Talk:History of the Texas Ranger Division
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Creation and Early Days
The statement is made:
- On October 17,"  "at a consultation of the Provisional Government of Texas, Daniel Parker proposed a resolution to establish the Texas Rangers, totaling some 60 men distributed among three companies, and known by "uniforms" consisting of a light duster (clothing) and an identification badge made from a Mexican Peso.
I cannot find any source for that statement as regards the uniform and badge. I believe any uniform and badge came much later-- the badge not before the 1870's (for that matter, I do not believe any Mexican Peso was minted until the 1860's). The next statement:
- They were instituted by Texan lawmakers on November 24. On November 28, 1835 Robert McAlpin Williamson was chosen to be the first Major of the Texas Rangers.
This refers to a different resolution. The mid-October resolution authorized frontier Rangers superintendent districts (Parker, Friar, Davis and Greenwood); the late November authorized a three-company Ranger Corps in a military structure. The only provisions I see mentioned in Resolutions are ammunition, horses, and rations.
- performed rear guard during the Runaway Scrape and general support duties. These minor roles...
Rear Guard and spy (scout) duties for a retreating army is not a minor role, but "a position of honor."
Tumlinson's Rangers split, some to follow and protect the fleeing civilians east on the SAR, the rest to move so as to stay between Houston's army (which was then camped in secret on the Brazos) and the advancing Mexican column of Gaona coming down from Bastrop-- being used by Houston as a spy company, and capturing at least one of Gaona's scouts.