Talk:Lê dynasty

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Copyright violation?[edit]

This article cites two books as sources at the bottom: "Việt Nam Sử Lược by Tran Trong Kim" and "Việt Sử Toàn Thư by Phạm Văn Sơn". Does anyone know if they're still under copyright? – Minh Nguyễn (talk, contribs) 08:28, 27 January 2006 (UTC)

To answer my own question, I'm pretty sure that the text of Việt Nam Sử Lược is in the public domain. – Minh Nguyễn (talk, contribs) 23:33, 20 May 2006 (UTC)

To be like Vietnamese article, this page should redirect to "Later Le Dynasty". JacquesNguyen (talk) 08:13, 31 December 2007 (UTC)

This dynasty had two Lê Chiêu Tông ?203.162.3.165 (talk) 12:29, 20 March 2009 (UTC)

No, you're probably confused between Lê Chiêu Tông and Lê Chiêu Thống. DHN (talk) 18:50, 20 March 2009 (UTC)

Emergence of the Le[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=bYUncAAACAAJ&dq=china+factor+southeast+asia+fifteenth&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ido3U6rVHKa-sQTM_IH4Dw&ved=0CDQQ6wEwAA

http://www.researchgate.net/publication/248395427_The_Ming_factor_and_the_Emergence_of_the_Viet_in_the_15th_century

Pages 83-103

Page 95-96

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Tana_Li/publication/248395427_The_Ming_factor_and_the_Emergence_of_the_Viet_in_the_15th_century/file/60b7d51df84438389a.pdf

http://art-hanoi.com/toda/16.html

03:02, 6 May 2014 (UTC)

Neo Confucianism as the state ideology[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=3Rg8sjahb3QC&pg=PA35#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=v2yiyLLOj88C&pg=PA426#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://khoavanhoc.edu.vn/attachments/859_VIETNAMESE%20SPIRITUALITY.DOC

http://khoavanhoc.edu.vn/attachments/381_Liam%20Kelley_%20Confucianism%20in%20Vietnam,%202006.pdf.

Dai Viet campaigns and attacks against Melaka, Champa, Lan Xang (Laos), Ryukyu[edit]

Cham–Vietnamese War (1471)


http://www.ari.nus.edu.sg/docs/wps/wps03_011.pdf

http://www.aafv.org/spip.php?action=acceder_document&arg=2559&cle=a72c793f4c842206ab899315a3419d33a4609888&file=pdf%2FSunLaichen_ChineseStyleFirearmsInDaiViet.pdf

http://www.jstor.org/stable/20072535?

Military Technology Transfers from Ming China and the Emergence of Northern Mainland Southeast Asia (c. 1390-1527) Sun Laichen Journal of Southeast Asian Studies Vol. 34, No. 3 (Oct., 2003), pp. 495-517 Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of Department of History, National University of Singapore Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20072535 Page Count: 23

http://books.google.com/books?id=ZvWrAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA75#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=R5p7cRyK748C&pg=PA111&dq=1480,+according+to+Chinese+spies,+Dai+Viet+forces+took+20+of+Lan+Xang's+strong-+points+and+killed+“over+20,000”+Lao.+...+Tra+Toan+was+captured,+Laos+collapsed,+Ryukyu+was+defeated+.+.+.+the+barbarians+in+the+four+directions+surrendered,+.+.+.+the+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jaY3U5buJompsQSo-oHYDw&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=1480%2C%20according%20to%20Chinese%20spies%2C%20Dai%20Viet%20forces%20took%2020%20of%20Lan%20Xang's%20strong-%20points%20and%20killed%20“over%2020%2C000”%20Lao.%20...%20Tra%20Toan%20was%20captured%2C%20Laos%20collapsed%2C%20Ryukyu%20was%20defeated%20.%20.%20.%20the%20barbarians%20in%20the%20four%20directions%20surrendered%2C%20.%20.%20.%20the%20...&f=false


https://www.google.com/search?tbm=bks&tbo=1&q=collapsed%2C+Ryukyu+was+defeated%2C+Cam+Cong+fled+and+died%2C+the+barbarians+in+the+four+directions+surrendered%2C+wind+blew+from+the+eight+directions.+%5BDuring+his%5D+thirty+-eight-year+rule%2C+the+country+was+peaceful+and+well+governed.+How+spectacular+...&btnG=#q=However%2C+this+so+far+is+not+substantiated+by+other+sources+and+the+records+on+the+Ryukyu+side%2C+as+the+Rekidai+hoan+(the+precious+records+of+the+consecutive+dynasties)%2C+are&tbm=bks


http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA104&dq=However,+this+so+far+is+not+substantiated+by+other+sources+and+the+records+on+the+Ryukyu+side,+as+the+Rekidai+hoan+(the+precious+records+of+the+consecutive+dynasties),+are&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QdZKU_bTNvKssASljoHYCg&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=However%2C%20this%20so%20far%20is%20not%20substantiated%20by%20other%20sources%20and%20the%20records%20on%20the%20Ryukyu%20side%2C%20as%20the%20Rekidai%20hoan%20(the%20precious%20records%20of%20the%20consecutive%20dynasties)%2C%20are&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA105&dq=collapsed,+Ryukyu+was+defeated,+Cam+Cong+fled+and+died,+the+barbarians+in+the+four+directions+surrendered,+wind+blew+from+the+eight+directions.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=G6Y3U7DhAo3NsQS8hYLADA&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=collapsed%2C%20Ryukyu%20was%20defeated%2C%20Cam%20Cong%20fled%20and%20died%2C%20the%20barbarians%20in%20the%20four%20directions%20surrendered%2C%20wind%20blew%20from%20the%20eight%20directions.&f=false


Title Ming-Southeast Asian overland interactions, 1368-1644 Author Laichen Sun Publisher University of Michigan, 2000


266

http://books.google.com/books?id=o4QfAQAAMAAJ&q=However,+this+so+far+is+not+substantiated+by+other+sources+and+the+records+on+the+Ryukyu+side,+as+the+Rekidai+hoan+(the+precious+records+of+the+consecutive+dynasties),+are&dq=However,+this+so+far+is+not+substantiated+by+other+sources+and+the+records+on+the+Ryukyu+side,+as+the+Rekidai+hoan+(the+precious+records+of+the+consecutive+dynasties),+are&hl=en&sa=X&ei=QdZKU_bTNvKssASljoHYCg&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAQ

http://books.google.com/books?id=o4QfAQAAMAAJ&q=In+1485,+Dai+Viet+included+Malacca+on+the+list+of+tributary+countries+such+as+Champa,+Lang+Sang,+Ayudhya,+and+Java.1221+According+to+a+Vietnamese+source,+Dai+Viet+during+the+late+Hong-duc+reign+(1470-97)+also+subdued+Ryukyu+(+Liuqiu).&dq=In+1485,+Dai+Viet+included+Malacca+on+the+list+of+tributary+countries+such+as+Champa,+Lang+Sang,+Ayudhya,+and+Java.1221+According+to+a+Vietnamese+source,+Dai+Viet+during+the+late+Hong-duc+reign+(1470-97)+also+subdued+Ryukyu+(+Liuqiu).&hl=en&sa=X&ei=M6c3U9ewKeLQsQSL7IGoBg&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=o4QfAQAAMAAJ&q=The+details+of+Dai+Viet's+attempted+aggression+are+not+available,+but+it+seems+that+Malacca+was+directly+threatened+in+...+expanded+the+territories;+Tra+Toan+was+captured,+Laos+collapsed,+Ryukyu+was+defeated,+Cam+Cong+fled+and+died,+the&dq=The+details+of+Dai+Viet's+attempted+aggression+are+not+available,+but+it+seems+that+Malacca+was+directly+threatened+in+...+expanded+the+territories;+Tra+Toan+was+captured,+Laos+collapsed,+Ryukyu+was+defeated,+Cam+Cong+fled+and+died,+the&hl=en&sa=X&ei=kKU3U7tck6-wBKa0gZAG&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=o4QfAQAAMAAJ&q=According+to+Mao+Qiling+(hezhi+Mansi,+vol.+10,+p.+Lb),+Le+Thanh-tong+led+90,000+troops+to+invade+Lan+Sang+but+were+chased+by+%5Bthe+troops+of%5D+Malacca,+and+30,000+soldiers+died.+It+is+hard+to+explain+how+this+happened&dq=According+to+Mao+Qiling+(hezhi+Mansi,+vol.+10,+p.+Lb),+Le+Thanh-tong+led+90,000+troops+to+invade+Lan+Sang+but+were+chased+by+%5Bthe+troops+of%5D+Malacca,+and+30,000+soldiers+died.+It+is+hard+to+explain+how+this+happened&hl=en&sa=X&ei=g6Q3U7m0DKGosATh8oCgBQ&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=o4QfAQAAMAAJ&q=However,+this+so+far+is+not+substantiated+by+other+sources+and+the+records+on+the+Ryukyu+side,+as+the+Rekidai+hoan+(the+precious+records+of+the+consecutive+dynasties),+are&dq=However,+this+so+far+is+not+substantiated+by+other+sources+and+the+records+on+the+Ryukyu+side,+as+the+Rekidai+hoan+(the+precious+records+of+the+consecutive+dynasties),+are&hl=en&sa=X&ei=RKY3U820O5SmsQSV4oCwAQ&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAQ


107

http://books.google.com/books?id=FNGGAAAAIAAJ&q=Though+Marrison+translated+Rakiu+as+Formosa,+it+should+be+understood+as+Ryukyu+kingdom,+and+it+is+likely+that+the+relations+...+Ceramics+and+silk+Confronted+with+Malacca+and+Ryukyu,+both+of+which+took+sides+with+Champa,+Dai-Viet+may+have+...&dq=Though+Marrison+translated+Rakiu+as+Formosa,+it+should+be+understood+as+Ryukyu+kingdom,+and+it+is+likely+that+the+relations+...+Ceramics+and+silk+Confronted+with+Malacca+and+Ryukyu,+both+of+which+took+sides+with+Champa,+Dai-Viet+may+have+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6KY3U4DMLsTLsQSr4YCQBQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA


http://books.google.com/books?id=fjsEn3w4TPgC&pg=PA365&dq=1999.+“A+Short+Introduction+to+Champa+Studies.”+In+The+Dry+Areas+in+Southeast+Asia,+Fukui+Hayao,+65—74.+Kyoto:+Center+for+Southeast+Asian+Studies,+Kyoto+University.+.+2008.+“Was+Dai+Viet+a+Rival+of+Ryukyu.”+In+China+and+Southeast+Asia,+ed.&hl=en&sa=X&ei=tqY3U_nwM-q2sASk64DwAQ&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=1999.%20“A%20Short%20Introduction%20to%20Champa%20Studies.”%20In%20The%20Dry%20Areas%20in%20Southeast%20Asia%2C%20Fukui%20Hayao%2C%2065—74.%20Kyoto%3A%20Center%20for%20Southeast%20Asian%20Studies%2C%20Kyoto%20University.%20.%202008.%20“Was%20Dai%20Viet%20a%20Rival%20of%20Ryukyu.”%20In%20China%20and%20Southeast%20Asia%2C%20ed.&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=-01JisWpJbEC&pg=PA383&dq=115+Momoki+Shiro,+“Was+Dai+Viet+a+Rival+of+Ryukyu+within+the+Tributary+Trade+System+of+the+Ming+during+the+Early+Le+Period?”+(ms).+On+Dai+Viet's+foreign+trade+and+bullion+flows+in+this+period,+see+too+Sakurai,+“Age+of+Commerce,”+2;+Abu+Ridho,+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-6Y3U4_YNLe1sASjo4D4Dg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=115%20Momoki%20Shiro%2C%20“Was%20Dai%20Viet%20a%20Rival%20of%20Ryukyu%20within%20the%20Tributary%20Trade%20System%20of%20the%20Ming%20during%20the%20Early%20Le%20Period%3F”%20(ms).%20On%20Dai%20Viet's%20foreign%20trade%20and%20bullion%20flows%20in%20this%20period%2C%20see%20too%20Sakurai%2C%20“Age%20of%20Commerce%2C”%202%3B%20Abu%20Ridho%2C%20...&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=ggyl2FSzXvgC&pg=PA13&dq=Third,+new+market+opportunities+opened+up+in+Japan,+possibly+in+connection+with+the+Ryukyu+network,+and+also+in+...+See,+for+example,+Shiro+Momoki,+%22Was+Dai-+Viet+a+Rival+of+Ryukyu+within+the+Tributary+Trade+System+of+the+Ming+during+the+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Fqc3U9WAE8zKsQTWwYLQAg&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Third%2C%20new%20market%20opportunities%20opened%20up%20in%20Japan%2C%20possibly%20in%20connection%20with%20the%20Ryukyu%20network%2C%20and%20also%20in%20...%20See%2C%20for%20example%2C%20Shiro%20Momoki%2C%20%22Was%20Dai-%20Viet%20a%20Rival%20of%20Ryukyu%20within%20the%20Tributary%20Trade%20System%20of%20the%20Ming%20during%20the%20...&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=aSEJqSQS7wkC&pg=PA172&dq=The+Ryukyu+Islands,+it+is+well-known,+were+connected+to+various+ports+in+Southeast+Asia.+Therefore,+pepper,+sappanwood+and+...+%22Was+Dai+Viet+during+the+Early+Le+Period+(1428-1527)+a+Rival+of+Ryukyu?%22+-+On+the+maritime+horse+trade,+see+R.+P.+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Kac3U4SjKavnsAT6koKIAg&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=The%20Ryukyu%20Islands%2C%20it%20is%20well-known%2C%20were%20connected%20to%20various%20ports%20in%20Southeast%20Asia.%20Therefore%2C%20pepper%2C%20sappanwood%20and%20...%20%22Was%20Dai%20Viet%20during%20the%20Early%20Le%20Period%20(1428-1527)%20a%20Rival%20of%20Ryukyu%3F%22%20-%20On%20the%20maritime%20horse%20trade%2C%20see%20R.%20P.%20...&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=52kfAQAAIAAJ&q=The+Ryukyu+Islands,+it+is+well-known,+were+connected+to+various+ports+in+Southeast+Asia.+Therefore,+pepper,+sappanwood+and+...+%22Was+Dai+Viet+during+the+Early+Le+Period+(1428-1527)+a+Rival+of+Ryukyu?%22+-+On+the+maritime+horse+trade,+see+R.+P.+...&dq=The+Ryukyu+Islands,+it+is+well-known,+were+connected+to+various+ports+in+Southeast+Asia.+Therefore,+pepper,+sappanwood+and+...+%22Was+Dai+Viet+during+the+Early+Le+Period+(1428-1527)+a+Rival+of+Ryukyu?%22+-+On+the+maritime+horse+trade,+see+R.+P.+...&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Kac3U4SjKavnsAT6koKIAg&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAQ


http://books.google.com/books?id=05x5UGA8MmAC&pg=PA59&dq=ryukyu+dai+viet&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-6M3U92gA-vKsQShxILAAQ&ved=0CEkQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=ryukyu%20dai%20viet&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA104#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA105#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA103#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA119#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA110#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=TgkYAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA252#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA104#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=R5p7cRyK748C&pg=PA111#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=R5p7cRyK748C&pg=PA110#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=Bc30ytJmwzMC&pg=PA110#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=R5p7cRyK748C&pg=PA108#v=onepage&q&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=tzh1fQEEFPAC&pg=PA101&dq=champa+gunpowder&hl=en&sa=X&ei=sNVKU5bAIOGgsQS9v4DIBw&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=champa%20gunpowder&f=false


Confucianism, Dai Viet wars of conquest against neighbors

http://wpscc.pearsoncmg.com/wps/media/objects/3125/3200001/Brummett11e_IM.pdf

http://countrystudies.us/vietnam/11.htm

http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1672/Vietnam-HISTORY-BACKGROUND.html

http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/DeakinLRev/2001/15.html#fn79

Rajmaan (talk) 18:26, 13 April 2014 (UTC)