Talk:IPCC Fourth Assessment Report/citation

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To ensure clear, correct, and consistent citation of the IPCC reports a canonical citation format has been developed which is the preferred style in all climate change articles. For details see the IPCC citation subpage. This page contains the full references and chapter details for the reports in the

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007 (AR4).

The canonical full references:

Filled-in templates for AR4 report references
Links:
{{Harv|IPCC AR4 SYR|2007}}
{{Harv|IPCC AR4 WG1|2007}}
{{Harv|IPCC AR4 WG2|2007}}
{{Harv|IPCC AR4 WG3|2007}}

* {{Citation
 |year   = 2007
 |author = IPCC AR4 SYR
 |author-link = IPCC
 |title  = Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report
 |series = Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the [[IPCC Fourth Assessment Report|Fourth Assessment Report]] of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
 |editors = Core Writing Team; Pachauri, R.K; and Reisinger, A.
 |publisher = IPCC
 |url= http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/contents.html
 |isbn = 92-9169-122-4
}}

* {{Citation
 |year   = 2007
 |author = IPCC AR4 WG1
 |author-link = IPCC
 |title  = Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis
 |series = Contribution of Working Group I to the [[IPCC Fourth Assessment Report|Fourth Assessment Report]] of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
 |editor = Solomon, S.; Qin, D.; Manning, M.; Chen, Z.; Marquis, M.; Averyt, K.B.; Tignor, M.; and Miller, H.L.
 |publisher = Cambridge University Press
 |url  = http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/contents.html
 |isbn = 978-0-521-88009-1
}} (pb: {{ISBNT|978-0-521-70596-7}})

* {{Citation
 |year   = 2007
 |author = IPCC AR4 WG2
 |author-link = IPCC
 |title  = Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
 |series = Contribution of Working Group II to the [[IPCC Fourth Assessment Report|Fourth Assessment Report]] of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
 |editor = Parry, M.L.; Canziani, O.F.; Palutikof, J.P.; van der Linden, P.J.; and Hanson, C.E.
 |publisher = Cambridge University Press
 |url  = http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/contents.html
 |isbn = 978-0-521-88010-7
}} (pb: {{ISBNT|978-0-521-70597-4}})

* {{Citation
 |year   = 2007
 |author = IPCC AR4 WG3
 |author-link = IPCC
 |title  = Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change
 |series = Contribution of Working Group III to the [[IPCC Fourth Assessment Report|Fourth Assessment Report]] of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
 |editor = Metz, B.; Davidson, O.R.; Bosch, P.R.; Dave, R.; and Meyer, L.A.
 |publisher = Cambridge University Press
 |url  = http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/contents.html
 |isbn = 978-0-521-88011-4
}} (pb: {{ISBNT|978-0-521-70598-1}})

AR4 WG1 chapter details: lead authors, links, and titles

Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis

AR4 WG1 Table of Contents

The chapter information should be followed by the section link and header (and optionally the page number) to the specific location within the report where the material referenced is to be found. Link to this report's full reference with:

in {{Harvnb|IPCC AR4 WG1|2007}}.

Don't forget to remove the various linebreaks.

IPCC, 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/spm.html 
  Summary for Policymakers],

Solomon ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ts.html 
  Technical Summary], 

Le Treut ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch1.html 
  Chapter 1: Historical Overview of Climate Change Science], 

Forster ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch2.html 
  Chapter 2: Changes in Atmospheric Constituents and Radiative Forcing], 

Trenberth ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch3.html 
  Chapter 3: Observations: Atmospheric Surface and Climate Change], 

Lemke ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch4.html 
  Chapter 4: Observations: Changes in Snow, Ice and Frozen Ground], 

Bindoff ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch5.html 
  Chapter 5: Observations: Ocean Climate Change and Sea Level], 

Jansen ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch6.html 
  Chapter 6: Palaeoclimate], 

Denman ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch7.html 
  Chapter 7, Coupling Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry], 

Randall ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch8.html 
  Chapter 8: Climate Models and their Evaluation], 

Hegerl ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch9.html
  Chapter 9: Understanding and Attributing Climate Change], 

Meehl ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch10.html 
  Chapter 10: Global Climate Projections], 

Christensen ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/ch11.html 
  Chapter 11: Regional Climate Projections], 

Annexes (example): 
IPCC, 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/annexessglossary-a-d.html 
  Glossary A-D]: "Climate change" 

AR4 WG2 chapter details: lead authors, links, and titles

Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability

AR4 WG2 Table of Contents

The chapter information should be followed by the section link and header (and optionally the page number) to the specific location within the report where the material referenced is to be found. Link to this report's full reference with:

in {{Harvnb|IPCC AR4 WG2|2007}}.

Don't forget to remove various linebreaks.

IPCC,
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/frontmatter.html
  Introduction to the Working Group II Fourth Assessment Report]

IPCC,
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/spm.html
  Summary for Policymakers]

Parry ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ts.html
  Technical Summary]

Rosenzweig ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch1.html
  Chapter 1: Assessment of observed changes and responses in natural 
   and managed systems]

Carter ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch2.html
  Chapter 2: New assessment methods and the characterisation of 
   future conditions]

Kundzewicz ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch3.html
  Chapter 3: Freshwater resources and their management]

Fischlin ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch4.html
  Chapter 4: Ecosystems, their properties, goods and services]

Batima ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch5.html
  Chapter 5: Food, fibre and forest products]

Nicholls ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch6.html
  Chapter 6: Coastal systems and low-lying areas]

Wilbanks ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch7.html
  Chapter 7: Industry, settlement and society]

Confalonieri ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch8.html
  Chapter 8: Human health]

Boko ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch9.html
  Chapter 9: Africa]

Cruz ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch10.html
  Chapter 10: Asia]

Hennessy ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch11.html
  Chapter 11: Australia and New Zealand]

Alcamo ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch12.html
  Chapter 12: Europe]

Magrin ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch13.html
  Chapter 13: Latin America]

Field ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch14.html
  Chapter 14: North America]

Anisimov ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch15.html
  Chapter 15: Polar regions (Arctic and Antarctic)]

Mimura ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch16.html
  Chapter 16: Small islands]

Adger ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch17.html
  Chapter 17: Assessment of adaptation practices, options, constraints 
   and capacity]

Klein ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch18.html
  Chapter 18: Inter-relationships between adaptation and mitigation]

Schneider ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch19.html
  Chapter 19: Assessing key vulnerabilities and the risk from climate change]

Yohe ''et al.'',
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/ch20.html
  Chapter 20: Perspectives on climate change and sustainability]

Glossaries (example):
IPCC,
[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg2/en/annexessglossary-a-d.html
  Glossaryi A-D:] "Climate change"

AR4 WG3 chapter details: lead authors, links, and titles

Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change

AR4 WG3 Table of Contents

The chapter information should be followed by the section link and header (and optionally the page number) to the specific location within the report where the material referenced is to be found. Link to this report's full reference with:

in {{Harvnb|IPCC AR4 WG3|2007}}.

Don't forget to remove various linebreaks.

IPCC, 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/frontmattersforeword.html
  Forward]

IPCC, 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/frontmatterspreface.html
  Preface]

IPCC, 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/spm.html
  Summary for Policymakers]

Barker ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ts.html
  Technical Summary]

Rogner ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch1.html
  Chapter 1: Introduction]

Halsnæs ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch2.html
  Chapter 2: Framing Issues]

Fisher ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch3.html
  Chapter 3: Issues related to mitigation in the long-term context]

Sims ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch4.html
  Chapter 4: Energy Supply]

Kahn Ribeiro ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch5.html
  Chapter 5: Transport and its infrastructure]

Levine ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch6.html
  Chapter 6: Residential and commercial buildings]

Cai ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch7.html
  Chapter 7: Industry]

Smith ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch8.html
  Chapter 8: Agriculture]

Nabuurs ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch9.html
  Chapter 9: Forestry]

Bogner ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch10.html
  Chapter 10: Waste management]

Barker ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch11.html
  Chapter 11: Mitigation from a cross-sectoral perspective]

Sathaye ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch12.html
  Chapter 12: Sustainable Development and mitigation]

Gupta ''et al.'', 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/ch13.html
  Chapter 13: Policies, instruments, and co-operative arrangements]

IPCC, 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/errataserrata-to.html
  Errata]

IPCC, 
 [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg3/en/annex1-en.html
  Glossary]: "example"

AR4 SYR details

Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report

AR4 SYR Table of Contents

The AR4 Synthesis Report is organized differently from the Working Group reports, being comprised not of chapters, but of a Summary for Policymakers (SPM)(Introduction and five sections), the contained Synthesis Report (SYR)(Introduction, six Topics, and various sub-topics), and several annexes. The following models are provided for guidance. Note that the material in the SPM and SYR is derived from the other Working Group reports, and citing those reports directly is generally recommended.

Models:

IPCC, Summary for Policymakers, Section 1: Observed changes in climate and their effects, p. 2, in IPCC AR4 SYR 2007.
IPCC, Synthesis Report, Topic 3: Projected climate change and its impacts, Table SPM.1, p. 8, in IPCC AR4 SYR 2007.
IPCC, Synthesis Report, Glossary A-D: "climate change", in IPCC AR4 SYR 2007.

Citations of these forms can be assembled from the formatted text excerpts provided below (or minor modifications thereof). The excerpts can also be used in the {{citation}} or {{cite book}} templates; see Talk:Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change/citation#Citation templates for guidance. Page numbers (optional) should be linked to the pdf files (urls below). If using citation templates: page numbers should follow the template, as there is a problem using the 'page' or 'pages' parameters.

Link to this report's full reference with: in {{Harvnb|IPCC AR4 SYR|2007}}.


Summary for Policymakers (SMP)

# Author and "chapter":
[[IPCC]], [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spm.html
 Summary for Policymakers],

# Location:
[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/ xxx
 Introduction],

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spms1.html
 Section 1: Observed changes in climate and their effects],

[http://www:ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spms2.html
 Section 2: Causes of change],

[http://www:ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spms3.html
 Section 3: Projected climate change and its impacts],

[http://www:ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spms4.html
 Section 4: Adaptation and mitigation options],

[http://www:ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/spms5.html
 Section 5: The long-term perspective],

# Link to pdf (for page numbers):
[http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr_spm.pdf  p. ],

Synthesis Report (SYR)

# Author and "chapter":
[[IPCC]], [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/main.html
 Synthesis Report],

# Location (please use the most specific):
[http:/www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mainssyr-introduction.html
 Introduction],

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains1.html
 Topic 1: Observed changes in climate and their effects],
[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains1.html#1-1
 Topic 1.1: Observations of climate change],
  1.2: Observed effects of climate changes
  1.3: Consistency of changes in physical and biological systems with warming
  1.4: Some aspects of climate have not been observed to change

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains2.html
 Topic 2: Causes of change],
  2.1: Emissions of long-lived GHGs
  2.2: Drivers of climate change
  2.3: Climate sensitivity and feedbacks
  2.4: Attribution of climate change

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains3.html
 Topic 3: Climate change and its impacts in the near and long term under 
    different scenarios],
  3.1: Emissions scenarios
  3.2: Projections of future changes in climate
  3.3: Impacts of future climate changes
  3.4: Risk of abrupt or irreversible changes

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains4.html
 Topic 4: Adaptation and mitigation options and responses, and the
   inter-relationship with sustainable development, at global and regional levels],
  4.1: Responding to climate change
  4.2: Adaptation options
  4.3: Mitigation options
  4.4: Relationship between adaptation and mitigation options and relationship 
    with sustainable development
  4.5: International and regional cooperation

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains5.html
 Topic 5: The long-term perspective: scientific and socio-economic aspects 
   relevant to adaptation and mitigation, consistent with the objectives and 
   provisions of the Convention, and in the context of sustainable development],
  5.1: Risk management perspective
  5.2: Key vulnerabilities, impacts and risks – long-term perspectives
  5.3: Adaptation and mitigation
  5.4: Emission trajectories for stabilisation
  5.5: Technology flows and development
  5.6: Costs of mitigation and long-term stabilisation targets
  5.7: Costs, benefits and avoided climate impacts at global and regional levels
  5.8: Broader environmental and sustainability issues

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/mains6.html
 Topic 6: Robust findings, key uncertainties],
  6.1: Observed changes in climate and their effects, and their causes
  6.2: Drivers and projections of future climate changes and their impacts
  6.3: Responses to climate change

# Link to pdf (for page numbers):
[http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar4/syr/ar4_syr.pdf p. ],

Annexes

# Author and "chapter":
[[IPCC]], [http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/main.html
 Synthesis Report],

# Location:
[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/annexessglossary-a-d.html
 Glossary A-D]: "climate change" (example)

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/annexessglossary-e-i.html
 Glossary E-I]:

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/annexessglossary-j-p.html
 Glossary J-P]:

[http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/syr/en/annexessglossary-r-z.html
 Glossary R-Z]:

See also: SAR, TAR, AR5.