Talk:History of Denmark

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More thorough referencing would be needed for C or B rating.--Felix Folio Secundus (talk) 08:48, 12 June 2010 (UTC)

German children after WWII[edit]

I'm moving the following two links here from the main page.

Yes, it is completely true that Danish doctors etc didn't treat German refugees in Denmark cordially, but during the last months of 1944 and the first months of 45, Germany had placed 250,000 German refugees in Denmark which at the time had a population of 4 million. So one in 16-17 was a German refugee, and this number doesn't include the German soldiers in Denmark. The soldiers left in 1945, but the British occupation zone in NW Germany rejected a Danish request to have the 250,000 German refugees transferred to the British zone. These people were hated because they'd been placed in Denmark by Nazi authorities and because they occupied a very large number of Danish public buildings, most importantly schools and community halls. Were these people treated like they would have wished? No, they weren't, but much of the story is that Danish doctors were afraid of being labelled as Nazis or pro-Germans should they treat the war refugees. In addition, many Danish doctors held a great grudge against all Germans since the Germans and the Schalburg Corps had raided Odense Hospital during the war and gunned down a number of innocent young doctors. Whenever I asked my grandparents about what had been the worst incidents during the war, they always mentioned these murders. A third aspect of the story is that the Danish government deliberately isolated the refugees from the general public in order to avoid young German women fraternising with Danish males since any Danish-German marriage would have given both persons the right to stay in Denmark according to contemporary Danish law. A fourth aspect was that some German doctors didn't wish help from Danish doctors. A fifth, that the calorie rations awarded to the Germans was taken from the tables used by the Germans during the war, and that this ration was met. This was done despite that if one had given the average man on the street the choice between giving food to German refugees or giving it to starving Dutchmen, French, Norwegians or Finns, he would have chosen anyone but the Germans. Denmark sent food to all four countries. In any case, Danes don't normally consider the German refugees an important event in national history. Rather, a Danish POV would have been that the refugees should have been glad they weren't simply expelled in 1945. The death rate among the German refugees was high, but it is hardly surprising given that these people were in very poor shape when they arrived in Denmark; women, children and old men, without adequate food and physically exhausted from the flight from East Prussia. This rate also needs to be compared to similar rates in Poland and Germany among people in similar conditions. This material really belongs under the occupation of Denmark article, but it can't simply be reduced to two external links making every reader passing by conclude that the Danish government and people committed genocide. Valentinian T / C 21:27, 12 April 2007 (UTC)

I follow your reasonable arguments. This will need some work in future, and not mere external links without any explanation.--Kresspahl 07:53, 13 April 2007 (UTC)
If anybody perceived my post above as rude, that was not my intention, however Danish-German relations right after the war are incredibly complicated and a very sensitive issue. As I see it, at least three problems are all connected; #1: the German refugees in Denmark, #2: the German minority in South Jutland and why its membership rate suddenly dropped sharply in 1945, #3: The sharp rise in the membership rate of the Danish minority in Sourthern Schleswig, combined with a very heated Danish debate in 1945-47/48 about whether Denmark should be reunited with Southern Schleswig or not, and if so, on what conditions. Many Schleswigers saw reunification with Denmark as a means to get the East Prussian refugees removed from Southern Schleswig as well. As I understood my grandparents; people back then held a great fear that the refugees would stay permanently (the last left around 1947/48). In addition, everybody expected that WWIII would start around 1965 and that it - again - would involve a German occupation of Denmark. Even more problematic: the time was a time of shortage. When this story broke, I remember seeing an interview on the TV with a Danish doctor that had treated German refugees, who simply stated that he could have done more, but he couldn't get penicillin and other medical supplies. And if he had two sick children, both in equally poor condition and only one dose of penicillin, he wouldn't split the dose in two, since such a treatment wouldn't have worked for either child; in that case, he would give it to one child, if one of the two children was Danish, he would give it to that child in order not to cause problems for himself. What I'm trying to say is that each of these issues is sensitive enough on its own, but the problem is that these issues are connected. Valentinian T / C 08:45, 13 April 2007 (UTC)
This has already been debated over at Allied war crimes during World War II. I proposed a balanced section on Denmark that of course never made it into the (rather horrible) article but it ended the discussion. Those articles linked to are not exactly good examples of objective journalism and the only reliable sources aside from reactions from the red cross and the medical society would be the thesis in question. MartinDK 08:48, 30 April 2007 (UTC)
Denmark's Historical Journal (Historisk Tidsskrift) contained a commentary to this PhD dissertation where the commentator notes that the author of the dissertation forgets that the German forces in Denmark had been murdering Danish doctors for c. 1 year before the Germans requested medical assistance for the German refugees. This included several murders committed or thwarted in the very same days as the negotiations with the Danish Medical Association took place, and the order to these murders generally came from the same Otto Bovensiepen as the Danish Medical Association was negotiating with (the first such murder happened the same day Bovensiepen arrived in Denmark, but he is believed to have given the order to the 15 other murders). The total in Denmark is that 10 MDs were murdered, an additional three attempted murders failed and an additional three were never carried out. The commentary is in Danish only but worth a read. [1] Another commentator notes that - although it is often ignored - sources indicate that the Germans also ran their own medical service. Valentinian T / C 14:50, 25 June 2007 (UTC)

EEC Membership[edit]

Elsewhere I see that Denmark joined the EEC on 1 January 1973 along with the UK and Ireland, but this article says the Danish people voted in 1973 to join. What's the real story? —Largo Plazo 14:50, 8 October 2007 (UTC)

The real story is the one you found elsewhere. The Danish European Communities membership referendum, 1972 was in October 1972. Thanks for finding the error. Hemmingsen 15:37, 8 October 2007 (UTC)

Map showing Denmark-Norway's colonial possessions in 1800[edit]

I've noticed that the map in this article containing the above title contains borders which are thoroughly inconsistent with the year 1800. In fact, it seems to be a map from the post-World War I period. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Gryps5 (talkcontribs) 00:24, 22 October 2008 (UTC)

No it is accurate. Though you do need to click on the map to get the enhanced version; the miniscule colonial possessions tend to be invisible to the naked eye on the thumb.--Saddhiyama (talk) 00:35, 22 October 2008 (UTC)
No, Gryps5 has it right. The map displays the extent Denmark-Norway and the colonies as of circa 1800 on a base map of the world as of the 1920s or so, which is a somewhat confusing thing to do. It would be nice to have the rest of the world match the borders as of 1800 as well, but since commons:Category:Blank maps of the world for historical use doesn't seem to have an appropriate base map yet, it is probably beyond my graphical skills to fix it. Hemmingsen 15:07, 22 October 2008 (UTC)
Yes that is true. I misunderstood his comment to mean the borders showing the Danish colonial possessions. --Saddhiyama (talk) 15:37, 22 October 2008 (UTC)

Denmark - Netherlands relations[edit]

I have used The loss of Eastern Denmark part of the article in this article: Denmark - Netherlands relations. I hope its okay. Ahmetyal 13:30, 31 December 2010 (UTC)

The first monarchy in Europe[edit]

It is stated in this article that the Danish monarchy is the oldest in Europe. This is not correct if Harold Blue-tooth is taken as the first King of Denmark. His reign began in 957. Aethelstan became king of England in 927, 30 years before. It may be argued that the Monarchy of England ended with Anne but it is clearly incorporated in that of Great Britain. — Preceding unsigned comment added by Corieltauvus (talkcontribs) 19:36, 4 April 2013 (UTC)

Dolmen lead image[edit]

Why wouldnt a stone dolmen, the oldest type of architecture found in Denmark, be a good image to represent Danish history?·maunus · snunɐɯ· 20:06, 6 January 2016 (UTC)

Hi. Because this page is about the history of Denmark. The stone dolmen is a very good representing image of the prehistory of what we now know as Denmark. It is important to know how "prehistory" differs from "history" in this context. RhinoMind (talk) 20:16, 6 January 2016 (UTC)
Normally history articles include prehistory, and the distinction is mostly used in specialist literature. The scope of this article should include prehistory.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 20:19, 6 January 2016 (UTC)
Yes and the article already includes a rather large section on the prehistory of what we now know as Denmark. But putting an image representing prehistory at the top of an article about history is not representing. Also mind that "Denmark" did not exist in the prehistory of Scandinavia. Another important twist. RhinoMind (talk) 20:23, 6 January 2016 (UTC)
That is a silly argument. To most readers - professional historians included - the history of Denmark is the human past of the current Danish territory and starts with the earliest human occupation. The dolmen perfectly shows the depth and scope of the Danish history. But I am not going to waste more time argueing about this, given that the article in general is extremely bad.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 20:27, 6 January 2016 (UTC)
Well, it would be a lot more helpful if you verbalized (or tried to fix) what you say is "extremely bad". I (and perhaps others) would love to look into it.
Btw, I don't see how this could mean such a big deal. I just moved some images. I also moved images from the Nordic Iron Age and Nordic Bronze Age to represent the prehistory section in general, not just the Stone Age and Bronze Age. Was that also an "extremely bad" thing to do? RhinoMind (talk) 20:34, 6 January 2016 (UTC)

Scope of this article[edit]

I propose that the scope of this article should be include archeological prehistory going back to the earliest settlements of the territory that is today Denmark. This is the scope that the average reader will expect, and also the scope that is included in most generalist "histories" of Denmark. Starting abruptly in the 8th century because that is when written sources begin and the strict specialist definition of history is employed is not helpful to the reader.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 20:19, 6 January 2016 (UTC)

Hi. I agree and are not about to make any change in this regard, because as the article stands, it exactly does what you just describe in your post.
If you intend to change the order of preference in the lede, however, I strongly disagree. Because the notion of Denmark, as a word, as a concept, as a nation, as a kingdom and in other regards, is strongly tied to exactly the 8th century. RhinoMind (talk) 20:27, 6 January 2016 (UTC)
I dont have a problem with the order of presentation in the lead, but with your implied argument that the article on "history" should exclude "prehistory". If that is not your intention then I have no problem.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 20:33, 6 January 2016 (UTC)
I surely recognize the inclusion of a section on prehistory. As you also pointed out, we do not need a clear-cut divide between the two in such a general Wikipedian article. RhinoMind (talk) 20:37, 6 January 2016 (UTC)

As an extra comment, I think it would be quite helpful to the future of this article, if it was specified more clearly how much the emphasis should be on Denmark as a nation vs. the geographical area we now call Denmark. It would solve similar problems down the road, it would probably also help making the article more cohersive in its content and focus. I don't know if there is any consensus on this in other "History of ..." articles? Personally I feel that a lot of detailed information on the nation of Denmark could perhaps be moved to the Denmark page. But first of all, I believe it would be a really good idea to improve the prehistory of Scandinavia page. It is written almost entirely from a Swedish perspective as it stands now. And it doesn't even do it in a good way in my opinion. I have had thoughts on this for quite a while, more thoughts than time I guess. RhinoMind (talk) 21:04, 6 January 2016 (UTC)

The answer to this question is in the literature. The first step is to identify and acquire the literature that an article about the History of Denmark should rely on. Then we should follow the approach taken by that literature.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 22:59, 6 January 2016 (UTC)
In the literature the prehistoric era of Denmark is referred to as Oldtiden or Fortiden in Danish sources. These words could be translated as "Ancient times" or "The past". It is not referred to as "history". Besides, I would think it to be a good idea if an article on the Prehistory of Denmark was branched off at some point. This is done for other countries as well and would be a good place to elaborate more on this extensive period. I still think it would be a good idea to at least include some general information on the prehistoric era in this article though, in the case of an offshoot article. RhinoMind (talk) 15:51, 14 January 2016 (UTC)
But in Danish "Forhistorie" and "forhistorisk" is reserved for the "deep prehistory" (palaeontological and geological time). Oldtiden is also used for the classical period of Rome and Greece. So that argument strikes me as specious. The question is whether books about the history of Denmark includes the stone age and its periods - and I know that several do, as do the National Museum. ·maunus · snunɐɯ· 16:57, 14 January 2016 (UTC)
1. For-historie directly translates as "pre-history" and it is a very common term when dealing with the Iron Age, Bronze Age and Stone Age of Scandinavia and also Denmark specifically. There are very clear lines in scholarly works between "for-historien" and "historien". Same thing for the word Fortiden. I even made a double check of this to be completely sure of how this term was used, before writing my comment above. 2. I am not aware of how the word Oldtiden is used when Danish sources are dealing with other cultures past, but when Danish sources use the word Oldtiden about Denmarks past, it is equivalent to Forhistorien. 3. It is a bit sad, that the major source of Denmark's pre-history in this article is only referred to as "Jensen". Some important information must have been removed at some point. However, I am 99% sure it is the works of Jørgen Jensen that is meant. I will add it to the page when I find the time. 4. Both this and my immediate comment above are meant as statements and documentation. I am not trying to argue for or against anything. RhinoMind (talk) 02:56, 16 January 2016 (UTC)
A direct translation is not a translation. Today, outside of archeology the word "forhistorie" is not generally used in the specialist sense (the history/prehistory distinction actually originated in Denmark with Christian Jürgensen Thomsen), but refers mostly to the deep geological prehistory. Fortiden simply means "past" and covers both history and prehistory. In Danish "oldtid" simply means ancient times, the study of ancient greek and roman culture is called "oldtidskundskab". It is correct that in relation to the Danish past it generally means pre-iron age. But "oldtiden" is also generally considered a part of Danish history - as can be seen for example at the Danish national museum.·maunus · snunɐɯ· 03:25, 16 January 2016 (UTC)
Note. I have now "linked" the pre-history section to the Prehistory of Scandinavia article. It is necessary to view the pre-history of Denmark in a Scandinavian context for many reasons. I intend to improve the prehistory of Scandinavia article when I find the time. It needs a broader scope, a Scandinavian scope. RhinoMind (talk) 22:15, 6 January 2016 (UTC)

misplaced subject remooved[edit]

PerV (talk) 03:58, 17 January 2016 (UTC)

External links modified[edit]

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