy+international+revolutionary+organisation+Mathaba,+established+in+the+Libyan+capital+of+Tripoli+and+dispensing+funds+to+liberation+movements+around+the+world,+is+run+by+a+most+unlikely+radical.+Tunku+Mohammed+Hassan+di+Tiro,+a+Sumatran+prince,+fervent+Muslim+and+bitter+opponent+of+Indonesia,+is+the+chairman+of+Mathaba's+political+committee.+In+an+exclusive+interview+with&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uTdDU8u6FqPu2gXHhIH4Dg&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=In+an+exclusive+interview+with+Pacific+Islands+Monthly,+at+his+headquarters+in+Tripoli,+he+outlined+Mathaba's+organisation+and+aims+for+the+Asia+Pacific+region.+The+Mathaba+Against+Imperialism,+Racism,+Zionism+and+Fascism,+to+give+the+front+its+...&dq=In+an+exclusive+interview+with+Pacific+Islands+Monthly,+at+his+headquarters+in+Tripoli,+he+outlined+Mathaba's+organisation+and+aims+for+the+Asia+Pacific+region.+The+Mathaba+Against+Imperialism,+Racism,+Zionism+and+Fascism,+to+give+the+front+its+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=1DdDU4jIBqLn2AX23YDoDA&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=The+Mathaba+Against+Imperialism,+Racism,+Zionism+and+Fascism,+to+give+the+front+its+rather+inclusive+full+title,+is+%22the+Libyan+way+of+supporting+liberation+movements,+either+morally+or+financially,+depending+on+the+situation+but+not+militarily,%22+...&dq=The+Mathaba+Against+Imperialism,+Racism,+Zionism+and+Fascism,+to+give+the+front+its+rather+inclusive+full+title,+is+%22the+Libyan+way+of+supporting+liberation+movements,+either+morally+or+financially,+depending+on+the+situation+but+not+militarily,%22+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=p2ZLU_qcL8rmsATY54HQDA&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA


http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=...+with+the+liberation+movement+leaders+Libya+supports,+among+them+Jacob+Prai+of+the+OPM+(Free+Papua+Movement)+of+West+Papua+and+Yann+Ce-+lene+Uregei+of+New+Caledonia's+Kanak+radical+faction,+FUI.K+(United+Kanak+Liberation+Front).&dq=...+with+the+liberation+movement+leaders+Libya+supports,+among+them+Jacob+Prai+of+the+OPM+(Free+Papua+Movement)+of+West+Papua+and+Yann+Ce-+lene+Uregei+of+New+Caledonia's+Kanak+radical+faction,+FUI.K+(United+Kanak+Liberation+Front).&hl=en&sa=X&ei=qWdLU6fqLubisATU-4LABA&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA


http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=the+various+independence+movements+active+across+the+Indonesian+Archipelago,+including+his+own+Aceh+Sumatra+Liberation+Front.+%22We+are+making+advances+against+Indonesia,+both+on+the+ground+and+diplomatically,+with+Fretilin+(East+Timor+Liberation+Front),+the+OPM,+the+Republic+of+the+South+Moluccas;+we+are+all+one.&dq=the+various+independence+movements+active+across+the+Indonesian+Archipelago,+including+his+own+Aceh+Sumatra+Liberation+Front.+%22We+are+making+advances+against+Indonesia,+both+on+the+ground+and+diplomatically,+with+Fretilin+(East+Timor+Liberation+Front),+the+OPM,+the+Republic+of+the+South+Moluccas;+we+are+all+one.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2jdDU6-JLaK92gWL5YCwDQ&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA


http://books.google.com/books?ei=2jdDU6-JLaK92gWL5YCwDQ&id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&dq=the+various+independence+movements+active+across+the+Indonesian+Archipelago%2C+including+his+own+Aceh+Sumatra+Liberation+Front.+%22We+are+making+advances+against+Indonesia%2C+both+on+the+ground+and+diplomatically%2C+with+Fretilin+%28East+Timor+Liberation+Front%29%2C+the+OPM%2C+the+Republic+of+the+South+Moluccas%3B+we+are+all+one.&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=Fretilin

http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=%22We+are+making+advances+against+Indonesia,+both+on+the+ground+and+diplomatically,+with+Fretilin+(East+Timor+Liberation+Front),+the+OPM,+the+Republic+of+the+South+Moluccas;+we+are+all+one.+%22They+come+to+Tripoli+sometimes,+but+we+are+always+in+touch,+above+ground+and+underground,+inside+and+outside,+and+I+shall+see+to+it+when+Aceh+wins+so+do+OPM+and+the+Moluccans.%22+Hassan+di+Tiro's+alliance+with+...&dq=%22We+are+making+advances+against+Indonesia,+both+on+the+ground+and+diplomatically,+with+Fretilin+(East+Timor+Liberation+Front),+the+OPM,+the+Republic+of+the+South+Moluccas;+we+are+all+one.+%22They+come+to+Tripoli+sometimes,+but+we+are+always+in+touch,+above+ground+and+underground,+inside+and+outside,+and+I+shall+see+to+it+when+Aceh+wins+so+do+OPM+and+the+Moluccans.%22+Hassan+di+Tiro's+alliance+with+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=oGZLU4aCN5W_sQSB2oDICw&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=Although+Hassan+di+Tiro+is+predictably+coy+about+the+details+of+Libyan+support+for+radical+movements,+claiming+Mathaba+only+provides+money,+reliable+reports+suggest+arms+shipments+have+gone+to+groups+such+as+the+Philippines+Muslim+Moro+rebels.+More+common+are+the+%22training+courses%22+provided+in+past+years+to+cadres&dq=Although+Hassan+di+Tiro+is+predictably+coy+about+the+details+of+Libyan+support+for+radical+movements,+claiming+Mathaba+only+provides+money,+reliable+reports+suggest+arms+shipments+have+gone+to+groups+such+as+the+Philippines+Muslim+Moro+rebels.+More+common+are+the+%22training+courses%22+provided+in+past+years+to+cadres&hl=en&sa=X&ei=VmhLU7X3Gau_sQSEvIKoAg&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA


http://books.google.com/books?id=XtNBAAAAYAAJ&q=Hassen+di+Tiro's+way+of+operating+the+Mathaba+Front+seems+to+rely+on+close+personal+links+between+key+leaders.+Of+radical+Kanak+leader+Yann+Celene+Uregei,+he+says.+%22We+are+so+close+they+make+me+their+spokesman+when+they+are+not+here.&dq=Hassen+di+Tiro's+way+of+operating+the+Mathaba+Front+seems+to+rely+on+close+personal+links+between+key+leaders.+Of+radical+Kanak+leader+Yann+Celene+Uregei,+he+says.+%22We+are+so+close+they+make+me+their+spokesman+when+they+are+not+here.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mWdLU_S4KKLesAT8p4LYBw&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

Page 18

COLONEL GADDAFI'S shadowy international revolutionary organisation Mathaba, established in the Libyan capital of Tripoli and dispensing funds to liberation movements around the world, is run by a most unlikely radical. Tunku Mohammed Hassan di Tiro, a Sumatran prince, fervent Muslim and bitter opponent of Indonesia, is the chairman of Mathaba's political committee.... Hassan di Tiro himself makes the crucial decisions, and runs a personal network of contacts with the liberation movement leaders Libya supports, among them Jacob Prai of the OPM (Free Papua Movement) of West Papua and Yann Ce- tene Uregei of New Caledonia's Kanak radical faction,

In an exclusive interview with Pacific Islands Monthly, at his headquarters in Tripoli, he outlined Mathaba's organisation and aims for the Asia Pacific region. The Mathaba Against Imperialism, Racism, Zionism and Fascism, to give the front its

the various independence movements active across the Indonesian Archipelago, including his own Aceh Sumatra Liberation Front. "We are making advances against Indonesia, both on the ground and diplomatically, with Fretilin (East Timor Liberation Front), the OPM, the Republic of the South Moluccas; we are all one.

Title Pacific Islands Monthly: PIM., Volume 59, Issues 1-10 Publisher Pacific Publications, 1988 Original from the University of Virginia Digitized Apr 8, 2009

http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,964515,00.html

http://books.google.com/books?id=aDgnAQAAIAAJ&q=In+the+past+year+Gaddafi's+agents+have+offered+arms+and+cash+to+rebels+in+Papua+New+Guinea,+encouraged+an+aboriginal+separatist+movement+in+Australia,+shipped+weapons+to+dissidents+in+New+Caledonia+and+tried+to+open+an+office+in+the&dq=In+the+past+year+Gaddafi's+agents+have+offered+arms+and+cash+to+rebels+in+Papua+New+Guinea,+encouraged+an+aboriginal+separatist+movement+in+Australia,+shipped+weapons+to+dissidents+in+New+Caledonia+and+tried+to+open+an+office+in+the&hl=en&sa=X&ei=okUKUvzFJsSEyAGW2YCQDA&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAA

Page 120

In the past year Gaddafi's agents have offered arms and cash to rebels in Papua New Guinea, encouraged an aboriginal separatist movement in Australia, shipped weapons to dissidents in New Caledonia and tried to open an office in the

Rajmaan (talk) 19:17, 28 April 2014 (UTC)

Hasan di Tiro's writings against Indonesia and Javanese[edit]

Hassan called Indonesian rule over Aceh and other places like East Timor, West Papua and the Moluccas as Javanese domination.

http://books.google.com/books?id=ArvtbBOPwGIC&pg=PT125&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=T61pQx1w3soC&pg=PA70&dq=In+Hasan+di+Tiro's+terms,+“indonesians”+are+a+“non-existent+human+species”+(di+Tiro+1984a,+68).+In+his+writings,+the+very+idea+of+Indonesia+is+an+absurd+falsehood,+a+thin+façade+covering+Javanese+dominance.+His+“redeclaration+of+independence+”&hl=en&sa=X&ei=c_M1U6T4DMLIsASp-YKQBQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

Tiro engaged in racist rhetoric against Javanese, calling them "barbarians", "stupid", "insolent", relatives of monkeys, and insinuated that they were descended from Pithecanthropus erectus.

http://books.google.com/books?id=ArvtbBOPwGIC&pg=PT126#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=T61pQx1w3soC&pg=PA71&dq=At+one+point+he+reminds+his+readers+that+monkeys+were+“a+very+distant+relative+of+the+Javanese,+but+relatives+nevertheless”+(212).+Elsewhere+he+returns+to+the+theme+that+the+Javanese+“have+strong+traces+of+pithecanthropus+erectus+lines”+(+317).&hl=en&sa=X&ei=m_Q1U-aQELPUsAT6nIBw&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

Hasan put the Javanese on the same level as the Dutch as colonialists

http://books.google.com/books?id=nV48FbJx1gQC&pg=PA135&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=yNTQ-BDLPxIC&pg=PA40&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CFYQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=pcEo7YPKMxUC&pg=PA137&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CGUQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=M5SpAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA93&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CD0Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=byaQPK4I2TQC&pg=PT100&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=2nUJFtoHq7YC&pg=PA73&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CEkQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=ioNExtynHNcC&pg=PA171&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CGAQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=PfF8Y9nZE3oC&pg=PA181&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CFsQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese&f=false

Title The Price of Freedom: The Unfinished Diary, Volume 1 The Price of Freedom: The Unfinished Diary, National Liberation Front Acheh Sumatra. Information Dept Author Hasan Muhammad Tiro Contributor National Liberation Front Acheh Sumatra. Information Dept Publisher Information Department, National Liberation Front Acheh Sumatra

http://books.google.com/books?id=XDcsAAAAMAAJ&q=tiro+javanese&dq=tiro+javanese&hl=en&sa=X&ei=F-A1U-3WIqi0sQSw0IGQDw&ved=0CE8Q6AEwBQ


http://books.google.com/books?id=QKgraWbb7yoC&pg=PA62&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo&hl=en&sa=X&ei=weM1U6r5KfS0sQT1gIGwDw&ved=0CFkQ6AEwCQ


http://books.google.com/books?id=Q2J3YXhZaG8C&pg=PA235&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=tiro%20javanese%20borneo%20papua&f=false

556

http://books.google.com/books?id=PyEPAAAAYAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAg

http://books.google.com/books?id=PyEPAAAAYAAJ&q=SUMATRA.+Indonesian+forces+have+been+engaged+in+a+protracted+struggle+to+suppress+an+independence+movement+in+Acheh,+a+province+on+the+...+Tengku+Hasan+M.+di+Tiro,+who+published+an+article+explaining+the+background+to+the+independence+movement+in+FREEDOM+AT+ISSUE,+from+which+we+...+It+is+composed+of+six+major+groups+of+islands:+Acheh+Sumatra,+Borneo,+the+Celebes,+the+Moluccas,+West+Papua+and+Java.+...+%5BTengku+Hasan+M.+di+Tiro,+%22Indonesia:+Bastion+of+Colonialism?&dq=SUMATRA.+Indonesian+forces+have+been+engaged+in+a+protracted+struggle+to+suppress+an+independence+movement+in+Acheh,+a+province+on+the+...+Tengku+Hasan+M.+di+Tiro,+who+published+an+article+explaining+the+background+to+the+independence+movement+in+FREEDOM+AT+ISSUE,+from+which+we+...+It+is+composed+of+six+major+groups+of+islands:+Acheh+Sumatra,+Borneo,+the+Celebes,+the+Moluccas,+West+Papua+and+Java.+...+%5BTengku+Hasan+M.+di+Tiro,+%22Indonesia:+Bastion+of+Colonialism?&hl=en&sa=X&ei=7vY1U-b7NsGmsASghYGIBw&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

330

http://books.google.com/books?id=XDcsAAAAMAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAw

http://books.google.com/books?id=XDcsAAAAMAAJ&q=The+Unfinished+Diary+Hasan+Muhammad+Tiro+...+%5BDECEMBER+23,+1978%5D+The+NLFAS+forces+in+Pase+Province+attacked+Javanese+settlers/colonization+project+(+they+called+it+'transmigration+...+Javanese+settlers+to+Acheh+Sumatra,+West+Papua,+South+Moluccas,+the+Celebes,+Borneo+and+other+non-+Javanese+islands+with+the+...&dq=The+Unfinished+Diary+Hasan+Muhammad+Tiro+...+%5BDECEMBER+23,+1978%5D+The+NLFAS+forces+in+Pase+Province+attacked+Javanese+settlers/colonization+project+(+they+called+it+'transmigration+...+Javanese+settlers+to+Acheh+Sumatra,+West+Papua,+South+Moluccas,+the+Celebes,+Borneo+and+other+non-+Javanese+islands+with+the+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=J_c1U9TJD46zsASl4IGoBQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

49

http://books.google.com/books?id=GskQAQAAMAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CD8Q6AEwBA

http://books.google.com/books?id=GskQAQAAMAAJ&q=It+grew+from+a+small+number+of+Hasan+di+Tiro's7+followers+into+a+movement+of+thousands+holding+control+over+substantial+areas+of+Aceh.+...+but+special+vitriol+is+reserved+for+Java,+the+Javanese,+and+above+all,+Jakarta+Di+Tiro+claims+that+GAM+members+have+been+labeled+%22Muslim+...+All+this+leads+to+the+conclusion+that+peoples+in+South+Maluku,+West+Papua,+Sulawesi,+Borneo,+and+East+Timor+are+also+colonies.&dq=It+grew+from+a+small+number+of+Hasan+di+Tiro's7+followers+into+a+movement+of+thousands+holding+control+over+substantial+areas+of+Aceh.+...+but+special+vitriol+is+reserved+for+Java,+the+Javanese,+and+above+all,+Jakarta+Di+Tiro+claims+that+GAM+members+have+been+labeled+%22Muslim+...+All+this+leads+to+the+conclusion+that+peoples+in+South+Maluku,+West+Papua,+Sulawesi,+Borneo,+and+East+Timor+are+also+colonies.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Y_c1U_u-H4WhsATeg4HACg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

292

http://books.google.com/books?id=AcBwAAAAMAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CEMQ6AEwBQ

http://books.google.com/books?id=AcBwAAAAMAAJ&q=First+there+were+the+European+colonialists,+now+it+is+the+Javanese+colonialists.+The+irony+is+that+...+This+intensified+even+further+when+on+December+4,+1976,+Dr+Tgk+Hasan+di+Tiro+declared+the+independence+of+Acheh+Sumatra.+The+date+had+...+East+Timor,+West+Papua,+the+Moluccas,+Borneo+and+the+Celebes+now.+He+said+that+...&dq=First+there+were+the+European+colonialists,+now+it+is+the+Javanese+colonialists.+The+irony+is+that+...+This+intensified+even+further+when+on+December+4,+1976,+Dr+Tgk+Hasan+di+Tiro+declared+the+independence+of+Acheh+Sumatra.+The+date+had+...+East+Timor,+West+Papua,+the+Moluccas,+Borneo+and+the+Celebes+now.+He+said+that+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=lPc1U97ZOfi2sATgt4DQDg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA

28

http://books.google.com/books?id=iNSFAAAAMAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CEgQ6AEwBg

http://books.google.com/books?id=iNSFAAAAMAAJ&q=A+number+of+incidents+were+claimed+by+the+National+Liberation+Front+of+Aceh-+Sumatra,+under+the+leadership+of+a+certain+Hasan+Tiro.+...+Although+the+case+of+Aceh+is+somewhat+special+the+arguments+for+independence+as+advanced+by+Hason+Tiro+in+e.g.+'Indonesia:+Bastion+of+Colonialism?+...+He+discerns+six+major+island+groups:+Aceh-Sumatra;+Borneo;+Celebes;+the+Moluccas;+West+Papua+and+Java,+which+...&dq=A+number+of+incidents+were+claimed+by+the+National+Liberation+Front+of+Aceh-+Sumatra,+under+the+leadership+of+a+certain+Hasan+Tiro.+...+Although+the+case+of+Aceh+is+somewhat+special+the+arguments+for+independence+as+advanced+by+Hason+Tiro+in+e.g.+'Indonesia:+Bastion+of+Colonialism?+...+He+discerns+six+major+island+groups:+Aceh-Sumatra;+Borneo;+Celebes;+the+Moluccas;+West+Papua+and+Java,+which+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=yPc1U8-gE4XjsATLsYDwBA&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA

9

http://books.google.com/books?id=YdEjAQAAIAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CEwQ6AEwBw

http://books.google.com/books?id=YdEjAQAAIAAJ&q=As+a+reaction+to+Soeharto's+centralization+of+power+and+reflecting+historically+independent+sentiment,+Hasan+di+Tiro+established+the+...+It+comprises+five+main+islands;+Sumatra,+Java,+Borneo+(known+as+%22Kalimantan%22+in+Indonesia),+Sulawesi,+and+New+Guinea;+two+major+...+with+East+Timor,+and+the+newly+divided+provinces+of+Papua+and+West+Papua+share+the+island+of+New+Guinea+with+Papua+New+Guinea.&dq=As+a+reaction+to+Soeharto's+centralization+of+power+and+reflecting+historically+independent+sentiment,+Hasan+di+Tiro+established+the+...+It+comprises+five+main+islands;+Sumatra,+Java,+Borneo+(known+as+%22Kalimantan%22+in+Indonesia),+Sulawesi,+and+New+Guinea;+two+major+...+with+East+Timor,+and+the+newly+divided+provinces+of+Papua+and+West+Papua+share+the+island+of+New+Guinea+with+Papua+New+Guinea.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Kfg1U_evILTMsQSM6ID4BA&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA



http://books.google.com/books?id=JXrjAAAAMAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CFEQ6AEwCA

http://books.google.com/books?id=JXrjAAAAMAAJ&q=...+Sumatra,+the+Celebes,+Borneo,+the+South+Moluccas,+the+North+Moluccas,+West+Papua,+East+Timor,+etc.+by+colonizing+them.+...+But+the+Javanese+are+not+Malay+people+if+anthropologists+and+philologists+are+right;+the+Javanese+language+does+not+belong+to+...+Tengku+Hasan+Di+Tiro+President,+NationaJ+Liberation+Front+of+Acheh+Sumatra+Lesson+19+THE+HOUR+FOR+COUNTERATTACK+n+our+previous+lesson.&dq=...+Sumatra,+the+Celebes,+Borneo,+the+South+Moluccas,+the+North+Moluccas,+West+Papua,+East+Timor,+etc.+by+colonizing+them.+...+But+the+Javanese+are+not+Malay+people+if+anthropologists+and+philologists+are+right;+the+Javanese+language+does+not+belong+to+...+Tengku+Hasan+Di+Tiro+President,+NationaJ+Liberation+Front+of+Acheh+Sumatra+Lesson+19+THE+HOUR+FOR+COUNTERATTACK+n+our+previous+lesson.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=kPg1U-ibJ4nNsQS5sIGQBQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA


166

http://books.google.com/books?id=23e5AAAAIAAJ&q=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&dq=tiro+javanese+borneo+papua&hl=en&sa=X&ei=2-M1U-OtO4zLsASA04HICg&ved=0CFUQ6AEwCQ

http://books.google.com/books?id=23e5AAAAIAAJ&q=Sporadic+violence+Communal+violence+has+also+occurred+sporadically+in+Kalimantan+(or+Indonesian+Borneo).+...+Hasan+di+Tiro+further+argues+that+Aceh+is+subject+to+Javanese+colonialism+and+that+Indonesia+is+what+he+terms+a+...+Tindakan+Penyelidikan+Pelanggaran+Hak+Asasi+Manusia+di+Papua/Irian+Jaya',+11+Apr+2001.+7.&dq=Sporadic+violence+Communal+violence+has+also+occurred+sporadically+in+Kalimantan+(or+Indonesian+Borneo).+...+Hasan+di+Tiro+further+argues+that+Aceh+is+subject+to+Javanese+colonialism+and+that+Indonesia+is+what+he+terms+a+...+Tindakan+Penyelidikan+Pelanggaran+Hak+Asasi+Manusia+di+Papua/Irian+Jaya',+11+Apr+2001.+7.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ufg1U-TcI8GhsASv74GQBA&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

http://sakauhendro.wordpress.com/arsip-arsip-sejarah-aceh/

http://acehnet.tripod.com/declare.htm

The drama of acehnese history 1873 1978

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0BywGzWY70a8gZjk5NTI3ZTEtMDc3Ni00ZDQ3LWE0NDUtYTQyMTU1OTJhNDll/preview?pli=1

http://en.bookfi.org/book/1320922

http://bookre.org/reader?file=1320922

http://www.acehbooks.org/search/detail/4169?language=ind

http://www.acehbooks.org/pdf/00371.pdf

http://www.scribd.com/doc/89450652

http://www.worldcat.org/title/drama-of-achehnese-history-1873-1978-a-paly-in-viii-acts/oclc/525862312

http://mbox.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/06/04/citizen-hasan-di-tiro-dies-‘dignified-end-conflict’.html

http://books.google.com/books?id=ArvtbBOPwGIC&pg=PT125&lpg=PT125&dq=The+drama+of+acehnese+history+1873+1978&source=bl&ots=swnpl-Xn2l&sig=iYp8SMGsKGXRq3EPqbVDO3pwYeA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6UBYU-SPOsvMsQSMzoKIBA&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=The%20drama%20of%20acehnese%20history%201873%201978&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=M5SpAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA247&lpg=PA247&dq=The+drama+of+acehnese+history+1873+1978&source=bl&ots=Gh4KRJdxKp&sig=O8TrO3iguBLp5WZLBUT8agNf5vs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6UBYU-SPOsvMsQSMzoKIBA&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=The%20drama%20of%20acehnese%20history%201873%201978&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=fG_eSAAACAAJ&dq=The+drama+of+acehnese+history+1873+1978&hl=en&sa=X&ei=7EFYU9ygB6TQsQSIroDABA&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAw

http://books.google.com/books?id=Y8UPKFrtjb0C&pg=PA424&lpg=PA424&dq=The+drama+of+acehnese+history+1873+1978&source=bl&ots=uuiectoKuV&sig=h41XSLdPfXerwhZbIVA6bEhmue8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6UBYU-SPOsvMsQSMzoKIBA&ved=0CDYQ6AEwBg

THE PRICE OF FREEDOM: The unfinished diary of Tengku Hasan di Tiro

President

NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT OF ACHEH SUMATRA

https://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/15440234/1577860515/name/thepriceoffreedom.pdf

http://www.slideshare.net/chairul4bdi/the-price-of-freedom-unfinished-diary-by-hasan-di-tiro

Rajmaan (talk) 21:29, 18 May 2014 (UTC)

Sources on fighting[edit]

http://uca.edu/politicalscience/dadm-project/asiapacific-region/indonesiaaceh-1949-present/

https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/1999/01/indo-j06.html

http://reliefweb.int/report/indonesia/aceh-rebels-kill-six-indonesian-soldiers-ambush

https://www.greenleft.org.au/node/29297

http://www.nytimes.com/2002/01/24/world/indonesian-troops-kill-leader-of-a-province-s-separatist-group.html

http://books.google.com/books?id=w5DEEClMsy8C&pg=PA3&lpg=PA3&dq=aceh+killed+indonesian+soldiers&source=bl&ots=L_1Cv6FiYH&sig=GHUDiY32KyOSajPVEK1vumPKOwI&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BLZIU_LBB_DJsQTTlIGICA&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=aceh%20killed%20indonesian%20soldiers&f=false

http://www.solidarity-us.org/site/node/891

http://www.sacw.net/Wmov/RCoomaraswamyOnHonour.html

http://www.reocities.com/CapitolHill/4120/unletter.html

http://home.snafu.de/watchin/Coomaraswamy.htm

Rajmaan (talk) 03:49, 12 April 2014 (UTC)

http://books.google.com/books?id=nrN077AEgzMC&pg=PA440#v=onepage&q&f=false

POV[edit]

Use of biased/opinionated language:

Motivated by discovery of large gas reserves in Lhokseumawe and driven by inherent ethnic-chauvinism widespread amongst the Acehnese, a former Darul Islam "foreign minister", Hasan di Tiro established the Free Aceh Movement (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka) in December 1976.

External links modified[edit]

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