Talk:Mongol conquest of the Jin dynasty

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Britannica[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=RGMIAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA5#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=zMcnAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA5#v=onepage&q&f=false

Perthensis[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=SarP2aI0RvsC&pg=RA1-PA526#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=oUdQAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA437#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=KXTv75spY7YC&pg=PA514#v=onepage&q&f=false

Londinensis[edit]

http://books.google.com/books?id=JlUMAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA440#v=onepage&q&f=false

Han, Khitan and Jurchen defectors in the Mongol armies[edit]

Han, Khitan and Jurchen defectors helped the Mongols fight the Jin

Yelü Chucai, Puxian Wannu, Yelü Liuge (耶律留哥) http://books.google.com/books?id=6UaeL64p-ukC&pg=PA75&dq=mongols+khitan+chinese+jin&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PA5vUp1LocPgA57AgeAG&ved=0CDgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=mongols%20khitan%20chinese%20jin&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=TV48AAAAQBAJ&pg=PA195&dq=mongols+khitan+chinese+jin&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PA5vUp1LocPgA57AgeAG&ved=0CEsQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=mongols%20khitan%20chinese%20jin&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=AZIJAAAAQBAJ&pg=PT368&dq=mongols+khitan+chinese+jin&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PA5vUp1LocPgA57AgeAG&ved=0CF8Q6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=mongols%20khitan%20chinese%20jin&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=NQ2_byGXWFUC&pg=PA70&dq=mongols+khitan+chinese+jin&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PA5vUp1LocPgA57AgeAG&ved=0CGsQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=mongols%20khitan%20chinese%20jin&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=A1nwvKNPMWkC&pg=PA168&dq=mongols+khitan+chinese+jin&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PA5vUp1LocPgA57AgeAG&ved=0CHAQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=mongols%20khitan%20chinese%20jin&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=j8lLD2Pd3pIC&pg=PA116&dq=mongols+khitan+chinese+jin&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PA5vUp1LocPgA57AgeAG&ved=0CGYQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=mongols%20khitan%20chinese%20jin&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=PDjWpqU55eMC&pg=PA24#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=XnIIbzweN7IC&pg=PA184&dq=Han'er+Khitan&hl=en&sa=X&ei=uU8qVPHNBNP-yQSuuYHwCA&ved=0CDgQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Han'er%20Khitan&f=false

These northern Han Chinese defectors were used by the Mongols in their Central Asian, Middle Eastern, and European campaigns.

http://books.google.com/books?id=esnWJkYRCJ4C&pg=PA58&dq=transoxania+chinese+gunpowder+catapult&hl=en&ei=pvLTTs3XH8Ho0QH866g4&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=transoxania%20chinese%20gunpowder%20catapult&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=X7e8rHL1lf4C&pg=PA46&dq=Chinese+engineers+operating+trebuchets+(catapults)+throwing+gunpowder+bombs.+Their+progress+was+rapid+and+devastating+until,+after+the+sack+of+Baghdad+in+1258,+they+entered+Syria.+There+they+met+an+Islamic+army+similarly+equipped+and&hl=en&ei=zLPVTvKoJ-rt0gGusumeAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Chinese%20engineers%20operating%20trebuchets%20(catapults)%20throwing%20gunpowder%20bombs.%20Their%20progress%20was%20rapid%20and%20devastating%20until%2C%20after%20the%20sack%20of%20Baghdad%20in%201258%2C%20they%20entered%20Syria.%20There%20they%20met%20an%20Islamic%20army%20similarly%20equipped%20and&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?ei=EOvhTZ-vFubb0QGCx-CeBw&ct=result&id=fmptAAAAMAAJ&dq=mongols+chinese+general+baghdad&q=thousand+chinese+archers+crossbow+fire+arrows+iraq+baghdad

http://books.google.com/books?id=OgQXAQAAIAAJ&q=Though+he+was+himself+a+Chinese,+he+learned+his+trade+from+his+father,+who+had+accompanied+Genghis+Khan+on+his+invasion+of+Muslim+Transoxania+and+Iran.+Perhaps+the+use+of+gunpowder+as+a+propellant,+in+other+words+the+invention+of+true&dq=Though+he+was+himself+a+Chinese,+he+learned+his+trade+from+his+father,+who+had+accompanied+Genghis+Khan+on+his+invasion+of+Muslim+Transoxania+and+Iran.+Perhaps+the+use+of+gunpowder+as+a+propellant,+in+other+words+the+invention+of+true&hl=en&ei=TgfUTtqlEZLD0AHC95QD&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?id=AzG5llo3YCMC&pg=PA474&dq=Indeed,+it+is+possible+that+gunpowder+devices,+including+Chinese+mortar+(+huochong),+had+reached+Central+Asia+through+the+Mongols+as+early+as+the+thirteenth+century.71+Yet+the+potential+remained+unexploited;&hl=en&ei=gQrUToDEO4Hz0gHfi-SyBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Indeed%2C%20it%20is%20possible%20that%20gunpowder%20devices%2C%20including%20Chinese%20mortar%20(%20huochong)%2C%20had%20reached%20Central%20Asia%20through%20the%20Mongols%20as%20early%20as%20the%20thirteenth%20century.71%20Yet%20the%20potential%20remained%20unexploited%3B&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=H-k9oc9xsuAC&pg=PA510&dq=mongol+invasion+hungary+chinese+gunpowder&hl=en&ei=XGwzTuH4Ccb20gHbgtGQDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAzgU#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=LaV-IGZ8VKIC&pg=PA510&dq=mongol+invasion+hungary+chinese+gunpowder&hl=en&ei=XGwzTuH4Ccb20gHbgtGQDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDsQ6AEwBDgU#v=onepage&q=mongol%20invasion%20hungary%20chinese%20gunpowder&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=BZf_L1V7NLUC&pg=PA173&lpg=PA173&dq=In+the+campaigns+waged+in+western+Asia+(1253-1258)+by+Jenghis'+grandson+Hulagu,+%22a+thousand+engineers+from+China+had+to+get+themselves+ready+to+serve+the+catapults,+and+to+be+able+to+cast+inflammable+substances.%22+One+of+Hulagu's+principal+generals+in+his+succ&source=bl&ots=RaWDREHE41&sig=3r7kd0nVlubg1VrorYfOeMdIQQA&hl=en&ei=P8PmTtqbHsLk0QG6_KmGCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=In%20the%20campaigns%20waged%20in%20western%20Asia%20(1253-1258)%20by%20Jenghis'%20grandson%20Hulagu%2C%20%22a%20thousand%20engineers%20from%20China%20had%20to%20get%20themselves%20ready%20to%20serve%20the%20catapults%2C%20and%20to%20be%20able%20to%20cast%20inflammable%20substances.%22%20One%20of%20Hulagu's%20principal%20generals%20in%20his%20succ&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=BZf_L1V7NLUC&pg=PA173&dq=Unquestionably+in+the+Chinese+the+Mongols+encountered+more+stubborn+opposition+and+better+defense+than+any+of+their+other+opponents+in+Europe+and+Asia+had+shown.+THey+needed+every+military+artifice+known+at+that+time,+for+they+had+to+fight+in+terrain+that+was+difficult+for+their+horses,+in+regions+infested+with+diseases+fatal+to+large+numbers+of+their&hl=en&ei=ccHmTofYOofe0QH64_SKCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Unquestionably%20in%20the%20Chinese%20the%20Mongols%20encountered%20more%20stubborn%20opposition%20and%20better%20defense%20than%20any%20of%20their%20other%20opponents%20in%20Europe%20and%20Asia%20had%20shown.%20THey%20needed%20every%20military%20artifice%20known%20at%20that%20time%2C%20for%20they%20had%20to%20fight%20in%20terrain%20that%20was%20difficult%20for%20their%20horses%2C%20in%20regions%20infested%20with%20diseases%20fatal%20to%20large%20numbers%20of%20their&f=false


http://books.google.com/books?id=esnWJkYRCJ4C&pg=PA58&dq=mongol+invasion+hungary+chinese+gunpowder&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=-UnWOmL1a48C&pg=PA28&dq=battle+of+mohi+chinese+gunpowder&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=_RsPrzrsAvoC&pg=PA492&dq=mongol+invasion+hungary+chinese+gunpowder&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=BxpaGuxtGggC&q=But+the+explosive+force+of+gunpowder+seemed+promising+as+well,+and+Mongol+armies+routinely+used+lengths+of+bamboo+filled+with+gunpowder+in+order+to+blow+open+city+gates.+In+this+primitive+form+gunpowder+weapons+reached+Europe+in+1241&dq=But+the+explosive+force+of+gunpowder+seemed+promising+as+well,+and+Mongol+armies+routinely+used+lengths+of+bamboo+filled+with+gunpowder+in+order+to+blow+open+city+gates.+In+this+primitive+form+gunpowder+weapons+reached+Europe+in+1241&hl=en



http://books.google.com/books?id=2aM1Kp--SXQC&pg=PA27#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=-hMtbFlKW5AC&pg=PT11&dq=mongol+invasion+hungary+chinese+gunpowder&hl=en&ei=cXUzTozgIqfb0QGPm42IDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CEEQ6AEwBTge#v=onepage&q=mongol%20%20hungary%20chinese%20gunpowder&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=dwZzTvNwA84C&pg=PA250&dq=Moreover,+many+Chinese+were+in+the+first+wave+of+the+Mongolian+conquest+of+Iran+and+Iraq+-+a+Chinese+general,+Guo+Kan,+was+first+governor+of+Baghdad+after+its+capture+in+ad+1258.+As+the+Mongols+had+a+habit+of+destroying+irrigation+and&hl=en&ei=or_mTs-CIKP20gHriJ3jCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Moreover%2C%20many%20Chinese%20were%20in%20the%20first%20wave%20of%20the%20Mongolian%20conquest%20of%20Iran%20and%20Iraq%20-%20a%20Chinese%20general%2C%20Guo%20Kan%2C%20was%20first%20governor%20of%20Baghdad%20after%20its%20capture%20in%20ad%201258.%20As%20the%20Mongols%20had%20a%20habit%20of%20destroying%20irrigation%20and&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=NZRFAAAAMAAJ&q=The+name+of+this+Chinese+general+was+Kuo+K'an+(Mongol,+Kuka+Ilka).+He+commanded+the+right+flank+of+the+Mongol+army+in+its+advance+on+Baghdad+and+remained+in+charge+of+the+city+after+its+surrender.+His+life+in+Chinese+has+been+preserved&dq=The+name+of+this+Chinese+general+was+Kuo+K'an+(Mongol,+Kuka+Ilka).+He+commanded+the+right+flank+of+the+Mongol+army+in+its+advance+on+Baghdad+and+remained+in+charge+of+the+city+after+its+surrender.+His+life+in+Chinese+has+been+preserved&hl=en&ei=qMDmTvvVDYfY0QGq74zdCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA

http://books.google.com/books?ei=oeThTY-nNujW0QGWxYmmBw&ct=result&id=NZRFAAAAMAAJ&dq=Chinese+influences+soon+made+themselves+strongly+felt+in+Hulagu%27s+dominions.+A+Chinese+general+was+made+the+first+governor+of+Baghdad%2C5+and+Chinese+engineers+were+employed+to+improve+the+irrigation+of+the+Tigris-Euphrates+basin&q=Chinese+influences+soon+made+themselves+strongly+felt+in+Hulagu%27s+dominions.+A+Chinese+general+was+made+the+first+governor+of+Baghdad%2C5+and+Chinese+engineers+were+employed+to+improve+the+irrigation+of+the+Tigris-Euphrates+basin

http://books.google.com/books?id=jqb7L-pKCV8C&pg=PA377&dq=mongols+chinese+general+baghdad&hl=en&ei=BubhTYTkM-Lj0gGgtqG1Bw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CC4Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=mongols%20chinese%20general%20baghdad&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?ei=PO7hTdTsBeHv0gH339CgBw&ct=result&id=fmptAAAAMAAJ&dq=Throughout+this+period+and+for+some+time+after%2C+Chinese+influence+in+the+Middle+East+remained+strong.+The+first+governor+of+Baghdad+under+the+new+regime+was+Guo+Kan%2C+a+Chinese+general+who+had+commanded+the+Mongols%27+right+flank&q=guo+kan


Rajmaan (talk) 05:13, 25 February 2014 (UTC)

Can you provide page references? Because these links often don't work after a while.

Shi Gang (1237-1315)[edit]

Shi Gang was from a prominent Han family during the Yuan dynasty who deected to the Mongols and helped them onquer the Jin.

http://books.google.com/books?id=nCIPD1V39QkC&pg=PA14&dq=Shi+Gang+(1237-1315)&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ds5WU5-mC4_MsQTctICAAw&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Shi%20Gang%20(1237-1315)&f=false

His father was Han, his mother was Jurchen and his wife was a Kerait. His father also had Korean and Han wives as well.

http://books.google.com/books?id=nCIPD1V39QkC&pg=PA15#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=FPzcTT-pBp4C&pg=PA47&dq=Shi+Gang+(1237-1315)&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ds5WU5-mC4_MsQTctICAAw&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Shi%20Gang%20(1237-1315)&f=false

Page 204

Meng Fanfeng iS^ll# "A study of the Yuan painter Shi Gang's epitaph" Tnttfc&SfettiE&Bi, WW, 1997:7, pp 71-74 ^ Discovered in the northern area of Shijiazhuang city, ... The epitaph reveals that Shi Gang's life spanned the years 1237 to 1315.

http://books.google.com/books?id=wkvrAAAAMAAJ&q=Shi+gang+1237&dq=Shi+gang+1237&hl=en&sa=X&ei=b88qUamoKufy0QG2iIC4Cg&ved=0CEMQ6AEwAw

His father Shi Tianze

http://books.google.com/books?id=nCIPD1V39QkC&pg=PA37&dq=hsiao+ch'i-ch'ing+1994&hl=en&sa=X&ei=D7VWU52OFILQsQTNoICgCg&ved=0CD8Q6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=hsiao%20ch'i-ch'ing%201994&f=false

Shi Tianzi and his Jurchen, Korean, and Han wives.

http://books.google.com/books?id=FPzcTT-pBp4C&pg=PA47&dq=Shi+Tianze+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ac1WU8LQEMzgsASOroDQCg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Shi%20Tianze%201202%201275&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=kG45gi7E3hsC&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&source=bl&ots=uoldXccTd8&sig=yu_OyQhSMh9mu3FJQ_uwWDiuUBA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=OLVWU-j_I6TksATD94C4Aw&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Shih%20t'ien%20tse%201202%201275&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=kG45gi7E3hsC&pg=PA41#v=onepage&q&f=false

Other information about Shi

http://books.google.com/books?id=Pg8EGvilcLsC&pg=PA341&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Shih%20t'ien%20tse%201202%201275&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=Pg8EGvilcLsC&pg=PA211#v=onepage&q&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=BxH0PqdGTVUC&pg=PA660&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CDwQ6AEwAg

http://books.google.com/books?id=nCIPD1V39QkC&pg=PA311&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CEIQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Shih%20t'ien%20tse%201202%201275&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=5aSrAgAAQBAJ&pg=PA814&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=Shih%20t'ien%20tse%201202%201275&f=false

Page 200

http://books.google.com/books?ei=OsxWU_ypC9OxsASN24CwCA&id=7T4MAQAAMAAJ&dq=Shih+T%27ien-tse+%28+1202-1275%29%2C+among+others%2C+first+proposed+that+the+examination+system+be+restored.&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=T%27ien-tse+1202

Page 33

http://books.google.com/books?id=NpSOAAAAMAAJ&q=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CFAQ6AEwBg

http://books.google.com/books?id=NpSOAAAAMAAJ&q=One+of+Meng-ku+Pa-erh's+six+daughters+married+a+son+of+the+influential+Shih+T'ien-tse+(1202-1275),+a+member+of+a+Chinese+clan+that+was+recruited&dq=One+of+Meng-ku+Pa-erh's+six+daughters+married+a+son+of+the+influential+Shih+T'ien-tse+(1202-1275),+a+member+of+a+Chinese+clan+that+was+recruited&hl=en&sa=X&ei=msxWU4DeFdTRsQTno4DADg&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAA

Of Meng-ku Pa-erh's seven sons, one was appointed to the office of Sung-chou ta -lu-hua-ch'ih/3 One of Meng-ku Pa-erh's six daughters married a son of the influential Shih T'ien-tse (1202-1275), a member of a Chinese clan that was recruited ...

Page 58

http://books.google.com/books?id=VfBtAAAAMAAJ&q=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CFYQ6AEwBw

Page 208

http://books.google.com/books?id=rBVHAAAAIAAJ&q=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CFoQ6AEwCA

Page 46

http://books.google.com/books?id=KDI8AAAAIAAJ&q=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&dq=Shih+t'ien+tse+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GctWU8zCOsbjsATb0YKYBw&ved=0CGAQ6AEwCQ


http://books.google.com/books?id=SQWW7QgUH4gC&pg=PA449&dq=Shi+Tianze+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ac1WU8LQEMzgsASOroDQCg&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Shi%20Tianze%201202%201275&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=eWD4xmLYyXIC&pg=PA143&dq=Shi+Tianze+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ac1WU8LQEMzgsASOroDQCg&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Shi%20Tianze%201202%201275&f=false

http://books.google.com/books?id=MXchAAAAQBAJ&pg=PA128&dq=Shi+Tianze+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ac1WU8LQEMzgsASOroDQCg&ved=0CEAQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Shi%20Tianze%201202%201275&f=false

Page 52

http://books.google.com/books?id=e0BwAAAAMAAJ&q=Shi+Tian-ze+(1202-1275)+-+one+of+the+two+Chinese+who+managed+to+achieve+the+post+of+chancellor+during+the+rule+of+the+Mongols&dq=Shi+Tian-ze+(1202-1275)+-+one+of+the+two+Chinese+who+managed+to+achieve+the+post+of+chancellor+during+the+rule+of+the+Mongols&hl=en&sa=X&ei=fc1WU--ZOszNsQSJtoGoCA&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA

Page 115

http://books.google.com/books?id=mufjAAAAMAAJ&q=Shi+Tianze+1202+1275&dq=Shi+Tianze+1202+1275&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ac1WU8LQEMzgsASOroDQCg&ved=0CEkQ6AEwBQ

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Rajmaan (talk) 18:41, 3 May 2014 (UTC)