Talk:Interlaced video

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Interline twitter explanation[edit]

The explanation is bogus and does not make sense, please correct it or insert citation that explains it in the current way.

The deffect explained here sounds like TV's strobing

—Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 16:57, 16 February 2009 (UTC)

Strobing? We are not talking about jerkiness here, and the image hardly represents what you call "strobing". Eugene2x-talk 23:15, 5 March 2009 (UTC)

Leon Theremin a inventor of television and the inventor of 'interlaced' technique?[edit]

"The concept of breaking a single video frame into interlaced 'fields' was first demonstrated by Russian inventor Léon Theremin in 1927" (Albert Glinsky: Theramin, University of Illinois Press, 2000)

First of all, I do not doubt that Theremin invented his electronic instrument "Theramin" and other things in the 1920s. These are proven facts.

But with all respect, I very much doubt this whole Theremin / television inventor / interlaced inventor stuff. This sounds like one of those classic Russian/Soviet falsifications to me.

The whole story is just based on a single source, which is the book mentioned above - published in 2000. The other source would be Theremin's own few lines about this topic in the book "A.F. Joffe - Memories [my own translation], Academy of Sciences Press [again my own translation], Moscow, 1973", offering a phantastic story how he invented television devices with a few lines up to 62 and even 120 lines (incorporating interlaced 'lines' technique) within 2 or 3 (!) years (from 1924 or 1925 to 1927) as part of his academic thesis! Moreover, he was travelling a lot during that period to present his 'Theramin', to negotiate lincence issues for his 'Theramin', etc. His alleged development of television of course had to be temporary halted during his extensive travels in 1925/26. He also claims to have invented in 1927 a portable(!) camera or whole television system with 100 lines, which could operate outdoor and under daylight conditions! (Meaning without any additional light source - in 1927!!!)

Should these claims be true, Theremin would have been ways ahead of all other television pioneers. I think - and 'early television buffs' would agree - about one decade ahead wouldn't be exaggerated in this case. The story of early television would have to be rewritten.

The stupid thing, now, about all of these phantastic 'achievements' regarding television devices is that there is not a single proof for not even one of these claims. No photos, no patent files, no drawings, no working schemes, no technical descriptions, nothing detailed and nothing general, no presentations (he travelled a lot and had his own laboratory in the US during the early 1930s), no contemporary articles. Absolutely nothing. Zero.

However, Theremin himself claims that there had been an article in the magazine Ogonyok [my own translation] in the 1920s. But even if that would be true, it wouldn't change anything about the non-existing proofs: Theremin maybe indeed has written a (theoretic) thesis about television and maybe did some research. But if one remembers the tons of propaganda, which had been put out especially by the early Soviet Union, to show how 'progressive' and 'modern' the largely backwards country was, it is not unlikely that Ogonyok somehow 'sexed up' its article a little bit.

There is some literature about Theremin from (communist) East Germany, a soviet puppet state, which glorified everything Soviet/Russian. Theremin had been a big celebrity in East Germany due to his various achievements. But in none of this literature, if at all, I could discover anything new about his alleged achievements in the field of television. It's always the same few statements, which I tried to give above in my own words.

So I have good reason to assume that this whole 'Theremin-television story' is nothing more than a huge fake!

I can only hope that it's only Russian chauvinists that spread such allegations via the 'University of Illinois Press' and all over corresponding Wikipedia articles.

I for my part will erase those non-proven statements about Theremin and television.

Greets. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 19:34, 5 August 2009 (UTC)

The mention of Theremin seems to be back, but I agree with this post from 4 years ago. Glinsky's book on Theremin is sensationalist more than anything, and I do not consider it a reliable source on the history of television technology. I cannot say anything about the Russian literature, but I am dealing quite comprehensively with the history of frame rates and have yet to encounter a credible mention of Theremin. In this respect, Schröter's work with interlaced phototelegraphy around 1928 is much more interesting and properly documented. I will remove the mention of Theremin if there are no objections. K37b8e4fd (talk) 01:32, 22 May 2013 (UTC)

switching between in interlaced and progressive scan[edit]

How can PAL, NTSC, VGA, SCART switch between progressive (like 240p) and interlaced scan. Is it just timing? Just a single sentence with a reference would suffice (and you know the correct section). It would add hard facts to the article and we could remove some of the advantage/disadvantage stuff. -- Arnero (talk) 17:00, 8 March 2010 (UTC)

Text in lede[edit]

I am here in response to a request posted on the NPOV noticeboard.

The question was about the sentence, "Interlace is a technique of improving the picture quality of a video signal without consuming extra bandwidth", which currently is the first sentence of the article. It is my opinion that this is not NPOV. It would be better to say something like, "Interlace is a technique of displaying video." Then subsequently, its quality could be compared to other video display techniques (without saying one is improved over the other) and its bandwidth use could likewise be compared. Thoughts? Blue Rasberry 17:06, 25 April 2010 (UTC)

I think that the original statement is uncontroversially true. Given a fixed analog bandwidth and no digital processing, an interlaced signal would always look better then a progressive one. That is why none of the analog standards are progressive. Once digital compression is involved, that changes the rules because MPEG does a much better job of reducing bandwidth then interlace. Algr (talk) 17:28, 25 April 2010 (UTC)
I did not speak clearly so I think you misunderstand. The statement says "improved", but does not say improved with regard to what, and is therefore giving a subjective opinion rather than an objective comparison. What you just wrote sounds much better, if it is not controversial that in all circumstances an interlaced signal always looks better than a progressive one. I know absolutely nothing about this topic; I am just commenting on the pov of the grammar and word choice in the statement. Blue Rasberry 21:39, 25 April 2010 (UTC)
MPEG is also often interlaced. Digital encoding changes nothing. Today it is the difference of recorded media: Movies: 25fps progressive, TV: 60fps broadcast as interlaced, either analog or digital. Carewolf (talk) 00:16, 28 April 2010 (UTC)
Digital encoding, (and specifically compression) changes things radically because with a compression, you can no longer assume that two images with the same pixel count and bit depth will have the same picture quality. A video DVD running at 1200 kbps will look much better then one running at 300 kbps for example even though they are both 480/60i. This is why you can't add interlace to 720p and produce 1440i. Algr (talk) 09:20, 5 May 2010 (UTC)

Interlacing was adopted as a means of increasing the number of scan lines of early TV systems, and thus the vertical resolution, while staying within a 6 MHz TV channel. The field rate of 60 Hz gave interlaced video an effective frame rate of 30 fps, exceeding the 24 fps frame rate of motion-picture film, and allowed TV equipment to synchronize to the AC power-line frequency of 60 Hz. Both persistence of vision (Phi phenomenon) and phosphor persistence reduce apparent flicker. This technology was developed by RCA in the 1930's in and around New York city (NBC) and RCA headquarters in Camden, New Jersey. Interlacing was a way of improving picture quality by increasing the number of scan lines without exceeding the allocated RF spectrum.

I think that the original statement is uncontroversially true...

Can it be then backed up by a source/citation? --Xerces8 (talk) 13:15, 9 May 2010 (UTC)

User:Algr said some interesting things on the WP:NPOVN. Here is a quote from this which I feel summarizes the content. "But video signals can be designed in a wide variety of ways, so there is no obvious choice as to which two signals to compare." Read the rest here.
The sentence in question is still "Interlace is a technique of improving the picture quality of a video signal without consuming extra bandwidth." I really know nothing about this topic, but if I understand Algr, there was not a point when video was widely used without interlace, and thus there are no established or popular terms for non-interlace video. Could we go another route with this and instead of comparing it to something else, describe the cost of the improvement?
There must be some drawback, otherwise interlaced video could be further interlaced indefinitely. I think qualifying the improvement would be another way of stating a comparison. The picture improves up to a certain point, then some attribute becomes compromised, and so interlacing is only a technique for improving video with less interlacing than that point, right?
And we are only talking about the human perception of the presentation of a video signal, right? The video is actually being made a lot worse for preservation of data within any presented frame, right?
Is it the opinion of anyone here that this line of questioning is meaningful? I do not want to debate the facts, but rather I want to go toward a statement which is less open to interpretation and unlikely to be further questioned on Wikipedia. Blue Rasberry 06:06, 25 May 2010 (UTC)

Requested move[edit]

The following discussion is an archived discussion of the proposal. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on the talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

Page moved to Interlaced video. Vegaswikian (talk) 19:33, 14 November 2010 (UTC)

InterlaceInterlace (video)Relisted. There may be a consensus forming for a different name in the discussion, but if so we need some clear indications of support. Vegaswikian (talk) 22:56, 7 November 2010 (UTC) Especially now the video technique is gradually falling from use, it does not meet the requirement of WP:PRIMARY, & the plain term should go straight to disambiguation. Johnbod (talk) 20:25, 31 October 2010 (UTC)

These "art" searches are meaningless, as a look at the results shows - you get many things like "...interlace. Art..." just in these few results. Neither of the search terms you used exist as terms - there is no "interlace art" though the words do occur together occasionally, same for the other. Removing the "" gives 'interlace' plus 'art' 32,600 and "interlaced" + "art" 77,900, whereas "interlace" + "video" only goes to 33k odd. So I think these searches are proving my case. While the video article has the plain term the number of hits it gets is also meaningless - who is to say what people were looking for? There are also other meanings we don't have articles for, plus a rash of business names etc etc. But your suggestion of moving this to "Interlaced video", so long as plain "interlace" then goes to disam, would be an excellent solution. Can we agree to do this? Johnbod (talk) 16:55, 1 November 2010 (UTC)
Erf edit conflict lost my reply. Anyways what I basically said was that yes the google book searches don't work exactly. I used quotation marks specifically to show that the two subject did have a relationship two eachother, I am aware that it is not perfect and that particularly for 'interlace art' this is flawed. Not using them though just give ambigous results as the terms can be used anywhere in the book and don't necessary have to have any relationship other than they exist within the same text. Nevertheless I support a new move proposal with Interlace being moved to 'Interlaced video'. I suggest you withdraw this one and propose a new request. I also think that 'Interlace (art) could be moved to Interlace. as 'interlace (bitmaps)' is actually titled Interlacing (bitmaps) which doesn't specifically share the same name (it can still be on the dab however). In terms of the video and graphics usage, 'interlace' is the action (actually more the name of the button you press) not the product that results from the action. In the art term however, interlacing is the action and interlace is the element or outcome. Just a thought, -France3470 (talk)
In retrospect perhaps Interlace (art) shouldn't appear at Interlace. I don't feel fully commited to the idea of it becoming a dab but perhaps afterall it would be alright if the video term was not longer titled as Interlace. Not sure. Also I think 'interlacing video' is also an appropriate title (this is what the article is actually about, and thoughout the article the term interlacing is used). Though a new proposal would be best for either, a move to interlacing video, interlaced video or even interlacing (video) (to agree with the bitmaps naming) though this might be odd. There is also the option of a move to Interlacing though this just leaves us with the same problem as we have now. Personally I think interlacing video or interlaced video is best. -France3470 (talk) 17:41, 1 November 2010 (UTC)
OK, shall we leave it here for a few days to see if others have a preference between "interlacing video, interlaced video or even interlacing (video)"? I think I prefer your first thought, "interlaced video", but I don't have strong views. One of these options is the way to go anyway. Johnbod (talk) 17:56, 1 November 2010 (UTC)
Sound good. Just a final thought (at least for today). We also have a page titled deinterlacing, in so theory perhaps this article should actually be titled interlacing to match. Also not all of this article appears to be about video specifically, see the section of 'Interlace and computers', which perhaps makes the inclusion of video in the title debatable.-France3470 (talk) 18:02, 1 November 2010 (UTC)
"Interlaced signal" perhaps? That seems to cover everything. Does this one overlap with raster one? I'm not technical enough to tell. Johnbod (talk) 20:06, 1 November 2010 (UTC)
No, I don't think so. "interlaced signal" is not the technique, only a transmission of an application of the technique. Did anyone ask WPTV, WPELECTRONICS, or WPCOMPUTING? (talk) 05:17, 6 November 2010 (UTC)
No, nor the other projects involved. There is rarely a response in my experience. "interlacing" reduces but does not entirely remove the ambiguity re art, I don't know about the raster one. We seem to be closing in on "interlaced video". Johnbod (talk) 11:08, 6 November 2010 (UTC)
  • After relisting - to be clear, I'll support any reasonable alternative, with "interlaced video" current favourite. But the plain "interlace" needs to go to disam. Johnbod (talk) 23:03, 7 November 2010 (UTC)
  • Support. To me "interlacing" first means physical interlacing as in interlaced strings or interlaced creeping plant stems etc. Anthony Appleyard (talk) 08:57, 9 November 2010 (UTC)
The above discussion is preserved as an archive of the proposal. Please do not modify it. Subsequent comments should be made in a new section on this talk page. No further edits should be made to this section.

Discretion in adding to projects[edit]

Adding tags to talk pages is fun and easy. However, not every article belongs in every project. Adding a very low relevance project to an article's talk page wil have no effect in improving the article and will just annoy people concerned about the project's backlog. This article is pretty important to the subject of "television" but just because they watch interlaced broadcast video in Paraguay doesn't mean it should be added to the Paraguay project. --Wtshymanski (talk) 15:04, 28 February 2011 (UTC)

Theremin and interlace[edit]

From the description, he developed a scanning television method. But where does interlace come into it? Did his mirror drum already produce interlaced pictures? -- megA (talk) 12:28, 23 June 2011 (UTC)

OLED and the future of interlacing[edit]

Just wondering about the future of interlacing. Initially interlacing was designed for fast refresh rate CRT use but CRTs are no longer produced so interlacing could disappear altogether.

Does anybody know if OLED refresh rates are up to the job? I don't understand why they should stop using interlacing along with all the other digital compression mechanisms to use less bandwidth if future displays could have refresh rates up to the job. I read that oled could be up to the task with little quality loss even compared to a CRT. Should somebody mention this in the future of interlacing? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 10:24, 14 October 2014 (UTC)

Doubling perceived vertical resolution VS Doubling perceived frame rate[edit]

I think the first line should be corrected as: «Interlaced video is a technique for doubling the perceived vertical resolution of a video display without consuming extra bandwidth».Senbei64 (talk) 11:35, 24 September 2015 (UTC)

That is only one thing it can do. It can also double the framerate at the expense of virtual resolution without consuming extra bandwidth.Carewolf (talk) 14:04, 24 September 2015 (UTC)
The problem is that you can't really say how interlace improves a picture unless you specifically define which interlaced and progressive standards you are comparing. For example, If you start with VGA 480/60p and "add interlace" you could get:
480/60i - Bandwidth requirement cut in half, small reduction in quality. Basically NTSC.
960/60i - Quality almost doubled, more complex anti-aliasing needed. Bandwidth unchanged.
480/120i - Picture quality and bandwidth unchanged, large area flicker improved. (60 hz CRT refresh was too slow for some computer displays.)
All of that is for uncompressed video, right? I challenge you to show the benefits (e.g. half "bandwidth" from VGA 480/60p -> VGA 480/60i) with compressed video. I think that interlacing has exactly no benefits and is an outdated technology that only introduces headaches. It certainly does not give you free benefits. Even if going from 60p to 60i reduces bandwith the reduction in quality is not small. (talk) —Preceding undated comment added 01:29, 16 November 2016 (UTC)
Each of these can equally be called "VGA with Interlace", but the benefits and losses of the first two almost directly contradict each other. Algr (talk) 09:33, 28 January 2016 (UTC)