Talk:Majority minority

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What about children?[edit]

Aren't there several more states where non-Hispanic whites under a certain age are a minority within that age group, while the state still has a white majority overall. I would bet that the number of states where white infants are a minority among the state's newborn population may be as high as 15. These states could be assigned a number, a sort of "minority age threshold" where white people below that age are a minority and white people over that age are the majority. That data would be proof that the state absolutely will become a majority-minority state in a matter of time, barring some radical technological advance which would prolong the lifespans of the white babyboomer generation indefinitely. —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 00:50, August 28, 2007 (UTC)

Women a minority group?[edit]

Is that meant seriously? -- 08:23, 5 September 2006 (UTC)

Women have historically been discriminated against in a number of fields solely because they are women - but they are usually a majority. bd2412 T 10:55, 23 December 2007 (UTC)

I've moved two sections here for discussion, as they largely report information irrelevant to majority-minority status, and are vague and badly written. --JWB 02:17, 11 August 2006 (UTC)

The subject matter only relates to gender identity, a truely biological concept and demographers in nearly every country in the world finds women outnumber men (51-60% female vs. 40-50% male). So this edit doesn't belong to this article due to its' irrelevance about racial or ethnic minorities. + (talk) 03:30, 3 May 2008 (UTC)
An uneven gender ratio for a given county, state or nation alters the population growth in a negative way. Same applies for an imbalanced age ratio like a state with a quarter or more are over the age of 65 (i.e. Florida) and those with median ages under 30 (i.e. Utah) should take caution on moderating birth rates. + (talk) 11:54, 14 September 2009 (UTC)


U.S. Census projections suggest that states will continue to shift into this category in the coming decades. As of 2004, those next in line for minority majority status according to the U.S. Census Bureau (35% or more minority populations) were:

By contrast, more rural states such as North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine are not projected to experience such a change for centuries, if ever. Of course, if the majority of the U.S. population becomes Hispanic (for example), then it is those more rural states which will become majority-minority states, as their white majority will be at odds with that of the rest of the country.

35% currently says nothing about how fast growth is. --JWB 02:17, 11 August 2006 (UTC)
Somewhat in agreement - what we need are tables comparing older and newer numbers, which show some rather dramatic trends. bd2412 T 15:36, 11 August 2006 (UTC)

External factors[edit]

Demographic shifts may be influenced by factors other than normal patterns of population growth (births, deaths, urbanization, etc.) Following the U.S. Civil War, some former Confederate states such as Georgia and South Carolina had majority-black populations, but decades of racial discrimination, along with greater economic opportunities in the industrial north, drove large numbers of black people to northern states in the Great Migration.

True, but says nothing about the future. --JWB 02:17, 11 August 2006 (UTC)
The article is not on "the future of majority-minority states"; the above correctly points out that certain states were majority-minority, then ceased to be. bd2412 T 15:49, 11 August 2006 (UTC)

External factors may influence the status of majority-minority states. For example, the success of the Christian Exodus movement, which supports the migration of conservative Christians (who are predominantly white) to South Carolina, would likely reverse the trend of the growing black proportion of the overall population of that state. Hurricane Katrina, which scattered the mostly-black population of New Orleans to neighboring states, may also have had an effect this trend in several states.

There's no evidence that Christian Exodus is likely to have any effect. Louisiana is not a major destination for minority migration, and is not heading for majority-minority status any time soon. --JWB 02:17, 11 August 2006 (UTC)
True with respect to Christian Exodus, but their goal is to make their own "majority-minority" state, with the majority composed of persons who see themselves as being a religious minority. With respect to Louisiana, the point is actually the opposite: the state was headed towards becoming a majority-minority state, but Hurricane Katrina discplaced a large minority population to other states, thus reversing the trend as to Louisiana - but accelerating it as to Alabama, Georgia, and Arkansas, and enhancing it as to Texas. bd2412 T 15:49, 11 August 2006 (UTC)

Also, other factors such as stricter enforcement of immigration laws would likely slow the move toward majority-minorities, as this would slow the flow of minority illegal immigrants, especially along the border states such as Texas and California. This would have a great effect in the border states, where Hispanics from South and Central America (particularly from Mexico) are the predominant minority group, although it would have only a minor impact on states where the predominant minority groups are legal immigrants or are American-born.

Texas, California and New Mexico are already listed as majority-minority, so are not relevant to discussion of states that may become so in future. Also, currently numerous minority groups are not relevant; it's increasing minority groups that are relevant. --JWB 02:17, 11 August 2006 (UTC)
Disagree entirely. First, immigration from minority groups definitely increases the rate at which all states may become majority-minority states; second, it enhances the "minority" population of Texas and California, cementing their majority-minority status... the article should also mention Arizona, and destination states such as Nevada and Colorado. bd2412 T 15:49, 11 August 2006 (UTC)

Florida, for example, has a large Cuban American population, encouraged by the federal government's Wet Feet/Dry Feet Policy, which allows Cuban refugees who make it to dry land to remain in the United States. New York and New Jersey have a significant population of Puerto Ricans, who are United States citizens and do not face any restrictions on travel to the mainland. Alaska and Hawaii each have large indigenous populations, deemed to have become citizens when those states entered the union.

Not many Cubans are currently immigrating. Puerto Rican population on the mainland is stable, not rapidly increasing. Hawaii is already majority-minority. Alaska is unlikely to become majority-minority. Phrasing as "deemed" is also poor. JWB 02:17, 11 August 2006 (UTC)
Disagree. The wet foot/dry foot policy is responsible for the existing large minority population, which is trending towards becoming the majority. This explains how Hawaii became a majority-minority state in the first place (it always was one). Why is "deemed" poor phrasing? That is exactly what happened... perhaps "declared" or "accepted as"? bd2412 T 15:49, 11 August 2006 (UTC)

This article ends with the word "and".[edit]

And what?--Greasysteve13 23:22, 20 September 2006 (UTC)

  • Fixed. bd2412 T 17:36, 21 September 2006 (UTC)


I'm confused. I was quite sure the term "majority-minority state" did *not* mean that the majority group in the state did not match the majority group in the nation. I was sure it meant "there is no group representing more than 50% (a majority) in this state" = "all groups are minorities in this state". The crucial difference is, for example, if California were to become 60% Hispanic, it would no longer be considered "majority-minority state" the way I defined it (since there would be a majority group in the state), but it would still be a "majority-minority state" they way it's defined here (since Hispanics are not a majority group in the rest of the country). Am I off here? I at least feel that's how we use the term in (my part of?) California, but I could be wrong about how the rest of the nation uses it. --SameerKhan 00:31, 20 October 2006 (UTC)

In fact, now I'm sure I'm right. I did a little research to confirm what I was already pretty sure was true - there is no group that forms the majority of the population (50%+) in any of the four states mentioned here. In all four states, all groups are minorities. For example, in California, whites are still the largest group, although they make up less than 50%. They are not outnumbered by any other group (other than, of course, "non-whites", if that can be considered a group). This article is highly misleading; the way it is currently written, it makes it seem as though there is some particular group that forms a majority in California and the other states, which is simply wrong. Hispanics, Asians (both of which are really huge groups that should be broken down to be more accurate), and other groups do not make a majority in California and Texas at least (Hawaii is majority Asian if you clump all different Asian origins in as one group; I didn't look at New Mexico), unless you group them into a super "non-white" category. Anyhow, unless someone can show me why the current definition is more accurate, I think we should make a significant change. --SameerKhan 04:52, 21 October 2006 (UTC)
It would seem that a majority of the population is of any minority, not a specific one. The interesting statistic that this article references is when a majority of the population of a state does not share the same race as the majority of the country. Whether the majority of a state is comprised of a specific minority or many minorities is irrelivant in this definition. It is also worth noting that the statistic of a single state having a majority of its population coming from a single minority is extremely unlikely. 08:00, 1 November 2006 (UTC)
I am amazed that this kind of organized racism is possible.--Daanschr 13:41, 29 November 2006 (UTC)
How is this racist? (Unless your point is that categorizing people by race is an exercise in racism itself). It could cut in any direction - if a city in South Africa (with its majority black population) has a white majority within its municipal borders, it is a majority-minority city, because the majority in the city is the minority in the country. bd2412 T 02:17, 3 March 2007 (UTC)

Which is the correct term?[edit]

I see both "majority minority" and "minority majority" used in the article. Which term is correct? Or are they both acceptable? 17:54, 2 January 2007 (UTC) Andreas.

As a sociologist, I'd say majority-minority is correct, as in a majority of the entire population is made of persons who are members of minority groups. bd2412 T 02:15, 3 March 2007 (UTC)

As an historian, I would say that minority-majority is correct. This indicates that mininorities (taken as a whole) make up a majority of the population. In other words, the majority group (whites in our country) does not make up a majority of the population of these states, minorities are the majority. —Preceding unsigned comment added by Oh2bkokopelli (talkcontribs) 02:58, 18 September 2007 (UTC)

The term used in the USA is typically "Majority Minority". I have heard that term often, and never heard "minority-majority". Despite wikipedia and all its mirrors pointing to the latter, the former still gets FAR more hits. I say it should be moved to "Majority-Minority". Kold9 (talk) 01:22, 22 September 2008 (UTC)
I am going to move this. Kold9 (talk) 05:48, 9 February 2009 (UTC) ...I cannot move it. If an administrator would kindly do so that would be nice. Please move to Majority-minority. Note, not to majority-minority state: This subject does not simply refer to states; I'm not sure why someone thought it did and named this article "majority minority state".

a bit too obvious sentence?[edit]

It is important to note that Hispanics do not constitute a race but rather an ethnicity. Individuals who market white and Hispanic were therefore not counted as being multi-racial but rather only as White. Why is such blatantly obvious 'information' even necessary? How could there ever be confusion about this? So should someone need to explain that germans, french, italians, polish, irish, swedish, czech etcetc are also white??? -- 18:19, 2 March 2007 (UTC)

Hawaii as the only state always to have been minority-majority?[edit]

I don't buy this. What about New Mexico? It was a settled by the Spanish, along with some Mexican Native-American allies over 300 years ago. They settled a land populated by over 19 pueblo tribes/cultures, severa groups of nomadic Native Ameican tribes -- Navajo, Apache, Comanche, Ute.

These people settled the state long before non-Hispanic whites arrived. So how does Hawaii get the distinction of being the only state always to have been minority-majority. I do not buy this. I think that you're wrong. Can you tell me when New Mexico wasn't a minority-majority territory (1848-1912) or state (1912-present)? —Preceding unsigned comment added by Oh2bkokopelli (talkcontribs) 02:54, 18 September 2007 (UTC)

New Mexico was purposefully not admitted as a state until the population of white settlers had overtaken the other populations (bear in mind that it was very sparsely populated overall at the time). It remained majority-white until only recently. Cheers! bd2412 T 03:23, 18 September 2007 (UTC)

[1] has incomplete data. Apparently non-Hispanic Whites have been close to 50% since sometime in the 19th century. New Mexico may not have been a "majority minority" state for most of its history in the US, though it is also a poor fit for the alarmist idea of nonwhite immigrants overwhelming whites. Hispanic New Mexicans were present from the start, were considered white by the US, and considered themselves whites of Spanish ancestry, not Mexican. They were only placed in a non-majority Census category when the "Hispanic/Latino" "ethnicity" was added to the Census relatively recently. They have also made up a fairly stable proportion of the population. --JWB (talk) 03:52, 6 December 2007 (UTC)

Another note, having read up more on the history of New Mexico, Compromise of 1850, etc.: Proposals for New Mexico statehood were seriously considered in 1850 and 1860. The political football on both occasions was not whether the state was dominated by non-Hispanic Whites, but whether it would be dominated by Southerners or not. --JWB (talk) 01:25, 27 October 2009 (UTC)

The demographic history of Hawaii is unique out of all the 50 states. The majority of inhabitants, two-thirds or (65%) there are of Asian American origins, the highest percentage of east Asians (note the umbrella term "Asian" isn't racial either but peoples from South Asia and Southwest Asia are classified "Asian") in any US state: about a quarter (27%) are of Japanese descent, one-fifth (23%) are Filipino and one-third (31%) have various degrees of Native Hawaiian ancestry despite the number of full-bloods are 2% and continually drops over time. Large numbers of Japanese came in the 1880's followed by Chinese (about 15% of Hawaiians are Chinese), Koreans (an estimated 5% are Korean) and finally, Filipinos from the then US-ruled Philippines.

In the 1920's and '30's, over 10,000 Puerto Ricans (Latinos) from Puerto Rico arrived to replace the numerical decline of imported Asian laborers and Mexicans joined the contract labor force, thus one-tenth (9%) of the state's population are Hispanic/Latino of any race. The racial situation of African Americans in Hawaii is relatively good than what's observed in the Southeastern or other parts of the U.S., about 5% of Hawaii's people are black who came from the mainland throughout the 20th century. Non-Hispanic white "Haole" or Caucasian Hawaiians are 15% of the population depending on any available data, the majority are mixed-race with Asian and native Hawaiian blood themselves, although a large wave of European Portuguese settlers arrived to influence the state's blended diverse culture. + (talk) 03:27, 3 May 2008 (UTC)

Several people involved in the Puerto Rican statehood movement have told me that California's original state constitution (1847) was written entirely in Spanish . I would also assume that the majority, or pretty darn close to it, of California's population in 1847 was majority Hispanic. I would venture a guess that Hispanics were a majority in all pre-statehood territories in the Southwest. Also is the racial aspect a reason why it took so long for Hawaii to gain statehood? If I recall Hawaii had been pushing for statehood since at least the 1930s before finally being admitted in 1959. (talk) 03:59, 16 February 2013 (UTC)

Wrong data?[edit]

The sum for California is way below 100% since this edit. -- (talk) 04:45, 8 November 2008 (UTC)

The edit appears to be updating from 2005 to 2007 census data. Should be easy enough to find out what the census actually says. bd2412 T 05:50, 8 November 2008 (UTC)
Data are similar to these (labeled 2006), but "Hispanic or Latino" has 35.9% there, not 17.3%. Note that you need to calculate percentages from the "Hispanic or Latino and race" table under "show more" (except for "White (all)"), because the census concepts of race and "Hispanic" status are orthogonal [2]. -- (talk) 01:26, 9 November 2008 (UTC)
The 1940 Census report on California was performed in a way to excluded Hispanic and Asian ethnic groups at the time. According to the article, 89 percent of the state's population was white 'non-Hispanic' except the percentage of Mexicans or Spanish-surnamed Americans in the state's first century was typically a tenth or 11-15 percent (i.e. in the 1970 census, about 1.5 to 2 million Mexicans out of the total 19 million reported to live in Cal.) But there was a "Mexican" race category devised in the previous census (1930) and was from anti-Mexican sentiment held by Anglos at the time. Some Mexican-Americans protested the race categorization during WWII as nothing more than racism similar to the Nazis' anti-semitism (i.e. Nuremberg race laws against German Jewish citizens). Mexicans were reincluded in the "white" category by the Truman Administration in 1946. + (talk) 12:02, 14 September 2009 (UTC)

The Other Uses section[edit]

This section is not accurate at all, at least from my perspective. Can anyone provide a few examples "majority-minority" refering to religion? If not, it should be removed. Kold9 (talk) 05:51, 9 February 2009 (UTC)

Move away from being concentrated on US?[edit]

I was brought here by a link on the page about Leicester, a UK city which is almost minority-majority. Maybe we should have an article about that generally, rather than just in the US. YeshuaDavidTalk • 17:25, 7 June 2009 (UTC)

I laughed out loud about the reference to French surburban housing projects with "majority-minority" populations. Surely a suburb here or there is completely immaterial to the article at large. My building here in Taiwan is also full of foreigners...should we include that too as an exxample?? — Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 08:18, 21 June 2011 (UTC)


... is the title "Minority-majority state" but the first line is "Majority minority"? —Preceding unsigned comment added by (talk) 02:52, 30 September 2009 (UTC)

Moving article to Majority minority[edit]

This article discusses majority minority US cities as well as majority minority areas in other countries, and is not strictly about m-m states. Of 39 non-redirect incoming namespace links, 17 are redirected from variations of "majority minority" (with various capitalization and hyphenation). 22 incoming links are for "Minority-majority state" (or variant redirects). However, at least 3 of these (History of Los Angeles, Illinois's 1st congressional district election, 2000, California's 15th congressional district) are using pipes to redirect from a phrase that doesn't include the word state, and Pardo covers m-m areas in Brazil. The majority of incoming links are looking for an article not strictly about m-m US STATES.

"Minority majority" (511k) and "Majority minority" (509k) have a similar number of Google results. Google ignores the presence of a hyphen in the phrase, but the first few pages of results show mixed usage of hyphens in either phrase. The Wall Street Journal uses both phrases. This page on Wikipedia is a high result for "minority majority" and may have influenced recent usage. Two editors on this talk page have previously suggested that "majority minority" is preferable. My understanding of Wikipedia article title policy suggests that omitting the hyphen is preferable.

I'm going to attempt to move this page to Majority minority myself or list it with WP:RM if I can't move it. I also want to move Majority-minority district to List of majority minority United States congressional districts; while that title is long it is more precise, and I doubt that article while ever be more than a List.Plantdrew (talk) 05:26, 16 October 2012 (UTC)

this is called a Plurality[edit]

We already have a word for this in English. It's called plurality. (talk) 04:16, 31 March 2013 (UTC)

No, it's not quite the same thing. An area in the US which was 60% black/40% white would be considered majority minority as would an area which was 30% black, 30% hispanic, 40% white. The former has a black majority, and the latter has a white plurality.Plantdrew (talk) 19:30, 31 March 2013 (UTC)


The map should be changed to reflect that Louisiana is now under 60% non-Hispanic white according to 2012 estimates.