|WikiProject Biography||(Rated Start-class)|
|WikiProject Medicine / Psychiatry||(Rated Start-class, Low-importance)|
This is part of the December 1998 letter of resignation of Loren Mosher MD, former Chief of Schizophrenia Studies of the National Institute of Mental Health to the president of the American Psychiatric Association Dr. Rodrigo Muñoz.
- Dear Rod:
- After nearly three decades as a member it is with a mixture of pleasure and disappointment that I submit this letter of resignation from the American Psychiatric Association. The major reason for this action is my belief that I am actually resigning from the American Psychopharmacological Association. Luckily, the organization’s true identity requires no change in the acronym [...].
- At this point in history, psychiatry has been almost completely bought out by the drug companies. The APA could not continue without the pharmaceutical company support [...].
- No longer do we seek to understand whole persons in their social contexts rather we are there to realign our patients’ neurotransmitters. The problem is that it is very difficult to have a relationship with a neurotransmitter whatever its configuration.
- So, our organization provides a rationale, by its neurobiological tunnel vision, for keeping our distance from the molecule conglomerates we have come to define as patients [...]. It saddens me that after 35 years as a psychiatrist I look forward to being dissociated from such an organization. In no way does it represents my interests. It is not within my capacities to buy into the current biomedical-reductionistic model heralded by the psychiatric leadership as once again marrying us to somatic medicine. This is a matter of fashion, politics and, like the pharmaceutical house connection, money.
- In addition, APA has entered into an unholy alliance with NAMI (I don’t remember the members being asked if they supported such an organization) [so] that the two organizations have adopted similar public belief systems about the nature of madness. While professing itself the champion of their clients the APA is supporting non-clients, the parents, in their wishes to be in control, via legally enforced dependency, of their mad/bad offspring. NAMI, with tacit APA approval, has set out a pro-neuroleptic drug and easy commitment-institutionalization agenda that violates the civil rights of their offspring. For the most part we stand by and allow this fascistic agenda to move forward [...].
- The shortsightedness of this marriage of convenience between APA, NAMI and the drug companies (who gleefully support both groups because of their shared pro-drug stance) is an abomination. I want no part of a psychiatry of oppression and social control [...].
- Finally, why must the APA pretend to know more than it does? DSM IV is a fabrication upon which psychiatry seeks acceptance by medicine in general. Insiders know it is more a political than a scientific document [...]. The issue is what do the categories tell us? Do they in fact accurately represent the person with a problem? They don’t, and can’t, because there are no external validating criteria for psychiatric diagnoses. There is neither a blood test nor specific anatomic lesions for any major psychiatric disorder. So where are we? APA as an organization has implicitly (sometimes explicitly as well) bought into a theoretical hoax [...].
- We seem to have forgotten a basic principle: the need to be patient/consumer satisfaction oriented. I always remember Manfred Bleuler’s wisdom: “Loren, you must never forget that you are your patient’s employee”. In the end they will determine whether or not psychiatry survives in the service marketplace.
- Loren R. Mosher, M.D. 
Shouldn’t a part of it be quoted? —Cesar Tort 00:17, 6 May 2007 (UTC)
Sources for article
Just posting some additional sources for this and the Soteria article.
- "Voyce Hendrix Inside Soteria House". Madness Radio. - might constitute a primary source - would depend on its usage - but interview with original clinical director of Soteria House.
- De Wyze, Jeanette (2003). "Still Crazy After All These Years". San Diego Weekly Reader. 32 (2). - Decent newspaper article about Soteria House and Mosher.
Books and book chapters by Mosher and others
- Mosher, Loren R. (1995). "The Soteria Project: The First Generation American Alternatives to Psychiatric Hospitalization". In Richard Warner. Alternatives to the Hospital for Acute Psychiatric Treatment. Washington DC. pp. 111–32. ISBN 9780880484848.
- Ciompi, Luc; Dauwalder, Hans-Peter; Maier, Christian; Aebi, Elisabeth; Trütsch, Karl; Kupper, Zeno; Rutishauser, Charlotte (1995). "The Pilot Project "Soteria Berne": Clinical Experiences and Results". In Richard Warner. Alternatives to the Hospital for Acute Psychiatric Treatment. Washington DC. pp. 111–32. ISBN 9780880484848. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Mosher, Loren R. (1996). "Soteria: A Therapeutic Community for Psychotic Persons". In Peter R. Breggin and E. Mark Stern. Psychosocial Approaches to Deeply Disturbed Persons. New York. pp. 43–58. ISBN 9781560248415.
- Mosher, Loren R.; Bola, John R. (2000). Tullio Scrimali and Liria Grimaldi, ed. Cognitive Psychotherapy Toward a New Millennium: Scientific Foundations and Clinical Practice. Catania. pp. 247–52. ISBN 9780306467660. Unknown parameter
- Mosher, Loren R. (2001). "Treating Madness without Hospitals: Soteria and its Successors". In Kirk J. Schneider, James F.T. Bugental and J. Fraser Pierson. The Handbook of Humanistic Psychology: Leading Edges in Theory, Research and Practice. Thousand Oaks. pp. 389–402. ISBN 9780761927822.
- Whitaker, Robert (2002). Mad in America: Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill. Philadelphia: Basic Books. pp. 220–26. ISBN 9780465020140.
- Warner, Richard (2004). Recovery from Schizophrenia: Psychiatry and Political Economy (3rd ed.). New York. pp. 244–51. ISBN 9780415212663.
- Bola, John R.; Mosher, Loren R.; Cohen, David (2005). "Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Psychosis Without Antipsychotic Drugs: The Soteria Project". In Stuart A. Kirk. Mental Disorders in the Social Environment. Columbia. pp. 368–84. ISBN 9780231128711.
Medical journals and conference proceedings
- Mosher, Loren R.; et al. (1972). "Schizophrenia and Crisis Theory". Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Orthopsychiatry Association, Detroit, Michigan, April 7-10, 1972. Missing
|last2=in Authors list (help) Conference proceeding and 1st report on Soteria House I think. There used to be full access to this pdf here: http://eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED067600.pdf Not functioning at the moment. The article link in the citation provide an abstract however.
- Mosher, Loren R.; Reifman, Ann; Menn, Alma (1973). "Characteristics of Nonprofessionals Serving as Primary Therapists for Acute Schizophrenics". Hosp Community Psychiatry. 24 (6): 391–6. PMID 4706170. - Requires a subscription to Psychiatric Services. Abstract available here.
- Mosher, L.R.; Menn, A. (1975). "Soteria: an alternative to hospitalization for schizophrenia". Current Psychiatric Therapies. 15: 287–96. PMID 1181138. Requires a subscription.
- Hirschfeld, Robert M. A.; Matthews, Susan M.; Mosher, Loren R.; Menn, Alma Z (1977). "Being With Madness: Personality Characteristics of Three Treatment Staffs". Hosp Community Psychiatry. 28 (4): 267–73. PMID 844816. Requires a subscription. Abstract available here
- Mosher, L.R.; Menn, A.Z. (1977). "Soteria House: One Year Outcome Data (Proceedings)". Psychopharmacology Bulletin. 13 (2): 46–8. PMID 859995. Requires a subscription
- Mosher, Loren R.; Menn, Alma Z. (1978). "Community Residential Treatment for Schizophrenia: Two-Year Follow-up". Hosp Community Psychiatry. 29 (11): 715–23. PMID 700610. Requires subscription. Abstract available here
- Mosher, Loren R.; Menn, Alma (1979). "Soteria: An alternative to hospitalization for schizophrenia". New Directions for Mental Health Services. 1979 (1): 73–84. doi:10.1002/yd.23319790108. Subscription required to Wiley. Abstract available here
- Mosher, Loren R. (1980). "Community residential treatment for schizophrenia: two-year follow-up.". International Journal for Rehabilitation Research. 3 (3): 393–5. PMID 6778831. Requires subscription. First page of brief report available here.
- Pinero, F. (1983). "Soteria House: milieu de vie ou nouvelle thérapie? Une expérience personnelle (Soteria House. Environment or new therapy ? A personal experience)" (PDF). Santé mentale au Québec. 8 (1): 135–9. PMID 17093778. Article in French. Full text available in citation link.
- Ciompi, L.; Bernasconi, R. (1986). "'Soteria Bern.' Initial experiences with a new milieu therapy for acutely schizophrenic patients". Psychiatr Prax. 13 (5): 172–6. PMID 2878453. Article in German. Abstract available from pmid link.
- Ciompi, Luc; Dauwalder, Hans-Peter; Maier, Christian; Aebi, Elisabeth; Trütsch, Karl; Kupper, Zeno; Rutishauser, Charlotte (1992). "The Pilot Project 'Soteria Berne': Clinical Experiences and Results" (PDF). British Journal of Psychiatry. 18 (Suppl.): 145–53. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|coauthors=(help) Full text available from in-citation link.
- Ciompi, L.; Kupper, Z.; Aebi, E.; Dauwalder, H.P.; Hubschmid T.; Trütsch K.; Rutishauser C. (1993). "The pilot project 'Soteria Bern' in treatment of acute schizophrenic patients. II. Results of a comparative prospective follow-up study over 2 years". Nervenarzt. 64 (7): 440–50. PMID 8103570. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|coauthors=(help) Article in German. Abstract available from pmid link.
- Mosher, Loren R.; Vallone, Robert; Menn, Alma (1995). "The Treatment of Acute Psychosis Without Neuroleptics: Six-Week Psychopathology Outcome Data From the Soteria Project". International Journal of Social Psychiatry. 41 (3): 157–73. doi:10.1177/002076409504100301. PMID 8847197. Subscription from Sage required. Abstract available here.
- Herrell, James M.; Fenton, Wayne; Mosher, Loren R.; Hedlund, Sarah; Lee, Beth (1996). "Residential alternatives to hospitalization for patients with severe and persistent mental illness: Should patients with comorbid substance abuse be excluded?". The Journal of Behavioral Health Services and Research. 23 (3): 348–55. doi:10.1007/BF02522308. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|coauthors=(help) Subscription to Springer required. Abstract available here
- Ciompi, Luc (1997). "The Soteria-Concept. Theoretical bases and practical 13-year experience with a milieu-therapeutic approach of acute schizophrenia (Special lecture given at the 93rd Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology, Tokyo, 29th – 31st May, 1997)" (PDF). Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica. 99 (9): 634–50. PMID 9396381.. Full text of article at link.
- Sharfstein, Steven (1999). "Soteria and the medical marketplace". Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 187 (3): 129–30. PMID 10086468. No abstract. Subscription required.
- Mosher, Loren R. (1999). "Soteria and Other Alternatives to Acute Psychiatric Hospitalization: A Personal and Professional Review" (PDF). Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 187 (3): 142–49. Full text available from in-citation link
- Mosher, Loren (1999). "'I Want No Part of It Anymore'" (PDF). Psychology Today. 32 (5). Full text available from in-citation link
- Bola, John R.; Mosher, Loren R. (2002). "At Issue: Predicting Drug-Free Treatment Response in Acute Psychosis From the Soteria Project" (PDF). Schizophr Bull. 28 (4): 559–75. PMID 12795491. Full text available from in-citation link
- Bola, John; Mosher, Loren (2003). "Treatment of Acute Psychosis Without Neuroleptics: Two-Year Outcomes From the Soteria Project" (PDF). The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 191 (4): 219–29. PMID 12695732. Full text available from in-citation link
- Ciompi, Luc; Hoffmann, Holger (2004). "Soteria Berne: an innovative milieu therapeutic approach to acute schizophrenia based on the concept of affect-logic" (PDF). World Psychiatry. 3 (3): 140–6. PMID 16633478. Full text available from in-citation link
- Mosher, Loren R.; Bola, John R. (2004). "Soteria-California and Its American Successors: Therapeutic Ingredients". Ethical Human Sciences and Services. 6 (1): 7–23. Requires subscription to Ingenta. Article abstract available here.
- Bola, John R. (2006). "Medication-Free Research in Early Episode Schizophrenia: Evidence of Long-Term Harm?" (PDF). Schizophr Bull. 32 (2): 288–96. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbj019. PMC . PMID 16254059. Full text available from in-citation link.
- Bola, John Robert; Lehtinen, Klaus; Aaltonen, Jukka; Räkköläinen, Viljo; Syvälahti, Erkka; Lehtinen, Ville (2006). "Predicting Medication-Free Treatment Response in Acute Psychosis: Cross-Validation From the Finnish Need-Adapted Project". Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 194 (10): 732–9. doi:10.1097/01.nmd.0000243080.90255.88. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|coauthors=(help) Subscription required. Article abstract available here.
- Toresini, Lorenzo (2007). "Soterio - No Restraint System in Italy (47th International Neuropsychiatric Pula Congress)" (PDF). Neurologica Croatica. 56 (Suppl. 5): 120–1. Full text available from in-citation link.
- Calton, Tim; Ferriter, Michael; Huband, Nick; Spandler, Helen (2008). "A Systematic Review of the Soteria Paradigm for the Treatment of People Diagnosed With Schizophrenia" (PDF). Schizophrenia Bulletin. 34 (1): 181–92. PMID 17573357. Full text available from in-citation link.
- Lenzer, Jeanne (2004). "Loren Mosher". British Medical Journal. 329 (7463): 463. PMC Check
|pmc=value (help). Full text available from in-citation link.
- Allman, Larry (2004). "In memoriam: Loren R. Mosher" (PDF). American Family Therapy Academy Newsletter (91). Full text available from in-citation link.
- Redler, Leon (28 July 2004). "Loren Mosher". The Guardian. Full text availabe from in-citation link
- O'Connor, Anahad (18 July 2004). "L.R. Mosher, Innovator at Mental Health Institute, Dies at 70". New York Times. Full text availabe from in-citation link
- Bernstein, Adam (20 July 2004). "Contrarian Psychiatrist Loren Mosher, 70". p. B06. Unknown parameter
|newspaper=suggested) (help) Full text availabe from in-citation link
- Mosher, Loren R. (4 December 1998). "Letter from Loren R. Mosher, M.D. to Rodrigo Munoz, M.D., President of the American Psychiatric Association: Resignation from the American Psychiatric Association" (PDF). http://www.Mosherstoria.com. External link in
|publisher=(help) Full text letter of resignation from APA by Mosher 4 Dec 1998
- Mosher, Judy Schreiber (2007). "Does Soteria Have Future? (Lecture at the congress "Soteria and No Restraint", Merano, Italy November 21-23, 2007)". Full text available from in-citation link.
- Soteria bibliography 1972-2004. For anything not on this list.
Hello fellow Wikipedians,
I have just modified one external link on Loren Mosher. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. I made the following changes:
- Corrected formatting/usage for http://www.moshersoteria.com/mhtapr04.pdf
When you have finished reviewing my changes, please set the checked parameter below to true or failed to let others know (documentation at
Archived sources still need to be checked