Talk:Moringa oleifera

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Zija[edit]

I would think a good percentage of the visitors to this page come because of Zija International, a company that specializes in Moringa drinks. I don't work for them and have no relation to them, but I put a link to them the other day on this page, which was deleted. I didn't put a talk page up first since I figured no one would take down such a link, since, at least in my history, and again I've never met anyone having anything to do with that company, Moringa equals Zija Intl. Are they not the largest, or at least most prolific, distributor of moringa in the US? --Mrcolj 13:08, 24 January 2006 (UTC)

Hi Colin, I took down your link. But if you want to put it back up, go ahead. I have grown a lot of Moringa trees without ever hearing of this company, but thats just me.
As a side not I am cuirass as to how they are able to remove the oxalate content of the Moringa, as it’s over 1%. I suffer from kidney stones, so I could not drink Zija myself simply due to the extreamly high level of oxalate. Brimba 17:50, 24 January 2006 (UTC)

Merge[edit]

Support merge of Drumstick (fruit) into Moringa oleifera. Badagnani 03:33, 13 March 2006 (UTC)

Oppose merge of Drumstick (fruit) into Moringa oleifera. Although it is certainly the same species, the subject is fundamentally different: one is a tree, the other a food. The tree entails all its taxonomy, geography, and many varied uses (water treatment, oil, nutrition) and the Drumstick is a traditional Indian vegetable. If merged, then I would wager that eventually, drumstick (fruit) would again be split off as a daughter article. Drumsticks are good enough to deserve their own article (esp. on the English language Wiki). Simple links between the two is best. Istvan 14:31, 13 March 2006 (UTC)

Support merge of Drumstick (fruit) into Moringa oleifera. There are sections on the usages of plants as food in the articles for many multipurpose plants. There is a lot of overlap between the two sections, and I don't see anything gained by having the content split out in this case. Waitak 08:41, 15 March 2006 (UTC)

WikiProject International development[edit]

It was just the use of the seed in water purification that caught my attention. On that basis I have added it to Category:Appropriate technology and also draw your attention to this WikiProject. Cheers, Singkong2005 13:36, 20 March 2006 (UTC)

WikiProject International development  
WikiProject icon This article is within the scope of WikiProject International development, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of international development, including such areas as appropriate technology, microfinance and social issues, on Wikipedia. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
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http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2010-02/22/how-a-seed-helps-purify-water.aspx Angelo (talk · contribs) 21:52, 8 October 2010 (UTC)

need more details[edit]

hey there....i guess you need to give more details on transportation of nutrition to seeds.. —The preceding unsigned comment was added by 210.211.130.191 (talk) 15:58, 16 March 2007 (UTC). sdfsdfs —Preceding unsigned comment added by 68.239.114.122 (talk) 05:03, 19 September 2007 (UTC)

Disputed: Spirochin[edit]

I have been doing research on this plant for a project I am conducting. Of all the research I have seen no where has it been stated that spirochin is a toxic alkaloid, nor it is said to be in Moringa Oleifera. It has been announced to have been found in Moringa Pterygosperma, but studies show that it is not harmful. In fact, results show it could have positive pharmaceutical aspects. Could someone find the source of the previously stated data or update this page to the most recent findings? Sothisislife101 20:44, 30 September 2007 (UTC)

Yeah, that statement was removed (along with some other content) in a funky way by 77.30.22.133 (January 27th), it appears to be an accidental edit to me. I just restored it. Here is reference for spirochin being harmful: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1924986/ "Even though the toxic root bark is removed, the flesh has been found to contain the alkaloid spirochin, which can cause nerve paralysis." -- though according to http://www.appropedia.org/Moringa#cite_note-0 "The presence of this compound is not worrying because large amounts are required to elicit deleterious effects, and spirochin even displays antibacterial properties when consumed in smaller amounts.". Another reference: http://books.google.com/books?id=C8xJE2NfQpIC&pg=PA217&dq=spirochin+moringa says "Spirochin, an alkaloid in the root, accelerates and amplifies the heartbeat at 35 mg/kg, but has the opposite effect at doses of 250 mg/kg or larger. It paralyzes the vagus nerve and other parts of the central nervous system and has an analgesic effect." --Mrienstra (talk) 04:21, 25 February 2012 (UTC)

WikiProject Food and drink Tagging[edit]

This article talk page was automatically added with {{WikiProject Food and drink}} banner as it falls under Category:Food or one of its subcategories. If you find this addition an error, Kindly undo the changes and update the inappropriate categories if needed. The bot was instructed to tagg these articles upon consenus from WikiProject Food and drink. You can find the related request for tagging here . Maximum and careful attention was done to avoid any wrongly tagging any categories , but mistakes may happen... If you have concerns , please inform on the project talk page -- TinucherianBot (talk) 01:41, 4 July 2008 (UTC)

No warnings, if any, mentioned[edit]

The leaves are not to be eaten during the monsoon season, this is not mentioned anywhere in your article. But every one in Southern India will advise that the Drumstick leaves should not be eaten during the rains, but drumstick is safe to be eaten. Is their any credible research on this aspect?? Pls help. Also check this link, http://www.herpes-coldsores.com/messageforum/showthread.php?35802-A-platter-specially-for-Karkitakam

Thanks, — Preceding unsigned comment added by 120.61.48.102 (talk) 08:43, 21 July 2011 (UTC)

Nutritional Profile[edit]

Can a nutritional profile of the plant and/or the plant parts please be added. Until this information is placed and verified, this article is likely to generate disagreement. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 121.210.161.143 (talk) 01:09, 7 November 2011 (UTC)

Nutritional supplements

Can we mention that moringa is now a majority element in nutritional supplements?[1] MaynardClark (talk) 20:09, 15 July 2017 (UTC)

References

That's one example product from one manufacturer. We would need a good secondary reference to state that it's a "majority element" in the supplement industry (doubtful that exists). I'm not even aware that there is significant agricultural production that would supply commercial demand. Reference for that? It remains a fringe topic and ingredient, in my opinion. --Zefr (talk) 20:28, 15 July 2017 (UTC)
Yes, but someone else should do the work. That's why I asked. The article states that cultivation has recently begun in the USA (in Hawaii), so the topic is 'current' or a recent development - not something I see as fringe at this time, if it's only a 'mention'. If that were a topic for developing as a later article, we would want to see research on the mechanisms of how moringa acts inside the human body (if it also acts as a water filter externally). MaynardClark (talk) 20:33, 15 July 2017 (UTC)

Unused references[edit]

Hello, Some minutes ago i corrected a mistake in a reference. And this mistake back again where it was... User Zfer please take a good look at my correction on the reference. It points to the original source of the article - http://www.tfljournal.org/article.php?story=20051201124931586&query=%2BA%2BReview%2Bof%2Bthe%2BMedical%2BEvidence%2Bfor%2BIts%2BNutritional%252C%2BTherapeutic%252C%2Band%2BProphylactic%2BProperties.

The source of reference at the moment is going to a very poor website that had nothing to do with the research and article

The reference in cause ^ a b c Jed W. Fahey (2005). "Moringa oleifera: A Review of the Medical Evidence for Its Nutritional, Therapeutic, and Prophylactic Properties. Part 1.". Trees for Life Journal.

This is an article and research from Trees for life jornal and is where the link i post, point at. Thanks — Preceding unsigned comment added by 89.247.81.115 (talk) 21:53, 20 April 2013 (UTC)



These references were appended to the article, but were not being used to support any of the article content. I'm moving them here in case anyone wants to use them to improve the article. Deli nk (talk) 13:34, 11 April 2012 (UTC)

  • Goel, Khushbu, S. Das, 2011. Comparative studies on antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities of Moringa oleifera (Lam.) and Cassia fistula. Inventi Rapid: Ethanopharmcog., 3.
  • Goel, Khushbu, 2010, Screening for free Radical Scavenging Activity from Ethanolic and Aqueous extract of Multi-purpose Tree Moringa oleifera (Horse Radish Tree, pods), and Evaluation of Analgesic, Antimicrobial Activities, M.Sc. Dissertation submitted to the Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Banasthali Vidyapith, National University for Women’s Education, Rajasthan.

Unsourced conjecture & folk medicine[edit]

Moving sections from the Article to here for editing and sourcing --Zefr (talk) 13:24, 16 April 2012 (UTC)

From General Nutrition

Moringa leaves and pods may be helpful in increasing breast milk.[citation needed] One tablespoon of leaf powder provides 14% protein, 40% calcium, 23% iron and vitamin A needs of a child aged one to three.[citation needed] Six tablespoons of leaf powder may provide nearly all of a woman's daily iron and calcium needs during pregnancy and breastfeeding.[citation needed]

The flowers are also cooked and relished as a delicacy in West Bengal and Bangladesh, especially during early spring.[citation needed] There it is called shojne ful and is usually cooked with green peas and potato.

From Malnutrition

Leaves can be eaten fresh, cooked, or stored as dried powder, however Moringa powder is easily oxidized and must be sealed in oxygen- and light-free packaging, or its nutritional value will be diminished after about 90 days.[citation needed]

In many cultures throughout the tropics, differentiation between food and potential therapeutic uses of plants (e.g. bark, fruit, leaves, nuts, seeds, tubers, roots, and flowers), is difficult because plant uses span both categories, according to traditional practices.[citation needed]

In traditional Indian medicine (Ayurveda and Siddha), children and adults might drink a cup of "decoction" (called kasayam), normally after an oil bath, made of ginger, garlic, a piece of Moringa tree bark and mavelingam tree bark, and the root nodules of the kolinji plant, a leguminous plant with nitrogen nodules in the root.[citation needed]

Nutrient comparisons[edit]

I commented out the table comparing Moringa leaf to common foods, because the table neither states the amounts involved, nor the state (dried vs fresh) of the entries. And as such, the table is at best useless, and at worst is highly misleading! The author of the table apparently took advantage of these omissions to bias the results toward Moringa, by comparing dry Moringa leaf to fresh (moisture-laden) foods! Now, I can't verify my conjecture, because I was unable to find an online copy of either of the referenced documents. But the USDA data and other readily available vetted online research data diverges significantly from the table's data.

Now, don't get me wrong: I'm a BIG fan of Moringa; and am growing it myself. So I hope this table's problem with omissions, biases, and unavailable reference materials can be rectified, so this Wikipedia entry can show an honest and fair comparison of Moringa to more common foods. Moringa is a truly remarkable plant: It doesn't need anybody to cheat to prove its worth.

Markj99 (talk)


Moving the pending table here for discussion and editing. Comparisons expressed as % differences are invalid due to significant differences in water content. No reference is needed for the obvious fact that carrots, milk and yogurt contain more water (and therefore their respective nutrient contents per food weight are diluted) than raw moringa leaves (79% water, USDA table).
Nutrients Common food Moringa Leaves Comparison
Vitamin A Carrots 1.8 mg 6.8 mg 375%
Calcium Milk 120 mg 440 mg 365%
Potassium Bananas 88 mg 259 mg 295%
Protein Yogurt 3.1 g 6.7 g 215%
Vitamin C Oranges 30 mg 220 mg 730%

Check nutrient contents, including water percentages, using[1]. --Zefr (talk) 17:11, 21 April 2012 (UTC)

The point here is that this is the (reliable!) source of the very often repeated statement coined by Trees for Life that moringa has seven times the vitamin C or oranges, four times the vitamin A of carrots and so on. The analysis has 96,900 ghits in Web pages, for example. I've bumped into rephrasings of the same quote in something like half of the articles that I've read on moringa in researching this article.
For the article to help people who have heard this phrase to understand what's underneath it is both encyclopedic and noteworthy. I can easily imagine a reader coming to this article because they'd heard or read the phrase, and wanted to learn what's behind it. (And in so doing, they would learn that it's actually not quite four, which is a useful contribution!) I think that the best way to handle this is to just give the quote and its source, then show the table without the comparison table. If you can find a reliable source that explains how water percentages affect the concentration of nutrients in raw foods, and how to take that into account, that's fine, but you can't just invalid the comparison because you have a personal objection to it. It's a comparison that has a major impact on what people believe about moringa, and that belongs in an article about it. Waitak (talk) 17:42, 21 April 2012 (UTC)

The Tree of Life statement is WP:PEA -- unsubstantiated in the scientific literature and foolhardy without having comparative samples each prepared to the same dry weight, analyzed with a reliable assay, then published under peer-review.--Zefr (talk) 22:30, 21 April 2012 (UTC)

Peacock words, as explained in the page you refer to, are "unprovable proclamations about a subject's importance" that are "often used without attribution to promote the subject of an article, while neither imparting nor plainly summarizing verifiable information". In this case, the table presents a provable fact, take from reliable sources, showing that moringa has larger quantities of certain nutrients, when compared to other similar produce that are known to be high in these same nutrients. That's fact. You can argue (although I've never read anything in any source that does so) that comparisons by weight are only valid when comparing dry produce. If you can find someplace that says that, by all means cite it and make the case. In the meantime, the Trees for Life statement summarizes facts, from reliable sources. Fresh moringa does contain roughly four times the vitamin A of fresh carrots. It does contain about seven times the vitamin C of oranges. Those are facts. The sources say so. It's not unprovable. It's not a statement about moringa's importance. WP:PEA doesn't apply. Waitak (talk) 01:58, 22 April 2012 (UTC)

Whether the comparison has to be including water or not, the article shows extremely different nutritional values for the moringa leaves (6.8 mg of Vitamin A when compared to carrots, but the other table talks of 0.348 mg ). It was claimed that both the values were from USDA, which, beside being a clear non-sense, is not true (USDA values are the ones in the table to the right, not the ones used for comparison). The part on the nutritional data has to be revised, because right now it is quite inconsistent, showing some data and using other ones to compare to other food. Best would be to check the validity of the two sets, and if both are judged valid, then report it and use both to compare to other foods. On the matter of validity, the values used for comparison to other foods come from a book which, in turn, uses data from a Indian research center (CSIR). However, on their website I was unable retrieve these data. Unless there is a way to see and check (the method of) the original source, these numbers would be considered unusable for a Wiki page (or it should be clarified that "one report suggests that"). I didn't make any research on USDA datas, but nothing says they should be preferred, but as it looks now, it seems Wikipedia wants to promote Moringa. 130.225.198.198 (talk) 13:42, 10 February 2013 (UTC)

Above table contradicts data from wikipedia itself by huge amount, especially Vitamin A is concerned. There is something wrong with the table. Data from Tree for life totally contradicts with wikipedia data as well. I feel this table should removed/edited due to fear of misinformation. -Rox Tarr

Since soy and moringa are both used in protein supplements and are touted for calcium supplementation, I think that table should include data on soy. Also, how about a table comparing moringa supplements? MaynardClark (talk) 20:31, 15 July 2017 (UTC)

additional information[edit]

Together with two colleagues I would like to add some agricultural information to the site. We did only minor changes to the existing parts. Please check out a draft of the page on my user page "user:Anbruu/sandbox" and feel free to leave some comments. —Preceding undated comment added 16:09, 27 November 2013 (UTC)

Try adding common names of the tree in countries where it is used most commonly for food. For example: Hindi sahjan, Punjabi surajana, Marathi shevga, Malayalam muringa, Sinhalese murunga, Filipino malunggay, Thai phak i hum, etc. Instead of say, French or German, which are mostly just direct translations of the English names.-- OBSIDIANSOUL 21:34, 27 November 2013 (UTC)
That's a good point. Thank you. We will change this. Anbruu (talk) 12:10, 30 November 2013 (UTC)
The agricultural information looks generally good. A minor suggestion is to follow convention in subsection headings for use of capital letters and scientific terms, e.g., pH. In the Etymology section, we do not need its name in different languages, as defined by the English Wikipedia, WP:EN; also, displaying names used in various languages is not etymology, so let's stick with what the section title defines. Other pages have seen endless additions of names in different languages, serving no purpose to English users. I also suggest limiting the crop production comparisons, as this also invites comparison and competition among provinces/states in different countries, with little useful information to the general user. --Zefr (talk) 17:25, 30 November 2013 (UTC)
You are right bout the etymology section. Because there are hundreds of names in dozens of languages and local dialects, it's not useful to add them all in Wikipedia. We therefore added an external link to a page where they can be found. The link is now part of the introduction because the names don't really belong into the etymology section, as pointed out. Anbruu (talk) 09:52, 3 December 2013 (UTC)
Regarding the problematic of yield competition we changed it so that only one country per yield (leaves, fruits, oil) appears in the text.PhilBu (talk) 09:59, 3 December 2013 (UTC)
I would disagree. Especially in plants which are not native to English-speaking regions. The majority of readers would search for it using the native names, not the less familiar English names which are mostly only used by botanists anyway as the plants themselves are not known to most English-speakers. Not saying you add all of them, but a few of the most prominent languages in countries where they are most commonly consumed are good enough.-- OBSIDIANSOUL 10:12, 3 December 2013 (UTC)

Page needs uniformity[edit]

This page contains both imperial and metric measurements, and needs to be one of the other. I am not familiar enough with the plant itself to confidently amend these.

Rather than stating months of the year during which it can be harvested, the seasons should be given, as it's going to vary from one location to another.Maxwellsubmarine (talk) 19:58, 18 February 2014 (UTC)

Other names for Moringa oleifera[edit]

The paragraph below was in the Article but is non-essential information for the English Wikipedia. The reference previously provided to support use of these names is WP:SPAM; a reference supporting potential health benefits needs to meet WP:MEDRS. --Zefr (talk) 20:43, 27 February 2014 (UTC)

Moringa oleifera is also known as: "Malunggáy", "Kamunggay" and "Marungay" in Philippines, "Sajina" in India, "Shojne" in Bengal, "Munagakaya" in Telugu, "Shenano" in Rajasthani, "Shevaga" in Marathi, "Nuggekai" in Kannada, "La mu" in Chinese.

Seems like an unduly long list. The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center lists these other names: "Horseradish tree, Drumstick tree, Benzolive tree, Ben oil tree, La mu"; this seems more the sort of thing we should align with. Alexbrn talk|contribs|COI 21:12, 27 February 2014 (UTC)

Anti - cancer properties[edit]

I just added a small paragraph to reference a new study that highlights some anti-cancer properties of the moringa extract (see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3991666/) although my change got reverted by BattyBot due to "Rv - sourced to primary, not WP:MEDRS".

I realise that preference should be given to peer reviewed, non-primary sourced documents, but does it really mean the study does not even deserve to be mentioned in the article? I suppose I can reword it, if the original wording looked like it was giving too much weight and mention that it's just one in-vitro study? — Preceding unsigned comment added by Smartial arts (talkcontribs) 13:06, 22 April 2014 (UTC)

It shouldn't be mentioned. WP:MEDRS is quite clear about this: "Primary sources should generally not be used for health related content, because the primary biomedical literature is exploratory and not reliable". Alexbrn talk|contribs|COI 13:17, 22 April 2014 (UTC)

Research section title[edit]

While I understand the desire to not make claims that aren't backed up, changing "Medical research and potential adverse effects" to "Preliminary research and potential adverse effects" makes it hard for the reader to know what the topic of the section discusses. There are a number of kinds of research mentioned in the article. Rather than just reverting, I'll request that you give it another try. There's nothing POV about trying to tell the reader what sort of research is discussed in the section. The section is about medical research. Sometimes research shows that an effect is validated, other times that it's not. There are instances of both in the section. Simply stating that it's about medical research makes no claims whatsoever about the results of the research. Would you give it another go, please? Waitak (talk) 16:15, 1 August 2014 (UTC)

Much better, thank you. Waitak (talk) 18:34, 1 August 2014 (UTC)

Content from Moringa[edit]

The article Moringa contained a lot of content that is specific to Moringa oleifera. Since it would be more appropriate here than there, I have removed it from that article. But since it is redundant to some of the content here, I don't want to paste in directly in. So I am placing a copy of it below so that any editor can look at it and merge any content they find useful into this article. Deli nk (talk) 12:08, 10 July 2015 (UTC)

copied content

Nutritional content[edit]

Much of the plant is edible by humans or by farm animals. The leaves are rich in protein, vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, and minerals.[1] A 100-g portion of fresh moringa leaves has 9.3 g protein, 434 mg calcium, 404 mg potassium, 738 μg vitamin A, and 164 mg vitamin C.[2]

Feeding the high-protein leaves to cattle has been shown to increase weight gain by up to 32% and milk production by 43 to 65%.[3] The seeds contain 30 to 40% oil that is high in oleic acid, while degreased meal is 61% protein.[4] The defatted meal is a flocculant and can be used in water purification to settle out sediments and undesirable organisms.[5]

According to the NGO, Trees For Life International, gram for gram, raw moringa leaves contain 7 times the vitamin C of Oranges, 4 times the vitamin A of carrots, 4 times the calcium of milk, 3 times the potassium of bananas, and 2 times the protein of Yogurt. The nutrients of the powdered leaves are different. Gram for gram, moringa leaf powder contains 10 times the vitamin A of carrots, 17 times the calcium of milk, 15 times the potassium of bananas, 25 times the iron of spinach, 9 times protein of yogurt, 4 times more fiber than oats, and 1/2 the vitamin c of oranges. [6]

Moringa is very susceptible to oxidation similar to apples and avocados and will turn brown if it is exposed to oxygen or light for too long after being picked.

Moringa oleifera (seedpods), Maui, Kahului

Farming worldwide[edit]

Moringa cultivation is on the rise in Honduras and all across South America. Claims are made that it is a profitable means of combating deforestation, but Moringa species are not native to the forests of the New World. As of 2012, support for Moringa farmers is being offered by the Honduran federal government through the Secretary of Agriculture and by private foreign investment firms. The plant's market potential is widespread given its easy growth and high nutrient content. As described below, the plant is valued for its leaves and high-protein seeds. It can also be made into defatted meal. M. oleifera silviculture is being promoted as a means to combat poverty and malnutrition.[3]

M. oleifera is being cultivated in poverty-stricken nations, such as Niger, as a primary source of food and nutrients,[7] and a source of income through sales due to widespread and global marketability.[8]

In Haiti, moringa is planted as a windbreak and to reduce soil erosion. The trees provide many products from oil to soil amendments (fertilizers) and tisanes made from the leaves.

In Mexico, Reserva Las Estacas, in Morelos, includes the cultivation of moringa.[9][10]

Biodiesel[edit]

Moringa is considered a potential oilseed feedstock for biodiesel.[11] Its main advantage is that biofuel produced from it is not in direct competition with food, as the plant produces both biofuel feedstock (seeds) and food (leaves) independently.[11] Moringa seeds contain 30 to 40% oil that is high in oleic acid.[11] Its biodiesel has better oxidative stability than biodiesel made from most other feedstocks.[11] Leaves and seeds can be harvested from mature trees without damaging them.

References

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference Janick was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ "West African Food Composition Table" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  3. ^ a b "The Moringa Tree Moringa oleifera" (PDF). Trees for Life International. Retrieved 2009-12-29. 
  4. ^ Schill, Susanne Retka (2008-05-14). "Multidimensional Moringa". Biodiesel Magazine. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  5. ^ Schwarz, Dishna (June 2000). "Water Clarification using Moringa oleifera" (PDF). Technical Information W1e. Gate Information Service. Retrieved 2011-09-26. 
  6. ^ https://www.treesforlife.org/sites/default/files/documents/Moringa%20Presentation%20(General)%20screen.pdf
  7. ^ Ginny Stein (12 July 2012). "Miracle Tree helps in Niger's food crisis". Australia: The World Today/ABC News. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Annette Frost (3 July 2012). "Moringa: The Tree of Life". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Reserva Las Estacas, Morelos, Mexico (in Spanish)
  10. ^ Agrin, A.C., a civil association related to Reserva Las Estacas
  11. ^ a b c d Schill, Susanne Retka. "Multidimensional Moringa". Biodiesel Magazine. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 

Flowers[edit]

Although it's not discussed in the text (yet), this book mentions the flowers as used in traditional medicine. Waitak (talk) 13:17, 18 July 2015 (UTC)

Great. When that material is added to the article then we can add th3e category. Until then it is an unsourced claim and I am removing it as such. Mark Marathon (talk) 22:18, 18 July 2015 (UTC)
And the basis of that revert (which is now sourced) would be...? I misread the history, my apologies. Waitak (talk) 23:05, 18 July 2015 (UTC)
I've removed this category yet again. Use of flowers as a medicine does not make them a vegetable. We can't consider opium poppies, belladonna or cannabis to be vegetables despite the fact that the flowers are used medicinally. For inclusion in this category we need a reference that the flower clusters are harvested and cooked as food. I wouldn't doubt that this is true, but we need evidence for the claim. A large part of my reason for challenging this is that some editors have added multiple other articles to this category when quite clearly the inflorescence is not used as a vegetable. In some cases individual flowers are used but not the inflorescence and in other cases, such as the inclusion of bananas, there is no evidence the flowers are ever used. At this stage i am not prepared to accept the inclusion in this category of a vegetable I am not that familiar with. I have tagged the whole cuisine section as needing references, since almost nothing in there is referenced. Mark Marathon (talk)
Here's what I've found so far. Note that I'm not suggesting that these are references worthy of WP (which is why I didn't put them into the article).
  • Greene Dean's Itemized Plant Profile says "Leave can be eaten raw or cooked like spinach, young seed pods can be cooked many ways, seeds are edible, cooked flowers taste like mushrooms, and the roots can be made into an occasional condiment."
  • Eat the Weeds says "The flowers are eaten cooked, usually boiled, and taste like mushrooms."
  • Permaculture UK says "Its cooked flowers mimic mushrooms in taste, while its leaves hint at spinach and lettuce."
Since this is something that you obviously care about, can I suggest that you reinstate the category, and phrase and source the statement in the article in whatever way you're most comfortable with? There's no doubt, given the above, that the flowers are edible, and your interest in the topic should help you state that in a WP-worthy manner. Waitak (talk) 12:52, 19 July 2015 (UTC)

Moringatrees.org, Miracletrees.org and Lowell Fuglie[edit]

An unregistered user (and several editors previously) attempted to add content supported by spam, unreliable sources, such as Moringa Trees Miracle Trees, Church World Service and work by Lowell Fuglie who appears to not have a single published paper in the peer-reviewed scientific literature. Moringa Trees and Miracle Trees are commercial, spam sites with highly exaggerated claims about the "miracle" properties of moringa. Within those sites, however, is useful information about the moringa tree itself, cultivation and variety of uses. The article's current nutritional statements and data about moringa nutrient content are from the US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database, the internationally-respected source for nearly all plant food nutrition discussed on Wikipedia.

I reject these claims and sources as WP:PROMO, WP:SPAM and not WP:RS. None of the claims of miracle nutritional properties can be supported by WP:V. It is time to permanently dismiss the scam. For background, "take a dose of skepticism" about claims of miracles. --Zefr (talk) 18:14, 31 January 2016 (UTC)


Excuse me, but i take issue in calling Moringa Trees, Miracle Trees pages, spam and unreliable sources. These 2 pages are pioneers in promoting moringa around the world and much of information accross the web, is originated from those pages.This ref page WebMD is spam, "Moringa Side Effects and Safety". WebMD. Retrieved 2014-08-01. But no problem to make a reference to it in moringa oleifera page. You can use studies like http://miracletrees.org/moringa-doc/moringa-oleifera-side-effects-safety.pdf to highlight the safety of moringa, in place of WebMD crap article. Is WebMD page that talks about moringa as if is a miracle, without backing up its claims. miracletrees.org and moringatrees.org backup their findings with research and studies. As for Fuglie and World church service book on moringa, check it here https://books.google.de/books/about/The_Miracle_Tree.html?id=tjBKHAAACAAJ&redir_esc=y That book is not about miracles, is about hard scientific facts, lots of studies and research. From where many of the information about moringa on the net comes from. Because it was one of the pioneers in researching moringa and showing it to the world... not miracles but FACTS. That the tree is named Miracle tree, does not mean me or Fuglie believe in miracles or are selling bull to the public. The Miracle tree name relates to the fact that the tree is simply an amazing plant... you should know that by now??
About the names of moringa around the world. Something that is referenced as coming from "Names for Moringa". Trees for Life. 2015. Retrieved 25 April 2015, actually, originally comes from that book(the miracle tree from Fuglie) and Fuglie webpage http://moringatrees.org/tmtnames.html. You call miracletrees.org and moringatrees.org spam and unreliable sources but you reference pages and work in other pages that COPY THE WORK of fuglie and moringatrees.org. Yes, if the work of Fuglie is unreliable, why use it as reference coming from other webpage? Does the original work not count? Is it more valid when it is a copy??? Highly exaggerated claims about the "miracle" properties of moringa??? where do you see those claims, point one to me please. If there are claims in those pages that are exagerated and not backedup by science or facts, i will ask to take it down. Also you mention that those pages are commercial, but you raise no issue that WebMD page is commercial, selling all types of stuff and full with commercials. so that is fine with you...
Church World Service and work by Lowell not reliable sources??? Do you know the work of Lowell Fuglie? He is the man that made moringa what moringa is today. He brought moringa to the spot light. He was a pioneer researcher... not based on MIRACLES, as you try to paint, but on REAL FACTS. Check his book about moringa if you can, if not then read on the internet about him
Here a little Fuglie summary- Lowell Fuglie was respected by many as a moringa innovator, lecturer, scientist, pioneer, and true humanitarian. He worked tirelessly spreading the word about the effectiveness of Moringa Oleifera in fighting malnutrition in the developing world. His many publications have been read and distributed around the globe. Lowell was known as the Johnny Appleseed of the Moringa tree. For many years he spread the news, and the seeds, of the remarkable Moringa tree. Russ Bianchi, offered these kind words: "No one on this planet gave more to preserve and better his fellow souls health outcomes, than Lowell’s tireless efforts on the use of Moringa Oleifera. IF there is any doubts that moringatrees.org is a pioneer and moringa names original work comes from Fuglie and moringatrees.org, please check the net archive from year 2000 https://web.archive.org/web/20010128001400/http://www.moringatrees.org/TMTnames.html
More evidence that moringa names original work comes from Fuglie. The same page that is referenced in wikipedia as the source: "Numerous other common names for moringa exist in different languages worldwide". https://www.treesforlife.org/our-work/our-initiatives/moringa/names-of-moringa
names Fuglie work as the original work http://www.treesforlife.org/our-work/our-initiatives/moringa/names-of-moringa This list adapted from "The Miracle Tree/Moringa oleifera: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics" by Lowell Fuglie.
The reference that i was adding to the page and you took down. Now saying that is not reliable and commercial, had no commercials at all or is selling anything. this was the page http://moringatrees.org/tmtnutrition.html. Where do you see any commercial, ad or anything selling in that page? I was setting up that reference there BECAUSE what is there right now is the following. L.J. Fuglie (1999). Moringa: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Dakar: Church World Service.[page needed] It say that there is a page needed. Which page do you think fits the description other then Fuglie page? Exactly the page that the reference mention that is needed to be added.
FINELY You accuse our pages of being a scam. Or that we participate in some sort of scam. Do you have any evidence of this? Please show me where do we participate in a scam? Or point out where am i or Fuglie selling miracles? We dont believe in miracle crap or a man in the sky. We believe in HARD FACTS, SCIENCE. The page http://moringatrees.org/tmtnutrition.html is FACTS. RDA for moringa recommended by WHO/FAO The nutrients values in that page ARE results from labs and not miracles. That page is promoting nothing beside giving information about moringa and it give a more detailed fact checked information then many of the pages that you use as reference.
Miracletrees.org and moringatrees.org, distributed, donated many seeds trough out the world, long before you probably knew moringa existed. Not only fighting malnutrition but also mitigating effects of climate change. not because we believe in miracles but because moringa can improve health of people and fight malnutrition in a effective way. Because every seed that was planted resulted in a tree that takes Co2 in and is good for the environment. Thats not a scam, is real work to fight climate change and its concequences.
I am absulutely disappointed that you calling my work and the work oo Fuglie, a scam, that we selling crap miracles or that we are not reliable sources, while at the same time you use references that are based on our work by point to other pages. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2a02:8109:983f:fdf8:95e2:bfe9:d6b2:b02a (talk)
The Miracle Trees and Moringa Trees sites are commercial platforms selling products, a practice not used for the encyclopedia per WP:ADMASK and WP:PROMO. That you have admitted responsibility for one or both sites puts you into WP:COI which reflects the content you want to add is not neutral, WP:NPOV.
Fyi, this part of the Moringa Trees site provides misleading, exaggerated, unconfirmed information about anti-disease activity, which does not comply with WP:MEDRS for reliability; similar statement for the Miracle Trees site. Other exaggerated false claims are the nutrient comparisons with other foods in the upper left panel entitled "The amazing Moringa oleifera tree": none of these statements is fact; check the USDA nutrient tables used in the article.
The WebMD source is not ideal as it provides carelessly written content suggesting confirmed anti-disease activity (most of the content under Uses are traditional medicine), so I deleted it. Deriving from research and content by board-certified physicians, the Memorial Sloan Kettering source (ref. 37) provides more neutral content so can be substituted for the WebMD source. A more recent review was published in 2015, worthy to be cited in the article, so I added it today. --Zefr (talk) 18:34, 1 February 2016 (UTC)
Miracletrees.org does sell products, thats right. But miracletrees.org is not exclusively a commercial platform as you mention. There is a shop but also lots of information about moringa. Moringatrees.org has no shop and only one page indicating where people can buy products, all the other pages are clean of commercials or any commerce. Yes i partially take care of one of the sites, I never did claim otherwise.
[http://moringatrees.org/miracletree.html does not provide misleading, exagerated, unconfirmed information about anti-disease activity. That page mentions that this are traditional practices used by local populations to treat some health problems. THAT IS REAL, thats what people do with moringa in this areas of the world. THATS NOT EXAGERATED or unconfirmed, IS REAL STUFF that happens around the world. Not everybody has a farmacy or the money for medicines like you and me do. Some peopel use herbs and other stuff for their cures. Thats TRUE, we not making that up, Its whats going on, its a report on the field. That you read it as misleading, thats you taking it that way. You also say that my work is spam, scam and unreliable, while i donated 1000s of seeds around the world. Is what you like to see right?
QUOTE http://moringatrees.org/miracletree.html MORINGA: A MEDICAL PHARMACOPOEIA Moringa oleifera is already highly esteemed by people in the tropics and sub-tropics for the many ways it is used medicinally by local herbalists. Some of these traditional uses reflect the nutritional content of the various tree parts. The following are but some of the ways the tree is used in Asia, Africa and the Americas. In recent years, laboratory investigation has confirmed the efficacy of some of these applications. Other exaggerated false claims are the nutrient comparisons with other foods in the upper left panel entitled "The amazing Moringa oleifera tree": none of these statements is fact; check the USDA nutrient tables used in the article. I checked USDA nutrient tables as you asked me. The USDA tables are about RAW leaves and pots. The information nutrient comparisons with other foods in the upper left panel is LEAF POWDER. That gives different results, higher values in lab because ----- 2 or 3 kg of leaves, makes a couple hundred grams in powder, meaning the nutrition is concentrated. The water in the leaves is not there anymore. If you look carefuly, you will notice that the value of vitamin C in powder is much lower in the powder. BECAUSE vitamin C is almost killed in the drying process. BUT that is not the case for other nutrients. The WebMD source is full of commercials. How come that is not considered a commercial page??? Again, the page i was trying to add http://moringatrees.org/tmtnutrition.html HAS no commercial stuff in it at all, as you claimed it had. I was adding that page because, the reference i replaced with, L.J. Fuglie (1999). Moringa: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Dakar: Church World Service.[page needed] MENTION THE FACT, that a page was needed. If article calls for a page there from Fuglie, and then i add the page from fuglie, you take it down and call it spam, a scam and not reliable source, what to do if not had the page from fuglie??? You did not address the situation of a reference made about the names of moringa. That is a work from Fuglie but is referenced as coming from other page. WHY is the work from fuglie spam, scam, not reliable and practicaly a copy of his work is referenced. WHy a copy is a reliable source and fuglie work a scam? archive from year 2000 https://web.archive.org/web/20010128001400/http://www.moringatrees.org/TMTnames.html — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2a02:8109:983f:fdf8:95e2:bfe9:d6b2:b02a (talk)

────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────* Bottom line here is that WP does not link to commercial sites selling anything, and especially not when the subject is scientific/medical and the source does not conform to WP:MEDRS. Please stop flogging a dead horse, your sites will not be included here. Ratel (talk) 21:46, 1 February 2016 (UTC)


So you reference the work from fuglie coming from other page? but not the original work? COOL Keep the good work boys... thanks for calling fuglie and my work spam, scam and not reliable and keep reference sources that base their work on fuglie research. im just stonned with your way to handle this. JUST TO END THIS IDIOTIC DISCUSSION. Nutritional content of 100 g of fresh M. oleifera leaves (about 5 cups) is shown in the table (right; USDA data), while other studies of nutrient values are available.[22][23] REF 23 >>> L.J. Fuglie (1999). Moringa: Natural Nutrition for the Tropics. Dakar: Church World Service.[page needed] moringatrees.org/tmtnutrition.html is Fuglie page with the nutrient values the article mention. BUT GO AHEAD AND FIND OTHER PAGE COPY, WHO THE FUCK CARES RIGHT? :) have fun — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2a02:8109:983f:fdf8:95e2:bfe9:d6b2:b02a (talk)


22 Moringatrees.org, Miracletrees.org and Lowell Fuglie are not reliable sources

You calling http://moringatrees.org/ , http://miracletrees.org/ and Lowell Fuglie unreliable sources, still you use references from those pages and from Fuglie. there is something not correct here. You call for reference page missing from Fuglie, yes you label him as unreliable There is work from Fuglie referenced in teh article as coming from other sources

THIS IS NOT CORRECT, FAIR OR HONEST

Or you accept the work of fuglie or you dont. You cant and call work unreliable and at the same time use his work but referencing it as coming from other authors.

Moringa leaf powder and moringa fresh leaves gives different results. I understand that it may be confusing, but that is the facts. You claiming that the pages moringatrees.org and miracletrees.org are sprading falsehoods, fake info, exaggerated... I showed you that nothing of it is false or exaggerated. At least you could make some excuses, but not... You keep going on with your own believe that its spam, scam. EVEN when you see the facts prove you wrong.

I wonder who is the one believing in miracles? I give you facts and you smash it as lies and miracles. Not funny!

BUT DONT TAKE MY WORD FOR IT( im just inventing numbers right) Check source treesforlife.org... if you want i can give you the correct link so you see with your own eyes because as you already did prove, you dont believe mine, i wonder if you believe yours. AND IF you still dont believe that source, i can take you personally to a lab so you check with your own EYES!

Fresh Leaves Gram for gram, fresh leaves contain about:

4 times the Vitamin A of Carrots 7 times the Vitamin C of Oranges 4 times the Calcium of Milk 3 times the Potassium of Bananas 25 times the Iron of Spinach 2 times the Protein of Yogurt

Dried Leaves Gram for gram, dried leaves contain about:

10 times the Vitamin A of Carrots 0,5 the Vitamin C of Oranges 17 times the Calcium of Milk 15 times the Potassium of Bananas 25 times the Iron of Spinach 9 times the Protein of Yogurt

Now i guess you will find some skeptical stuff to say again? Like for example the numbers are different from other results. And i tell you, trees are cultivated differently, in different soils and climates

PLUS, you should know that every lab used different process. SO YOU WILL NOT HAVE SAME SAME RESULTS.


AND in case the leaves would be freeze dried, the nutrition values of leaf powder would be even higher. BECAUSE freeze drying process does preserve more nutrients then any other drying process. OH! you did not know that one did you? CHECK WIKIPEDIA and stop calling miracletrees.org, the page of fuglie and fuglie himself unreliable, fake, scam, spam, exaggerated... and at the same time reference work from the man! There is a name for that. ITS HYPOCRISY!

So miracletrees.org and moringatrees.org are commercial and that is one of the reasons this guy is taking all references down to that pages, substituting with moringanews.org-

the funny thing is that moringanews, right on top announce also their commercial activities

Moringa&Co is a new fair trade company set up by the Moringanews network. It imports dry Moringa leaves and moringa leaf powder from partners in Africa and offers them to EU consumers in form of teas, seasonings and other cooking ingredients.

Order on www.moringaandco.com

HYPOCRISY — Preceding unsigned comment added by 2A02:8109:983F:FDF8:857E:42AE:8D8A:FF7E (talk) 15:05, 4 February 2016 (UTC)

— Preceding unsigned comment added by 2A02:8109:983F:FDF8:60EC:C4FA:AE85:E5D6 (talk) 09:45, 2 February 2016 (UTC)

Moringa Quack medicine? Hoaxes? Scams?[edit]

So no one's going to mention the claims of quackery surrounding this plant? No mention of the shady person who created the hype around the Moringa tree and gave it all the superlatives? No mention of his shady past? No mention that his company is the source for all the material and claims worldwide? No mention of the Noni juice scam? Of the this guy's shady MLM company and its history with the FDA as claiming it as a medicinal cure for the worst sicknesses (and to several of them together!)? No mention how they were stopped after illegally exporting it and illegally advertising it falsely as a medicine? No mention how these people sidestepped that through companies overseas growing and distributing it with the original company's help? How about the scandalous distribution in 3rd world countries and dictatorships where extremely poor people are extorted out of the little they have and get this instead of food(!)? What about all the strawman websites and videos about "the Moringa hoax" all parroting the original claims -sometimes battering the competing distributors and their methods of distribution, sometimes claiming directly that it's not quackery and other times just ignoring the question and going into glorifying claims about the Moringa and its derivatives? And there's much more. So no one is going to mention that this entry is under category:pseudo science and category alternative medicine? Will there not be any section about the controversy? פשוט pashute ♫ (talk) 23:17, 25 October 2016 (UTC)

Please put up a suggested edit, with sources, here, and we'll have a look. I was not aware that there is/was a hoax attached to the plant, and I have seen a few studies supporting some of the claims, e.g. PMID 27644601 PMID 25808883 an PMID 25374169 PMID 24577932 PMID 22403543 etc Ratel (talk) 08:30, 26 October 2016 (UTC)
I wasn't aware of any hoaxes either. Regarding your claims about people being extorted out of what they have, I honestly have trouble believing this. Moringa oleifera is prolific anywhere that the temperature doesn't ever get below about 5C. I've personally seen the leaves available for very little in markets all over the Philippines, for example. The seed pods are available for cheap in almost any Indian market. Again, I've seen this with my own eyes. Given all that, I'm having trouble understanding how anybody could extort anything from anyone in the developing world. The tree is highly nutritious, widely available and easy to grow for anybody who wants it. The standard method for planting them is to cut off a twig and stick it in the ground. I've personally watched them grow two meters in a single growing season. Waitak (talk) 22:02, 26 October 2016 (UTC)