Talk:Massage

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mechanically aided massage[edit]

It is fine to have a section on this, but it must refer to a spectrum of mechanical aids and it must be appropriately sourced. As it was it referred to one device and it appears it was created simply to support another page for that device which is currently being considered for deletion. See Robert Calvert's History of Massage which has a chapter on devices. Makana Chai (talk) 18:05, 5 March 2010 (UTC)

Note for info, rework of massage category, addition of massage therapy subcategory[edit]

Hi all, Just a quick note as people with an interest in massage seem to be watching this talk page and there is some good discussion. I have done some work on the massage categories. I have added a new category "massage therapy" and recategorised the articles regarding different modalities under this category. The main massage article (this one) has both categories. At the same time I removed a few articles from the category that were either schools that offered massage among many other courses (and they were only categorised for massage, not everything else) and also a range of spas and places that offered massage. All of the general and sexual/erotic massage is still categorised under massage, and the clinical/therapeutic stuff is now under the subcategory massage therapy. BTW, I agree with those that want to see a clearer demarcation in the article names for general massage, erotic "massage", and therapeutic massage. cheers, Megan Megan Hieatt (talk) 11:11, 22 April 2010 (UTC)

This article seems to only reflect professional massage, and almost entirely neglect it as any other practice. There is no mention at all of sexual massage. A little more holistic approach might help. —Preceding unsigned comment added by 71.36.122.160 (talk) 20:54, 11 September 2010 (UTC) I agree - this is a big omission.

Contraindications[edit]

I can't find anything here about how massage can result in temproary sickness, or times when a massage is a bad idea. More balance is needed I think 86.186.84.15 (talk) 16:46, 24 November 2010 (UTC)

SkillSlate[edit]

Wondering about a reversion of the line I added. Massage therapists who read Wikipedia may wish to learn how to post their services without charge on the web; may have great difficulty finding clients. SkillSlate is a way for them to do this without cost. It isn't spam; rather, it's a way for people to get work. Please reinstate the addition or provide better justification; in addition, Craigslist should be mentioned as well.--Tomwsulcer (talk) 18:16, 8 December 2010 (UTC)

WP is an encyclopedia, not a bulletin board, a job market or a forum. The addition did not describe massage and does not belong in the article. −Woodstone (talk) 04:44, 9 December 2010 (UTC)
Fair enough; I somewhat see your reasoning, thank you. --Tomwsulcer (talk) 05:50, 9 December 2010 (UTC)

Trager approach - body/mind[edit]

This edit added the term "body/mind" which is a bit vague. Should it be "body and mind" or "bodymind"? Mitch Ames (talk) 12:55, 20 January 2012 (UTC)

Proposed renaming[edit]

I propose renaming this page 'massage therapy', since it seems to deal almost entirely with regulated professional and medical massage, and having 'massage' as a disambiguating page for that, infant massage, erotic massage etc. Right now the situation seems odd, in that massage therapy seems to be privileged as 'actual' massage, while the other types are shunted to the side. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 71.222.82.45 (talk) 03:53, 16 January 2013 (UTC)

Agreed - this is a really useful and important change. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 187.153.132.248 (talk) 02:09, 26 January 2013 (UTC)
Oppose The boundary between therapy and non-therapy is vague. The therapeutic value is often contested. I see no reason to exclude some forms aimed at well-being. −Woodstone (talk) 06:38, 26 January 2013 (UTC)
Agree - perhaps not 'therapeutic', but contextualize what seems to be about regulated, professional massage from all of the other forms of massage instead of making it look like it is the entire world of massage. Agree with Woodstone that 'therapeutic' is probably not the word for this page, but we should find a better name for it and include it from a disambiguation page listing all the kinds of massage. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 98.246.194.189 (talk) 21:06, 28 January 2013 (UTC)
Agreed. Needs to have an overview of all types of massage on the 'landing' page. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 208.75.47.131 (talk) 19:33, 1 February 2013 (UTC)
  • Oppose - This article is about massage, and massage is the WP:COMMONNAME for the subject, thus it is the article's title. There is also already an overview of all (or at least many) types of massage on the page, so that's not an issue. A few IPs that geolocate to the Portland, Oregon area all agreeing with each other doesn't mean the title should be changed when sources don't reflect such a change. - SudoGhost 21:35, 1 February 2013 (UTC)
I don't think the issue is that this isn't the common name for the subject, the issue is that this article does not cover the scope of the topic, it covers only professional massage, ignoring the huge topics of noncommercial massage. I think another option would be to integrate the other fragmented articles (some of which are mentioned in the 'see also', some not. What do you think? — Preceding unsigned comment added by 173.8.218.204 (talk) 16:47, 5 February 2013 (UTC)

Sudoghost[edit]

Hi - I noticed your tag for references, but don't know how to add them, so hope you might help. http://www.massagetherapy.com/articles/index.php/article_id/539/The-Homestretch Thanks! — Preceding unsigned comment added by 207.189.106.4 (talk) 20:45, 11 February 2013 (UTC)

Possible Non-Factual Information[edit]

Under the section entitled "Thai massage" the final two mini-paragraphs make some fairly robust claims as to the health benefits of Thai massage, as well as some more nebulous statements, such as "... the body undergoes a transformation as the healing begins." Two references are provided, but they appear to link to sites that themselves are not primary, nor do they provide a list of their references. I'd like to hear thoughts on altering or removing these sentences until proper citations can be found. — Preceding unsigned comment added by ValborgSvnesson (talkcontribs) 21:52, 11 December 2013 (UTC)

Agree with your assessment and have removed the two paragraphs. Can be reintroduced if/when WP:MEDRS compliant sources are found. Yobol (talk) 21:55, 11 December 2013 (UTC)

kung alam lang .,.....JEJEJEJEJE..ataya bai>...

Is a Massage parlour the place of business of an LMT offering theurapeutic massages?[edit]

A large amount of material was recently cut from the Massage article and pasted into Massage parlor. There's been some discussion about this at Talk:Massage parlor. The material cut covered licensing for massage therapists, clinical effects of message, and material covering the places where massage therapists work. Massage parlor previously covered establishments offering sexual services in the guise of a "massage". Is the term "massage parlor" widely understood to apply to an LMTs place of business? Do any LMT's call their businesses "massage parlors"? Is it appropriate to have a separate article titled "massage parlor" covering an LMTs place of business? I believe the answer to all 3 questions is "no", and am restoring the cut content. Plantdrew (talk) 02:49, 3 February 2014 (UTC)

As a former LMT, massage parlor is strictly where they are not properly licensed and give happy endings. LMT is a legit massage therapist. There is a distinct difference in the two. LADY LOTUSTALK 20:31, 5 February 2014 (UTC)
This actually made me laugh. You are both correct, "massage parlors" sell sex, not massage. No credible professional massage therapist would refer to their place of business by that name. (Similarly, "masseuse" has largely fallen out of use, though less strongly because it doesn't have the sexual connotation.)--Karinpower (talk) 23:02, 15 June 2014 (UTC)

Various reliable sources clearly distinguish the use of the term massage parlour as a s a euphemism for a brothel, an establishment that is actually a front for prostitution or sexual services. Here is one reliable source:

Callaway and Burgess, S. 2009. History of massage. Chapter 2 In: Casanelia, L and Stelfox, D (editors). Foundations of massage, 3rd edition. Harcourt Publishers Group (Australia). ISBN 978-0729578691.

Typical terms for the place of business for legitimate massage include "massage studio", "massage clinic", "day spa", or "spa".

TheProfessor (talk) 13:47, 17 June 2014 (UTC)

Unsourced material[edit]

This article has had a refimprove template since 2011, and contains a lot of entirely unsourced material. I'm removing the "types" of massage from the article which are entirely unsourced and putting them below. They may be hoaxes, promotional or too obscure to be included. If good sources can be found they should be supplied so the entry can be moved back to the article. Alexbrn talk|contribs|COI 10:27, 18 March 2014 (UTC)

Unsourced types of massage[edit]

Breast massage (Lymphatic breast massage)[edit]

Lymphatic breast massage is a type of breast massage designed to stimulate lymphatic movement in the breast tissue.

Aqua Massage[edit]

Aqua Massage is a dry-water hydrotherapy massage that involves the client laying down on a mattress, water jets pummel on the client, while keeping them dry.

An Aqua Massage in a shopping mall

Couples massage[edit]

Couples massage is a service offered by some spas and massage parlors where two people (usually, but not always, couples), are massaged side-by-side on separate tables and by separate providers. It adds a social element to massage.

Deep tissue massage[edit]

Deep tissue massage is designed to relieve severe tension in the muscle and the connective tissue or fascia. This type of massage focuses on the muscles located below the surface of the top muscles. Deep tissue massage is often recommended for individuals who experience consistent pain, are involved in heavy physical activity (such as athletes), and patients who have sustained a non-recent physical injury. It is not uncommon for receivers of deep tissue massage to have their pain replaced with a new muscle ache for a day or two.

The term “deep tissue” is often misused to identify a massage that is performed with sustained deep pressure. Deep tissue massage is a separate category of massage therapy, used to treat particular muscular-skeletal disorders and complaints and employs a dedicated set of techniques and strokes to achieve a measure of relief. It should not be confused with “deep pressure” massage, which is one that is performed with sustained strong, occasionally intense pressure throughout an entire full-body session, and that is not performed to address a specific complaint. Deep tissue massage is applied to both the superficial and deep layers of muscles, fascia, and other structures. The sessions are often quite intense as a result of the deliberate, focused work. When a client asks for a massage and uses the term “deep tissue”, more often than not he or she is seeking to receive a full-body session with sustained deep pressure throughout. If a practitioner employs deep tissue techniques on the entire body in one session, it would be next to impossible to perform; it might lead to injury or localized muscle and nerve trauma, thereby rendering the session counterproductive...

Lymphatic drainage massage[edit]

Massage technique used to gently work and stimulate the lymphatic system, to assist in reduction of localized swelling. The lymphatic system is a network of slow moving vessels in the body that is responsible for the removal of cellular waste and toxic microbes from the body. The Lymphatic drainage massage is believed to help in detoxification of the body and in stimulating the body's immune system.

Mesoamerican massage[edit]

In Mesoamerica as in other areas of the world an indigenous form of soft tissue and structural massage has developed. Today this art survives thanks to the many Sobadoras/es or Hueseros/as that have handed-down these techniques via oral tradition.

Mobile massage[edit]

Given some of the main benefits of massage, many people prefer to have a therapist come to them to perform the treatment as opposed to visiting the therapist. Amongst other things, this type of treatment has the benefits of allowing the recipient to remain in their own environment with which they are likely most comfortable, to avoid the pre and post stresses of travelling to the therapist to receive their massage and of course to retire directly to a place of rest immediately following their massage. Therapists can bring a dedicated table with them on which to perform the massage or perform the treatment on the floor or the client's own bed. Mobile (or outcall) massages are particularly popular in big cities around the world where life can be more hectic than elsewhere and there are many operators of such services in places like London and New York.

Myomassology[edit]

An integration of techniques including basic Swedish massage, aromatherapy, reflexology, shiatsu, energy balancing, tuina Chinese medical massage, acupressure and craniosacral therapy along with other modalities in conjunction with instruction in nutrition, meditation and yoga. The term Myomassology was coined by Irene Gauthier to describe her combined work of Swedish massage, craniosacral therapy, reflexology and body mechanics.

Reciprocal inhibition technique[edit]

Reciprocal inhibition involves locating specific muscles that are in spasm and then actively contracting the opposing muscle groups. This causes the tight muscles to reduce by limiting nervous system input, allowing relaxation and reducing pain. Reciprocal inhibition technique takes advantage of the neurological mechanism that exists naturally. It is effective in treating acute spasm and joint inflammation, especially in the lumbar and cervical spine.

Remedial massage[edit]

Massage techniques such as sports massage, trigger point therapy and PNF stretching combined for an overall curative approach.

Self massage[edit]

A few various techniques that are practiced on oneself, such as stroking the temples with strong pressure from front to back, rubbing the bottoms of the feet with one's knuckles or a wooden massage tool, and circular movement with thumb on palm of hand.

Tandem massage[edit]

A massage by two or more therapist. It is occasionally called a four hand massage. Therapist usually work simultaneously in a rhythmic fashion providing a great relaxing stimuli on the nervous system.

Visceral manipulation[edit]

One form is Mayan abdominal massage which is practiced in many countries in Latin America. This type of massage may have been developed by Elijio Panti of Belize and brought to the United States by Rosita Arvigo.

Zoku Shin Do[edit]

Zoku Shin Do is an ancient Chinese system of foot massage that claims to treat the foot as a system related to the whole body and stimulate energy flow.

Discussion[edit]

I've restored the lymphatic drainage section, now with sources, and with some significant edits. Hope you like it. --Karinpower (talk) 19:53, 4 August 2014 (UTC)

Effectiveness[edit]

I recommend that we consolidate all content concerning effectiveness in one section.

With respect to Shiatsu and acupressure, I recommend the following:

  • Use major Shiatsu textbook to describe Shiatsu concisely:
Beresford-Cooke, Carola. 2011. Shiatsu Theory and Practice, 3rd edition. Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0702029639.
  • Move content concerning effectiveness to Effectiveness section.
  • Ensure NPOV with respect to Ernst 2008, which is controversial. I suggest language something like "the effectiveness of Shiatsu has not been demonstrated in clinical studies".
  • Consider whether the recent systematic review of Shiatsu should be cited (as it is in the main Shiatsu article). It has been suggested that this is a fringe journal. The main conclusion with respect to Shiatsu is that few clincal studies have been conducted (I don't think that is controversial).
Robinson, Nicola, Lorenc, Ava, and Liao, Xing 2011. The evidence for Shiatsu: A systematic review of Shiatsu and acupressure. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 11:88. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-88. PMC 3200172. PMID 21982157.
  • Use major acupressure textbook to describe acupressure concisely.
  • Add concise conclusion of systematic review of acupressure (and possibly other sources), something like "acupressure is effective for nausea and vomiting, fatigue and insomnia, and lower back pain, however clinical studies have high risk of bias."
Lee, Eun Jin; Frazier, Susan K. (2011). "The Efficacy of Acupressure for Symptom Management: A Systematic Review". Journal of Pain and Symptom Management 42 (4): 589–603. doi:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2011.01.007

TheProfessor (talk) 15:01, 12 May 2014 (UTC)

New content on Shiatsu belongs in the Shiatsu article. Here, we just have a summary in WP:SYNC with the main Shiatsu article. Alexbrn talk|contribs|COI 16:44, 12 May 2014 (UTC)
Hi Alexbrn. Thanks for discussing. Yes, good point. Please let me know your thoughts about the edits if they are made appropriately in sync. I'm not keen on diving deep into the Shiatsu article at this stage, and want to make sure my edits are constructive and neutral. Thanks again. TheProfessor (talk) 17:59, 12 May 2014 (UTC)
The key thing is not to add new content here, but there (which may later necessitate a re-WP:SYNC). Alexbrn talk|contribs|COI 18:13, 12 May 2014 (UTC)
I understand. Thanks. My question reall was whether the specific edits were a concern, especially the issue of fringe journal. Ernst also emphasizes the lack of studies. TheProfessor (talk) 21:35, 12 May 2014 (UTC)

Biblical Reference[edit]

The assertion, "BC 493: A possible biblical reference documents daily "treatments" with oil of myrrh as a part of the beauty regimen of the wives of Xerxes (Esther, 2:12)", is mere speculation and, based on common Biblical uses for oil and myrrh as substances for anointing, is probably misrepresented here. The reference in no way enhances the article and its removal would not pose problems in my opinion. Ormr2014 (talk) 03:31, 5 August 2014 (UTC)

I'm inclined to agree. Anointing is very different from massage and there would need to be some evidence to support the connection to massage specifically. --Karinpower (talk) 22:25, 5 August 2014 (UTC)

Hand Massage-hand massage is Hand Massage! xD — Preceding unsigned comment added by 112.200.29.214 (talk) 12:45, 3 September 2014 (UTC)

Aquatic bodywork vs Watsu[edit]

They both have the same Main Article, could the sections be combined? Juno (talk) 09:48, 7 March 2015 (UTC)

Agreed. I have made the change. Also I looked at the Watsu article and saw a serious need for tidying. I deleted a bunch of repetitive things and scaled down some promotional language; it still needs more work. Perhaps you'd be willing to take a look? --Karinpower (talk) 21:25, 7 March 2015 (UTC)
Thanks for your interest in improving the content about Aquatic bodywork and Watsu. Aquatic bodywork is a broad category, at the level of aquatic vs "land work" or "table work" (as aquatic bodyworkers commonly describe them), and Aquatic bodywork includes Watsu and related forms (WaterDance, Healing Dance, Dolphin Dance, Jahara...), as well as unrelated forms (aquatic forms of many other types of massage, like Water deep tissue and Water Craniosacral Therapy). Aquatic bodywork could well warrant a separate article, although the literature is a bit sparse and scattered. Watsu started as Water Shiatsu, but evolved to be quite distinct, and has a sufficient literature to be noteworthy and warrant a separate article, in part because of interest by physical therapists and aquatic therapists. Other forms may also have sufficient references to warrant their own articles, but at this stage probably are better treated in a separate Aquatic bodywork article. In terms of deleting Watsu as a separate "type or method" of massage, I see the point since it was based on the same article. There is no current Aquatic bodywork article, although there is a good start on an Aquatic therapy article. On the other hand Watsu is now well established and at the level of the other types of massage, such that it probably makes more sense to retain Watsu and remove Aquatic bodywork. TheProfessor (talk) 08:01, 8 March 2015 (UTC)
As you like. I don't have a strong opinion about this.--Karinpower (talk) 08:17, 8 March 2015 (UTC)
I reinstated Watsu and reworked Aquatic bodywork. See what you think. Another alternative would be to move treatment of aquatic bodywork text into other sections of the article or its own section. I'll go ahead and add a brief mention of aquatic bodywork in the introduction. TheProfessor (talk) 15:14, 8 March 2015 (UTC)
Well, this line of inquiry seems to have prompted some needed reworkings of text here at at the Watsu article. I don't think aquatic bodywork warrants a separate section; listing it as you have done works well. --Karinpower (talk) 19:41, 8 March 2015 (UTC)
Thanks for your work to improve this and related articles. I'll help when I can, but can only devote limited time. Please let us know your thoughts about priorities. TheProfessor (talk) 21:59, 8 March 2015 (UTC)
By the way, I’m not keen on the term “modality” for a type or technique of massage. In physical therapy, a "modality" is a physical agent (method, device, or substance) used for therapy (to treat a disorder), e.g., ultrasound, traction, electrical stimulation, ice, moist heat. A "procedure" is a manner of effecting change through the application of clinical skills and/or services that attempt to improve function. The physician or therapist is required to have direct (one-on-one) patient contact. A procedure typically requires patient participation. (American Medical Association. Current Procedural Terminology (CPT)). By this definition massage is a "procedure". TheProfessor (talk) 21:59, 8 March 2015 (UTC)
Interesting to hear this use of terminology. I don't love the word "modality" either (it's a rather meaningless word, is my problem with it) but in the alt med world that's what I've heard practitioners using to describe the various fields of treatment. It's worth delineating whether we are talking about a "procedure" (something that is physically being performed) vs. a profession (and the lens, teaching approach, culture etc that are unique to each profession). In the Aquatic bodywork section, I see you've used "forms" - that works okay I guess but I am thinking there is a word that would perhaps flow better especially the first two times it appears (I think it works well the third time). "Method" and "approach" are often used in other alt med articles but that's not quite what I'm looking for. I'll think it over and try to come up with a suggestion!--Karinpower (talk) 03:43, 9 March 2015 (UTC)
Yes, I'm pondering the best language. My current thoughts: the Massage article uses "types" and "methods" in the heading and we should primarily use those terms or change them to something better (some other good terms: "technique", "form", "style", "type", "kind", "category", "tradition", "approach"). "Modality" generally should not be used to describe massage, and it is important to understand the medical/physiotherapy definition of a physical agent for therapy (ultrasound, traction, ice, heat..), actually meaningful, precise, and important for credibility when writing in the health sciences. Similarly, with respect to massage should refer to usage in a clinical setting and with respect to services billable to medical insurance using the AMA/CPT definition of "procedure" as an application of a clinical skill (for example, "in Sweden lymphatic drainage is recognized as a valid clinical procedure to accelerate healing following surgery"). I note that the list of "types" and "methods" divides the pie in many ways, with categories ranging from "deep tissue" (which uses pressure and anatomical knowledge to work specifically and therapeutically in particular muscles) to "infant massage" (which focuses on a particular life stage and applies as a particular set of techniques based in a particular philosophy and tradition). I'm fine with this being a long miscellaneous list, though at some point it might be good to group them, probably following the classification and categories used in a massage text or reference guide. TheProfessor (talk) 14:26, 9 March 2015 (UTC)

In terms of Aquatic bodywork and Watsu, we have a start here in the Massage article, and in the separate Watsu and Aquatic therapy articles. I'd like to flesh those out, especially Aquatic therapy. At some point, if I can pull together the sources, I'd like to write an Aquatic bodywork article. TheProfessor (talk) 14:26, 9 March 2015 (UTC)

When I have some time I will hunt for more sources. Maybe there should be an article covering the different types of water-based massage? Juno (talk) 09:59, 17 March 2015 (UTC)

A source to consider:
Bedgood D, Courtney B, Alexander Georgeakopoulos A. 2004. Nalu: the art and science of aquatic fitness, bodywork & therapy. AEI Press. ISBN 9780972996303.
TheProfessor (talk) 16:54, 17 March 2015 (UTC)
Thanks! Juno (talk) 11:17, 19 March 2015 (UTC)


Swedish Massage main article missing?[edit]

Hello, I notice that the link to the Swedish Massage main article is circular and refers back to the paragraph in this article. I am unable to find it anywhere else on Wikipedia. Does such an article exist? If yes, can someone correct the link, and if no, is it not fairer to somehow indicate that the link goes nowhere?

Thanks, Denstat (talkcontribs) 17:23, 22 May 2015 (UTC)

Missing types of massage[edit]

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Missing info/link[edit]

Nothing here on electronic devices for massage — Preceding unsigned comment added by 109.145.195.220 (talk) 11:53, 22 December 2015 (UTC)

more unsourced Types and Methods[edit]

moving here per WP:PRESERVE

Types and methods
Anma massage

Anma is a traditional Japanese massage involving vigorous kneading, rubbing, tapping and shaking. It is commonly performed through clothing. Anma contributed significantly to the formation of shiatsu.[citation needed]

Balinese massage

Balinese massage techniques are gentle and aim to make the patient feel relaxed and calm throughout. The techniques include skin folding, kneading, stroking, and other techniques. The massage therapist applies aromatherapy oil throughout the massage. A patient's blood, oxygen and energy flow is said to increase due to the treatment. Balinese hot stones are an options and easy .

Bowen technique

Bowen technique involves a rolling movement over fascia, muscles, ligaments, tendons and joints. It is said not to involve deep or prolonged contact with muscle tissues as in most kinds of massage, but claims to relieve muscle tensions and strains and to restore normal lymphatic flow.

Breema

Breema bodywork is performed on the floor with the recipient fully clothed. It consists of rhythmical and gentle leans and stretches.

Champissage massage

Champissage is a massage technique focusing on the head, neck and face that is believed to balance the chakras.

Esalen massage

Esalen Massage was developed at the Esalen Institute based on a combination of many massage and bodywork techniques. The two main influences were Swedish massage and the Sensory Awareness work of Charlotte Selver. Esalen Massage works with gentle rocking of the body, passive joint exercises and deep structural work on the muscles and joints, together with an energetic balancing of the body.

Hilot massage

Hilot is a traditional healing technique from the Philippines that uses massage, joint manipulations, and herbs such as banana leaves. Hilot is claimed to relax muscles, reset sprained joints, assess and treat musculoligamentous and musculoskeletal ailments, aid in giving birth and post-birth recovery for mother and baby, and to induce abortion.

Infant massage

Infant massage is a type of complementary and alternative treatment that uses massage therapy for human infants. This therapy has been practiced globally, and has been increasingly used in Western countries as a treatment for infants.

Kum Nye

Kum Nye and sKu-mNyé are a wide variety of Tibetan religious and medical body practices. The two terms are different spellings in the Latin alphabet of the same Tibetan phrase (Wylie: sku mnye), which literally means "massage of the subtle body". Some systems of sku mnye are vaguely similar to Yoga, T'ai chi, Qigong, or therapeutic massage. "Kum Nye", Ku Nye, and Kunye are also used to transcribe the Tibetan phrases dku mnye ("belly massage") and bsku mnye ("oil massage"), which are pronounced identically to sku mnye. dKu mnye and bsku mnye manipulate the physical body, rather than the subtle (energetic) one.

Metamorphic Technique

The Metamorphic Technique is a gentle form of foot, hand and head massage that can be carried out by anyone with a brief training in the technique. It draws on reflexology in its theory and approach.

NeuroMuscular Therapy

Neuromuscular therapy (NMT) is an approach to soft tissue manual therapy in which quasi-static pressure is applied to soft tissue to stimulate skeletal striated muscle.

Through applied knowledge of trigger points, neuromuscular therapy addresses postural distortion (poor posture), biomechanical dysfunction, nerve compression syndrome, and ischemia.

In NMT, one must apply manual pressure perpendicular to the skin surface if muscle is to be stimulated.

Through a postural assessment the nerve root that is causing the problem is identified. By stimulating all of the muscles associated with a particular nerve root, the nervous system learns to send the proper signal to the muscles allowing them to respond and function properly – with a full range of motion and without tension and pain.

Pediatric massage

Pediatric massage is the complementary and alternative treatment that uses massage therapy, or "the manual manipulation of soft tissue intended to promote health and well-being" for children and adolescents.

Postural Integration

Postural Integration is a process-oriented bodywork combining deep tissue massage with breathwork, body movement and awareness as well as emotional expression.

Prostate massage

Prostate massage was once the most popular therapeutic maneuver used to treat prostatitis. According to the Prostatitis Foundation "it used to be, in the age before antibiotics (before about 1960 for prostatitis), doctors performed massage when their patients had prostatitis. In some cases it was enough to cure them of the disease. ... it fell out of common practice with the advent of antibiotics."

Reflexology

Reflexology is based on the principle that there are reflexes in the hands and feet that relate to every organ, gland, and system of the body.

Sports massage

Also known as manual therapy, manipulative therapy, or manual & manipulative therapy, this is a physical treatment primarily used on the neuromusculoskeletal system to treat pain and disability. It most commonly includes kneading and manipulation of muscles, joint mobilization and joint manipulation.

Stone massage

A stone massage uses cold or water-heated stones to apply pressure and heat to the body. Stones coated in oil can also be used by the therapist delivering various massaging strokes. The hot stones used are commonly Basalt stones (or lava rocks) which over time have become extremely polished and smooth. As the stones are placed along the recipient's back, they help to retain heat which then deeply penetrates into the muscles.

Tantric massage

A massage technique popularized by the neotantra movement, and drawing on modern interpretations of tantra.

Trager approach

The Trager approach combines movement and touch, especially rocking and shaking, to educate the body/mind.

-- Jytdog (talk) 18:38, 29 September 2016 (UTC)

Chinese massage history[edit]

Is there any literary or other evidence that massage in China dates back 5,000 years? That is a very long time. Also, what does "Western ideas are considered within the traditional framework" mean?